Leon, New York
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Leon is a
town A town is a human settlement. Towns are generally larger than villages and smaller than city, cities, though the criteria to distinguish between them vary considerably in different parts of the world. Origin and use The word "town" shares a ...

town
in
Cattaraugus County Cattaraugus County (locally known as Catt County) is a County (United States), county in western New York, with one side bordering Pennsylvania. As of the United States Census 2020, United States 2020 census, the population was 77,042. The coun ...
,
New York New York most commonly refers to: * New York City, the most populous city in the United States, located in the state of New York * New York (state), a state in the northeastern United States New York may also refer to: Film and television * New ...
, United States. The population was 1,365 at the 2010 census. The name is derived from the former
Kingdom of León The Kingdom of León (, ; ; ast, Reinu de Llión; es, Reino de León; gl, Reino de León; pt, Reino de Leão; la, Regnum Legionense; mwl, Reino de Lhion) was an independent kingdom situated in the northwest region of the Iberian Peninsula ...
in
Spain , image_flag = Bandera de España.svg , image_coat = Escudo de España (mazonado).svg , national_motto = , national_anthem = , image_map = , map_caption = , image_map2 ...

Spain
, though it is pronounced like the American first name, " LEE-un". The town is on the western border of the county, northwest of the city of
Salamanca Salamanca ( , ) is a city situated in western Spain , image_flag = Bandera de España.svg , image_coat = Escudo de España (mazonado).svg , national_motto = , national_anthem = , image_map ...
.


History

The area that would become the town was first settled ''circa'' 1819. The town of Leon was founded in 1832 from a part of the town of Conewango. The Leon Grange No. 795 and Leon United Methodist Church are listed on the
National Register of Historic Places The National Register of Historic Places (NRHP) is the United States federal government The federal government of the United States (U.S. federal government or U.S. government) is the national government of the United States ...
. Leon's post office,
ZIP code#REDIRECT ZIP Code A ZIP Code is a postal code used by the United States Postal Service (USPS). Introduced in 1963, the basic format consisted of five digits. In 1983, an extended ZIP+4 code was introduced; it included the five digits of the ZIP ...
14751, opened June 20, 1837. It closed on July 24, 2010.


Geography

According to the
United States Census Bureau The United States Census Bureau (USCB), officially the Bureau of the Census, is a principal agency of the U.S. Federal Statistical System, responsible for producing data about the American American(s) may refer to: * American, something of, ...
, the town has a total area of , of which , or 0.07%, is water. The west town line is the border of Chautauqua County.
Conewango Creek Conewango Creek is a tributary A tributary or affluent is a stream or river that flows into a larger stream or main stem (or parent) river or a lake. A tributary does not flow directly into a sea or ocean. Tributaries and the main stem river d ...
, a tributary of the
Allegheny River The Allegheny River ( ) is a long headwater stream of the Ohio River in western Pennsylvania and New York (state), New York, United States. The Allegheny River runs from its headwaters just below the middle of Pennsylvania's northern border nor ...
, crosses the northwest part of the town, and Mud Creek flows through the south part of the town. U.S. Route 62 is a major north-south highway through the western part of the town.


Adjacent towns and areas

Leon is south of the town of
Dayton Dayton () is the sixth-largest city in the state State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literature * ''State Magazine'', a monthly magazine published by the U.S. Department of State * The State (newspaper), ''The State'' (newspa ...
and north of the town of Conewango. To the east is the town of
New Albion New Albion, also known as ''Nova Albion'' (in reference to an archaic name for Britain), was the name of the continental area north of Mexico Mexico, officially the United Mexican States, is a List of sovereign states, country in the sou ...
. The west boundary is shared by the town of Cherry Creek in Chautauqua County.


