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The Info List - Leader Of The Opposition (Malaysia)


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The Leader of the Opposition in Malaysian Federal Politics is a Member of Parliament in the Dewan Rakyat
Dewan Rakyat
(House of Representatives).[1] By convention, the position is held by the leader of the political party not in government that has the most seats in the House. When in parliament, the Leader of the Opposition sits on the left-hand side of the centre table, in front of the Opposition and opposite the Prime Minister. The Opposition Leader is elected by the minority party of the House according to its rules. A new Opposition Leader may be elected when the incumbent dies, resigns, or is challenged for the leadership. Malaysia is a constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary system and is based on the Westminster model. The Opposition is an important component of the Westminster system, with the Opposition directing criticism at the Government's policies and programs, give close attention to all proposed legislation and attempts to defeat and replace the Government. The Opposition is therefore known as the 'government in waiting' and it is a formal part of the parliamentary system. Due to the domination of the Barisan Nasional
Barisan Nasional
(and its predecessor, the Alliance) coalition of the parliament since independence, this perception is generally not acknowledged by Malaysians, though since the 2008 elections, Anwar Ibrahim
Anwar Ibrahim
has declared that the Opposition is the 'government in waiting'. Note that this article uses the term government as it is used in parliamentary systems, i.e. meaning the administration, majority party or coalition in parliament or the cabinet, rather than the state. To date there have been 10 Opposition Leaders, none of whom have served terms as Prime Minister. The current Leader of the Opposition is Wan Azizah Wan Ismail
Wan Azizah Wan Ismail
of the People's Justice Party, following an election of the new Parliamentary PKR Leader by caucus and other minority party's MPs on 18 May 2015. List of Leaders of the Opposition of Malaysia[edit]

# Leader of the Opposition Political party Term of office Prime Minister Refs

Took office Left office

1

Burhanuddin al-Helmy (1911–1969) MP for Besut

PMIP 1959 1964

Tunku Abdul Rahman

2

Tan Chee Khoon (1919–1996) MP for Batu

SF (LPM) 1964 1969

- Position vacant 1969 1971

Abdul Razak Hussein

3

Mohamed Asri Muda (1923–1992) MP for Pasir Puteh

PMIP 1971 1973

4

Lim Kit Siang (b. 1941) MP for Bandar Malacca

DAP 30 January 1973 31 July 1974 [2]

5

James Wong (1922–2011) MP for Miri-Lubis

SNAP 1974 1974

6

Edmund Langgu Saga (b. 1936) MP for Saratok

SNAP 4 November 1974 4 November 1975 [3]

(4)

Lim Kit Siang (b. 1941) MP for Kota Melaka (1975-1978) MP for Petaling (1978–1982) MP for Kota Melaka (1982-1986) MP for Tanjong (1986–1999)

DAP 4 November 1975 12 June 1978 [4]

Hussein Onn

31 July 1978 29 March 1982 [5]

Mahathir Mohamad

10 July 1982 19 July 1986 [6]

8 October 1986 4 October 1990 [7]

10 December 1990 6 April 1995 [8]

15 June 1995 10 November 1999 [9]

7

Fadzil Noor (1937–2002) MP for Pendang

PAS 20 December 1999 23 June 2002 [10]

8

Abdul Hadi Awang (b. 1947) MP for Marang

PAS 9 September 2002 4 March 2004 [11]

Abdullah Ahmad Badawi

(4)

Lim Kit Siang (b. 1941) MP for Ipoh Timor

DAP 19 May 2004 13 February 2008 [12]

9

Wan Azizah Wan Ismail (b. 1952) MP for Permatang Pauh

PKR 30 April 2008 28 August 2008 [13][14]

10

Anwar Ibrahim (b. 1947) MP for Permatang Pauh

PKR 28 August 2008 3 April 2013 [15]

Najib Razak

26 June 2013 16 March 2015 [16][17]

(9)

Wan Azizah Wan Ismail (b. 1952) MP for Permatang Pauh

PKR 18 May 2015 Incumbent [18]

References[edit]

^ "www.parlimen.gov.my" (PDF). Retrieved 2015-10-06.  ^ Hansard
Hansard
- 30 January 1973 ^ Hansard
Hansard
- 4 November 1974 ^ Hansard
Hansard
- 5 November 1975 ^ Hansard
Hansard
- 10 October 1978 ^ Hansard
Hansard
- 12 October 1982 ^ Hansard
Hansard
- 8 October 1986 ^ Hansard
Hansard
- 10 December 1990 ^ Hansard
Hansard
- 15 June 1995 ^ Hansard
Hansard
- 20 December 1999 ^ Hansard
Hansard
- 9 September 2002 ^ Hansard
Hansard
- 19 May 2004 ^ Hansard
Hansard
- 30 April 2008 ^ "PKR president poised to make history as first woman Opposition Leader". The Star. 20 March 2008. Archived from the original on 21 May 2011. Retrieved 21 March 2008.  ^ Hansard
Hansard
- 28 August 2008 ^ Hansard
Hansard
- 26 June 2013 ^ "Anwar disqualified as MP since Mar 16, says speaker". The Malaysian Times. 1 April 2015. Retrieved 3 April 2015.  ^ Hansard
Hansard
- 18 May 2015

v t e

Parliament of Malaysia

Components

Yang di-Pertuan Agong
Yang di-Pertuan Agong
(King) Dewan Negara
Dewan Negara
(Senate) Dewan Rakyat
Dewan Rakyat
(House of Representatives)

Parliamentary officers

Dewan Negara

President of the Dewan Negara Deputy President of the Dewan Negara Secretary of the Dewan Negara Leader of the Government in the Dewan Negara Manager of Government Business in the Dewan Negara Leader of the Opposition in the Dewan Negara Manager of Opposition Business in the Dewan Negara Whips (list)

Dewan Rakyat

Speaker of the Dewan Rakyat Deputy Speaker of the Dewan Rakyat Secretary of the Dewan Rakyat Leader of the Dewan Rakyat Leader of the Opposition Manager of Opposition Business in the Dewan Rakyat Whips (list)

Members

Dewan Negara

Current Women

Dewan Rakyat

Current Women

Procedure

Royal Address Joint meetings Question time Standing orders Order Paper Hansard Readings of bills Act of Parliament Question time Royal assent Committees: Dewan Negara  Dewan Rakyat

Elections

Current First-past-the-post voting Electoral districts List of the winning political parties in the Malaysian general election by parliamentary constituency By-elections Caretaker government

Locations

Malaysian Houses of Parliament
Malaysian Houses of Parliament
(1963–present) Tunku Abdul Rahman
Tunku Abdul Rahman
Hall

.