LEO FUNTEK (August 21, 1885 — January 13, 1965) was a Slovenian
violinist , conductor and arranger. He is best known for work as a
music professor and for his 1922 arrangement of
Modest Mussorgsky 's
Pictures at an Exhibition
Pictures at an Exhibition .
Funtek was born in
Slovenia . He received his musical
education at the Leipzig Conservatory (now the Felix Mendelssohn
College of Music and Theatre ) and
Leipzig University .
Funtek spent most of his working life in
Finland , where he was
conductor of the
Finnish Opera . He was concertmaster with the
Helsinki Philharmonic Orchestra from 1906 to 1909, and then was
orchestra director of the Viipuri orchestra from 1909 to 1910. His
most prominent role as a practicing musician was as conductor of the
Finnish Opera from 1915 to 1959. He also served as assistant
concertmaster for the
Stockholm court orchestra from 1916 to 1919.
In addition to his work as a practicing musician, Funtek was an
academician. His first such post was from 1911 to 1939, at the
Helsinki Institute of Music (now the
Sibelius Academy ), where he
taught violin, ensemble and orchestration. He later taught at the
Sibelius Academy in
Helsinki , where he was a professor of violin at
from 1939 to 1955, and where he also taught the conducting class from
1950 to 1955. He is credited with the introduction of orchestral
training into the conducting class. Funtek's students included Jorma
Panula , who himself went to become a leading professor of conducting;
as well as
Helvi Leiviskä (1902–1982) and Heidi Sundblad-Halme
(1903–1973), two of Finland's most prominent female composers; and
the composer Usko Meriläinen.
As an arranger, Funtek is best known for his orchestral arrangement
of Pictures at an Exhibition, which he published in July 1922, just
months before an orchestration by the French composer
Maurice Ravel ,
of whose project Funtek was seemingly unaware. Ravel's orchestration
premiered in October 1922, and is now by far the most-performed of
the several orchestrations of the suite. In contrast to other
orchestrations, Funtek's adheres closely to Mussorgsky's original
Funtek was married to Finnish soprano Ingeborg Liljeblad. He died in
* ^ A B C D E F G H Hillila, Ruth-Esther; Barbara Blanchard Hong
(1997). Historical dictionary of the music and musicians of Finland.
Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 95. ISBN 978-0-313-27728-3 . OCLC
* ^ A B C D Russ, Michael (1992). Musorgsky, Pictures at an
exhibition. Cambridge University Press. p. 77. ISBN 978-0-521-38607-4
OCLC 24379604 .
* ^ A B C Anu Konttinen. Conductor Education in Finland, Finnish
Music Quarterly, March 2006
* ^ Hodgson, Antony (1984). Scandinavian music:
Finland & Sweden.
Fairleigh Dickinson University Press. p. 67. ISBN 978-0-8386-2346-6 .
OCLC 10779328 .
* ^ Randel, Don Michael (1996). The Harvard Biographical Dictionary
of Music. Harvard University Press. p. 580. ISBN 978-0-674-37299-3 .
OCLC 34553491 .
* ^ Slonimsky, Nicolas (1958). Baker\'s Biographical Dictionary Of
Musicians (5th ed.). G. Schirmer, Inc. p. 954.
* WorldCat Identities
* VIAF : 305411433
* LCCN : nb2016014620
* GND : 13475509X
MusicBrainz : cf95723d-7530-4093-82a8-877