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Leominster
Leominster
(/ˈlɛmstər/ ( listen) LEM-stər) is a market town in Herefordshire, England, and is located at the confluence of the River Lugg
River Lugg
and its tributary the River Kenwater, approximately 12 miles (19 km) north of the city of Hereford
Hereford
and approx 7 miles south of the Shropshire border, 11 miles from Ludlow
Ludlow
in Shropshire. With a population of approximately 11,700 people,[1] Leominster
Leominster
is the largest of the five towns (Leominster, Ross-on-Wye, Ledbury, Bromyard and Kington) in the county surrounding the City of Hereford. From 1974 to 1996, Leominster
Leominster
served as the administrative centre for the former local government district of Leominster
Leominster
District.

Contents

1 Toponymy 2 History 3 Climate 4 Transport 5 Railways 6 Schools 7 Notable people 8 Twin towns 9 Local attractions 10 See also 11 References 12 External links

Toponymy[edit] The town takes its name from a minster, that is a community of clergy in the district of Lene or Leon, probably in turn from an Old Welsh root lei to flow.[2] Contrary to certain reports, the name has nothing to do with Leofric, an 11th-century Earl of Mercia (most famous for being the miserly husband of Lady Godiva). The Welsh name for Leominster, used today by a few on the Welsh side of the nearby border, is Llanllieni. History[edit]

Milepost, showing the old spelling 'Lemster', now in Leominster
Leominster
Museum

During the Early Middle Ages, Leominster
Leominster
was home to Æthelmod of Leominster, an English saint known to history mainly through the hagiography of the Secgan Manuscript.[3] He is reputedly buried in Leominster. According to the Anglo-Saxon
Anglo-Saxon
Chronicle, a raid by Gruffudd ap Llywelyn on Leominster
Leominster
in 1052 resulted in the Battle of Llanllieni, between the Welsh and a combined force of Normans
Normans
(mercenaries) and English Saxons.[4] Henry I bestowed the minster and its estates on Reading Abbey, which founded a priory at Leominster
Leominster
in 1121, although there was one here from Saxon times.[5] Its Priory
Priory
Church of St. Peter and St. Paul, which now serves as the parish church, is the remaining part of this 12th-century Benedictine
Benedictine
monastery. Quatrefoil
Quatrefoil
piers were inserted between 1872–79 by Sir George Gilbert Scott.[6] The priory was ransacked by the Welsh forces of Owain Glyndŵr
Owain Glyndŵr
after their victory at the Battle of Bryn Glas
Battle of Bryn Glas
near Pilleth
Pilleth
in 1402, along with several local manor houses. Investigations to the north of the priory in 2005 located the position of the cloister, although most of the stone had been stolen following the Dissolution. Discarded animal bones found on the site when submitted to carbon dating showed that the area was occupied in the 7th century. This agrees with the date of 660 CE associated with the founding myth, which suggests a Christian community was established here by a monk, St. Edfrid, from Northumberland. Leominster
Leominster
is also the historical home of Ryeland
Ryeland
sheep, a breed once famed for its "Lemster" [sic] wool, known as 'Lemster ore'. This wool was prized above all other English wool in trade with the continent of Europe in the Middle Ages. It was the income and prosperity from this wool trade that established the town and the minster and attracted the envy of the Welsh and other regions.[citation needed] From approximately 1748 to 1754, Pinsley Mill in Leominster
Leominster
was home to one of the Paul-Wyatt cotton mills, the first four cotton mills in the world, employing the spinning machines of Lewis Paul
Lewis Paul
and John Wyatt.[7] The mill was financed by Lancashire
Lancashire
native Daniel Bourn, and was partly owned by other men from Lancashire. Bourn introduced his own version of the carding engine to work at this mill, and of the four Paul-Wyatt mills, it may have been the most successful, as shortly after the fire that destroyed the mill, it was reported that the cotton works "had been viewed with great pleasure and admiration by travellers and all who had seen them."[8] One of the last ordeals by ducking stool took place in Leominster
Leominster
in 1809, with Jenny Pipes as the final incumbent.[9] The ducking stool is on public display in Leominster
Leominster
Priory; a mechanised depiction of it is featured on the town clock.[10] Climate[edit] As with all towns in the United Kingdom, Leominster
Leominster
has a maritime climate, with mild winters and summers. The data below is from a weather station in Preston Wynne, a village about 10 miles South East of Leominster.

Climate data for Preston Wynne, elevation 84 metres (276 ft), 1971–2000

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Average high °C (°F) 6.9 (44.4) 7.3 (45.1) 9.9 (49.8) 12.3 (54.1) 15.9 (60.6) 18.7 (65.7) 21.5 (70.7) 21.2 (70.2) 18.0 (64.4) 13.9 (57) 10.0 (50) 7.8 (46) 13.62 (56.5)

Average low °C (°F) 1.1 (34) 0.9 (33.6) 2.4 (36.3) 3.3 (37.9) 6.0 (42.8) 8.7 (47.7) 10.8 (51.4) 10.6 (51.1) 8.6 (47.5) 6.0 (42.8) 3.0 (37.4) 1.7 (35.1) 5.26 (41.47)

Source: YR.NO[11]

