HOME
The Info List - Leitha


--- Advertisement ---



The Leitha
Leitha
(German: Leitha
Leitha
[ˈlaɪ̯ta]; Hungarian: Lajta, Lajtha, formerly Sár(-víz); Czech and Slovak: Litava) is a river in Austria and Hungary, a right tributary of the Danube.

Contents

1 Etymology 2 Course 3 Historic border 4 Notes 5 External links

Etymology[edit] The Lithaha River in the Carolingian Avar March
Avar March
was first mentioned in an 833 deed issued by Louis the German, son of the Carolingian emperor Louis the Pious
Louis the Pious
and ruler over the stem duchy of Bavaria. The Old High German name lît probably referred to a Pannonian (Illyrian) denotation for "mud", as maintained in the former Hungarian name Sár (cf. mocsár: swamp). Course[edit]

Plaque at Leitha
Leitha
origin

The Leitha
Leitha
rises in Lower Austria
Austria
at the confluence of its headstream Schwarza, discharging the Schneeberg, Rax
Rax
and Schneealpe
Schneealpe
ranges of the Northern Limestone Alps, with Pitten Creek. Between Ebenfurth
Ebenfurth
and Leithaprodersdorf, and between Bruck an der Leitha
Bruck an der Leitha
and Gattendorf,[1] the Leitha
Leitha
forms part of the border between the Austrian states of Lower Austria
Austria
and Burgenland. East of Nickelsdorf, the river passes into modern Hungary, where it flows into the Moson arm of the Danube west of Szigetköz
Szigetköz
Island near Mosonmagyaróvár. Important towns on its course are Wiener Neustadt, Bruck and Mosonmagyaróvár. Large amounts of the Schwarza headstream waters are diverted to supply the Wiener Neustadt
Wiener Neustadt
Canal and the drinking water supply of Vienna. Furthermore, several canals diverge from the Leitha, feeding spinning companies in the past, today small hydroelectric power plants. Between Seibersdorf
Seibersdorf
and Hof am Leithaberge, most of the water in the Leitha
Leitha
is removed for this purpose. From there on, the Leitha
Leitha
usually runs dry, unless its flow further upstream is abnormally high. Downriver from Katzelsdorf
Katzelsdorf
the river bed is almost completely dry as well.

Dried-up streambed of Leitha
Leitha
near Bad Erlach

Historic border[edit] After the Hungarian conquest of the Carpathian Basin
Hungarian conquest of the Carpathian Basin
in the late 9th century, the Magyar horsemen dared further invasions into the adjacent West Frankish lands, until they were finally defeated by King Otto I in the 955 Battle of Lechfeld. Thereafter the forces of the Bavarian duke Henry the Wrangler gradually re-conquered the lands beyond the Vienna
Vienna
Woods up to the Leitha
Leitha
River, where about 976 the March of Austria
Austria
(Ostarrîchi) was established under the Babenberg margrave Leopold I. Around the turn of the 2nd millennium, the Hungarian frontier (Gyepű) ran along the Leitha
Leitha
shore, from 1156 onwards it formed the eastern border of the Duchy of Austria
Austria
with fortresses erected at Wiener Neustadt, Bruck and Hainburg. The last Babenberg duke Frederick II of Austria
Austria
was killed in the 1246 Battle of the Leitha River against King Béla IV of Hungary. The course of the border was confirmed in a 1411 deed issued by King Sigismund, when his daughter Elizabeth married the Habsburg duke Albert II of Austria.

Leitha
Leitha
bridge between Wampersdorf ( Pottendorf
Pottendorf
municipality) in Lower Austria
Austria
and Wimpassing (Vimpác) in Burgenland

The placenames Cisleithania, Transleithania
Transleithania
and Lajtabánság
Lajtabánság
are all derived from the Leitha
Leitha
River. After the Austro-Hungarian Compromise of 1867, which created the Dual Monarchy, Transleithanien ("beyond the Leitha") was the Viennese colloquial word for the region beyond the Leitha
Leitha
(meaning Hungary
Hungary
or the Kingdom of Hungary), while Cisleithanien ("on this side of the Leitha") denoted the Austrian lands. These names reflected the Viennese and Austrian perspectives towards the rest of the Empire, because Vienna
Vienna
lay on 'this' side, and the other half, Hungary, lay on 'that' side.[2] Nevertheless, the Leitha
Leitha
did not form the entire border between the two: for instance Galicia and Bukovina, which were part of Cisleithania, were north-east of Hungary. Likewise, the Morava River formed the border between Cisleithanian Moravia
Moravia
and the Transleithanian lands of present-day Slovakia
Slovakia
(Upper Hungary). Upon the dissolution of Austria- Hungary
Hungary
after World War I, the 1920 Treaty of Trianon
Treaty of Trianon
adjudicated the West Hungarian territory of the proclaimed Lajtabánság
Lajtabánság
( Leitha
Leitha
Banat) to the Republic of Austria
Austria
(as Burgenland), whereby the course of the river became an inner Austrian border. Notes[edit]

^ Verified on a modern Atlas ^ German

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Leitha.

 "Leitha". Collier's New Encyclopedia. 1921. 

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 245102

.

Time at 25402291.816667, Busy percent: 30
***************** NOT Too Busy at 25402291.816667 3../logs/periodic-service_log.txt
1440 = task['interval'];
25402992.2 = task['next-exec'];
25401552.2 = task['last-exec'];
daily-work.php = task['exec'];
25402291.816667 Time.

10080 = task['interval'];
25407298.7 = task['next-exec'];
25397218.7 = task['last-exec'];
weekly-work.php = task['exec'];
25402291.816667 Time.

1440 = task['interval'];
25402992.25 = task['next-exec'];
25401552.25 = task['last-exec'];
PeriodicStats.php = task['exec'];
25402291.816667 Time.

1440 = task['interval'];
25402992.283333 = task['next-exec'];
25401552.283333 = task['last-exec'];
PeriodicBuild.php = task['exec'];
25402291.816667 Time.

1440 = task['interval'];
25402992.3 = task['next-exec'];
25401552.3 = task['last-exec'];
cleanup.php = task['exec'];
25402291.816667 Time.

1440 = task['interval'];
25402992.316667 = task['next-exec'];
25401552.316667 = task['last-exec'];
build-sitemap-xml.php = task['exec'];
25402291.816667 Time.