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LEIZHOU MIN (simplified Chinese : 雷州话; traditional Chinese : 雷州話; pinyin : _Léizhōu huà_) is a branch of Min Chinese spoken in Leizhou
Leizhou
city and neighbouring areas on the Leizhou
Leizhou
peninsula in the west of Guangdong
Guangdong
province. In the classification of Yuan Jiahua , it was included in the Southern Min group, though it has low intelligibility with other Southern Min varieties. In the classification of Li Rong , used by the _ Language Atlas of China _, it was treated as a separate Min subgroup. It is sometimes combined with Hainanese in a Qiong–Lei group.

CONTENTS

* 1 Phonology

* 1.1 Consonants * 1.2 Tones

* 2 See also * 3 References * 4 Further reading * 5 External links

PHONOLOGY

CONSONANTS

Consonants of Leizhou
Leizhou
Min

BILABIAL ALVEOLAR VELAR GLOTTAL

NASAL m n ŋ

PLOSIVE VOICED b

VOICELESS UNASPIRATED p t k

ASPIRATED pʰ tʰ kʰ

FRICATIVE VOICED

z

VOICELESS

s

h

AFFRICATE VOICELESS UNASPIRATED

t͡s

ASPIRATED

t͡sʰ

LATERAL APPROXIMANT

l

TONES

Leizhou
Leizhou
has six tones, which are reduced to two in checked syllables.

Tone chart of the Leizhou
Leizhou
dialect TONE NUMBER TONE NAME TONE CONTOUR DESCRIPTION

1 yin ping (陰平) ˨˦ (24) _rising_

2 yin shang (陰上) ˦˨ (42) _falling (high falling)_

3 yin qu (陰去) ˨˩ (21) _bottom (low falling)_

4 yin ru (陰入) ˥̚ (5) _high checked_

5 yang ping (陽平) ˨ (2) _low_

6 yang shang (陽上) ˧ (3) _mid_

7 yang qu (陽去) ˥ (5) _high_

8 yang ru (陽入) ˩̚ (1) _low checked_

SEE ALSO

* Taiwanese Hokkien * Teochew dialect * List of Chinese dialects

REFERENCES

* ^ 湛江市志·第三十六篇 方言·第三章 雷州话 * ^ _A_ _B_ Hou Jingyi . 2002. _An Introduction to Mordern Chinese Dialects_ , Shanghai Educational Press , pp. 238 * ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin; Bank, Sebastian, eds. (2016). "Leizhou". _ Glottolog 2.7 _. Jena: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. * ^ Kurpaska, Maria (2010). _Chinese Language(s): A Look Through the Prism of "The Great Dictionary of Modern Chinese Dialects"_. Walter de Gruyter
Walter de Gruyter
. pp. 54–55, 86. ISBN 978-3-11-021914-2 .

* Běijīng dàxué zhōngguóyǔyánwénxuéxì yǔyánxué jiàoyánshì. (1989) H_ànyǔ fāngyīn zìhuì_. Běijīng: Wénzìgǎigé chūbǎnshè.(北京大學中國語言文學系語言學教研室. 1989. 漢語方音字匯. 北京: 文字改革出版社) * Norman, Jerry . (2002). _Chinese_. Cambridge, England: CUP ISBN 0-521-29653-6 * Yuán, jiāhuá (1989). _Hànyǔ fāngyán gàiyào_ (An introduction to Chinese dialects). Beijing, China: Wénzì gǎigé chūbǎnshè. (袁家驊. 1989. 漢語方言概要. 北京:文字改革出版社.) * Zhū, yuèmíng. (2005) "Léizhōuhuà yú Pǔtōnghuà bǐjiàoyīnxì yánjiū" (Comparative phonological studies on the Leizhou
Leizhou
dialect and Putonghua) _Yúnnán shīfàndàxué xuébào (zhéxué shèhuìkēxué bǎn)_ (Yunnan Normal University Journal (philosophy and social sciences)): vol.37 no. 5 p. 133-136. (朱月明. 2005. "雷州話與普通話音系比較研究" 《雲南師範大學學報 (哲學社會科學版)》: 第 37 卷 第 5 期 頁133-136)

FURTHER READING

* Li, Charles; Thompson, Sandra (1983a). "A Grammatical description of Xuwen : A colloquial dialect of Lei-zhou Peninsula (Part I)". _Cahiers de Linguistique Asie Orientale_. 12 (1): 3–21. doi :10.3406/clao.1983.1123 . * Li, Charles; Thompson, Sandra (1983b). "A Grammatical description of Xuwen : A colloquial dialect of Lei-zhou Peninsula (Part II)". _Cahiers de Linguistique Asie Orientale_. 12 (2): 119–148. doi :10.3406/clao.1983.1138 . * Yue-Hashimoto, Anne O. (1985). _The Suixi Dialect of Leizhou: A Study of Its Phonological, Lexical and Syntactic Structure_. Chinese University of Hong Kong. OCLC
OCLC
15111722 .

EXTERNAL LINKS

* Cantonese
Cantonese
and other diale