LEICESTERSHIRE (/ˈlɛstərʃər/ ( listen ) or /ˈlɛstərʃɪər/
; abbreviation LEICS.) is a landlocked county in the English Midlands
. It takes its name from and is home to at least one third of Greater
Leicester at its centre, although the City of
authority is today administered separately from the rest of
Leicestershire. The county borders
Nottinghamshire to the north,
The county has a population of just over 1 million with over half the population living in Leicester\'s built-up area .
* 1 History * 2 Geography * 3 Demographics
* 4 Economy
* 4.1 Engineering * 4.2 Trade associations * 4.3 Farming * 4.4 Food and drink * 4.5 Clothing * 4.6 Healthcare * 4.7 Biomedical industries * 4.8 Freight and distribution * 4.9 Other * 4.10 Financial and business services * 4.11 Business awards * 4.12 Statistics
* 5 Local government
* 6 Education
* 6.1 GCSE results by district council * 6.2 Independent schools * 6.3 Further education * 6.4 Higher education * 6.5 Educational associations * 6.6 Sporting associations
* 7 Music
* 7.1 Symphony orchestras * 7.2 Amateur orchestras * 7.3 Choirs and choral societies * 7.4 Early music * 7.5 Music shops
* 8 Towns and villages * 9 Places of interest * 10 See also * 11 References * 12 External links
Main article: History of Leicestershire
Leicestershire's external boundaries have changed little since the
Domesday Survey. The
Donisthorpe exclave of
In 1974, the
Local Government Act 1972 abolished the county borough
Leicester city and the county status of neighbouring Rutland
, converting both to administrative districts of Leicestershire. These
actions were reversed on 1 April 1997, when
The symbol of the county council,
Location map of
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River Soar together with its tributaries and canalisations
constitutes the principal river basin of the county, although the
River Avon and
River Welland through
Harborough and along the county's
southern boundaries are also significant. The Soar rises between
Lutterworth , towards the south of the county near the
Warwickshire border, and flows northwards, bisecting the county along
its north/south axis, through 'Greater'
Leicester and then to the east
Loughborough where its course within the county comes to an end. It
continues north marking the boundary with
Nottinghamshire for some 10
kilometres (6.2 mi) before joining the
A large part of the north-west of the county, around
forms part of the new National Forest area extending into Derbyshire
and Staffordshire. The highest point of the county is
Bardon Hill at
278 metres (912 ft), which is also a Marilyn ; with other upland areas
(200m+) in neighbouring
Charnwood Forest and also to the east of the
Launde Abbey . The lowest point is about 25 metres (82
ft), north of Bottesford where the River
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The population of
Some of the larger of villages are:Burbage (population estimated around 16,500 2014) Birstall (population 11,400 in 2004), Broughton Astley , Castle Donington , Kibworth Beauchamp (along with Kibworth Harcourt), Great Glen , Ibstock , Countesthorpe and Kegworth . One of the most rapidly expanding villages is Anstey , which has recently seen a large number of development schemes.
The population density is 3,814/km2 (9,880/sq mi) and for every 100 females, there were 92.9 males. Of those aged 16–74 in Leicester, 38.5% had no academic qualifications , significantly higher than 28.9% in all of England. 23.0% of Leicester's residents were born outside of the United Kingdom, more than double than the English average of 9.2%.
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Engineering has long been an important part of the economy of Leicestershire. John Taylor Bellfounders continues a history of bellfounding in Loughborough since the 14th century. In 1881 John Taylors cast the largest bell in Britain, "Great Paul", for St Paul's Cathedral in London. Norman & Underwood have been making sand cast sheet lead roofing and stained glass since 1825 working on many of England's major cathedrals and historic buildings, including Salisbury Cathedral, Windsor Castle, Westminster Abbey, Hampton Court Palace, and Chatsworth House. Snibston Discovery Park is built on one of three coal mines that operated in Coalville from the 1820s until 1986. Abbey Pumping Station houses four enormous steam powered beam engines built in Leicester in the 1890s in the Vulcan factory owned by Josiah Gimson, whose son Ernest Gimson was an influential furniture designer and architect of the English arts and crafts movement .
Engineering companies today include sports car makers Noble Automotive Ltd in Barwell and Ultima Sports Ltd in Hinckley, Triumph Motorcycles in Hinckley , Jones & Shipman (machine tools), Metalfacture Ltd (sheet metal work), Richards Engineering (foundry equipment), Transmon Engineering (materials handling equipment), Trelleborg Industrial AVS in Beaumont Leys (industrial suspension components), Parker Plant (quarrying equipment), Aggregate Industries UK (construction materials), Infotec in Ashby-de-la-Zouch (electronic information display boards), Alstec in Whetstone, Leicestershire (airport baggage handling systems), and Brush Traction (railway locomotives) in Loughborough . Local commitment to nurturing the upcoming cadre of British engineers includes apprenticeship schemes with local companies, and academic-industrial connections with the engineering departments at Leicester University , De Montfort University , and Loughborough University .
The Systems Engineering Innovation Centre and Centre for Excellence for low carbon and fuel cell technologies are both based at Loughborough University . Private sector research and development organisations include PERA - the technology based consultancy in Melton Mowbray, and MIRA - the automotive research and development centre based on the outskirts of Hinckley. Automotive and aerospace engineers use the test facilities at Mallory Park , and Bruntingthorpe Aerodrome and proving ground. On 18 October 2007, the last airworthy Avro Vulcan was flown from Bruntingthorpe Aerodrome after 10 years of restoration there by aerospace engineers of the Vulcan Operating Company.
