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The Info List - Leader Of Sinn Féin


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The leader of Sinn Féin (alternatively known as the Uachtarán Shinn Féin or President of Sinn Féin) is the most senior politician within the Sinn Féin political party in Ireland. Since 10 February 2018, the office has been held by Mary Lou McDonald, following the decision of Gerry Adams to stand aside as leader of the party.[1] The Vice-President of Sinn Féin is Michelle O'Neill.[2] O'Neill also succeeded Martin McGuinness in his role as Sinn Fein's Assembly leader.[3]

Contents

1 Background 2 Presidents

2.1 1905–26 2.2 1926–present

3 Vice Presidents

3.1 1905–83 3.2 1983–present

4 Parliamentary party leaders

4.1 Leader in Dáil Éireann 4.2 Leader in Northern Ireland Assembly 4.3 Leader in Seanad Éireann 4.4 Leader in European Parliament

5 Electoral history 6 See also 7 Notes 8 References

Background[edit] Main article: History of Sinn Féin The post of the President of Sinn Féin was officially created in 1905 when Arthur Griffith founded the party. Edward Martyn, a cultural activist and playwright was selected as the first president at its first annual Ard Fheis on the 28 November 1905. Unlike other Irish political parties, most notably Fine Gael and Fianna Fáil, the President of Sinn Féin does not have the power to dismiss or appoint their deputy and to dismiss or appoint parliamentary party members to front bench positions. These decisions are taken by the Ard Chomhairle (National Executive). In the Northern Ireland Assembly, Sinn Féin is in government under a power-sharing agreement with the Alliance Party, Democratic Unionist Party, Social Democratic and Labour Party and the Ulster Unionist Party. The President of Sinn Féin does not act as the Deputy First Minister of Northern Ireland, If the President is not a member of the Assembly, then an MLA of the party is appointed as Leader in the North to replace him or her. Until 2010, Sinn Féin did not have enough TDs to qualify for group speaking rights in Dáil Éireann. If the President is not a member of Dáil Éireann, then a TD is appointed in his or her place to act as the leader of the parliamentary party. Since 2011, the President of Sinn Féin has served as the Second Leader of the Opposition and chairs the second opposition front bench.[4] Two of the fourteen leaders of Sinn Féin have been elected to a public office while serving as leader. Éamon de Valera was elected as an MP in the House of Commons and a TD in Dáil Éireann. However, he did not take his seat in either legislature as per party policy. De Valera’s predecessor, Arthur Griffith helped increase party support following the 1916 Easter Rising. When the party split due to the Anglo-Irish Treaty, both De Valera and Griffith joined opposing sides with De Valera leading the Anti-Treaty faction, while Griffith joined the Pro-Treaty faction, which later became Cumann na nGaedheal. De Valera’ successor John J. O'Kelly was one of four leaders who served for brief periods of time as Sinn Féin’s party membership declined in favour of Fianna Fáil and Fine Gael. In 1937, Margaret Buckley became the first female President of Sinn Féin. During her thirteen years as leader, she vastly improved the relations between the IRA and the party. She was succeeded by Paddy McLogan and Tomás Ó Dubhghaill who both helped rebuild party support in the aftermath of World War II. Tomás Mac Giolla became president in 1962 and served for over eight years as leader of the party. When the party split, Mac Giolla remained leader of Official Sinn Féin. Official Sinn Féin was later renamed the Workers' Party. Ruairí Ó Brádaigh was elected as the new leader of the Provisional Sinn Féin in 1970. Ó Brádaigh's presidency was shaped by relentless violence between republican and loyalist paramilitaries and the British security forces. He was one of the republican representatives which met with the British representatives in hope of ending the Troubles. Ó Brádaigh resigned in 1983, due to dissatisfaction among party activists in Northern Ireland. Vice President Gerry Adams became the fourteenth President of the party in 1983. He became the longest serving president in the party’s history. During his presidency, the IRA declared a ceasefire and the Good Friday Agreement was signed. Party support rose as Sinn Féin became the largest nationalist party in Northern Ireland. In 2011, Gerry Adams left the Northern Ireland Assembly and won a seat in Dáil Éireann. He is the first president since 1926 to also sit in Dáil Éireann. On 23 January 2017 Michelle O'Neill was selected as the leader of Sinn Féin in the North, replacing Martin McGuinness. Presidents[edit] 1905–26[edit]

