LEICESTERSHIRE (/ˈlɛstərʃər/ (_ listen ) or /ˈlɛstərʃɪər/
; abbreviation LEICS.) is a landlocked county in the English Midlands
. It takes its name from and is home to at least one third of Greater
Leicester_ at its centre, although the City of
authority is today administered separately from the rest of
Leicestershire. The county borders
Nottinghamshire to the north,
Lincolnshire to the north-east,
Rutland to the east, Northamptonshire
to the south-east,
Warwickshire to the south-west,
the west, and
Derbyshire to the north-west. The border with most of
Watling Street (the A5 ).
The county has a population of just over 1 million with over half the
population living in Leicester\'s built-up area .
* 1 History
* 2 Geography
* 3 Demographics
* 4 Economy
* 4.1 Engineering
* 4.2 Trade associations
* 4.3 Farming
* 4.4 Food and drink
* 4.5 Clothing
* 4.6 Healthcare
* 4.7 Biomedical industries
* 4.8 Freight and distribution
* 4.9 Other
* 4.10 Financial and business services
* 4.11 Business awards
* 4.12 Statistics
* 5 Local government
* 6 Education
* 6.1 GCSE results by district council
* 6.2 Independent schools
* 6.4 Higher education
* 6.5 Educational associations
* 6.6 Sporting associations
* 7 Music
* 7.1 Symphony orchestras
* 7.2 Amateur orchestras
* 7.3 Choirs and choral societies
* 7.4 Early music
* 7.5 Music shops
* 8 Towns and villages
* 9 Places of interest
* 10 See also
* 11 References
* 12 External links
History of Leicestershire
Leicestershire was recorded in the
Domesday Book in four wapentakes :
Goscote and Gartree . These later became
hundreds , with the division of
Goscote into West
Goscote and East
Goscote , and the addition of
Sparkenhoe hundred. In 1087, the first
recorded use of the name was as _Laegrecastrescir_.
Leicestershire's external boundaries have changed little since the
Domesday Survey. The
Donisthorpe exclave of
been exchanged for the
Netherseal area, and the urban expansion of
Harborough has caused
Little Bowden , previously in
Northamptonshire to be annexed.
In 1974, the
Local Government Act 1972
Local Government Act 1972 abolished the county borough
Leicester city and the county status of neighbouring Rutland
, converting both to administrative districts of Leicestershire. These
actions were reversed on 1 April 1997, when
Rutland and the City of
Leicester became unitary authorities.
Rutland became a distinct
Ceremonial County once again, although it continues to be policed by
Leicestershire Constabulary .
The symbol of the county council,
Leicestershire County Cricket Club
Leicester City FC , is the fox .
Leicestershire is considered to
be the birthplace of fox hunting as it is known today.
Hugo Meynell ,
who lived in Quorn , is known as the father of fox hunting. Melton
Mowbray and Market
Harborough have associations with fox hunting, as
has neighbouring Rutland.
Location map of
Leicestershire and major towns/cities
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River Soar together with its tributaries and canalisations
constitutes the principal river basin of the county, although the
River Avon and
River Welland through
Harborough and along the county's
southern boundaries are also significant. The Soar rises between
Lutterworth , towards the south of the county near the
Warwickshire border, and flows northwards, bisecting the county along
its north/south axis, through 'Greater'
Leicester and then to the east
Loughborough where its course within the county comes to an end. It
continues north marking the boundary with
Nottinghamshire for some 10
kilometres (6.2 mi) before joining the
River Trent at the point where
Derbyshire, Leicestershire, and
Nottinghamshire meet .
A large part of the north-west of the county, around
forms part of the new National Forest area extending into Derbyshire
and Staffordshire. The highest point of the county is
Bardon Hill at
278 metres (912 ft), which is also a Marilyn ; with other upland areas
(200m+) in neighbouring
Charnwood Forest and also to the east of the
Launde Abbey . The lowest point is about 25 metres (82
ft), north of Bottesford where the River
Devon flows through the Vale
of Belvoir where it leaves
Leicestershire and enters Nottinghamshire.
List of settlements in Leicestershire by population
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The population of
Authority) is 609,578 people (2001 census). The county covers an area
of 2,084 km2 (804 sq mi). Its largest population centre is the city of
Leicester , followed by the town of
Loughborough . Other large towns
Hinckley , Market
Melton Mowbray ,
Some of the larger of villages are:Burbage (population estimated
around 16,500 2014) Birstall (population 11,400 in 2004), Broughton
Castle Donington ,
Kibworth Beauchamp (along with Kibworth
Harcourt), Great Glen ,
Kegworth . One of
the most rapidly expanding villages is Anstey , which has recently
seen a large number of development schemes.
United Kingdom Census 2001 showed a total resident population for
Leicester of 279,921, a 0.5% decrease from the 1991 census.
