The Lexikon des Mittelalters ("Lexicon of the Middle Ages", LMA, LexMA) is a German encyclopedia on the history and culture of the Middle Ages. Written by authors from all over the world, it comprises more than 36,000 articles in 9 volumes. Historically the works range from the Late Antiquity to about 1500, covering the Byzantine Empire and the Arab world .

The first six volumes were published by Artemis (later Artemis & Winkler), Munich and Zürich; volumes seven through nine by LexMA, Munich. In 2000, an electronic (standalone) edition of the Lexikon was published on CD-ROM by Brepols.

Praise and criticism

The first volume was widely praised upon publication; G.A. Holmes, in The English Historical Review, foresaw that the entire encyclopedia would be "a valuable reference work of a kind which medievalists hitherto lacked."[1] H. Chadwick, in The Journal of Theological Studies, called the lexicon "a necessary and valuable work of reference." [2] Its coverage of subjects related to Islam was praised,[3] though the same reviewer called the coverage of topics related to Judaism "comparatively modest."[4]

The CD-ROM edition was chosen as one of the "Selected Reference Books of 2001-2002" by College & Research Libraries.[5]


See also


  1. ^ Holmes, G.A. (1979). "Rev. of Lexikon des Mittelalters". The English Historical Review. Oxford University Press. 94 (371): 440–41. doi:10.1093/ehr/xciv.ccclxxi.440. ISSN 0013-8266. JSTOR 566881. 
  2. ^ Chadwick, H. (Apr 1997). "Rev. of Lexicon des Mittelalters". The Journal of Theological Studies. 48 (1): 304. ISSN 0022-5185. 
  3. ^ Koningsveld, P.Sj. van (Dec 1983). "Rev. of Lexikon des Mittelalters. I: Islam". Numen. Leiden: Brill. 30 (2): 265–68. doi:10.2307/3270066. ISSN 0029-5973. JSTOR 3270066. 
  4. ^ Koningsveld, P.Sj. van (Dec 1990). "Rev. of Lexikon des Mittelalters. II: Judaism". Numen. Leiden: Brill. 37 (2): 277–79. doi:10.2307/3269868. ISSN 0029-5973. JSTOR 3269868. 
  5. ^ Green, Karen; Eileen McIlvaine (March 2008). "Selected Reference Books of 2001/2002" (PDF). College & Research Libraries. Association of College and Research Libraries. 64 (2): 151–62. ISSN 0010-0870. Archived from the original (PDF) on November 5, 2008. Retrieved 2009-02-24. 

External links