Transport[edit] The 4-mile (6.4 km) A49 £9 million bypass opened in November 1988. The town also has a bus station linking it to Hereford and a number of nearby towns and villages. Railways[edit] Leominster railway station
Leominster railway station
has Arriva Trains Wales
Arriva Trains Wales
services on the Welsh Marches Line, northbound to Manchester Piccadilly via Ludlow, Shrewsbury and Crewe as well as Holyhead via Shrewsbury, Wrexham General and Chester and southbound to Milford Haven or Cardiff Central via Hereford
Hereford
and Abergavenny and Newport; links to London Paddington are achieved by changing at Hereford, for services via Worcester
Worcester
and Oxford, or at Newport, South Wales. Schools[edit] Earl Mortimer college, is a state comprehensive school providing secondary education for about 650 pupils. The town has two primary schools; Leominster
Leominster
Primary School and Westfield's School. Primary schools in the villages around the town include Ivington, Kimbolton, Kingsland, Luston
Luston
and Stoke Prior Notable people[edit]

The Grange, Leominster

Saint
Saint
Cuthfleda was the abbess of the nunnery at Leominster
Leominster
and the patroness of the region.[12] Known for her holiness and chaste life. Æthelmod of Leominster
Æthelmod of Leominster
Anglo-Saxon
Anglo-Saxon
Saint[citation needed] Leofric, Earl of Mercia
Leofric, Earl of Mercia
and his wife Godgifu Lady Godiva
Lady Godiva
– are commemorated as benefactors of the monastery at Leominster[13] John Abel
John Abel
(1578/9-1675), an English carpenter and mason, granted the title of 'King's Carpenter', who was responsible for several notable structures in the ornamented half-timbered construction, notably the market house known as Grange Court
Grange Court
(1633) in Leominster, which originally stood in Broad Street, but was rebuilt in 1855 near to the Priory
Priory
Church. It is widely regarded as one of Abel's finest works.[14] John Scarlett Davis
John Scarlett Davis
(1804–1845), artist, was born at 2 High Street. A number of his works are in Leominster
Leominster
Museum.[15] Arthur Peppercorn
Arthur Peppercorn
(1889–1951), locomotive designer[16]

Twin towns[edit] Leominster
Leominster
is twinned with Saverne
Saverne
in France, and Tengeru
Tengeru
in Tanzania. Local attractions[edit]

Croft Castle Berrington Hall Grange Court, Leominster
Leominster
town centre Leominster
Leominster
Museum Broadfield Court Burford House Gardens Priory
Priory
Church, Leominster Monkland Cheese dairy Hampton Court Stockton Bury Gardens

See also[edit]

Leominster
Leominster
(UK Parliament constituency)

References[edit]

^ a b "Neighbourhood Statistics – Area: Leominster
Leominster
(Parish) – Sex, 2011 (QS104EW)". United Kingdom
United Kingdom
Census 2011. Office for National Statistics. 2011. Archived from the original on 12 January 2014. Retrieved 12 January 2014.  ^ J. & C. Hillaby, Leominster
Leominster
Minster, Priory, and Borough c.660–1539 (Logaston Press, Almeley, Herefs. 2006), 4–5. ^ Stowe MS 944 Archived 3 January 2014 at Archive.is, British Library ^ Evans, Gwynfor (1974). Land of My Fathers: 2000 Years of Welsh History. Y Lolfa. p. 156. ISBN 9780862432652.  ^ Hillaby, 53-7 ^ The Buildings of England: Herefordshire, Nikolaus Pevsner, (1963) p226 ISBN 0-14-071025-6 ^ Wadsworth, Alfred P.; Mann, Julia De Lacy (1931). The Cotton Trade and Industrial Lancashire, 1600–1780. Manchester: Manchester University Press. pp. 433–448.  ^ Manchester Mercury, reported on 5 November 1754 ^ Rejali, Darius (2009). Torture and democracy (1. paperback printing. ed.). Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press. p. 282. ISBN 0691143331.  ^ " Herefordshire
Herefordshire
clock on go slow". Hereford
Hereford
Times. 5 August 2009. Retrieved 7 May 2013.  ^ "Climate Normals 1971–2000". YR.NO. Retrieved 2 March 2011.  ^ Cuthfleda, Oxford
Oxford
Dictionary of Saints, 5th ed, 2011. Accessed 5 January 2014. ^ The Chronicle of John of Worcester
Worcester
ed. and trans. R.R. Darlington, P. McGurk and J. Bray (Clarendon Press: Oxford
Oxford
1995), pp.582–3. ^ "John Abel, King's carpenter", Grange Court
Grange Court
website. Accessed 5 January 2014. ^ Hobbs, Tony (2004). John Scarlett Davis: A Biography. Almeley, Herefordshire: Logaston Press. ISBN 1904396151.  ^ "Arthur Peppercorn", A1 Steam Locomotive Trust. Accessed 5 January 2014.

External links[edit]

Leominster
Leominster
Town Council Leominster
Leominster
History from Archenfield Archaeology (this site is not available) Leominster
Leominster
at Curlie (based on DMOZ)

v t e

Ceremonial county of Herefordshire

Unitary authorities

County of Herefordshire

Major settlements

Bromyard Hereford Kington Ledbury Leominster Ross-on-Wye See also: List of civil parishes in Herefordshire

Rivers

Arrow Frome Kenwater Leadon Lugg Monnow Wye

Topics

Flag Places Population of major settlements Parliamentary constituencies Agriculture Education SSSIs Country houses Grade I listed buildings Grade II* listed buildings History Lord Lieutenants High Sheriffs Museums W

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