The Info List - Leadenhall Building

--- Advertisement ---

122 Leadenhall Street
Leadenhall Street
is an address on Leadenhall Street
Leadenhall Street
in London where the 225 m (737 ft) tall Leadenhall Building is located. The commercial skyscraper, opened in July 2014, is designed by Rogers Stirk Harbour + Partners and informally known as "The Cheesegrater" because of its distinctive wedge shape.[2] It is one of a number of new tall buildings recently completed or under construction in the City of London
financial district, including 20 Fenchurch Street, The Pinnacle, and an unnamed project at 52–54 Lime Street. The site is adjacent to the Lloyd's building, also designed by Rogers, which is the current home of the insurance market Lloyd's of London.[2] Until 2007 the Leadenhall site was occupied by a building owned by the developer British Land
British Land
and designed by Gollins Melvin Ward Partnership that was constructed in the 1960s. That building was demolished in preparation for redevelopment of the site. By December 2009, the site was cleared but construction had stalled. The project, initially delayed due to the financial crisis, was revived in October 2010 and Oxford Properties
Oxford Properties
is now co-developing the property in partnership with British Land.[3]


1 History 2 Previous building 3 The Leadenhall Building 4 Tenancy

4.1 List of tenants

5 See also 6 References 7 External links

History[edit] Prior to the site's previous redevelopment in the 1960s, it had been used as the head office of the Peninsular and Oriental Steam Navigation Company (P&O) for over a century. Since 1840, P&O had worked in the rent-free offices of Willcox & Anderson. However, business east of the Gulf of Suez
Gulf of Suez
increased in the late-1840s resulting in the company needing newer and larger offices. It was the P&O directors' obligation to provide new space. In November 1845, the King's Arms inn and hotel at 122 Leadenhall Street
Leadenhall Street
was put up for sale. The freehold was bought by P&O for £7,250, which then commissioned an architect, Beachcroft, to design a new building. The cost of the new building was estimated at £8,000. In March 1848, P&O moved into the new office.[4] In 1854, P&O unsuccessfully attempted to purchase the neighbouring building at 121 Leadenhall Street, however they were eventually able to take a lease from the charity which held it. They also bought leases of 80 years from St. Thomas's Hospital on the residential properties at Nos. 123, 124 and 125 Leadenhall Street
Leadenhall Street
which were demolished to create a new frontage at No. 122. The new building provided more office space, some of which was for rent, and a spacious new courtyard.[4] By the mid-1960s P&O needed to redevelop the site to provide increased office space again. At the same time, the Commercial Union Assurance Company was also planning a redevelopment on an adjacent site on the corner of St. Mary Axe. However, due to a number of issues affecting both sites, notably poor access to the Commercial Union site and the restricted width of the P&O site, it was not possible to obtain planning consents that would optimise the amount of floor space desired by either company. As a result, the two companies decided to participate in a joint development that would involve the reallocation of site boundaries and the creation of an open concourse area at the junction of Leadenhall Street
Leadenhall Street
and St. Mary Axe. Both companies would have frontages to the new concourse and would retain site areas equivalent to those enclosed by the original boundaries. Previous building[edit]

The 1969 building at 122 Leadenhall Street
Leadenhall Street
in a black and white photograph taken in 2007

When completed in 1969, the building at 122 Leadenhall Street
Leadenhall Street
was 54 m (177 ft) tall with 14 storeys above and three storeys under ground.[5] It was originally designed as a pair with the Commercial Union headquarters (now called St. Helen's) by the architects Gollins Melvin Ward Partnership. The two buildings have a central compressional concrete core and have suspended floors which hang using the steel 'chords' visible on the exterior of the building, which are hung from power trusses at the top of the building (and in the case of No. 1 Undershaft, a further central power-truss). It is an example of a tension structure; at the time, it was considered one of the most complex glass-fronted buildings in the United Kingdom. The architect acknowledged the influence of Mies van der Rohe. The building was extensively damaged by an IRA bomb in the early-1990s and subsequently had to be reclad. It was occupied by various tenants until November 2006, including the Italian International Bank and Calyon.

