The Info List - Lebou

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The LEBU (LEBOU, Lébou) are an ethnic group of Senegal
, West Africa , living on the peninsula of Cap-Vert
. The Lebu are primarily a fishing community, but they have a substantial business in construction supplies. They speak Lebu Wolof , which is closely related to Wolof proper but is not intelligible with it. Their political and spiritual capital is at Layene, situated in the Yoff neighborhood of northern Dakar
. They have a religious sect and theocracy, the Layene , headquartered there.

The traditional date of the founding of Yoff
is 1430. Although they were conquered by the Kingdoms of Jolof (Diolof) and Cayor , and later the French in the 19th century, and were incorporated into modern Senegal
, since 1815 they have had a special legal autonomy as a special kind of "theocratic republic".

Lebu society emphasizes piety and respect for elders. Lebu families include not only living people but also associated ancestral spirits. The Lebu are noted for their public exorcism dances and rituals, often attended by tourists.

In addition to Yoff
, other Lebu centres are nearby Ouakam , Cambérène and Ngor .


* Serer people
Serer people
* Wolof people
Wolof people


* (in French) Armand-Pierre Angrand , Les Lébous de la presqu'île du Cap-vert. Essai sur leur histoire et leurs coutumes, Dakar, Éd. La Maison du livre, 143 p. * (in French) Birahim Ba, La société lébu. La formation d’un peuple. La naissance d’un État, Dakar, Université de Dakar, 1972, 206 p. (Mémoire de Maîtrise) * (in French) Georges Balandier
Georges Balandier
et Pierre Mercier, Particularisme et évolution: les pêcheurs Lébou (Sénégal), IFAN, Saint-Louis du Sénégal, 1952 * (in French) Adama Baytir Diop, La prise de position de la collectivité lebu en faveur du “oui” lors du référendum de 1958. Essai d