In Canadian politics , a LEADERSHIP REVIEW is a vote held at a political party convention in which delegates decide whether to endorse the incumbent party leader or schedule a leadership convention to elect a new leader. In most parties at present, such a vote is required at the first convention following a general election. While a leadership election is only required if the incumbent leader fails to receive support from a simple majority of delegates (or if a motion to hold a leadership election passes by one vote), in practice leaders who do not win the review by a substantial margin are expected to either call a leadership election and re-offer or resign altogether.
Traditionally in most
Canadian political parties , there was no
mechanism for a political party to forcibly remove an incumbent
leader. This changed in the late 1960s as a result of a grassroots
revolt within the
Progressive Conservative Party of Canada
In January 1983, Progressive Conservative leader Joe Clark
voluntarily called the leadership election for later that year after
winning the support of only 66.9% of delegates at a leadership review.
He ran in the election but was defeated by
The Liberal Party of Canada adopted a similar leadership review
mechanism. The New Democratic Party had used a system in which the
leader ran for re-election at every convention however, no federal NDP
leader had ever faced a serious challenge under this system which
usually resulted in the incumbent leader being acclaimed. After
instituting a one member, one vote leadership election system in 2003,
the NDP also adopted the leadership review mechanism used by other
parties. At such a vote held on April 10, 2016 at the NDP's federal
convention held in
Provincial political parties also use leadership reviews. The 2006
Manitoba Progressive Conservative leadership election was called by
Stuart Murray after he received only 55% support in a
leadership review. In 2006, Alberta Progressive Conservative Premier
* Leadership spill , a similar practice in Australian politics
* ^ Gendron, Hubert (September 22, 1966). "Leadership Vote Set if
Camp Re-elected". Montreal Gazette. Retrieved April 18, 2012.
* ^ Blakely, Arthur (January 19, 1967). "Dief Explodes a Bombshell,
Wants Convention". Montreal Gazette. Retrieved April 18, 2012.
* ^ Boutilier, Alex (April 10, 2016). "