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LEIZHOU MIN (simplified Chinese : 雷州话; traditional Chinese : 雷州話; pinyin : Léizhōu huà, ) is a branch of Min Chinese spoken in Leizhou
Leizhou
city and neighbouring areas on the Leizhou
Leizhou
peninsula in the west of Guangdong
Guangdong
province. In the classification of Yuan Jiahua , it was included in the Southern Min
Southern Min
group, though it has low intelligibility with other Southern Min
Southern Min
varieties. In the classification of Li Rong , used by the Language Atlas of China
Language Atlas of China
, it was treated as a separate Min subgroup. Hou Jingyi combined it with Hainanese
Hainanese
in a Qiong–Lei group.

CONTENTS

* 1 Phonology

* 1.1 Consonants * 1.2 Tones

* 2 See also * 3 References * 4 Further reading * 5 External links

PHONOLOGY

CONSONANTS

Consonants of Leizhou
Leizhou
Min

BILABIAL ALVEOLAR VELAR GLOTTAL

NASAL m n ŋ

PLOSIVE VOICED b

VOICELESS UNASPIRATED p t k

ASPIRATED pʰ tʰ kʰ

FRICATIVE VOICED

z

VOICELESS

s

h

AFFRICATE VOICELESS UNASPIRATED

t͡s

ASPIRATED

t͡sʰ

LATERAL APPROXIMANT

l

TONES

Leizhou
Leizhou
has six tones, which are reduced to two in checked syllables.

Tone chart of the Leizhou
Leizhou
dialect TONE NUMBER TONE NAME TONE CONTOUR DESCRIPTION

1 yin ping (陰平) ˨˦ (24) rising

2 yin shang (陰上) ˦˨ (42) falling (high falling)

3 yin qu (陰去) ˨˩ (21) bottom (low falling)

4 yin ru (陰入) ˥̚ (5) high checked

5 yang ping (陽平) ˨ (2) low

6 yang shang (陽上) ˧ (3) mid

7 yang qu (陽去) ˥ (5) high

8 yang ru (陽入) ˩̚ (1) low checked

SEE ALSO

* Taiwanese Hokkien
Taiwanese Hokkien
* Teochew dialect
Teochew dialect
* List of Chinese dialects

REFERENCES

* ^ 湛江市志·第三十六篇 方言·第三章 雷州话 * ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Leizhou". Glottolog 3.0 . Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. * ^ Kurpaska, Maria (2010). Chinese Language(s): A Look Through the Prism of "The Great Dictionary of Modern Chinese Dialects". Walter de Gruyter . pp. 54–55, 86. ISBN 978-3-11-021914-2 . * ^ Hou, Jingyi 侯精一 (2002). Xiàndài hànyǔ fāngyán gàilùn 现代汉语方言概论 . Shanghai Educational Press 上海教育出版社. p. 238.

* Běijīng dàxué zhōngguóyǔyánwénxuéxì yǔyánxué jiàoyánshì. (1989) Hànyǔ fāngyīn zìhuì. Běijīng: Wénzìgǎigé chūbǎnshè.(北京大學中國語言文學系語言學教研室. 1989. 漢語方音字匯. 北京: 文字改革出版社) * Norman, Jerry . (2002). Chinese. Cambridge, England: CUP ISBN 0-521-29653-6 * Yuán, jiāhuá (1989). Hànyǔ fāngyán gàiyào (An introduction to Chinese dialects). Beijing, China: Wénzì gǎigé chūbǎnshè. (袁家驊. 1989. 漢語方言概要. 北京:文字改革出版社.) * Zhū, yuèmíng. (2005) "Léizhōuhuà yú Pǔtōnghuà bǐjiàoyīnxì yánjiū" (Comparative phonological studies on the