The Info List - Lennie Hayton

Leonard George "Lennie" Hayton (February 14, 1908 – April 24, 1971) was an American musician, composer, conductor and arranger. Hayton's trademark was the wearing of a captain’s hat, which he always wore at a rakish angle.


1 Early life 2 Career 3 Personal and death 4 Awards

4.1 Academy Awards

5 References 6 External links

Early life[edit] Hayton was born in New York City, New York, to a Jewish family. The son of a Manhattan restaurateur, he developed a penchant for the piano when six years old, showing unusual interest in the early classics from the rolls of the family player piano. Although neither of his parents was a tutored musician, both were keen followers of the concert hall. Hayton attended many concerts with them. His parents disliked "Jazz" and it was not until Hayton was 16 that he really discovered it. He left high school to become pianist with the Broadway Hotel Orchestra of Cass Hagen, a boyhood friend.[3] Career[edit] While playing at the Park Central, Hayton was heard by Paul Whiteman and immediately engaged by him in April 1928 as second pianist, playing piano and celeste as well as acting as a part-time arranger. Whilst with the Paul Whiteman
Paul Whiteman
orchestra, he played with musicians such as Frankie Trumbauer, Bix Beiderbecke, Red Nichols
Red Nichols
and Joe Venuti. He also became friendly with Bing Crosby, then a member of The Rhythm Boys. In May 1930, Whiteman had to thin down his orchestra as theatre audiences fell due to the economic problems of the day and because of the impact of radio. Hayton and Eddie Lang
Eddie Lang
were amongst the ten members of the band released.[4] Hayton then joined the Charles Previn Orchestra which had a weekly assignment on radio in the Camel Pleasure Hour.[5] The chance came to re-join Bing Crosby
Bing Crosby
who by late 1931 had enjoyed tremendous success on record, radio and the stage. Starting in April 1932, Crosby embarked on a tour of Paramount-Publix theatres, working across the country to Hollywood where he was to make the film The Big Broadcast. At each location, he continued to broadcast his radio show until he reached the West Coast. Lennie Hayton and Eddie Lang
Eddie Lang
provided the musical support to Crosby on his theatre appearances and on his radio shows.[6] In Chicago in May 1932, Hayton led an orchestra for his first recordings with the singer.[7] "Cabin in the Cotton", "Love Me Tonight" and "Some of These Days" were all hits.[8] In September 1932, Crosby again went on tour with Hayton accompanying him on piano. In New York on October 25, 1932, Hayton led the orchestra for one of Bing Crosby's most famous recordings, Brother, Can You Spare a Dime? which went to the top of the charts of the day. In January 1933, Hayton became the musical director for the Chesterfield radio series "Music That Satisfies" which again featured Crosby and ran for 13 weeks. Hayton's involvement with Bing Crosby
Bing Crosby
continued and he was made musical director for the singer's film Going Hollywood (1933) which was an MGM production. This was to be the start of a major career for Hayton in Hollywood. He continued to work with Crosby on radio (Bing Crosby Entertains) and record for a while but in 1940 he became a musical director for Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer
and guided it through its prime years as forerunner of the movie musical. Up until his retirement from the post in 1953, he racked up four Academy Award nominations: for the Judy Garland
Judy Garland
musicals The Harvey Girls
The Harvey Girls
(1946) and The Pirate (1948). Hayton won the Academy Award
Academy Award
for music for On the Town with Roger Edens in 1950.[9] Lennie Hayton also arranged the music for Singin' in the Rain
Singin' in the Rain
in 1952.[9] Hayton notched up two more nominations—one in 1968 for the unsuccessful Julie Andrews
Julie Andrews
musical Star! and his last the following year for the Barbra Streisand
Barbra Streisand
vehicle Hello, Dolly! co-composed with Lionel Newman, which brought him his second and final Oscar. In 1970, Hayton arranged Frank Sinatra's first attempt at the George Harrison
George Harrison
composition Something.[10] However, Sinatra later began using a Nelson Riddle
Nelson Riddle
arrangement of the song in concert performances and in 1979 he put the Riddle version on record.[citation needed] Hayton composed "Apple Blossoms" with Joe Venuti, Frankie Trumbauer, and Eddie Lang. His other compositions included "Flying Fingers", "The Stage is Set", "Mood Hollywood" with Jimmy Dorsey, and "Midnight Mood". Hayton also co-arranged the Hoagy Carmichael composition "Stardust" with Artie Shaw, for Shaw's recording of it in 1940, for Bluebird
records.[11] Personal and death[edit] Lennie Hayton's first marriage was to Helen Maude Gifford, also named Bubs Gelderman, who died in 1943.[9] Lennie Hayton met Lena Horne
Lena Horne
when both were under contract to MGM and married her in December 1947 in Paris.[12] Throughout the marriage, Hayton also acted as Horne’s music director. Facing the stresses and pressures of an interracial relationship, which was still relatively rare in that time period,[13] Hayton and Horne had a tumultuous marriage. She later admitted in a 1980 Ebony interview she had married Hayton primarily to advance her career, and cross the "color-line" in show business, but had learned to love him very much.[14] Horne and Hayton were separated for most of the 1960s. Always a heavy drinker and smoker,[15] Hayton died of heart disease while separated from Horne, in Palm Springs, California
Palm Springs, California
in 1971.[16] He was buried in the Hollywood Forever Cemetery, Hollywood, California.[17] Awards[edit] Academy Awards[edit]