No. Name (Birth–death) Portrait Constituency Term of office Comments

1 Edward Martyn (1859–1923) County Galway

None 1905 1908

2 John Sweetman (1844–1936) County Dublin

None (Served as MP for East Wicklow from 1892–95) 1908 1911

3 Arthur Griffith (1872–1922) County Dublin

None (Later served as MP & TD for East Cavan, MP for North West Tyrone, TD for Fermanagh and Tyrone and TD for Cavan) 1911 1917

4 Éamon de Valera (1882–1975) New York

MP for Clare East (1917–22) TD for Clare East (1918–21) MP for Down (1921–29) TD for Clare (1922–26) 1917 1926 Leader of Fianna Fáil (1926–59)

1926–present[edit]

No. Name (Birth–death) Place of birth Portrait Constituency Term of office Comments

5 John J. O'Kelly (1872–1957) County Kerry

None (Served as TD for Louth from 1918–21 and TD for Louth–Meath from 1921–23) 1926 1931

6 Brian O'Higgins (1882–1963) County Meath

None (Served as MP for Clare West from 1918–22, TD for Clare West from 1918–21 and TD for Clare from 1921–27) 1931 1933

7 Fr. Michael O'Flanagan (1876–1942) County Roscommon

None 1933 1935

8 Cathal Ó Murchadha (1880–1958) County Dublin

None (Served as TD for Dublin South from 1921–22 and 1923–27) 1935 1937

9 Margaret Buckley (1879–1962) County Cork

None 1937 1950 First female leader of an Irish political party

10 Paddy McLogan (1899–1964) County Armagh

None (Served as MP for South Armagh from 1933–38) 1950 1952

11 Tomás Ó Dubhghaill (1917–1962) County Dublin

None 1952 1954

(10) Paddy McLogan (1899–1964) County Armagh

None (Served as MP for South Armagh from 1933–38) 1954 1962

12 Tomás Mac Giolla (1924–2010) County Tipperary

None (Later served as TD for Dublin West) 1962 1970 Leader of Official Sinn Féin (later the Workers' Party) (1970–88)

13 Ruairí Ó Brádaigh (1932–2013) County Longford

None (Served as TD for Longford–Westmeath from 1957–61) 1970 1983 Leader of Republican Sinn Féin (1986–2009)

14 Gerry Adams (born 1948) County Antrim

MP for Belfast West (1983–92; 1997–2011) MLA for Belfast West (1998–2010) TD for Louth (2011–present) 1983 2018

15 Mary Lou McDonald (born 1969) County Dublin

TD for Dublin Central (2011–present) 2018 Incumbent

Vice Presidents[edit] The Deputy leader of Sinn Féin is usually a senior politician within Sinn Féin. Unlike other political party leaders, the leader of Sinn Féin does not have the power to appoint or dismiss their deputy. The position is elected by members of the party at the Ardfheis. The Vice-President has a seat on the Ard Chomhairle (National Executive) Officer Board. 1905–83[edit]

President Vice-President (Birth-death) County of Birth Portrait Took office Left office Vice-President (Birth-death) County of Birth Portrait Took office Left office

Edward Martyn

Arthur Griffith (1872-1922) County Dublin

1905 1908

John Sweetman (1844-1936) County Dublin

1905 1907

Bulmer Hobson (1883-1969) County Antrim

1907 1910

John Sweetman None (1908-1911)

