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Lewis Milestone
Lewis Milestone
(born Leib Milstein;[1] September 30, 1895 – September 25, 1980) was a Moldovan-born American motion picture director. He is known for directing Two Arabian Knights
Two Arabian Knights
(1927) and All Quiet on the Western Front (1930), both of which received Academy Awards for Best Director. He also directed The Front Page (1931 – nomination), The General Died at Dawn
The General Died at Dawn
(1936), Of Mice and Men (1939), Ocean's 11
Ocean's 11
(1960), and received the directing credit for Mutiny on the Bounty (1962), though Marlon Brando
Marlon Brando
largely appropriated his responsibilities during its production.[2]

Contents

1 Life and career 2 Academy Awards 3 Filmography 4 References 5 External links

Life and career[edit] Milestone was born in Kishinev, in the Bessarabia
Bessarabia
Governorate of the Russian Empire
Russian Empire
(now Chişinău, Moldova), to a family of Jewish heritage.[3] He came to the United States
United States
in 1912, just prior to World War I.[4] Milestone held a number of odd jobs before enlisting in the U.S. Signal Corps, where he worked as an assistant director on Army training films during the war. In 1919 he became a naturalized citizen of the United States.[5] After the war he went to Hollywood, where he first worked as a film editor and later as an assistant director. Howard Hughes
Howard Hughes
promoted Milestone to director and one of his early efforts, the 1928 film Two Arabian Knights, won him an Oscar in the first Academy Award
Academy Award
ceremony. He also directed The Racket, an early gangster film, and later helped Hughes direct scenes for his aviation saga Hell's Angels (for which he never received credit). Milestone won his second Academy Award
Academy Award
for All Quiet on the Western Front, a harrowing screen adaptation of the antiwar novel by Erich Maria Remarque. His next, The Front Page, brought the Ben Hecht/ Charles MacArthur play to the screen. In the Front Page Milestone was one of the first directors to use the rotoambulator. The rotoambulator is a combination of a crane and a dolly with three wheels. The rotoambulator was effectively used in the scene of the Front Page where Walter Bums descends to the shipping area of his plant. The rotoambulator was used to capture the entire scene in a way that had never been done before. It earned him another Oscar nomination. His work during the 1930s and 1940s was always easily identifiable by its lighting and imaginative use of fluid camera. During this time, he made the original Of Mice and Men. Then in the war years Milestone made The North Star, The Purple Heart, and A Walk in the Sun, movies made during and set in World War II. In these films, he defended the world's fighting both Nazi Germany
Nazi Germany
and Imperial Japan. After the war, he was blacklisted under the suspicion that he was a communist sympathizer. Deciding to wait for anti-communist hostility to cool, he and his wife left for Europe: here he made a few films. In the U.S., he made other films before leaving for Europe, but his postwar films did not have the same power as the early works. He worked extensively in television from the mid-1950s on. He returned to the U.S. to make two more films: Ocean's 11
Ocean's 11
starring the Rat Pack
Rat Pack
including Frank Sinatra
Frank Sinatra
and Dean Martin, and Mutiny on the Bounty starring Marlon Brando. The original 'Ocean's 11' worked, but 'Bounty' became a box office bomb. With no other work to do, he turned to TV work which he disliked, then left directing as his health began failing. Milestone died from natural causes on September 25, 1980, five days short of his 85th birthday. Lewis Milestone's final request before he died in 1980 was for Universal Studios to restore All Quiet on the Western Front to its original length. That request would eventually be granted nearly two decades later by Universal and other film preservation companies, and this restored version is what is widely seen today on television and home video. Milestone is interred in the Westwood Village Memorial Park Cemetery in Los Angeles. Academy Awards[edit]

Year Award Film Result

1927–28 Best Director (Comedy) Two Arabian Knights Won

1929–30 Best Director All Quiet on the Western Front Won

1930–31 Best Director The Front Page Nominated

1939 Outstanding Production Of Mice and Men Nominated

Filmography[edit]