Demographics

As of the
census A census is the procedure of systematically calculating, acquiring and recording information Information is processed, organised and structured data Data (; ) are individual facts, statistics, or items of information, often numeric. In ...

census
of 2000, there were 1,380 people, 378 households, and 289 families residing in the town. The
population density Population density (in agriculture Agriculture is the science, art and practice of cultivating plants and livestock. Agriculture was the key development in the rise of sedentary Image:Family watching television 1958.jpg, Exercise tr ...

population density
was 38.1 people per square mile (14.7/km2). There were 464 housing units at an average density of 12.8 per square mile (4.9/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 99.13%
White White is the lightest color Color (American English American English (AmE, AE, AmEng, USEng, en-US), sometimes called United States English or U.S. English, is the set of varieties of the English language native to the Unite ...
, 0.07%
Native American Native Americans may refer to: Ethnic groups * Indigenous peoples of the Americas, the pre-Columbian peoples of North and South America and their descendants * Native Americans in the United States * Indigenous peoples in Canada, the indigenous p ...
, 0.14%
Asian Asian may refer to: * Items from or related to the continent of Asia: ** Asian people, people in or descending from Asia ** Asian culture, the culture of the people from Asia ** Asian cuisine, food based on the style of food of the people from Asi ...
, and 0.65% from two or more races.
Hispanic The term ''Hispanic'' ( es, hispano) refers to people, cultures Culture () is an umbrella term which encompasses the social behavior Social behavior is behavior Behavior (American English) or behaviour (British English; American and ...
or
Latino Latino or Latinos most often refers to: * Latino (demonym), a term used in the United States for people with cultural ties to Latin America * Hispanic and Latino Americans in the United States * The people or cultures of Latin America; ** Latin Am ...
of any race were 0.29% of the population. There were 378 households, out of which 44.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 66.4% were
married couples Marriage, also called matrimony or wedlock is a culturally and often legally recognized union between people called spouse A spouse is a significant other in a marriage (in certain contexts, it can also apply to a civil union or comm ...

married couples
living together, 8.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.3% were non-families. 19.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 7.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.64 and the average family size was 4.30. In the town, the population was spread out, with 42.3% under the age of 18, 9.8% from 18 to 24, 23.1% from 25 to 44, 16.9% from 45 to 64, and 7.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 23 years. For every 100 females, there were 96.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.2 males. The median income for a household in the town was $30,333, and the median income for a family was $32,946. Males had a median income of $25,625 versus $22,266 for females. The
per capita income Per capita income (PCI) or total income measures the average income earned per person in a given area (city, region, country, etc.) in a specified year. It is calculated by dividing the area's total income by its total population. Per capita i ...
for the town was $10,189. About 26.1% of families and 35.1% of the population were below the
poverty line The poverty threshold, poverty limit, poverty line or breadline is the minimum level of income In microeconomics, income is the Consumption (economics), consumption and saving opportunity gained by an entity within a specified timeframe, w ...
, including 50.2% of those under age 18 and 14.7% of those age 65 or over. An estimated 76% of the population of Leon are members of the
Old Order Amish The Amish (; pdc, Amisch; german: Amische) are a group of traditionalist Christian church fellowships with Swiss German and Alsace, Alsatian Anabaptist origins. They are closely related to Mennonite churches. The Amish are known for simple l ...

Old Order Amish
, a factor in the town's continued population growth since the middle of the 20th century, a rarity in a county where population has otherwise been in general decline.


Notable people

* Charles N. Daniels, Midwest and Pacific Northwest architect * Albert T. Fancher, former New York state senator * Wilbur F. Sanders, former US senator from Montana


Communities and locations in Leon

*
Conewango Creek Conewango Creek is a tributary A tributary or affluent is a stream or river that flows into a larger stream or main stem (or parent) river or a lake. A tributary does not flow directly into a sea or ocean. Tributaries and the main stem river d ...
– A stream flowing through the northern part of the town. *East Leon – A
hamlet ''The Tragedy of Hamlet, Prince of Denmark'', often shortened to ''Hamlet'' (), is a tragedy Tragedy (from the grc-gre, τραγῳδία, ''tragōidia'', ''tragōidia'') is a genre of drama Drama is the specific Mode (litera ...
in the northeast corner of the town on County Road 5. *Kendall Corners – A location by the eastern town line on County Road 5. *Leon (or "Leon Center") – The hamlet of Leon, centrally located in the town on County Road 6 and US Route 62. *Millmans Corners – A location west of Leon village by the east town line on Route 6. *Meyers Corners – A location at the north town line on Route 62. *Mud Creek – A stream flowing westward past Leon is a tributary of Conewango Creek. The first settlement was made along Mud Creek. *Rays Corners – A hamlet near the east town line on County Road 44. *Thompsonville – A former community in the southeast part of the town.


References


External links


Town of Leon official website

Little Valley Area Chamber of Commerce


{{authority control Towns in New York (state) Towns in Cattaraugus County, New York