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The Letlhakane diamond mine is a
diamond Diamond is a solid form of the element carbon with its atoms arranged in a crystal structure called diamond cubic The diamond cubic crystal structure is a repeating pattern of 8 atoms that certain materials may adopt as they solidify. Wh ...

diamond
mine located in
Botswana Botswana (, also ), officially the Republic of Botswana ( tn, Lefatshe la Botswana, label= Setswana; Kalanga: ''Hango yeBotswana''), is a landlocked country in Southern Africa Southern Africa is the southernmost region of the African ...
about west of the city of Francistown. Letlhakane, meaning "little reeds", is owned by Debswana, a
partnership A partnership is an arrangement where parties, known as business partners, agree to cooperate to advance their mutual interests. The partners in a partnership may be individuals, business entity, businesses, interest-based organizations, schools ...
between the
De Beers De Beers Group is an international corporation that specialises in diamond mining, diamond exploitation, diamond retail, diamond trading and industrial diamond manufacturing sectors. The company is active in open-pit, large-scale alluvial and c ...
company and the government of Botswana. It is the second oldest of four mines operated by the company, having begun operations in 1975. Letlhakane is of open pit construction. In 2003, the mine produced 1.06 million carats (212 kg) of diamond. The recoverable ore grade at the mine was about 0.26 carats (52 mg) per ton. The ore produced at Letlhakane used to be processed at a processing plant at its sister mine, Orapa diamond mine, about distant. The Letlhakane mine is also managed from the Orapa mine. In 2015, over 2.1 million tons per year of ore was mined, and over 2.3 million tons was treated, resulting in 583,000 carats of
diamond Diamond is a solid form of the element carbon with its atoms arranged in a crystal structure called diamond cubic The diamond cubic crystal structure is a repeating pattern of 8 atoms that certain materials may adopt as they solidify. Wh ...

diamond
.


Ceasing Open Pit Operations

As of 2017, the Letlhakane Mine ceased open pit operations and completed a plant for the processing of
tailings Tailings are the materials left over after the process of separating the valuable fraction from the uneconomic fraction (gangue) of an ore. Tailings are distinct from overburden, which is the waste rock or other material that overlies an ore or mi ...
. This is expected to extend the life of the operations at this facility until 2043.


References

Diamond mines in Botswana Surface mines in Botswana {{Botswana-geo-stub