Approximately 62,000 were aged under 16, 199,000 were aged 16–74,
and 19,000 aged 75 and over. 76.9% of Leicester's population claim
they have been born in the UK, according to the 2001 UK Census.
Mid-year estimates for 2006 indicate that the population of the City
Leicester stood at 289,700 making
Leicester the most populous city
in East Midlands.
The population density is 3,814/km2 (9,880/sq mi) and for every 100
females, there were 92.9 males. Of those aged 16–74 in Leicester,
38.5% had no academic qualifications , significantly higher than 28.9%
in all of England. 23.0% of Leicester's residents were born outside
of the United Kingdom, more than double than the English average of
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Engineering has long been an important part of the economy of
John Taylor Bellfounders continues a history of
Loughborough since the 14th century. In 1881 John
Taylors cast the largest bell in Britain, "Great Paul", for St Paul's
Cathedral in London. Norman & Underwood have been making sand cast
sheet lead roofing and stained glass since 1825 working on many of
England's major cathedrals and historic buildings, including Salisbury
Cathedral, Windsor Castle, Westminster Abbey, Hampton Court Palace,
and Chatsworth House.
Snibston Discovery Park is built on one of three
coal mines that operated in
Coalville from the 1820s until 1986. Abbey
Pumping Station houses four enormous steam powered beam engines built
Leicester in the 1890s in the Vulcan factory owned by Josiah
Gimson, whose son
Ernest Gimson was an influential furniture designer
and architect of the English arts and crafts movement .
Engineering companies today include sports car makers Noble
Automotive Ltd in
Ultima Sports Ltd in Hinckley, Triumph
Hinckley , Jones & Shipman (machine tools),
Metalfacture Ltd (sheet metal work), Richards Engineering (foundry
equipment), Transmon Engineering (materials handling equipment),
Trelleborg Industrial AVS in
Beaumont Leys (industrial suspension
components), Parker Plant (quarrying equipment), Aggregate Industries
UK (construction materials), Infotec in
information display boards), Alstec in Whetstone, Leicestershire
(airport baggage handling systems), and
Brush Traction (railway
Loughborough . Local commitment to nurturing the
upcoming cadre of British engineers includes apprenticeship schemes
with local companies, and academic-industrial connections with the
engineering departments at
Leicester University , De Montfort
University , and
Loughborough University .
The Systems Engineering Innovation Centre and Centre for Excellence
for low carbon and fuel cell technologies are both based at
Loughborough University . Private sector research and development
organisations include PERA - the technology based consultancy in
Melton Mowbray, and MIRA - the automotive research and development
centre based on the outskirts of Hinckley. Automotive and aerospace
engineers use the test facilities at
Mallory Park , and Bruntingthorpe
Aerodrome and proving ground. On 18 October 2007, the last airworthy
Avro Vulcan was flown from
Bruntingthorpe Aerodrome after 10 years of
restoration there by aerospace engineers of the Vulcan Operating
There are several trade associations with their head offices based in
Leicestershire including the Ergonomics Society, the European
Construction Institute, the Institute of Diagnostic Engineers, the
Pre-cast Flooring Federation, the Concrete Pipe Association, the
Timber Packaging & Pallet Confederation, and the National Association
of Wood Shaving & Sawdust Merchants "> A field of sheep near Stoke
Leicestershire has a long history of livestock farming which
continues today. Robert Bakewell (1725–1795) of Dishley, near
Loughborough, was a revolutionary in the field of selective breeding.
Leicester Longwool sheep was much prized by farmers across
British Empire and is today a heritage breed admired all over the
world. Commercial and rare breeds associated with the descendants of
Bakewell's sheep include the English
Leicester , Border
Bluefaced Leicester, Scotch mule, and Welsh halfbred.
Leicestershire County Show is held on the first Bank Holiday in
May each year and includes animal showings, trade exhibitions, and
Melton Mowbray Market is an important regional livestock
Field Sports remain an important part of the rural economy of
Leicestershire, with stables, kennels, and gunsmiths based in the
Thatched roofs are built and maintained by members of
Leicestershire Master Thatchers Association.
FOOD AND DRINK
Stilton and Red
Leicester cheeses and the pork pie are the three most
famous contributions to
English cuisine from Leicestershire.
Leicestershire food producers include Claybrooke mill one of the very
few commercially working watermills left in Britain producing a range
of over 40 flours, meat from rare and minority breeds from
Brockleby's, Christmas turkey and goose from Seldom Seen Farm. Two
dairies produce Red
Leicester cheese in the county, Long Clawson and
Leicestershire Handmade Cheese Company.
All natural non-alcoholic fruit cordials and presse drinks are made
by Belvoir Fruit Farms and sold in supermarkets across Britain.
