Lex Thuringorum ("Law of the Thuringians") is a law code that
survives today in one 10th-century manuscript, the Codex Corbeiensis,
alongside a copy of the Lex Saxonum, the law of the Saxons. The code
was compiled in the first decade of the 9th century, probably 802–3,
under Frankish patronage. The language of the law code is Latin and
few Thuringians could have read it, nonetheless some must have
cooperated with Frankish officials during the process of collecting
and codifying the customs. The Lex Thuringorum, the Lex Saxonum,
the Lex Francorum Chamavorum and the
Lex Frisionum comprise the four
so-called "Carolingian tribal laws" (karolingischen Stammesrechte),
because they were produced at the same time at the direction of King
Charles I in order to accommodate the differing legal customs of the
nations living within his empire. They were neither totally faithful
nor comprehensive reproductions of tribal law, but were created as
part of a process of official christianisation. The historian
Timothy Reuter writes that "the manuscript transmission does not
suggest that [the Thuringian law] was extensively used, though there
are enough different strata of law still visible in the text to
suggest that it was not merely a literary exercise."
Per chapter 31 of the Lex Thuringorum, feuds were heritable: "To
whomever an inheritance of land should descend, he also should receive
the battlegear—that is to say, the breastplate—and the
[obligations] of vengeance for kin and the payment of wergild."
1 Notes 2 Editions 3 Sources 4 External links
^ The full name of the code is Lex Angliorum et Werinorum hoc est
Thuringorum, "Law of the
"Lex Thuringorum", ed. Claudius von Schwerin, MGH, Fontes Iuris Germanici Antiqui. Hanover: 1918. "Lex Angliorum et Werinorum hoc est Thuringorum", ed. Karl Friedrich von Richthofen, MGH, Leges, I, v, 103–44.. Hanover: 1875–79.
Elsakkers, Marianne (1999). "Raptus ultra Rhenum: Early Ninth-century Saxon Laws on Abduction and Rape". Amsterdamer Beiträge zur älteren Germanistik. 52: 27–53. Jurasinski, Stefan (2006). Ancient Privileges: Beowulf, Law and the Making of Germanic Antiquity. Morgantown: West Virginia University Press. Reuter, Timothy (1991). Germany in the Early Middle Ages, c. 800–1050. London: Longman.
Information on the lex Thuringorum and its manuscript tradition on the Bibliotheca legum regni Francorum manuscripta website, A database on Carolingian secular law texts (Karl Ubl, Cologne University, Ger