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Leonard Rosenman
Leonard Rosenman
(September 7, 1924 – March 4, 2008) was an American film, television and concert composer with credits in over 130 works, including Star Trek
Star Trek
IV: The Voyage Home, Beneath the Planet of the Apes and the animated The Lord of the Rings.

Contents

1 Life and career 2 Awards 3 Filmography 4 References 5 External links

Life and career[edit] Leonard Rosenman
Leonard Rosenman
was born in Brooklyn, New York. After service in the Pacific with the United States Army Air Forces
United States Army Air Forces
in World War II, he earned a bachelor's degree in music from the University of California, Berkeley. He also studied composition with Arnold Schoenberg, Roger Sessions and Luigi Dallapiccola.[1] Amongst Rosenman's earliest film work was the scores for James Dean movies East of Eden (1955) and Rebel Without a Cause
Rebel Without a Cause
(1955). Rosenman had lived together with Dean whom he gave piano lessons to[2] and it was Dean who introduced him to the director Elia Kazan. Dean also lobbied George Stevens
George Stevens
to let Rosenman score Giant, but Stevens preferred the more traditional Dimitri Tiomkin.[3] Rosenman remarked "The year I did my first film, I had five major performances in New York," however. "The minute I did my first film, I didn't have a performance there for 20 years. They would never say, 'I don't like them'. They wouldn't look at them."[4] He composed the score for Vincente Minnelli's The Cobweb (1955) regarded as the first major Hollywood score to be written in the Twelve-tone technique. His avant-garde music was used for Martin Ritt's Edge of the City
Edge of the City
(1956) and John Frankenheimer's The Young Stranger (1957). He composed scores for war films such as William Wellman's biographical Lafayette Escadrille (1958), Lewis Milestone's Pork Chop Hill
Pork Chop Hill
(1959), Delbert Mann's The Outsider (1961), Don Siegel's Hell is for Heroes (1962) and the Combat!
Combat!
television series (1962). He wrote incidental music for such television series as Law of the Plainsman, The Defenders, The Twilight Zone, Gibbsville and Marcus Welby, M.D.. He went on to compose George Cukor's The Chapman Report
The Chapman Report
then Fantastic Voyage (1966) where he rejected producer Saul David's instructions. Rosenman stated "A producer asked me to write a jazz score, and I asked him why. He said he wanted the picture to be the first hip science fiction movie. I said that's a great idea for an advertising agency, but it doesn't fit the film."[5] He provided scores to science fiction films such as Beneath the Planet of the Apes (1970) and the first, animated adaptation of The Lord of the Rings (1978), Cross Creek (1983) and Star Trek
Star Trek
IV: The Voyage Home (1986). In the 1970s he composed Bass Concerto Chamber Music 4 for bassist Buell Neidlinger and four string quartets with a second bass. In 1995 Nonesuch Records
Nonesuch Records
issued an album of music from both East of Eden and Rebel Without A Cause, played by the London Sinfonietta conducted by John Adams. In his 70s Rosenman was diagnosed with Frontotemporal dementia, a degenerative brain condition with symptoms similar to Alzheimer's disease. He died March 4, 2008, of a heart attack at the Motion Picture & Television Country House and Hospital in Woodland Hills, Los Angeles, California.[6] Awards[edit] Leonard Rosenman
Leonard Rosenman
earned two Academy Awards:

Barry Lyndon
Barry Lyndon
(1975), for Best Music, Scoring Original Song Score and/or Adaptation (music by Handel, Schubert and others) Bound for Glory (1976), for Best Music, Original Song Score and Its Adaptation or Best Adaptation Score (the songs of Woody Guthrie)

After receiving his second Oscar he quipped "I write original music too, you know!"[7] He received two additional Academy Award nominations:

Cross Creek (1983), for Best Music, Original Score Star Trek
Star Trek
IV: The Voyage Home (1986), for Best Music, Original Score

He also received two Emmy Awards:

Sybil (1976), for Outstanding Achievement in Music Composition for a Special
Special
(Dramatic Underscore), with Alan Bergman and Marilyn Bergman Friendly Fire (1979), for Outstanding Music Composition for a Limited Series or a Special

Filmography[edit]