Arthur Griffith

Thomas Kelly (1868-1942) County Dublin

1910 Unknown

Jennie Wyse Power (1858-1941) County Wicklow

1911 Unknown

Éamon de Valera

Fr. Michael O'Flanagan (1876-1942) County Roscommon

1917 1923

Arthur Griffith (1872-1922) County Dublin

1917 1922

Kathleen Lynn (1874-1955) County Dublin

1923 1927

P. J. Ruttledge (1892-1952) County Mayo

1923 1926

John J. O'Kelly

Mary MacSwiney (1872-1942) London

1927 Unknown

John Madden (died 1954) County Mayo

Unknown

Brian O'Higgins

Unknown

Fr. Michael O'Flanagan

Margaret Buckley (1879-1962) County Cork

1933 1937

John J. O'Kelly (1872-1957) County Kerry

1933 1934

Liam Raul (died 1945) County Dublin

1934 1935

Cathal Ó Murchadha

Liam Raul (died 1945) County Dublin and Tom Maguire (1892-1993) County Mayo

1935 1937

Margaret Buckley

Seamus Mitchell

1937 Unknown

Padraig de Paor

1937 Unknown

Criostóir O'Neill

Unknown

Unknown

Paddy McLogan

Tomás Ó Dubhghaill (1917-1962) County Dublin

1950 1952

Michael Traynor (born 1917) County Antrim

1950 1954

Tomás Ó Dubhghaill

Margaret Buckley (1879-1962) County Cork

1952 1960

Paddy McLogan

Tomás Ó Dubhghaill (1917-1962) County Dublin

1954 1962

Paddy McLogan

Tony Magan (1911-1981) County Meath

1960 1962

Tomás Mac Giolla

Michael Traynor (born 1917) County Dublin

1962

Rory O'Driscoll

1962 1963

Larry Grogan (1899-1979) County Louth

1962 1969

Seán Caughey (-2010) County Antrim

1963 1965

None (1965-1966)

Joe Clarke (1882-1976) County Dublin

1966 1972

Cathal Goulding (1922-1998) County Dublin

1969 1970

Ruairí Ó Brádaigh

Larry Grogan (1899-1979) County Louth

1970 1971

Dáithí Ó Conaill (1938-1991) County Cork

1971 1978

Máire Drumm (1919-1976) County Down

1972 1976

Joe Cahill (1920-2004) County Antrim

1976 1978

Gerry Adams (born 1948) County Antrim

1978 1983

Dáithí Ó Conaill (1938-1991) County Cork

1978 1983

1983–present[edit] Following the election of Gerry Adams as the 14th President of Sinn Féin, the position of co-vice presidents was removed. Instead, a single vice-president was elected at the 1983 Ard Fheis to serve in place of the two former vice-presidents.

President Vice-President (Birth–death) County of Birth Portrait Constituency Term of office Notes

Gerry Adams

Phil Flynn (born 1940) County Louth

None 1983 1985

John Joe McGirl (1921–1988) County Leitrim

Councillor for Ballinamore (Leitrim County Council) 1985 1988 Contested the 1987 general election for Sligo–Leitrim

Pat Doherty (born 1945) Glasgow

MLA for West Tyrone (1998–2012) MP for West Tyrone (2001–present) 1988 2009

Mary Lou McDonald (born 1969) County Dublin

MEP for Dublin (2004–2009) TD for Dublin Central (2011–present) 2009 2018 Dáil Spokesperson on Public Expenditure and Reform

Mary Lou McDonald

Michelle O'Neill (born 1977) County Cork

MLA for Mid Ulster (2007–present) 2018 Incumbent Leader of Sinn Féin in the Northern Ireland Assembly (2017-present)

Parliamentary party leaders[edit]

Leader in Dáil Éireann[edit]

Name of TD (Birth–death) Term of office Constituency Elected (Dáil)

Caoimhghín Ó Caoláin (born 1953) 26 June 1997 9 March 2011 Cavan–Monaghan 1997 (28th)

2002 (29th)

2007 (30th)

Gerry Adams (born 1948) 9 March 2011 10 February 2018 Louth 2011 (31st)

Mary Lou McDonald (born 1969) 10 February 2018 Incumbent Dublin Central 2016 (32nd)

Leader in Northern Ireland Assembly[edit]

Name of MLA (Birth–Death) Term of Office Constituency Elected (Assembly)

Gerry Adams (born 1948) 1 July 1998 7 December 2010 Belfast West 1998 (1st)

2003 (2nd)

2007 (3rd)

Michelle O'Neill (born 1977) 23 January 2017 Incumbent Mid Ulster

2011 (4th)

Leader in Seanad Éireann[edit]

Name of Senator (Birth–Death) Term of Office Vocational Panel Elected (Seanad)

Pearse Doherty (born 1977) 24 July 2007 26 November 2010 Agricultural Panel 2007 (23rd)

None 26 November 2010 25 May 2011

David Cullinane (born 1974) 25 May 2011 26 February 2016 Labour Panel 2011 (24th)

None 26 February 2016 11 May 2016

Rose Conway-Walsh (born 1969) 11 May 2016 Incumbent Agricultural Panel 2016 (25th)

Leader in European Parliament[edit]

Name of MEP (Birth–Death) Term of Office Constituency Elected (Parliament)

Mary Lou McDonald (born 1969) 2004 2009 Dublin 2004 (6th)

Bairbre de Brún (born 1954) 2009 3 May 2012 Northern Ireland 2009 (7th)

Martina Anderson (born 1962) 12 June 2012 Incumbent Northern Ireland

2014 (8th)

Electoral history[edit] Note: Only includes elections contested by persons who were President of Sinn Féin at time of contesting election.

