The Lesser Polish dialect ( pl|dialekt małopolski) is a cluster of regional varieties of the Polish language
around the Lesser Poland
historical region. The exact area is difficult to delineate due to the expansion its features and the existence of transitional subdialects."Dialekt małopolski"
a University of Warsaw webpage
Common subdialects of the Lesser Polish dialect include Podhale, , Lwów, , , and some others.
The common traits of the Lesser Polish dialect include:
["Charakterystyka dialektu małopolskiego"]
*voiceless-to-voicing shift, including word boundaries
[ (''niosłeś''->''nióześ'', ''kot leci'' -> ''kod_leci'')
* differentiated nasalisation (or lack thereof) of ą and ę in different parts of the area] [
* a more aggressive merger of stop+fricative consonant clusters into affricates. This happens in standard Polish before obstruents ( "drzwi" → "dżwi"), but in Lesser Polish, it may happen before sonorants, including vowels: ''trzysta'' ('three hundred') is pronounced as ''czysta'' ('clean' fem.) vs. "cz-szysta" in colloquial Standard or "t-szysta" in standard speech.]
* frequent usage of initial syllable stress, also oxytonic stress in vocative case (as opposed to paroxytonic stress common in other varieties of Polish) [
* frequent usage of grammatical particle "że" in imperative mood ("weźże" vs. "weź" - take)