1918 – The Toothbrush (director) 1918 – Posture (director) 1918 – Positive (director) 1919 – Fit to Win (director) 1922 – Up and at 'Em
Up and at 'Em
(screenwriter) 1923 – Where the North Begins
Where the North Begins
(editor) 1924 – The Yankee Consul (screenwriter) 1924 – Listen Lester
Listen Lester
(screenwriter) 1925 – The Mad Whirl (screenwriter) 1925 – Dangerous Innocence
Dangerous Innocence
(screenwriter) 1925 – The Teaser
The Teaser
(screenwriter) 1925 – Bobbed Hair (screenwriter) 1925 – Seven Sinners (director and screenwriter) 1926 – The Caveman
The Caveman
(director) 1926 – The New Klondike
The New Klondike
(director) 1926 – Fine Manners
Fine Manners
(director, uncredited) 1927 – The Kid Brother
The Kid Brother
(director, uncredited) 1927 – Two Arabian Knights
Two Arabian Knights
(director) 1928 – The Garden of Eden (director) 1928 – Tempest (director and screenwriter, uncredited) 1928 – The Racket (director) 1929 – New York Nights
New York Nights
(director) 1929 – Betrayal (director) 1930 – All Quiet on the Western Front (director) 1931 – The Front Page (director) 1932 – Rain (director) 1933 – Hallelujah, I'm a Bum (director) 1934 – The Captain Hates the Sea
The Captain Hates the Sea
(director) 1935 – Paris in Spring (director) 1936 – Anything Goes (director) 1936 – The General Died at Dawn
The General Died at Dawn
(director) 1939 – Of Mice and Men (director) 1939 – The Night of Nights (director) 1940 – Lucky Partners
Lucky Partners
(director and screenwriter) 1941 – My Life with Caroline (director) 1943 – Edge of Darkness (director) 1943 – The North Star (director) 1944 – Guest in the House
Guest in the House
(director, uncredited) 1944 – The Purple Heart
The Purple Heart
(director) 1945 – A Walk in the Sun (director) 1946 – The Strange Love of Martha Ivers
The Strange Love of Martha Ivers
(director) 1948 – Arch of Triumph (director and screenwriter) 1948 – No Minor Vices
No Minor Vices
(director) 1949 – The Red Pony (director) 1951 – Halls of Montezuma (director) 1952 – Les Misérables (director) 1952 – Kangaroo (director) 1953 – Melba (director) 1954 – They Who Dare
They Who Dare
(director) 1955 – La Vedova X (director and screenwriter) 1957 – Alfred Hitchcock Presents
Alfred Hitchcock Presents
(TV series) (director) 1957 – Schlitz Playhouse
Schlitz Playhouse
(TV series) (director) 1957 – Suspicion (TV series)
Suspicion (TV series)
(director) 1958 – Have Gun – Will Travel
Have Gun – Will Travel
(TV series) (director) 1959 – Pork Chop Hill
Pork Chop Hill
(director) 1960 – Ocean's 11
Ocean's 11
(director) 1962 – Mutiny on the Bounty (director) 1963 – The Richard Boone Show
The Richard Boone Show
(TV series) (director) 1963 – Arrest and Trial
Arrest and Trial
(TV series) (director)

References[edit] Notes

^ Leib Milstein at RootsWeb'sConnect Project ^ [1] ^ May, Larry. The Big Tomorrow: Hollywood and the Politics of the American Way, Univ. of Chicago Press (2000) p. 64 ^ U.S. Census, 1930, State of California, County of Los Angeles, enumeration district 825, p. 21-B, family 587. ^ ""Kangaroo" producer is coming here by camp trailer". The Mail. Adelaide: National Library of Australia. October 14, 1950. p. 2 Supplement: Sunday Magazine. Retrieved March 25, 2012. 

Bibliography

Genovés, Fernando R. (2013), Mervyn LeRoy y Lewis Milestone. Cine de variedades vs. de trinchera, Amazon-Kindle. ISBN 978-84-616-7452-7

External links[edit]

Biography portal

Lewis Milestone
Lewis Milestone
on IMDb Lewis Milestone
Lewis Milestone
at Find a Grave Lewis Milestone
Lewis Milestone
at Virtual History Lewis Milestone
Lewis Milestone
papers, Margaret Herrick Library, Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences

v t e

Films by Lewis Milestone

Directed

Seven Sinners (1925) The Caveman
The Caveman
(1926) The New Klondike
The New Klondike
(1926) Two Arabian Knights
Two Arabian Knights
(1927) The Garden of Eden (1928) Tempest (uncredited, 1928) The Racket (1928) Betrayal (1929) New York Nights
New York Nights
(1929) All Quiet on the Western Front (1930) The Front Page (1931) Rain (1932) Hallelujah, I'm a Bum (1933) The Captain Hates the Sea
The Captain Hates the Sea
(1934) Paris in Spring (1935) Anything Goes (1936) The General Died at Dawn
The General Died at Dawn
(1936) The Night of Nights (1939) Of Mice and Men (1939) Lucky Partners
Lucky Partners
(1940) My Life with Caroline (1941) Our Russian Front
Our Russian Front
(1942) Edge of Darkness (1943) The North Star (1943) The Purple Heart
The Purple Heart
(1944) A Walk in the Sun (1945) The Strange Love of Martha Ivers
The Strange Love of Martha Ivers
(1946) Arch of Triumph "(1948) No Minor Vices
No Minor Vices
(1948) The Red Pony (1949) Halls of Montezuma (1951) Kangaroo (1952) Les Misérables (1952) Melba (1953) They Who Dare
They Who Dare
(1954) The Widow (1955) Pork Chop Hill
Pork Chop Hill
(1959) Ocean's 11
Ocean's 11
(1960) Mutiny on the Bounty (1962)

