HOME
The Info List - Leviticus Rabbah


--- Advertisement ---



—— Tannaitic ——

Mishnah Tosefta

—— Amoraic (Gemara) ——

Jerusalem Talmud Babylonian Talmud

—— Later ——

Minor Tractates

Halakhic Midrash

—— Exodus ——

Mekhilta of Rabbi Ishmael Mekhilta of Rabbi Shimon
Mekhilta of Rabbi Shimon
bar Yohai

—— Leviticus
Leviticus
——

Sifra
Sifra
(Torat Kohanim)

—— Numbers and Deuteronomy ——

Sifre Sifrei Zutta on Numbers (Mekhilta le-Sefer Devarim)

Aggadic Midrash

—— Tannaitic ——

Seder Olam Rabbah Alphabet of Rabbi Akiva Baraita of the Forty-nine Rules Baraita on the Thirty-two Rules Baraita on the Erection of the Tabernacle

—— 400–600 ——

Genesis Rabbah Lamentations Rabbah Pesikta de-Rav Kahana Esther Rabbah Midrash
Midrash
Iyyob Leviticus
Leviticus
Rabbah Seder Olam Zutta Tanhuma Megillat Antiochus

—— 650–900 ——

Avot of Rabbi Natan Pirke De-Rabbi Eliezer Tanna Devei Eliyahu Alphabet of Sirach Ecclesiastes Rabbah Shir ha-Shirim Rabbah Deuteronomy Rabbah Devarim Zutta Pesikta Rabbati Midrash
Midrash
Shmuel Midrash
Midrash
Proverbs Ruth Rabbah Baraita of Samuel Targum
Targum
Sheni

—— 900–1000 ——

Ruth Zuta Eichah Zuta Midrash
Midrash
Tehillim Midrash
Midrash
Hashkem Exodus Rabbah Shir ha-Shirim Zutta

—— 1000–1200 ——

Midrash
Midrash
Tadshe Sefer haYashar

—— Later ——

Yalkut Shimoni Machir ben Abba Mari Midrash
Midrash
Jonah Ein Yaakov Midrash
Midrash
HaGadol Numbers Rabbah Smaller midrashim

Targum

—— Torah
Torah
——

Targum
Targum
Onkelos Targum
Targum
Pseudo-Jonathan Fragment Targum Targum
Targum
Neofiti

—— Nevi'im
Nevi'im
——

Targum
Targum
Jonathan

—— Ketuvim
Ketuvim
——

Targum
Targum
Tehillim Targum
Targum
Mishlei Targum
Targum
Iyyov Targum
Targum
to the Five Megillot Targum Sheni
Targum Sheni
to Esther Targum
Targum
to Chronicles

v t e

Leviticus
Leviticus
Rabbah, Vayikrah Rabbah, or Wayiqra Rabbah is a homiletic midrash to the Biblical book of Leviticus
Leviticus
(Vayikrah in Hebrew). It is referred to by Nathan ben Jehiel
Nathan ben Jehiel
(c. 1035–1106) in his Aruk as well as by Rashi
Rashi
(1040–1105) in his commentaries on Genesis 46:26, Exodus 32:5, Leviticus
Leviticus
9:24, and elsewhere. According to Leopold Zunz, Hai Gaon (939-1038) and Nissim knew and made use of it. Zunz dates it to the middle of the 7th century, but The Encyclopaedia Judaica and Jacob Neusner date it to the 5th century. It originated in the Land of Israel, and is composed largely of older works. Its redactor made use of Genesis Rabbah, Pesikta de-Rav Kahana, and the Jerusalem Talmud, in addition to other ancient sources. The redactor appears to have referred also to the Babylonian Talmud, using several expressions in the sense in which only that work employs them.

