Leader of the House of Commons
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The leader of the House of Commons is a minister of the Crown of the Government of the United Kingdom whose main role is organising government business in the
House of Commons The House of Commons is the name for the elected lower house of the bicameral parliaments of the United Kingdom and Canada. In both of these countries, the Commons holds much more legislative power than the nominally upper house of parliamen ...
. The leader is generally a member or attendee of the cabinet of the United Kingdom. The House of Commons devotes approximately three-quarters of its time to debating and explaining government business, such as bills introduced by the government and ministerial statements. The leader of the House of Commons, with the parties' chief whips ("the usual channels"), is responsible for organising government business and providing time for non-government ( backbench) business to be put before the House of Commons. The present leader of the House of Commons is Penny Mordaunt.


Responsibilities

The following are some of the current responsibilities of the leader of the House of Commons: *The Government’s Legislative Programme, chairing the Cabinet Committee. *Managing and announcing the business of the House of Commons weekly and facilitating motions and debate in the Chamber, particularly on House business. *Government’s representative in the House (sitting on the House of Commons Commission, Public Accounts Commission, and the Speaker’s Committees on the Independent Parliamentary Standards Authority). *House of Commons representative in Government. *Parliamentary reform and policy. *Ministerial responsibility for the Privy Council Office. The Osmotherly Rules, which set out guidance on how civil servants should respond to parliamentary select committees, are co-updated by the Office of the Leader of the House of Commons and the Cabinet Office.


History

The title was not established until about the middle of the nineteenth century, although the institution is much older. Until 1942, the title was usually held by the prime minister if he sat in the House of Commons, however, in more recent years, the title has been held by a separate politician. The title holder is not formally appointed by the Crown and the title alone does not attract a salary, so is now usually held in addition to a sinecure, currently
Lord President of the Council The lord president of the Council is the presiding officer of the Privy Council of the United Kingdom and the fourth of the Great Officers of State (United Kingdom), Great Officers of State, ranking below the Lord High Treasurer but above the ...
.


List of leaders of the House of Commons (1721–present)


Deputy Leader of the House of Commons

From 1922, when the prime minister was also leader of the House of Commons, day-to-day duties were frequently carried out by a Deputy Leader of the House of Commons. At other times, a deputy leader of the House of Commons was appointed merely to enhance an individual politician's standing within the government. The title has been in use since 1942, but was not used from the 2019 dissolution of the Second May ministry to 2022, when it was revived by
Boris Johnson Alexander Boris de Pfeffel Johnson (; born 19 June 1964) is a British politician, writer and journalist who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom and Leader of the Conservative Party from 2019 to 2022. He previously served as ...
. This was shortlived however, as it was abolished by Liz Truss after she became Prime Minister a few months later.


List of Deputy Leaders of the House of Commons


See also

* Leader of the House of Lords * Speaker of the House of Commons * Minister for Parliamentary Business, the equivalent cabinet post in the Scottish Government


References


External links


Official websiteDeputy Leader of the House of CommonsParliamentary website
{{DEFAULTSORT:Leader Of The House Of Commons Commons Government of the United Kingdom Ministerial offices in the United Kingdom 1721 establishments in Great Britain