Screenplays

Up and at 'Em
Up and at 'Em
(1922) The Yankee Consul (1924) Listen Lester
Listen Lester
(1924) The Mad Whirl (1925) Dangerous Innocence
Dangerous Innocence
(1925) The Teaser
The Teaser
(1925) Bobbed Hair (1925)

v t e

Academy Award
Academy Award
for Best Director

1927–1950

Frank Borzage
Frank Borzage
(1927) Lewis Milestone
Lewis Milestone
(1928) Frank Lloyd
Frank Lloyd
(1929) Lewis Milestone
Lewis Milestone
(1930) Norman Taurog
Norman Taurog
(1931) Frank Borzage
Frank Borzage
(1932) Frank Lloyd
Frank Lloyd
(1933) Frank Capra
Frank Capra
(1934) John Ford
John Ford
(1935) Frank Capra
Frank Capra
(1936) Leo McCarey (1937) Frank Capra
Frank Capra
(1938) Victor Fleming
Victor Fleming
(1939) John Ford
John Ford
(1940) John Ford
John Ford
(1941) William Wyler
William Wyler
(1942) Michael Curtiz
Michael Curtiz
(1943) Leo McCarey (1944) Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
(1945) William Wyler
William Wyler
(1946) Elia Kazan
Elia Kazan
(1947) John Huston
John Huston
(1948) Joseph L. Mankiewicz
Joseph L. Mankiewicz
(1949) Joseph L. Mankiewicz
Joseph L. Mankiewicz
(1950)

1951–1975

George Stevens
George Stevens
(1951) John Ford
John Ford
(1952) Fred Zinnemann
Fred Zinnemann
(1953) Elia Kazan
Elia Kazan
(1954) Delbert Mann
Delbert Mann
(1955) George Stevens
George Stevens
(1956) David Lean
David Lean
(1957) Vincente Minnelli
Vincente Minnelli
(1958) William Wyler
William Wyler
(1959) Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
(1960) Jerome Robbins
Jerome Robbins
and Robert Wise
Robert Wise
(1961) David Lean
David Lean
(1962) Tony Richardson
Tony Richardson
(1963) George Cukor
George Cukor
(1964) Robert Wise
Robert Wise
(1965) Fred Zinnemann
Fred Zinnemann
(1966) Mike Nichols
Mike Nichols
(1967) Carol Reed
Carol Reed
(1968) John Schlesinger
John Schlesinger
(1969) Franklin J. Schaffner
Franklin J. Schaffner
(1970) William Friedkin
William Friedkin
(1971) Bob Fosse
Bob Fosse
(1972) George Roy Hill (1973) Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
(1974) Miloš Forman
Miloš Forman
(1975)

1976–2000

John G. Avildsen
John G. Avildsen
(1976) Woody Allen
Woody Allen
(1977) Michael Cimino
Michael Cimino
(1978) Robert Benton (1979) Robert Redford
Robert Redford
(1980) Warren Beatty
Warren Beatty
(1981) Richard Attenborough
Richard Attenborough
(1982) James L. Brooks
James L. Brooks
(1983) Miloš Forman
Miloš Forman
(1984) Sydney Pollack
Sydney Pollack
(1985) Oliver Stone
Oliver Stone
(1986) Bernardo Bertolucci
Bernardo Bertolucci
(1987) Barry Levinson
Barry Levinson
(1988) Oliver Stone
Oliver Stone
(1989) Kevin Costner
Kevin Costner
(1990) Jonathan Demme
Jonathan Demme
(1991) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(1992) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1993) Robert Zemeckis
Robert Zemeckis
(1994) Mel Gibson
Mel Gibson
(1995) Anthony Minghella
Anthony Minghella
(1996) James Cameron
James Cameron
(1997) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1998) Sam Mendes
Sam Mendes
(1999) Steven Soderbergh
Steven Soderbergh
(2000)

2001–present

Ron Howard
Ron Howard
(2001) Roman Polanski
Roman Polanski
(2002) Peter Jackson
Peter Jackson
(2003) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(2004) Ang Lee
Ang Lee
(2005) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(2006) Joel Coen and Ethan Coen (2007) Danny Boyle
Danny Boyle
(2008) Kathryn Bigelow
Kathryn Bigelow
(2009) Tom Hooper
Tom Hooper
(2010) Michel Hazanavicius
Michel Hazanavicius
(2011) Ang Lee
Ang Lee
(2012) Alfonso Cuarón
Alfonso Cuarón
(2013) Alejandro G. Iñárritu (2014) Alejandro G. Iñárritu (2015) Damien Chazelle
Damien Chazelle
(2016) Guillermo del Toro
Guillermo del Toro
(2017)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 5146699 LCCN: n81032812 ISNI: 0000 0001 2118 8557 GND: 119048639 SUDOC: 084287012 BNF: cb14413795s (data) NLA: 35812668 NKC: xx0095201 BNE: XX1278767 SN