No. Name Constituency Election Body First Preference (share) Success Defeated by Party

4. Éamon de Valera Belfast Falls 1918 Dáil Éireann / House of Commons 3,245 (27.7%) Defeated Joseph Devlin

Irish Parliamentary Party

4. Éamon de Valera Clare East 1918 Dáil Éireann / House of Commons Unopposed Elected

4. Éamon de Valera Down South 1918 Dáil Éireann / House of Commons 33 (0.2%) Defeated Jeremiah McVeagh

Irish Parliamentary Party

4. Éamon de Valera Mayo East 1918 Dáil Éireann / House of Commons 8,975 (66.5%) Elected

4. Éamon de Valera Clare 1921 Dáil Éireann Unopposed Elected

4. Éamon de Valera Clare 1922 Dáil Éireann Unopposed Elected

4. Éamon de Valera Clare 1923 Dáil Éireann 17,762 (45.0%) Elected

14. Gerry Adams Belfast West 1987 House of Commons 16,862 (41.1%) Elected

14. Gerry Adams Belfast West 1992 House of Commons 16,826 (42.1%) Defeated Joe Hendron

Social Democratic and Labour Party

14. Gerry Adams Belfast West 1996 Forum 22,355 (53.4%) Elected

14. Gerry Adams Belfast West 1997 House of Commons 25,662 (55.9%) Elected

14. Gerry Adams Belfast West 1998 Assembly 9,078 (21.7%) Elected

14. Gerry Adams Belfast West 2001 House of Commons 27,096 (66.1%) Elected

14. Gerry Adams Belfast West 2003 Assembly 6,199 (18.9%) Elected

14. Gerry Adams Belfast West 2005 House of Commons 24,348 (70.5%) Elected

14. Gerry Adams Belfast West 2007 Assembly 6,029 (17.8%) Elected

14. Gerry Adams Belfast West 2010 House of Commons 22,840 (71.0%) Elected

14. Gerry Adams Louth 2011 Dáil Éireann 15,072 (21.7%) Elected

14. Gerry Adams Louth 2016 Dáil Éireann 10,661 (15.8%) Elected

See also[edit]

History of Sinn Féin Leader of Fianna Fáil Leader of Fine Gael Leader of the Labour Party

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

^ "Remembering the Past: Gerry Adams elected president of Sinn Féin". An Phoblacht. 20 November 2008. Retrieved 4 June 2014.  ^ "McDonald proposed as SF vice president". RTÉ. 8 January 2009. Retrieved 4 June 2014.  ^ Guardian. 24 January 2017 https://www.theguardian.com/politics/2017/jan/23/sinn-fein-names-michelle-oneill-as-new-leader-in-northern-ireland. Retrieved 24 January 2017.  Missing or empty title= (help) ^ "Adams unveils new Sinn Féin front bench". Irish Examiner. 23 March 2011. Retrieved 4 June 2014. 

v t e

Sinn Féin

History

History of Sinn Féin

Abstentionism

Armalite and ballot box strategy Clann na hÉireann Cumann na nGaedheal (1900) Comhairle na dTeachtaí Éire Nua Election results Fianna Fáil Fine Gael Gaelic American German Plot Provisional IRA Sinn Féin Manifesto 1918 Sinn Féin MPs Sinn Féin (newspaper) Sinn Féin Printing & Publishing Company Republican News Republican Sinn Féin United Irishman Willie O'Dea affidavit incident Workers' Party of Ireland 32 County Sovereignty Movement

Leadership

Presidents

Edward Martyn (1905–08) John Sweetman (1908–11) Arthur Griffith (1911–17) Éamon de Valera (1917–26) John J. O'Kelly (Sceilg) (1926–31) Brian O'Higgins (1931–33) Michael O'Flanagan (1933–35) Cathal Ó Murchadha (1935–37) Margaret Buckley (1937–50) Paddy McLogan (1950–52) Tomás Ó Dubhghaill (1952–54) Paddy McLogan (1954–62) Tomás Mac Giolla (1962–70) Ruairí Ó Brádaigh (1970–83) Gerry Adams (1983–2018) Mary Lou McDonald (2018–present)