The 1969 building undergoing demolition in 2007

In 2007–08, the building was demolished to make way for a new development designed by Richard Rogers. The demolition was undertaken by McGee Group Ltd, with Bovis Lend Lease
Bovis Lend Lease
acting as construction manager. The contract value was £16 million. The first phase of demolition was conventional: after securing the site, the contractors performed a soft strip of the interior and an asbestos survey prior to demolishing the low level structures up to podium level. After this, the suspended structure of the building required an unconventional demolition approach that successively dismantled each office floor from the lowest upwards. To achieve this, the contractors installed a structural deck that acted both as a work platform for the demolition work and as a safety barrier. This was jacked upwards as each successive office floor was removed. When all the office floors and upper support trusses had been removed, the concrete core was de-stressed and demolished. Concurrently, the 25,000 cubic metre basement was propped and excavated. The contract took just over two years to complete.[6] The Leadenhall Building[edit] Designed by Richard Rogers
Richard Rogers
and developed by British Land
British Land
and Oxford Properties, the new Leadenhall Building is 225 m (737 ft) tall, with 48 floors. With its distinctive wedge-shaped profile it has been nicknamed the Cheesegrater,[7][8] a name originally given to it by the City of London
Corporation's chief planning officer, Peter Rees, who upon seeing a model of the concept "told Richard Rogers
Richard Rogers
I could imagine his wife using it to grate parmesan. [The name] stuck."[9] The planning application was submitted to the City of London Corporation in February 2004 and was approved in May 2005.[10] In 2006 Scheme Design (RIBA Stage D) started. In a statement made to the London
Stock Exchange on 14 August 2008, British Land
British Land
said it was delaying the project, which was due to start in October 2010.[11] On 22 December 2010, the developer announced the project was moving forward with contracts being signed for the 50/50 joint venture with Oxford Properties.[8] The new tower features a tapered glass façade on one side which reveals steel bracings, along with a ladder frame to emphasize the vertical appearance of the building. It also appears to anchor the tower to the ground, giving a sense of strength. Unlike other tall buildings, which typically use a concrete core to provide stability, the steel megaframe, engineered by Arup, provides stability to the entire structure and is the world's tallest of its kind. The base features a 30m high atrium. This will be open to the public and will extend the adjacent plaza. The flat side of the building is also encased in glass, and houses the mechanical services – in particular the elevator shafts. These have been turned into an architectural feature in a vein similar to the neighboring Lloyd's building
Lloyd's building
– they deliberately show off the elevator machinery with bright orange painted counterweights and the actual elevator motors themselves. This unusual design's main drawback is the building's relatively small floorspace (84,424 m²) for a building of its height. However, it is hoped that the slanting wedge-shaped design will have less impact on the protected sightline of St Paul's Cathedral
St Paul's Cathedral
when viewed from Fleet Street and the west. The development is expected to cost approximately £286 million.[12] In July 2011, British Land
British Land
and Oxford Properties
Oxford Properties
announced that Laing O'Rourke was the main contractor for the works of the new Leadenhall Building. Throughout 2011, construction began with the basement floors. By December 2012, the steelwork had progressed up to the fifth mega-level, with topping out expected in February or March. The glass cladding had also begun to rise. By June 2013, the steelwork of the building was completely topped out with the glass cladding covering almost half the building. The construction of the building was the subject of an episode of the Super Skyscrapers documentary series by the American television channel PBS
in February 2014.[13] Tenancy[edit] The development has succeeded in attracting tenants, especially in contrast to the nearby part-built Pinnacle and completed Heron Tower. In May 2011, it was announced that the lower 10 floors of the Leadenhall Building have been pre-let to insurance broker Aon, which moved its global headquarters to London
from Chicago.[14] Insurance group Amlin has also agreed terms on a 20-year lease of the 18th to 24th floors as well as the top floor — the 45th — from March 2015, for a total of 111,000 sq ft of office space.[15] List of tenants[edit]

This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (February 2018) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)

Aegon Affinity Amlin Aon Brit Insurance Clydesdale Bank DRW FM Global Fidelis IPSoft Kames Capital OMERS Petredec Quadrature Rothsay Life RSHP Sabadell Servcorp

See also[edit]

portal Architecture portal

City of London
landmarks Leadenhall Market List of tallest buildings and structures in London