Contents

1 Contents 2 Relation to the Pesikta 3 References 4 External links

Contents[edit] Leviticus
Leviticus
Rabbah is not a continuous, explanatory interpretation to Leviticus, but a collection of exclusive sermons or lectures on the themes or texts of that book. It consists altogether of 37 such homilies, each of which constitutes a separate chapter. Leviticus Rabbah often refers to Scriptural passages on which the homilies are based as "par'shiyot," and are further designated according to their contents. Of the 37 homilies, eight (1, 3, 8, 11, 13, 20, 26, 30) are introduced with the formula "Patach R." or "The teacher has commenced"; eight (2, 4-7, 9, 10, 19), with "Hada hu dich'tiv" or "As it is written"; and 21 (12, 14-18, 21-25, 27-29, 31-37), with "Zeh she-amar ha-katuv" or "This is what the Holy Scriptures say." Weiss explains that the redactor selected only these 37 texts for his exposition as indicating the prior existence of the Sifra, the legal interpretation of Leviticus: "The redactor of the Wayikra Rabbah had nothing to add to the [Sifra]; he collected therefore only those haggadic explanations which he found on various texts and passages." This surmise by Weiss is, however, refuted by the circumstance that nearly all the chapters of Leviticus
Leviticus
Rabbah (with the exception of chapters 11, 24, 32, 35, and 36) refer to legal passages. Thus, the redactor of Leviticus
Leviticus
Rabbah collected homiletic expositions also of such texts as were treated in the Sifra. The conjecture of Theodor that in the older cycle of weekly lessons the passages on which the homilies of Leviticus
Leviticus
Rabbah were based consisted in certain paragraphs, or in lessons for certain festivals, seems therefore to be correct. (See Theodor, "Die Midraschim zum Pentateuch und der Dreijährige Palestinensische Cyclus," in "Monatsschrift," 1886, pp. 307–313, 406-415.) Relation to the Pesikta[edit] In its plan, as well as in the form of the several chapters, Leviticus Rabbah bears great resemblance to the Pesikta de-Rav Kahana. Like the lectures in the Pesikta, the homilies in Leviticus
Leviticus
Rabbah begin with a larger or smaller number of poems on passages mostly taken from the Writings. Then follows the exposition proper of the passage to which the homily refers. The explanation often covers only a few verses, or even a few words of the first verse, of the passage on which the parashah is based. In some cases, long pieces, in others brief sentences only, have been adduced in connection with the Scriptural passages, seemingly in accordance with the material at the redactor's disposal. Inasmuch, however, as the homilies in Leviticus
Leviticus
Rabbah deal largely with topics beyond the subject matter of the Biblical text itself, the explanations of the individual verses are often replaced by series of homiletic quotations that refer to the theme considered in the homily. (Compare chapters 8, 12-15, 18, 19, 23, 31-34, 36, 37). In this, Leviticus
Leviticus
Rabbah differs from the Pesikta, for in the Pesikta the individual explanations are seldom lacking. And while the Pesikta rarely quotes lengthy homiletic excerpts after the proems, Leviticus Rabbah quotes such materials after the conclusion of a proem, in the course of each chapter, and even toward the end of a chapter. These excerpts have often very slight reference to the context. But otherwise Leviticus
Leviticus
Rabbah carefully follows the form of the Pesikta. The end of each chapter in Leviticus
Leviticus
Rabbah, like the Pesikta, consists of a passage containing a Messianic prophecy. The extent of Leviticus
Leviticus
Rabbah is the same as that of the edition quoted by Nathan ben Jehiel
Nathan ben Jehiel
in the Aruk, since he refers to passages from chapters 36 and 37 as "the end." Aside from some transpositions, eliminations, and glosses, the printed text of Leviticus
Leviticus
Rabbah is noteworthy as containing, at the end of the first three chapters, annotations from Tanna debe Eliyahu
Tanna debe Eliyahu
which were not contained in the older manuscripts. References[edit]

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Singer, Isidore; et al., eds. (1901–1906). "Wayikra Rabbah". Jewish Encyclopedia. New York: Funk & Wagnalls Company. 

External links[edit]

Full Text of Leviticus
Leviticus
Rabba in Hebrew hosted by Bar-Ilan University. Sacred Texts: Judaism: Leviticus
Leviticus
Rabba, a selection from the work translated into English b

.