The Cobweb (1955) East of Eden (1955) Rebel Without a Cause
Rebel Without a Cause
(1955) Edge of the City
Edge of the City
(1957) The Young Stranger
The Young Stranger
(1957) Bombers B-52
Bombers B-52
(1957) Lafayette Escadrille (1958) Pork Chop Hill
Pork Chop Hill
(1959) The Rise and Fall of Legs Diamond (1960) The Bramble Bush
The Bramble Bush
(1960) The Savage Eye
The Savage Eye
(1960) The Crowded Sky
The Crowded Sky
(1960) The Plunderers (1960) The Outsider (1961) The Chapman Report
The Chapman Report
(1962) Hell Is for Heroes (1962) Convicts 4
Convicts 4
(1962) Fantastic Voyage
Fantastic Voyage
(1966) Stranger on the Run
Stranger on the Run
(1967) A Covenant with Death (1967) Stranger on the Run
Stranger on the Run
(1967) Countdown (1968) Hellfighters (1968) Any Second Now (1969) The Todd Killings
The Todd Killings
(1970) Beneath the Planet of the Apes
Beneath the Planet of the Apes
(1970) A Man Called Horse (1970) Banyon
Banyon
(1971) Battle for the Planet of the Apes
Battle for the Planet of the Apes
(1973) The Phantom of Hollywood
The Phantom of Hollywood
(1974) Judge Dee and the Monastery Murders (1974) Race with the Devil
Race with the Devil
(1975) Barry Lyndon
Barry Lyndon
(1975; Academy Award) Sybil (1976; Emmy Award) Bound for Glory (1976; Academy Award) An Enemy of the People (1977) The Possessed (1977) The Car
The Car
(1977) Nero Wolfe (1977) September 30, 1955
September 30, 1955
(1977) The Lord of the Rings (1978) Prophecy (1979) Promises in the Dark (1979) Friendly Fire (1979; Emmy Award) The Jazz Singer (1980) Hide in Plain Sight
Hide in Plain Sight
(1980) Joshua's World (1980) City in Fear (1980) Murder in Texas (1981) Making Love
Making Love
(1982) Miss Lonelyhearts (1983) Cross Creek (1983) Heartsounds (1984) Heart of the Stag (1984) Sylvia (1985) First Steps (1985) Star Trek
Star Trek
IV: The Voyage Home (1986) Promised a Miracle (1988) Body Wars
Body Wars
(1989) RoboCop 2
RoboCop 2
(1990) Ambition (1991) Aftermath: A Test of Love (1991) Keeper of the City
Keeper of the City
(1991) The Face on the Milk Carton (1994) The Color of Evening (1994) Mrs. Munck (1995) Levitation (1997) Jurij (2001)

References[edit]

^ Fox, Margalit. "Leonard Roseman, 83, Composer
Composer
for Films" The New York Times, Thursday, March 6, 2008 ^ http://www.dailymail.co.uk/home/event/article-2596209/James-Dean-He-awkward-misfit-irritated-stars-So-king-moody-cool.html ^ https://www.theguardian.com/music/2008/mar/17/film.obituaries ^ https://www.theguardian.com/music/2008/mar/17/film.obituaries ^ http://www.filmmusicsociety.org/news_events/features/2004/090704.html ^ Variety. Accessed on 4 March 2008. ^ https://www.independent.co.uk/news/obituaries/leonard-rosenman-oscarwinning-film-composer-who-introduced-modernism-into-hollywood-movie-scores-794008.html

External links[edit]

Leonard Rosenman
Leonard Rosenman
on IMDb Leonard Rosenman
Leonard Rosenman
at Memory Alpha (a Star Trek
Star Trek
wiki) Leonard Rosenman
Leonard Rosenman
Turns 80 — Film Music Society (September 7, 2004) Leonard Rosenman
Leonard Rosenman
Remembered — Film Music Society (May 1, 2008) Guide to the Leonard Rosenman
Leonard Rosenman
Papers at NYU's Fales Library

v t e

Academy Award for Best Original Score

1930s

Louis Silvers
Louis Silvers
(1934) Max Steiner
Max Steiner
(1935) Leo F. Forbstein
Leo F. Forbstein
(1936) Charles Previn
Charles Previn
(1937) Erich Wolfgang Korngold/Alfred Newman (1938) Herbert Stothart/Richard Hageman, W. Franke Harling, John Leipold, Leo Shuken (1939)

1940s

Leigh Harline, Paul J. Smith, Ned Washington/Alfred Newman (1940) Bernard Herrmann/ Frank Churchill and Oliver Wallace (1941) Max Steiner/ Ray Heindorf and Heinz Roemheld (1942) Alfred Newman/ Ray Heindorf (1943) Max Steiner/ Morris Stoloff and Carmen Dragon
Carmen Dragon
(1944) Miklós Rózsa/ Georgie Stoll (1945) Hugo Friedhofer/ Morris Stoloff (1946) Miklós Rózsa/Alfred Newman (1947) Brian Easdale/ Johnny Green
Johnny Green
and Roger Edens (1948) Aaron Copland/ Roger Edens and Lennie Hayton (1949)