Swithland Spring Water is sourced from the Charnwood hills. Breweries
Rutland are listed on the
website. The county's largest beer brewer is
Everards , and there are
several microbreweries such as Belvoir Brewery in Old Dalby, Parish
Brewery in Burrough on the Hill, Wicked Hathern Brewery in
Loughborough, the Gas Dog Brewery at Somerby near Melton, Ellis Wood
brewery in Hinckley, and the Pig Pub Brewery in Claybrooke Magna near
Lutterworth. Vineyards in
Leicestershire include Chevelswarde Vineyard
Lutterworth ), Welland Valley Vineyard (Market
Harborough ), and
Melton Mowbray Sloe Gin is a liqueur with a
Various markets are held across the county.
Leicester Market is the
largest outdoor covered marketplace in Europe and among the products
on sale are fruit and vegetables sold by market stallholders, and
fresh fish and meat in the Indoor Market.
East Midlands Food & Drink Festival held in Melton Mowbray
had over 200 exhibitors and 20,000 visitors attending in 2007 making
it the largest British regional food festival.
Food processing in the city and county includes popular British fish
and chip shop pie
Pukka Pies who are based in Syston. Walkers Midshire
Foods, part of the
Samworth Brothers group, makes sausages and pies in
Beaumont Leys factories.
Samworth Brothers has operations in
Ginsters ), making a range of products
from sandwiches to desserts for UK retailers under their brands as
well the company's own portfolio of brands including Dickinson &
Morris, producers of pork pies and Melton Hunt Cake. Walkers crisps
are made in
Beaumont Leys using
Lincolnshire potatoes. United Biscuits
have their distribution centre in
Ashby-de-la-Zouch as well as a
snacks factory producing brands such as
Hula Hoops , Skips , Nik Naks
and Space Raiders and they also have a biscuit factory in Wigston. The
Masterfoods UK factory at
Melton Mowbray produces petfood for brands
such as Cesar, Kitekat , PAL, Pedigree, Sheba ,
Whiskas , Aquarian and
Trill. Hand made chocolates are produced by Chocolate Perfection in
Some 15 major Indian food manufacturers are based in Leicester
including Sara Foods, Mayur Foods, Cofresh Snack Foods Ltd, Farsan,
Apni Roti, and Spice n Tice. The 'Mithai' Indian sweet market is
catered for by award-winning Indian restaurants – for instance the
vegetable samosas approved by the Vegetarian Society sold at The
Sharmilee on Belgrave Road. The growing market for Indian food has
afforded new opportunities to long standing local companies, for
example the Long Clawson dairy, a co-operative manufacturer of Stilton
(cheese) now also makes
Paneer cheese used in the Indian dish Mattar
Leicestershire food exported abroad includes cheese from the Long
Clawson dairy which is sold in supermarkets in Canada and the United
States via a network of distributors coordinated by Taunton-based
company Somerdale. Belvoir Fruit Farms cordials and pressé drinks are
sold on the United States east coast in
Wegmans Food Markets , World
Harris Teeter ,
Dean & DeLuca , and in specialised British
food stores such as Myers of Keswick (New York City), and the British
Pantry (near Washington, D.C.).
Rutland Restaurant Awards has several
Rutland Restaurant of the Year,
Best Asian Restaurant, Best Service, Best Newcomer, Best Fine Dining
Restaurant, Best Value for Money, Best Drinks/Wine List, Best Local
Produce Menu, Best Gastro Pub, Best Neighbourhood Restaurant, Best
Business Lunch, and
Rutland Young Chef of the Year.
Leicester food ">
Other local companies manufacture knitwear such as Commando Knitwear
of Wigston, and others specialise in technical textiles for industrial
or medical purposes. Clothing and fabric for the British Asian
community is made here - for example the shop
Saree Mandir sells silk
saree 's and salwar suits for women whose design patterns closely
follow contemporary Indian trends. The
Knitting Industries' Federation
continues to be based in Leicestershire. On the creative side the
design centre for next is headquartered in Enderby, and the design
centre for George Clothing (Asda/Walmart) is in Lutterworth. De
Montfort University has, in the form of its Fashion and Contour Design
course a leading design department for female underwear. It also has
the only UK University courses in
Footwear Design providing future
designers for local shoemakers Shoefayre, Stead and Simpson, and Shoe
Zone , who all have their headquarters in the county.
Gola also originates from the county.
Leicester NHS Trust employs around 11,000 at
its three hospitals in the city and county, the Glenfield, the General
and the Royal Infirmary.
Leicestershire Partnership NHS Trust employs
around 5,600 staff providing mental health, learning disability and
community health services in the city and county. These services are
commissioned by the three Clinical Commissioning Groups, led by local
GP's. The British Psychological Society, the Institute of Occupational
Lumbers, of Market Street Leicester, was a finalist in the
Independent Retailer category of the UK Jewellery Awards 2007.
