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Leopoldo de' Medici
Leopoldo de' Medici
(6 November 1617 – 10 November 1675) was an Italian cardinal, scholar, patron of the arts and Governor of Siena. He was the brother of Ferdinando II de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany.

Contents

1 Biography 2 Titles, styles, honours and arms

2.1 Titles and styles

3 Ancestors 4 References

Biography[edit] Prince Leopoldo was born at the Palazzo Pitti
Palazzo Pitti
in Florence, the capital of the Grand Duchy of Tuscany
Grand Duchy of Tuscany
then ruled by his father, Grand Duke Cosimo II. His mother Maria Magdalena of Austria was a sister of Queen Margarita of Spain and Ferdinand II, Holy Roman Emperor. Leopoldo was educated under Jacopo Soldano, Father Flaviano Michelini and Evangelista Torricelli. When his brother was elected Grand Duke, Leopoldo acted as his advisor for manufactures, agriculture and trades. Leopoldo, a disciple of Galileo, took a real interest in the proceedings of the justly celebrated academy 'Del Cimento' (the test), signing its correspondence, following closely the work of Evangelista Torricelli da Modigliana, inventor of the barometer. He took a great interest in science and technology. In 1638 he founded the Accademia Platonica, and, together with Ferdinando, the Accademia del Cimento ("Academy of the Daring") in 1657 to promote observation of nature through the Galileian Method. In 1641 Leopoldo had been named member of the Accademia della Crusca, for which he edited the entries regarding art for the 3rd edition of the Crusca Dictionary (1691). Leopoldo was also a great collector of rare books, paintings (the Venetian collection at the Uffizi
Uffizi
is inherited from him), drawings, statues, coins and self-portraits. He left a wide correspondence with artists and art collectors of his time. He experimented with telescopic lenses and all manner of scientific instruments, and also commissioned those thermometers, astrolobes, calorimeters, quadrants, hygrometers, quadrants and other ingenious mechanical devices which visitors to the Pitti Palace saw displayed in such profusion. Leopoldo spent four hours each day 'up to his neck in books'. On 12 December 1667 Pope Clement IX
Pope Clement IX
named him cardinal of Santi Cosma e Damiano. From that point on Leopoldo made frequent trips to Rome, pursuing his artistic interests. He died in 1675. His large collections are included in several museums of Florence. Leopoldo had a long correspondence with Christiaan Huygens.[1] Titles, styles, honours and arms[edit] Titles and styles[edit]

6 November 1617 - 12 December 1667 His Highness Prince Leopoldo 12 December 1667 - 16 November 1675 His Highness Cardinal de' Medici

Ancestors[edit]

Ancestors of Leopoldo de' Medici

16. Giovanni dalle Bande Nere

8. Cosimo I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany

17. Maria Salviati

4. Ferdinando I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany

18. Pedro Álvarez de Toledo

9. Eleonora di Toledo

19. Maria Osorio
Maria Osorio
Pimentel, Marchioness of Villafranca del Bierzo

2. Cosimo II de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany

20. Francis I, Duke of Lorraine

10. Charles III, Duke of Lorraine

21. Christina of Denmark

5. Christina of Lorraine

22. Henry II of France

11. Claude of Valois

23. Catherine de' Medici

1. Leopoldo de' Medici

24. Philip I of Castile

12. Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor

25. Joanna of Castile

6. Charles II of Austria

26. Vladislaus II of Bohemia and Hungary

13. Anna of Bohemia and Hungary

27. Anna of Foix-Candale

3. Maria Magdalena of Austria

28. William IV, Duke of Bavaria

14. Albert V, Duke of Bavaria

29. Marie of Baden-Sponheim

7. Maria Anna of Bavaria

30. Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor
Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor
(= 12)

15. Anna of Austria

31. Anna of Bohemia and Hungary
Anna of Bohemia and Hungary
(= 13)

References[edit]

^ Huygens, Christiaan. Oeuvres complètes, Tome VI: Correspondance 1666-1669 (1895)

Leopoldo de' Medici House of Medici Born: 6 November 1617 Died: 10 November 1675

Political offices

Preceded by Mattias de' Medici Governor of Siena 1636-1641 Succeeded by Mattias de' Medici

Governor of Siena 1643-1644

v t e

Tuscan princes

1st generation

Francesco I, Grand Duke of Tuscany Cardinal Giovanni Prince Pedricco Prince Garzia Ferdinando I, Grand Duke of Tuscany Prince Pietro

2nd generation

Philip de' Medici Cosimo II, Grand Duke of Tuscany Prince Francesco Cardinal Carlo, Bishop of Ostia Prince Filippino Prince Lorenzo

3rd generation

Ferdinando II, Grand Duke of Tuscany Cardinal Giovan Carlo Mattias, Governor of Siena Prince Francesco Leopoldo, Governor of Siena

4th generation

Cosimo III, Grand Duke of Tuscany Francesco Maria, Duke of Rovere

5th generation

Ferdinando, Grand Prince of Tuscany Gian Gastone, Grand Duke of Tuscany ,

6th generation

None

7th generation

Joseph II, Holy Roman Emperor* Prince Charles Joseph* Leopold I* Prince Ferdinand* Maximilian Francis, Elector of Cologne*

8th generation

Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor* Ferdinand III, Grand Duke of Tuscany* Charles, Duke of Teschen* Alexander Leopold, Palatine of Hungary* Joseph, Palatine of Hungary* Prince Anton Victor* Prince John* Prince Rainier Joseph* Prince Louis* Cardinal Rudolf*

9th generation

Grand Prince Francis Leopold* Leopold II, Grand Duke of Tuscany*

10th generation

Ferdinand IV, Grand Duke of Tuscany* Prince Karl Salvator* Prince Rainier* Prince Ludwig Salvator* Prince Johann Salvator*

11th generation

Prince Leopold Ferdinand* Prince Joseph Ferdinand* Prince Peter Ferdinand* Prince Heinrich Ferdinand* Prince Robert Ferdinand* Prince Leopold Salvator* Prince Franz Salvator* Prince Albrecht Salvator* Prince Rainier Salvator* Prince Ferdinand Salvator*

12th generation

Prince Gottfried* Prince Georg* Prince Rainer* Prince Leopold Maria* Prince Anton* Prince Franz Joseph* Prince Karl Pius* Prince Franz Karl* Prince Hubert Salvator* Prince Theodor Salvator* Prince Clemens Salvator*

13th generation

Prince Leopold Franz* Prince Guntram* Prince Radbot* Prince Johann* Prince Georg* Prince Stephan* Prince Dominic* Prince Friederich Salvator* Prince Andreas Salvator* Prince Markus* Prince Johann* Prince Michael* Prince Franz Salvator* Prince Karl Salvator*

14th generation

Prince Sigismund* Prince Georg* Prince Guntram* Prince Leopold* Prince Alexander Salvator* Prince Thaddäus Salvator* Prince Casimir Salvator* Prince Matthias* Prince Johannes* Prince Bernhard* Prince Benedikt*

15th generation

Prince Leopold Amedeo* Prince Maximilian* Prince Leopold* Prince Constantin Salvator* Prince Paul Salvator*

* also an archduke of Austria

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 74651286 LCCN: n85327592 ISNI: 0000 0000 6631 6869 GND: 118886207 SUDOC: 030678463 BNF: cb12204664n (data) ULAN: 500090968 BNE: XX830

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