^ "Planning Applications". City of London. 04/00111/FULEIA – Documents > South Elevation. Retrieved 6 December 2013.  ^ a b Booth, Robert (13 August 2014). "Inside the Cheesegrater – London's latest skyscraper". The Guardian. Retrieved 18 August 2014.  ^ " British Land
British Land
and Oxford Properties
Oxford Properties
Announce Completion of Joint Venture Agreement to Develop 610,000 sq ft Leadenhall Building". British Land. 22 December 2010. Retrieved 6 December 2010.  ^ a b Freda Harcourt; Edward Harcourt, Sarah Palmer (2006). Flagships of Imperialism: the P&O Company and the politics of empire from its origins to 1867. Manchester
University Press. ISBN 0-7190-7393-6.  ^ 122 Leadenhall Street
Leadenhall Street
at Emporis ^ Case study McGee ^ "Building 49 – The Leadenhall Building". SkyscraperNews.com. 11 July 2007. Archived from the original on 5 August 2007. Retrieved 3 August 2007.  ^ a b " British Land
British Land
and Oxford Properties
Oxford Properties
Announce Completion of Joint Venture Agreement to Develop 610,000 sq ft Leadenhall Building". Retrieved 23 September 2011.  ^ The Cheesegrater: Richard Rogers
Richard Rogers
sprinkles the Square Mile Art and design. The Guardian. Retrieved on 26 July 2013. ^ "Planning Applications". City of London. 04/00111/FULEIA. Retrieved 6 December 2013.  ^ Hipwell, Deirdre (23 October 2010). "Canadians join British Land
British Land
to build the 'Cheese Grater'". The Independent. London. Archived from the original on 24 October 2010. Retrieved 23 October 2010.  ^ E-architect: 122 Leadenhall Street ^ Building the Future PBS. Retrieved: 12 February 2014. ^ British Land
British Land
pre-lets 10 floors of office space to Aon in the Cheese Grater
building ^ Insurer Amlin rents space in the Cheesegrater. Telegraph. Retrieved on 26 July 2013.

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to 122 Leadenhall Street.

Information on the 1969 building

Coordinates: 51°30′50″N 0°04′56″W / 51.5139°N 0.0822°W / 51.5139; -0.0822

v t e

Skyscrapers over 140 metres in the United Kingdom



West Tower


10 Upper Bank Street 20 Fenchurch Street 22 Marsh Wall 25 Bank Street 30 St. Mary Axe 40 Bank Street 8 Canada Square Baltimore Tower Broadgate Tower BT Tower Citigroup Centre Guy's Hospital
Guy's Hospital
Tower Heron Tower Leadenhall Building One Canada Square One Churchill Place Pan Peninsula The Shard South Bank Tower St George Wharf Tower Strata SE1 Tower 42


Beetham Tower

Under construction


1 Blackfriars 100 Bishopsgate 22 Bishopsgate 250 City Road
250 City Road
Tower 1 Canada Water Building C4 Heron Quays West Highpoint Landmark Pinnacle Maine Tower Manhattan Loft Gardens Newfoundland Quay One Nine Elms
One Nine Elms
1 & 2 Principal Tower The Scalpel South Quay Plaza Wardian East & West Towers


Deansgate Square
Deansgate Square
(South, East and West Towers)



Regal Tower


1 Leadenhall Street 40 Leadenhall Street 69-71 Bondway North Quay One Park Drive Principal Place Riverside South Spire London Wood Wharf


Deansgate Square
Deansgate Square
(North Tower) Piccadilly
Tower St. John's Tower Trinity Islands (Towers V and X)



Shanghai Tower

v t e


Buildings and structures


Albert Bridge Blackfriars Bridge Hungerford Bridge and Golden Jubilee Bridges Lambeth Bridge London
Bridge Millennium Footbridge Southwark Bridge Tower Bridge Vauxhall Bridge Waterloo Bridge Westminster Bridge

Entertainment venues


Empire, Leicester Square BFI IMAX Odeon, Leicester Square

Football stadia

Wembley Stadium
Wembley Stadium
(national stadium) Craven Cottage
Craven Cottage
(Fulham) The Den
The Den
(Millwall) Emirates Stadium
Emirates Stadium
(Arsenal) Loftus Road
Loftus Road
(Queens Park Rangers) London
Stadium (West Ham United) Selhurst Park
Selhurst Park
(Crystal Palace) Stamford Bridge (Chelsea) The Valley (Charlton Athletic) White Hart Lane
White Hart Lane
(Tottenham Hotspur)

Other major sports venues

All England Lawn Tennis and Croquet Club The Championship Course
The Championship Course
(rowing) Crystal Palace National Sports Centre Lord's
(cricket) Queen Elizabeth Olympic Park The Oval
The Oval
(cricket) Twickenham Stadium
Twickenham Stadium


Adelphi Apollo Victoria Coliseum Criterion Dominion Lyceum Old Vic Palladium Royal National Theatre Royal Opera House Shakespeare's Globe Theatre Royal, Drury Lane Theatre Royal Haymarket Vaudeville


Alexandra Palace Brixton Academy ExCeL Hammersmith Apollo O2 Arena Royal Albert Hall Royal Festival Hall Wembley Arena