Vice presidents

John Sweetman (1905–07) Arthur Griffith (1905–08; 1917–22) Bulmer Hobson (1907–10) Jennie Wyse Power (1911–) Thomas Kelly (1911–) Fr. Michael O'Flanagan (1917–23) P. J. Ruttledge (1923–26) Mary MacSwiney John Madden John J. O'Kelly (1931-33) Margaret Buckley (1933–35; 1952–60) Liam Raul (1933-37) Tom Maguire (1935-37) Seamus Mitchell Padraig de Paor Criostóir O'Neill Michael Traynor (1950–54; 1962) Tomás Ó Dubhghaill (1950–52; 1954–62) Tony Magan (1960–62) Rory O'Driscoll (1962–63) Larry Grogan (1962–69; 1970–71) Seán Caughey (1963–65) Joe Clarke (1966–72) Cathal Goulding (1969–70) Dáithí Ó Conaill (1971–78; 1978–83) Máire Drumm (1972–76) Joe Cahill (1976–78) Gerry Adams (1978–83) Phil Flynn (1983–85) John Joe McGirl (1985–88) Pat Doherty (1988–2009) Mary Lou McDonald (2009–2018) Michelle O'Neill (2018–present)

Seanad leaders

Pearse Doherty (2007–10) David Cullinane (2011–16) Rose Conway-Walsh (2016–)

Northern Ireland leaders

Gerry Adams (1998–2007) Martin McGuinness (2007–17) Michelle O'Neill (2017–)

Chairpersons

Seán MacManus (1984–90) Tom Hartley (1990–96) Mitchel McLaughlin (1996–2005) Mary Lou McDonald (2005–09) Declan Kearney (2009–)

General secretaries

Joe Cahill Cathleen Knowles Tom Hartley (1984–86) Joe Reilly (1986–88) Lucilita Bhreatnach (1988–2003) Mitchel McLaughlin (2003–07) Rita O'Hare (2007–09) Dawn Doyle (2009–)

Directors of publicity

Seán Ó Brádaigh (1960–79) Danny Morrison (1979–90) Rita O'Hare (1990–98) Dawn Doyle (1998–2008) Rosaleen Doherty (2008–)

Party structures

Leader of Sinn Féin Ardfheis Sinn Féin Front Bench Sinn Féin Republican Youth An Phoblacht Friends of Sinn Féin

Presidential candidates

Martin McGuinness (2011)

Elected representatives

Dáil Éireann

Gerry Adams John Brady Pat Buckley Seán Crowe David Cullinane Pearse Doherty Dessie Ellis Martin Ferris Kathleen Funchion Martin Kenny Mary Lou McDonald Denise Mitchell Imelda Munster Carol Nolan Jonathan O'Brien Eoin Ó Broin Caoimhghín Ó Caoláin Donnchadh Ó Laoghaire Louise O'Reilly Aengus Ó Snodaigh Maurice Quinlivan Brian Stanley Peadar Tóibín

Seanad Éireann

Rose Conway-Walsh Máire Devine Paul Gavan Pádraig Mac Lochlainn Niall Ó Donnghaile Fintan Warfield

European Parliament

Martina Anderson Lynn Boylan Matt Carthy Liadh Ní Riada

Northern Ireland Assembly

Caoimhe Archibald Cathal Boylan Michaela Boyle Linda Dillon Jemma Dolan Sinéad Ennis Megan Fearon Órlaithí Flynn Colm Gildernew Declan Kearney Catherine Kelly Gerry Kelly Seán Lynch Alex Maskey Declan McAleer Raymond McCartney Fra McCann Philip McGuigan Ian Milne Karen Mullan Conor Murphy Carál Ní Chuilín John O'Dowd Máirtín Ó Muilleoir Michelle O'Neill Emma Rogan Pat Sheehan

House of Commons (Abstentionist)

Mickey Brady Michelle Gildernew Chris Hazzard Paul Maskey Elisha McCallion Barry McElduff Francie Molloy

Lists

List of current Sinn Féin elected representatives

Alliances

European United Left–Nordi

.