Ulverscroft Large Print Books, of
Anstey, Leicestershire , are a
leading publisher of books for the visually impaired.
Leicestershire is twinned with
Kilkenny , Ireland.
Leicester's Cultural Quarter is an ambitious plan to drive the
regeneration of a large run-down area of the City. It has delivered: A
new venue for the performing arts, Curve; Creative workspaces for
artists and a Digital Media Centre. A large number of Creative and
Media businesses have thrived in the region. In addition the area now
has much-improved streets, pavements and open spaces with integrated
As part of a 2002 marketing campaign , the plant conservation charity
Plantlife chose the Foxglove as the county flower .
FINANCIAL AND BUSINESS SERVICES
Financial and business service companies with operations in
Leicestershire include Alliance &
Leicester , Cambridge & Counties
Royal Bank of Scotland
Royal Bank of Scotland ,
State Bank of India ,
HSBC , and
Pension provision company
Mattioli Woods employs 170 people at its
Grove Park, Enderby, HQ and has a reputation for employing graduates
Companies that have their head office in the area include Next
(clothing) , and British Gas Business.
The Institute of Credit Management, the European Association of Trade
Mark Owners, and the Point of Purchase Advertising International
(POPAI) are based in Leicestershire.
Key stakeholders promoting economic development formed Leicester
Leicester College ,
Loughborough College , South Leicestershire
College and Stephenson College . All offer various vocational courses
as well as apprenticeships and some academic courses.
Brooksby Melton College provides apprenticeships and further
education training courses in animal care, countryside, equine,
fisheries, and land based service engineering, at their Brooksby
Leicestershire has three universities, the University of
Loughborough University and
De Montfort University .
Several educational associations have their head offices in
Leicestershire, including the Mathematical Association, the
Association of School and College Leaders, the Association for College
Management, the Girls Schools Association, the National Adult School
Association, the National Institute of Adult Continuing Education and
the Headmasters & Headmistresses Conference.
A number of UK sporting bodies have their head offices in
Leicestershire, including the Institute of Sports & Recreation
Management, the Institute of Swimming Teachers "> Belvoir Castle
today The entrance to
Burrough Hill Iron Age hillfort
National Space Centre in
Leicester Main category: Tourist
Abbey Pumping Station
Arnesby May Fayre
* The Battlefield Line
* Beacon Hill
Belgrave Hall & Gardens
* Bosworth Battlefield
Bradgate Park &
Brampton Valley Way (former railway path to
Bruntingthorpe Aerodrome and proving ground
Burrough Hill Iron Age Hill Fort
* Castle Park
Donington le Heath Manor House Museum
Donington Park and the
Donington Grand Prix Collection museum
East Midlands Airport
Fosse Shopping Park
Great Glen Methodist Church
* Great Central Railway (heritage railway)
* High Cross
Kirby Muxloe Castle
Melton Carnegie Museum
Mount St. Bernard Abbey
National Space Centre
* The National Forest and Conkers
Snibston border:solid #aaa 1px">
* List of Lord Lieutenants of
Custos Rotulorum of Leicestershire - List of keepers of the Rolls
* List of High Sheriffs of
Leicestershire (UK Parliament constituency) - Historical list of
MPs for the
* List of people from
* Centre points of the
Leicestershire County Cricket Club
* List of birds of
Leicestershire Police and Crime Commissioner
* ^ Haran, Brady. "Experiencing the Highs and Lows". BBC. Retrieved
28 September 2015.
* ^ Neighbourhood Statistics. "Office for National Statistics: 2001
Census Data". Retrieved 5 May 2013.
* ^ _A_ _B_ "
Leicester profile of 2001 census". Office for National
Statistics. 2003. Retrieved 28 December 2007.
* ^ "Mid-year estimates for 2006" (XLS). Office for National
Statistics. 2007. Retrieved 28 December 2007.
* ^ "
Leicester population density". Statistics.gov.uk. Retrieved 28
* ^ "
Leicester key statistics". Statistics.gov.uk. Retrieved 28
* ^ "
Leicester country of birth data". Statistics.gov.uk. Retrieved
28 December 2007.
* ^ "
Leicester CAMRA. 31 August 2010. Retrieved
25 September 2010.
* ^ "
East Midlands Food & Drink Festival".
Eastmidlandsfoodfestival.co.uk. Retrieved 25 September 2010.
* ^ "Welcome to Leicester\'s hospitals website".
_Leicestershospitals.nhs.uk_. Retrieved 2016-12-11.
* ^ "Graduates move pays off" - _
Leicester Mercury _, Tuesday 4 May
2010, Business supplement Page 7
* ^ "Charnwood Borough Council - Ulverscroft". 26 June 2006.
* ^ "
Knitting Together". 23 July 2005.