Year Film Award Result

1946 The Harvey Girls Academy Award
Academy Award
for Best Original Score (Scoring of a Musical Picture) Nominated

1948 The Pirate Academy Award
Academy Award
for Best Original Score (Scoring of a Musical Picture) Nominated

1949 On the Town Academy Award
Academy Award
for Best Original Score (Scoring of a Musical Picture) Won

1952 Singin' in the Rain Academy Award
Academy Award
for Best Original Score (Scoring of a Musical Picture) Nominated

1968 Star! Academy Award
Academy Award
for Best Original Score (of a Musical Picture-original or adaptation) Nominated

1969 Hello, Dolly! Academy Award
Academy Award
for Best Original Score (of a Musical Picture-original or adaptation) Won


^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-10-17. Retrieved 2010-08-22.  ^ Scott Yanow (1971-04-24). " Lennie Hayton Biography & History". AllMusic. Retrieved 2017-04-11.  ^ "Broadcast Weekly". February 19, 1933: 7.  ^ Rayno, Don (2003). Paul Whiteman
Paul Whiteman
- Pioneer in American Music - Volume 1 1890-1930. Lanham, Maryland: The Scarecrow Press. p. 249. ISBN 0-8108-4579-2.  ^ Evans, Philp R. & Linda K. (1998). Bix - The Leon Bix Beiderbecke Story. Bakersfield CA: Prelike Press. p. 506. ISBN 0-9665448-0-3.  ^ Macfarlane, Malcolm. " Bing Crosby
Bing Crosby
- Day by Day". BING magazine. Retrieved February 2, 2016.  ^ "A Bing Crosby
Bing Crosby
Discography". A Bing Crosby
Bing Crosby
Discography. Retrieved February 2, 2016.  ^ Whitburn, Joel (1986). Pop Memories 1890-1954. Wisconsin: Record Research Inc. p. 104. ISBN 0-89820-083-0.  ^ a b c " Lennie Hayton Biography". IMDb.com. Retrieved 2017-04-11.  ^ Martin Marshall. " Frank Sinatra
Frank Sinatra
- the British Connections". Silverclover.free-online.co.uk. Retrieved 2017-04-11.  ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2009-03-06. Retrieved 2010-08-13.  ^ "Lena Horne". Telegraph. Retrieved 2017-04-11.  ^ "Digital Videos Episodes (TV Series)". VH1. 2017-03-14. Retrieved 2017-04-11.  ^ Ebony. Johnson Publishing Company. May 1980. p. 44. ISSN 0012-9011.  ^ Gavin, James (2009). Stormy Weather: The Life Of Lena Horne. New York: Atria. p. 276. ISBN 978-0-7432-7143-1.  ^ Gavin pp. 383–384 ^ Lennie Hayton at Find a Grave

External links[edit]

Lennie Hayton on IMDb

v t e

Academy Award
Academy Award
for Best Original Score


Louis Silvers
Louis Silvers
(1934) Max Steiner
Max Steiner
(1935) Leo F. Forbstein
Leo F. Forbstein
(1936) Charles Previn
Charles Previn
(1937) Erich Wolfgang Korngold/Alfred Newman (1938) Herbert Stothart/Richard Hageman, W. Franke Harling, John Leipold, Leo Shuken (1939)


Leigh Harline, Paul J. Smith, Ned Washington/Alfred Newman (1940) Bernard Herrmann/ Frank Churchill and Oliver Wallace (1941) Max Steiner/ Ray Heindorf and Heinz Roemheld (1942) Alfred Newman/ Ray Heindorf (1943) Max Steiner/ Morris Stoloff and Carmen Dragon
Carmen Dragon
(1944) Miklós Rózsa/ Georgie Stoll (1945) Hugo Friedhofer/ Morris Stoloff (1946) Miklós Rózsa/Alfred Newman (1947) Brian Easdale/ Johnny Green
Johnny Green
and Roger Edens (1948) Aaron Copland/ Roger Edens and Lennie Hayton (1949)


