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LEVIN KIPNIS ( Hebrew
Hebrew
: לֶוִין קִיפְּנִיס‎; 1 August 1894 – 20 June 1990) was an Israeli children\'s author and poet who wrote mainly in Hebrew
Hebrew
and Yiddish
Yiddish
. He won the Israel prize in 1978.

CONTENTS

* 1 Biography * 2 Awards and honors

* 3 Bibliography

* 3.1 Books Published in Hebrew
Hebrew

* 3.1.1 Children

* 3.2 Books in Translation

* 4 See also * 5 References

BIOGRAPHY

Kipnis was born in Ushomir in Volhynian Governorate which was part of the Pale of Settlement of the Russian Empire
Russian Empire
(now in Ukraine
Ukraine
), into a family of 12. His father, Pessach, who was a shaliach tzibbur , sent him to study in a Cheder
Cheder
, which he didn't like because of the strict discipline. He showed a passion for the arts from a young age, painting and woodcarving. His father, who saw his potential, encouraged him to become a sofer stam . He wrote mezuzot to provide additional income for the family.

He decided to become a writer at the age of 13, after seeing the Hebrew
Hebrew
children's magazine "Haprachim" ("the flowers"). In his attic, he wrote, illustrated and produced his own magazine, later submitting one of his stories, "the sick child" to the children's magazine. The story was published in 1910. Kipnis completed his education in Jitomir and Warsaw
Warsaw
, then went back to his hometown, where he founded an "improved Cheder," established a Hebrew
Hebrew
library and wrote and directed plays. In 1913, he emigrated to Ottoman Palestine and continued his arts education at the Bezalel Academy of Art and Design . The lack of content for children of kindergarten age convinced him to write songs suited for preschoolers.

With the outbreak of World War I
World War I
, Kipnis established the "Little Library for Children" publisher in Jaffa
Jaffa
, while concurrently doing agricultural forced labor for the Ottoman military. After the war he returned to Jerusalem
Jerusalem
at the invitation of Bezalel to write and edit content for preschoolers and published story and song collections for children as well as the first magazine for preschool teachers "Ganenu" ("our garden" or "our kindergarten").

In 1921, he managed an orphanage in Safed
Safed
. In 1922, he traveled to Berlin, Germany for advanced studies in art and craftsmanship. There he published three books in German . He returned in 1923 and began teaching at the Levinsky Teacher\'s College in Tel Aviv
Tel Aviv
.

In 1928, Kipnis wrote plays and participated actively in the foundation of a children's theater, later known as "Teatron Hagananot" ("the preschool-teacher theater"), where some well known Hebrew performers such as Bracha Zfira and Sara Levi-Tanai participated.

In 1956, he retired from his job as an educator and dedicated his time to writing.

Kipnis's writing is characterized by a light and happy style, devoid of pathos, yet rich and aesthetic. His collections in Hebrew
Hebrew
encompass about 800 stories and 600 poems. Kipnis also wrote songs in Hebrew, including Shanah Tova . He also wrote children's books in Yiddish, publishing a collection in 1961. His work was translated into English , French , German , Russian , Arabic
Arabic
and Yiddish. He was active as a writer for 80 years, from 1910 to 1990.

Kipnis died in 1990 in Tel Aviv.

The archive of his work is at the Levin Kipnis
Levin Kipnis
Center for Children's Literature, Levinsky Teachers' College. The center awards a bi-annual prize named after Kipnis for a research project about children's literature.

AWARDS AND HONORS

Memorial plaque to Levin Kipnis
Levin Kipnis
in Tel Aviv
Tel Aviv

* In 1962, Kipnis was awarded the Yatsiv Prize for Children's Literature. * In 1976, he received the Lamdan Prize for Children's Literature. * In 1978, he was awarded the Israel Prize , for children's literature.

A street is named after him in Be\'er Sheva

BIBLIOGRAPHY

BOOKS PUBLISHED IN HEBREW

Children

* By the Ancestor's Grave, Berlin-Hasefer, 1923 * Aleph-Beit, Berlin-Hasefer, 1923 * A String, Omanut, 1923 * The Story of the Chick Who Wanted a New Mother, Omanut, 1923 * Shele-Pele, Dvir, 1925 * Shulamita, Dvir, 1925 * Velvet and Her Puppies, Dvir, 1925 * Listen and I Will Tell You, Dvir, 1925 * Hasty Goat, Dvir, 1926 * The Com