1950s

Franz Waxman/ Adolph Deutsch and Roger Edens (1950) Franz Waxman/ Johnny Green
Johnny Green
and Saul Chaplin (1951) Dimitri Tiomkin/Alfred Newman (1952) Bronisław Kaper/Alfred Newman (1953) Dimitri Tiomkin/ Adolph Deutsch and Saul Chaplin (1954) Alfred Newman/Robert Russell Bennett, Jay Blackton and Adolph Deutsch (1955) Victor Young/Alfred Newman and Ken Darby (1956) Malcolm Arnold (1957) Dimitri Tiomkin/Andre Previn (1958) Miklós Rózsa/Andre Previn and Ken Darby (1959)

1960s

Ernest Gold/ Morris Stoloff and Harry Sukman (1960) Henry Mancini/Saul Chaplin, Johnny Green, Sid Ramin and Irwin Kostal (1961) Maurice Jarre/ Ray Heindorf (1962) John Addison/Andre Previn (1963) Richard M. Sherman
Richard M. Sherman
and Robert B. Sherman/Andre Previn (1964) Maurice Jarre/ Irwin Kostal (1965) John Barry/ Ken Thorne (1966) Elmer Bernstein/Alfred Newman and Ken Darby (1967) John Barry/ Johnny Green
Johnny Green
(1968) Burt Bacharach/ Lennie Hayton and Lionel Newman (1969)

1970s

Francis Lai/ The Beatles
The Beatles
(John Lennon, Paul McCartney, George Harrison and Ringo Starr) (1970) Michel Legrand/ John Williams
John Williams
(1971) Charlie Chaplin, Raymond Rasch and Larry Russell/ Ralph Burns
Ralph Burns
(1972) Marvin Hamlisch/ Marvin Hamlisch
Marvin Hamlisch
(1973) Nino Rota
Nino Rota
and Carmine Coppola/ Nelson Riddle
Nelson Riddle
(1974) John Williams/ Leonard Rosenman
Leonard Rosenman
(1975) Jerry Goldsmith/ Leonard Rosenman
Leonard Rosenman
(1976) John Williams/ Jonathan Tunick (1977) Giorgio Moroder/ Joe Renzetti (1978) Georges Delerue/ Ralph Burns
Ralph Burns
(1979)

1980s

Michael Gore (1980) Vangelis
Vangelis
(1981) John Williams/ Henry Mancini
Henry Mancini
and Leslie Bricusse (1982) Bill Conti/Michel Legrand, Alan and Marilyn Bergman (1983) Maurice Jarre/Prince (1984) John Barry (1985) Herbie Hancock
Herbie Hancock
(1986) Ryuichi Sakamoto, David Byrne
David Byrne
and Cong Su (1987) Dave Grusin
Dave Grusin
(1988) Alan Menken
Alan Menken
(1989)

1990s

John Barry (1990) Alan Menken
Alan Menken
(1991) Alan Menken
Alan Menken
(1992) John Williams
John Williams
(1993) Hans Zimmer
Hans Zimmer
(1994) Luis Enríquez Bacalov/ Alan Menken
Alan Menken
and Stephen Schwartz (1995) Gabriel Yared/ Rachel Portman (1996) James Horner/ Anne Dudley
Anne Dudley
(1997) Nicola Piovani/ Stephen Warbeck (1998) John Corigliano (1999)

2000s

Tan Dun
Tan Dun
(2000) Howard Shore
Howard Shore
(2001) Elliot Goldenthal
Elliot Goldenthal
(2002) Howard Shore
Howard Shore
(2003) Jan A. P. Kaczmarek
Jan A. P. Kaczmarek
(2004) Gustavo Santaolalla
Gustavo Santaolalla
(2005) Gustavo Santaolalla
Gustavo Santaolalla
(2006) Dario Marianelli (2007) A. R. Rahman
A. R. Rahman
(2008) Michael Giacchino
Michael Giacchino
(2009)

2010s

Trent Reznor
Trent Reznor
and Atticus Ross
Atticus Ross
(2010) Ludovic Bource
Ludovic Bource
(2011) Mychael Danna (2012) Steven Price (2013) Alexandre Desplat
Alexandre Desplat
(2014) Ennio Morricone
Ennio Morricone
(2015) Justin Hurwitz
Justin Hurwitz
(2016) Alexandre Desplat
Alexandre Desplat
(2017)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 32184525 LCCN: n79072781 ISNI: 0000 0001 2126 9015 GND: 134053400 SUDOC: 052197395 BNF: cb13899173g (data) BIBSYS: 3115705 MusicBrainz: 51458d7f-c99a-49bf-9402-fe3988bf40ef BNE: XX4578397 SN

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