10 Downing Street Admiralty Arch Bank of England City Hall County Hall Guildhall Horse Guards Mansion House National Archives Old Bailey Palace of Westminster Royal Courts of Justice Scotland Yard SIS Building

Museums and galleries

British Museum Cutty Sark Golden Hinde HMS Belfast Imperial War Museum Madame Tussauds Museum of London National Gallery National Maritime Museum Natural History Museum Royal Academy of Arts Royal Observatory Science Museum Tate Britain Tate Modern Tower of London Victoria and Albert Museum

Places of worship

All Hallows-by-the-Tower BAPS Shri Swaminarayan Mandir Bevis Marks Synagogue Methodist Central Hall Regent's Park
Regent's Park
Mosque St Martin-in-the-Fields St Mary-le-Bow St Paul's Cathedral Southwark Cathedral Westminster Abbey Westminster Cathedral



Fortnum & Mason Hamleys Harrods Liberty Peter Jones Selfridges

Shopping centres and markets

Borough Market Brent Cross Burlington Arcade Kensington Arcade Leadenhall Market The Mall Wood Green One New Change Petticoat Lane Market Royal Exchange Westfield London Westfield Stratford City

Royal buildings

Partly occupied by the Royal Family

Buckingham Palace Clarence House Kensington Palace St James's Palace


Banqueting House Hampton Court Palace Kew Palace The Queen's Gallery Royal Mews, Buckingham Palace


Broadgate Tower 1 Canada Square 8 Canada Square 25 Canada Square 1 Churchill Place 20 Fenchurch Street Heron Tower Leadenhall Building The Shard St George Wharf Tower 30 St Mary Axe Tower 42


Albert Memorial ArcelorMittal Orbit Big Ben Cleopatra's Needle Crystal Palace transmitting station London
Eye London
Wall Marble Arch The Monument Nelson's Column Shaftesbury Memorial Fountain
Shaftesbury Memorial Fountain
("Eros") Thames Barrier Wellington Arch


City Airport Heathrow Airport Charing Cross station Clapham Junction station Euston station King's Cross station Liverpool
Street station London
Bridge station Paddington station St Pancras station Stratford station Victoria station Waterloo station Victoria Coach Station Emirates Air Line cable car


Barbican Estate Battersea Power Station British Library BT Tower Kew Gardens Lambeth Palace Lloyd's building London
Zoo Oxo Tower St Bartholomew's Hospital Smithfield Market Somerset House


Royal Parks

Bushy Park Green Park Greenwich Park Hampton Court Park Hyde Park Kensington Gardens Regent's Park Richmond Park St. James's Park


Battersea Park Burgess Park Clapham Common College Green Epping Forest Finsbury Park Gunnersbury Park Hampstead Heath Holland Park Mitcham Common Osterley Park Trent Park Victoria Park Wandsworth Common Wimbledon Common

Squares and public spaces

Covent Garden Horse Guards Parade Leicester Square Oxford Circus Parliament Square Piccadilly
Circus Sloane Square Trafalgar Square


Aldwych Baker Street Bishopsgate Bond Street Carnaby Street Chancery Lane Charing Cross Road Cheapside Cornhill Denmark Street Fenchurch Street Fleet Street Haymarket Jermyn Street Kensington High Street King's Road Lombard Street The Mall Oxford Street Park Lane Piccadilly Portobello Road Regent Street Shaftesbury Avenue Sloane Street Strand Tottenham Court Road Victoria Embankment Whitehall

v t e

Approved and current major construction projects in London

Development sites

Battersea Power Station Brent Cross Cricklewood Canary Wharf's New District Chelsea Barracks Cherry Orchard Road Convoys Wharf Earl's Court Elephant and Castle
Elephant and Castle
(Heygate Estate) Meridian Water Embassy Gardens Greenwich Peninsula Kidbrooke
Village King's Cross Central Lewisham Gateway London
Riverside Northumberland Development Project One Tower Bridge Olympic Park (East Village) Paddington Waterside Royal Albert Dock Ruskin Square Southall Gas Works Wembley City Westfield Croydon Westfield London
Phase 2


One Blackfriars 22 Bishopsgate 40 Leadenhall Street 100 Bishopsgate Baltimore Tower Heron Quays West Landmark Pinnacle One Landsdown Road North Quay One Park Place Principal Place Riverside South Spire London St George Wharf Tower The Scalpel


( Bond Street
Bond Street
station, Paddington station, Tottenham Court Road station) High Speed 2 Northern line extension to Battersea London
Power Tunnels Thameslink Programme
Thameslink Programme
(Farringdon station, London
Bridge station) Thames Tideway Tunnel Victoria U