There are several trade associations with their head offices based in
Field Sports remain an important part of the rural economy of Leicestershire, with stables, kennels, and gunsmiths based in the county.
FOOD AND DRINK
All natural non-alcoholic fruit cordials and presse drinks are made
by Belvoir Fruit Farms and sold in supermarkets across Britain.
Swithland Spring Water is sourced from the Charnwood hills. Breweries
Various markets are held across the county. Leicester Market is the largest outdoor covered marketplace in Europe and among the products on sale are fruit and vegetables sold by market stallholders, and fresh fish and meat in the Indoor Market.
Food processing in the city and county includes popular British fish
and chip shop pie
Pukka Pies who are based in Syston. Walkers Midshire
Foods, part of the
Samworth Brothers group, makes sausages and pies in
Beaumont Leys factories.
Samworth Brothers has operations in
Some 15 major Indian food manufacturers are based in Leicester including Sara Foods, Mayur Foods, Cofresh Snack Foods Ltd, Farsan, Apni Roti, and Spice n Tice. The 'Mithai' Indian sweet market is catered for by award-winning Indian restaurants – for instance the vegetable samosas approved by the Vegetarian Society sold at The Sharmilee on Belgrave Road. The growing market for Indian food has afforded new opportunities to long standing local companies, for example the Long Clawson dairy, a co-operative manufacturer of Stilton (cheese) now also makes Paneer cheese used in the Indian dish Mattar Paneer .
See also Leicester food ">
Other local companies manufacture knitwear such as Commando Knitwear of Wigston, and others specialise in technical textiles for industrial or medical purposes. Clothing and fabric for the British Asian community is made here - for example the shop Saree Mandir sells silk saree 's and salwar suits for women whose design patterns closely follow contemporary Indian trends. The Knitting Industries' Federation continues to be based in Leicestershire. On the creative side the design centre for next is headquartered in Enderby, and the design centre for George Clothing (Asda/Walmart) is in Lutterworth. De Montfort University has, in the form of its Fashion and Contour Design course a leading design department for female underwear. It also has the only UK University courses in Footwear Design providing future designers for local shoemakers Shoefayre, Stead and Simpson, and Shoe Zone , who all have their headquarters in the county.
Gola also originates from the county.
Leicester NHS Trust employs around 11,000 at
its three hospitals in the city and county, the Glenfield, the General
and the Royal Infirmary.
Lumbers, of Market Street Leicester, was a finalist in the Independent Retailer category of the UK Jewellery Awards 2007.
Ulverscroft Large Print Books, of Anstey, Leicestershire , are a leading publisher of books for the visually impaired.
Leicester's Cultural Quarter is an ambitious plan to drive the regeneration of a large run-down area of the City. It has delivered: A new venue for the performing arts, Curve; Creative workspaces for artists and a Digital Media Centre. A large number of Creative and Media businesses have thrived in the region. In addition the area now has much-improved streets, pavements and open spaces with integrated artworks.
As part of a 2002 marketing campaign , the plant conservation charity Plantlife chose the Foxglove as the county flower .
FINANCIAL AND BUSINESS SERVICES
Financial and business service companies with operations in
Companies that have their head office in the area include Next (clothing) , and British Gas Business.
The Institute of Credit Management, the European Association of Trade Mark Owners, and the Point of Purchase Advertising International (POPAI) are based in Leicestershire.
Key stakeholders promoting economic development formed Leicester Leicester College , Loughborough College , South Leicestershire College and Stephenson College . All offer various vocational courses as well as apprenticeships and some academic courses.
Brooksby Melton College provides apprenticeships and further education training courses in animal care, countryside, equine, fisheries, and land based service engineering, at their Brooksby campus.
Several educational associations have their head offices in Leicestershire, including the Mathematical Association, the Association of School and College Leaders, the Association for College Management, the Girls Schools Association, the National Adult School Association, the National Institute of Adult Continuing Education and the Headmasters & Headmistresses Conference.
A number of UK sporting bodies have their head offices in
Leicestershire, including the Institute of Sports & Recreation
Management, the Institute of Swimming Teachers "> Belvoir Castle
today The entrance to
Burrough Hill Iron Age hillfort
National Space Centre in
Leicester Main category: Tourist
Abbey Pumping Station
Arnesby May Fayre
* The Battlefield Line
* Beacon Hill
Belgrave Hall & Gardens
* Bosworth Battlefield
Bradgate Park &
Brampton Valley Way
* List of Lord Lieutenants of
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28 September 2015.
* ^ Neighbourhood Statistics. "Office for National Statistics: 2001
Census Data". Retrieved 5 May 2013.
* ^ A B "
Leicester profile of 2001 census". Office for National
Statistics. 2003. Retrieved 28 December 2007.
* ^ "Mid-year estimates for 2006" (XLS). Office for National
Statistics. 2007. Retrieved 28 December 2007.
* ^ "
Leicester population density". Statistics.gov.uk. Retrieved 28
* ^ "
Leicester key statistics". Statistics.gov.uk. Retrieved 28
* ^ "
Leicester country of birth data". Statistics.gov.uk. Retrieved
28 December 2007.
* ^ "
Leicester CAMRA. 31 August 2010. Retrieved
25 September 2010.
* ^ "