Leader of the Conservative Party (UK)
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The Leader of the Conservative and Unionist Party of the
United Kingdom The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed. The Guardian' and Telegraph' use Britain as a synonym for the United Kingdom. Some prefer to use Britain as shortha ...

United Kingdom
is the
chief executive A chief executive officer (CEO), chief administrator, or just chief executive (CE), is one of a number of corporate executives in charge of managing an organization especially an independent legal entity such as a company or nonprofit insti ...
of the
Conservative Party Conservative Party may refer to: Europe Current *Croatian Conservative Party, *Conservative Party (Czech Republic) *Conservative People's Party (Denmark) *Conservative Party of Georgia *Conservative Party (Norway) *Conservative Party (UK) Histor ...

Conservative Party
. To date, two of the party's leaders have been women:
Margaret Thatcher Margaret Hilda Thatcher, Baroness Thatcher (; 13 October 19258 April 2013), was Prime Minister of the United Kingdom The prime minister of the United Kingdom is the head of government The head of government is either ...

Margaret Thatcher
and
Theresa May Theresa Mary, Lady May (; ' Brasier; born 1 October 1956) is a British politician who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom and Leader of the Conservative Party (UK), Leader of the Conservative Party from 2016 to 2019. May served as H ...

Theresa May
. The post is held by
Boris Johnson Alexander Boris de Pfeffel Johnson (; born 19 June 1964) is a British politician and writer serving as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom The prime minister of the United Kingdom is the head of government The head of government ...

Boris Johnson
, elected in 2019 as May's successor.


Overall leaders of the Party (1834–1922)


Leaders of the Party (1922–present)


Timeline


Living former party leaders

There are six living former party leaders. From oldest to youngest:


House of Lords and Commons leaders


Leaders in the House of Lords (1834–present)

Those asterisked were considered the overall leader of the party. *
The Duke of Wellington
The Duke of Wellington
: 1834–1846 *
The Lord Stanley
The Lord Stanley
(14th
Earl of Derby Earl of Derby ( ) is a title in the Peerage of England The Peerage of England comprises all peerages created in the Kingdom of England before the Act of Union 1707, Act of Union in 1707. In that year, the Peerages of England and Peerage of ...

Earl of Derby
from 1851): 9 March 1846 – 27 February 1868*, elected at a party meeting * The Earl of Malmesbury: 1868–1869, appointed by
Prime Minister Disraeli
Prime Minister Disraeli
* The Lord Cairns: 1869–1870, elected at a party meeting * The Duke of Richmond: 187021 August 1876, elected at a party meeting *
The Earl of Beaconsfield
The Earl of Beaconsfield
: 21 August 1876 – 19 April 1881*, became Leader on elevation to the peerage * The 3rd Marquess of Salisbury: 9 May 1881 – 1902, elected at a party meeting ''(overall leader from 1885)'' *
The Duke of Devonshire ''The'' () is a grammatical Article (grammar), article in English language, English, denoting persons or things already mentioned, under discussion, implied or otherwise presumed familiar to listeners, readers or speakers. It is the definite art ...