Franz Waxman/ Adolph Deutsch and Roger Edens (1950) Franz Waxman/ Johnny Green
Johnny Green
and Saul Chaplin (1951) Dimitri Tiomkin/Alfred Newman (1952) Bronisław Kaper/Alfred Newman (1953) Dimitri Tiomkin/ Adolph Deutsch and Saul Chaplin (1954) Alfred Newman/Robert Russell Bennett, Jay Blackton and Adolph Deutsch (1955) Victor Young/Alfred Newman and Ken Darby (1956) Malcolm Arnold (1957) Dimitri Tiomkin/Andre Previn (1958) Miklós Rózsa/Andre Previn and Ken Darby (1959)


Ernest Gold/ Morris Stoloff and Harry Sukman (1960) Henry Mancini/Saul Chaplin, Johnny Green, Sid Ramin and Irwin Kostal (1961) Maurice Jarre/ Ray Heindorf (1962) John Addison/Andre Previn (1963) Richard M. Sherman
Richard M. Sherman
and Robert B. Sherman/Andre Previn (1964) Maurice Jarre/ Irwin Kostal (1965) John Barry/ Ken Thorne (1966) Elmer Bernstein/Alfred Newman and Ken Darby (1967) John Barry/ Johnny Green
Johnny Green
(1968) Burt Bacharach/ Lennie Hayton and Lionel Newman (1969)


Francis Lai/ The Beatles
The Beatles
(John Lennon, Paul McCartney, George Harrison and Ringo Starr) (1970) Michel Legrand/ John Williams
John Williams
(1971) Charlie Chaplin, Raymond Rasch and Larry Russell/ Ralph Burns
Ralph Burns
(1972) Marvin Hamlisch/ Marvin Hamlisch
Marvin Hamlisch
(1973) Nino Rota
Nino Rota
and Carmine Coppola/ Nelson Riddle
Nelson Riddle
(1974) John Williams/ Leonard Rosenman
Leonard Rosenman
(1975) Jerry Goldsmith/ Leonard Rosenman
Leonard Rosenman
(1976) John Williams/ Jonathan Tunick (1977) Giorgio Moroder/ Joe Renzetti (1978) Georges Delerue/ Ralph Burns
Ralph Burns


Michael Gore (1980) Vangelis
(1981) John Williams/ Henry Mancini
Henry Mancini
and Leslie Bricusse (1982) Bill Conti/Michel Legrand, Alan and Marilyn Bergman (1983) Maurice Jarre/Prince (1984) John Barry (1985) Herbie Hancock
Herbie Hancock
(1986) Ryuichi Sakamoto, David Byrne
David Byrne
and Cong Su (1987) Dave Grusin
Dave Grusin
(1988) Alan Menken
Alan Menken


John Barry (1990) Alan Menken
Alan Menken
(1991) Alan Menken
Alan Menken
(1992) John Williams
John Williams
(1993) Hans Zimmer
Hans Zimmer
(1994) Luis Enríquez Bacalov/ Alan Menken
Alan Menken
and Stephen Schwartz (1995) Gabriel Yared/ Rachel Portman (1996) James Horner/ Anne Dudley
Anne Dudley
(1997) Nicola Piovani/ Stephen Warbeck (1998) John Corigliano (1999)


Tan Dun
Tan Dun
(2000) Howard Shore
Howard Shore
(2001) Elliot Goldenthal
Elliot Goldenthal
(2002) Howard Shore
Howard Shore
(2003) Jan A. P. Kaczmarek
Jan A. P. Kaczmarek
(2004) Gustavo Santaolalla
Gustavo Santaolalla
(2005) Gustavo Santaolalla
Gustavo Santaolalla
(2006) Dario Marianelli (2007) A. R. Rahman
A. R. Rahman
(2008) Michael Giacchino
Michael Giacchino


Trent Reznor
Trent Reznor
and Atticus Ross
Atticus Ross
(2010) Ludovic Bource
Ludovic Bource
(2011) Mychael Danna (2012) Steven Price (2013) Alexandre Desplat
Alexandre Desplat
(2014) Ennio Morricone
Ennio Morricone
(2015) Justin Hurwitz
Justin Hurwitz
(2016) Alexandre Desplat
Alexandre Desplat

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WorldCat Identities VIAF: 32183445 LCCN: n85376556 ISNI: 0000 0000 8111 6187 GND: 134608429 BNF: cb13895063x (data) MusicBrainz: 28c7db0d-c3da-4380-9bf3-5b3000195e41 BNE: XX1175945 SN