Leo Apostyppes or Apostoupes (Greek: Λέων ὁ
Ἀποστύππης/Ἀποστούπης) was a
leader active in the 880s.
He appears in 880, as military governor (strategos) of the themes of
Macedonia and Thrace, leading the troops of these two provinces in
campaign in southern Italy. The expedition was commanded by the
protovestiarios Prokopios, which possibly indicates that Apostyppes
was sent to Italy as reinforcement of the original expedition. The
expedition, supported by a fleet under Nasar, was initially successful
in its operations to recover the cities of Calabria, but the dual
command of the land forces proved fatal when Apostyppes and Prokopios
quarreled: during a battle Prokopios found himself in danger, but
Apostyppes refused to send troops to his aid, with the result that
Prokopios' part of the army was defeated and he himself slain.
Apostyppes was able to retreat with his own troops and with the
surviving men of Prokopios' detachment, and even went on to capture
Taranto. Nevertheless, when Emperor
Basil I heard of the events, he
dismissed Apostyppes and banished him to house arrest near
Shortly after, however, two of Apostyppes' subordinates, the
protostrator Baianos and the koubikoularios Chamaretos, wrote to the
Emperor accusing Apostyppes of having planned Prokopios' death since
the beginning, and of plotting against Basil himself. The two sons of
Apostyppes, Bardas and David, learned of these accusations and killed
Baianos, whereupon they along with Leo tried to flee to the Abbasid
Caliphate. They were intercepted by the manglabites Bartzapedon
however, who killed Bardas and David when they tried to resist. Leo
was brought back to Constantinople, where he had an eye and an arm cut
off and was banished to Mesembria.
^ a b c d PmbZ, Leon Apostyppes (#24341).
Lilie, Ralph-Johannes; Ludwig, Claudia; Zielke, Beate; Pratsch,
Thomas, eds. (2013). Prosopographie der mittelbyzantinischen Zeit
Online. Berlin-Brandenburgische Akademie der Wissenschaften. Nach
Vorarbeiten F. Winkelmanns erstellt (in German). De Gruyter.
Wortley, John, ed. (2010). John Skylitzes: A Synopsis of Byzantine
History, 811-1057. Cambridge, United Kingdom: Cambridge University
Press. ISBN 978-0-