The Duke of Devonshire
: 1902–1903, appointed by
Prime Minister Balfour
Prime Minister Balfour
* The Marquess of Lansdowne: 1903–1916, appointed by Prime Minister Balfour * The Earl Curzon of Kedleston (1st Marquess Curzon of Kedleston from 1921): 1916–1925, appointed Leader of the House by
Prime Minister Lloyd George
Prime Minister Lloyd George
*
The 4th Marquess of Salisbury
The 4th Marquess of Salisbury
: 1925–1931, appointed by Prime Minister Baldwin * The 1st Viscount Hailsham: 1931–1935, took over post "at the request of Mr Baldwin"The Times, 17 June 1931 * The Marquess of Londonderry: 1935 * The Viscount Halifax: 1935–1938 *
The Earl Stanhope Earl Stanhope ()Debrett's Correct Form, Debrett's Peerage Ltd, 1976, pg 408 was a title in the Peerage of Great Britain (1718–1967). Summary The earldom was created in 1718 for Major General James Stanhope, 1st Earl Stanhope, James Stanhope,Edwar ...
: 1938–1940 *Thomas Inskip, 1st Viscount Caldecote, The Viscount Caldecote: 1940 * The Viscount Halifax: 1940 *George Lloyd, 1st Baron Lloyd, The Lord Lloyd: 1940–1941 *Walter Guinness, 1st Baron Moyne, The Lord Moyne: 1941–1942 *Robert Gascoyne-Cecil, 5th Marquess of Salisbury, Viscount Cranborne (born 1893) (5th Marquess of Salisbury from 1947): 1942–1957 *Alec Douglas-Home, The Earl of Home: 1957–1960 *Quintin Hogg, Baron Hailsham of St Marylebone, The 2nd Viscount Hailsham: 1960–1963 *Peter Carington, 6th Baron Carrington, The Lord Carrington: 1963–1970 *George Jellicoe, 2nd Earl Jellicoe, The Earl Jellicoe: 1970–1973 *David Hennessy, 3rd Baron Windlesham, The Lord Windlesham: 1973–1974 *Peter Carington, 6th Baron Carrington, The Lord Carrington: 1974–1979 *Christopher Soames, The Lord Soames: 1979–1981 *Janet Young, Baroness Young, The Baroness Young: 1981–1983 *William Whitelaw, 1st Viscount Whitelaw, The Viscount Whitelaw: 1983–1988 *John Ganzoni, 2nd Baron Belstead, The Lord Belstead: 1988–1990 *David Waddington, Baron Waddington, The Lord Waddington: 1990–1992 *John Wakeham, The Lord Wakeham: 1992–1994 *Robert Gascoyne-Cecil, 7th Marquess of Salisbury, Viscount Cranborne (born 1946): 1994–1998 *Thomas Galbraith, 2nd Baron Strathclyde, The Lord Strathclyde: 1998–2013 *Jonathan Hill, Baron Hill of Oareford, The Lord Hill of Oareford: 2013–2014 *Tina Stowell, Baroness Stowell of Beeston, The Baroness Stowell of Beeston: 2014–2016 *Natalie Evans, Baroness Evans of Bowes Park, The Baroness Evans of Bowes Park: 2016–present


Leaders in the House of Commons (1834–1922)

Those asterisked were considered the overall leader of the party. *Robert Peel, Sir Robert Peel: 18 December 18341846* *Lord George Bentinck: 1846–1847 *Charles Manners, 6th Duke of Rutland, The Marquess of Granby: 9 February 1848 – 4 March 1848, elected at a party meeting *''None:'' 1848–1849 *Jointly Benjamin Disraeli, the Charles Manners, 6th Duke of Rutland, Marquess of Granby, and John Charles Herries: 1849–1852, elected at a party meeting *Benjamin Disraeli: 185221 August 1876 ''(overall leader from 27 February 1868)'' *Stafford Northcote, 1st Earl of Iddesleigh, Sir Stafford Northcote: 21 August 1876 – 24 June 1885, appointed by Benjamin Disraeli, Prime Minister Beaconsfield *Michael Hicks Beach, 1st Earl St Aldwyn, Sir Michael Hicks Beach: 24 June 1885 – 3 August 1886, appointed by Robert Gascoyne-Cecil, 3rd Marquess of Salisbury, Prime Minister Salisbury *Lord Randolph Churchill: 3 August 1886 – 14 January 1887, appointed by Prime Minister Salisbury *William Henry Smith (1825–1891), William Henry Smith: 17 January 1887 – 6 October 1891, appointed by Prime Minister Salisbury *Arthur Balfour: 189113 January 1906, appointed by Prime Minister Salisbury ''(overall leader from 1902)'' *Joseph Chamberlain: 1906 *Arthur Balfour: 190613 November 1911* *Bonar Law: 13 November 1911 – 21 March 1921, elected at a party meeting ''(overall leader from 1916)'' *Austen Chamberlain: 21 March 1921 – 23 October 1922, elected at a party meeting


Elections of Conservative leaders by party meeting


House of Commons


House of Lords


See also

* 1922 Committee * Deputy Leader of the Conservative Party (UK) * Leader of the Labour Party (UK) * Leader of the Liberal Democrats


Notes


References

{{Use dmy dates, date=July 2019 Leaders of the Conservative Party (UK), Organisation of the Conservative Party (UK) Lists of leaders of political parties, Conservative UK Conservative Party (UK)-related lists, Leader