The Info List - Le Figaro

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Le Figaro
Le Figaro
(French pronunciation: ​[lə fiɡaʁo]) is a French daily morning newspaper founded in 1826 and published in Paris.[4] Le Figaro is the oldest national daily in France and is one of the two French newspapers of record, along with Le Monde.[4] With its center-right editorial line, Le Figaro
Le Figaro
is the second-largest national newspaper in France after Le Parisien
Le Parisien
and before Le Monde, although some regional papers such as Ouest-France
have larger circulations. In 2012, the paper had an average circulation of 330,952 copies per issue.[5] The paper is published in the berliner format, switching from a broadsheet in 2009. The newspaper is owned by Le Figaro
Le Figaro
Group, whose publications include TV Magazine and Evene. The company's chairman is Serge Dassault, whose Dassault Group has controlled the paper since 2004.[6]


1 History 2 Logo 3 Editorial stance and controversies 4 Circulation history 5 See also 6 References 7 Further reading 8 External links


6th issue, 20 January 1826

Share of the Société du Figaro, issued 13 June 1923

Front page of Le Figaro, 4 August 1914

Figaro Illustré 01-08-1906

Le Figaro
Le Figaro
was founded as a satirical weekly in 1826,[7][8] taking its name and motto from Le Mariage de Figaro, the 1778 play by Pierre Beaumarchais that poked fun at privilege. Its motto, from Figaro's monologue in the play's final act, is "Sans la liberté de blâmer, il n'est point d'éloge flatteur" ("Without the freedom to criticise, there is no true praise"). In 1833, editor Nestor Roqueplan
Nestor Roqueplan
fought a duel with a Colonel Gallois, who was offended by an article in Le Figaro, and was wounded but recovered.[9] Albert Wolff, Émile Zola, Alphonse Karr, and Jules Claretie
Jules Claretie
were among the paper's early contributors. It was published somewhat irregularly until 1854, when it was taken over by Hippolyte de Villemessant. In 1866, Le Figaro
Le Figaro
became a daily newspaper.[10] Its first daily edition, that of 16 November 1866, sold 56,000 copies, having highest circulation of any newspaper in France. Its editorial line was royalist.[11] On 16 March 1914, Gaston Calmette, the editor of Le Figaro, was assassinated by Henriette Caillaux, the wife of Finance Minister Joseph Caillaux, after he published a letter that cast serious doubt on her husband's integrity.[12] In 1922, Le Figaro
Le Figaro
was purchased by perfume millionaire François Coty.[13] Abel Faivre
Abel Faivre
did cartoons for the paper.[14] By the start of World War II, Le Figaro
Le Figaro
had become France's leading newspaper. After the war, it became the voice of the upper middle class, and continues to maintain a conservative position. In 1975, Le Figaro
Le Figaro
was bought by Robert Hersant's Socpresse. In 1999, the Carlyle Group
Carlyle Group
obtained a 40% stake in the paper, which it later sold in March 2002. Since March 2004, Le Figaro
Le Figaro
has been controlled by Serge Dassault,[7] a conservative businessman and politician best known for running the aircraft manufacturer Dassault Aviation, which he inherited from his father, its founder, Marcel Dassault (1892–1986). Dassault owns 80% of the paper.[7] In 2006, Le Figaro
Le Figaro
was banned in Egypt
and Tunisia
for publishing articles allegedly insulting Islam.[15][16] Le Figaro
Le Figaro
switched to Berliner format in 2009.[17] The paper has published The New York Times
The New York Times
International Weekly on Friday since 2009, an 8-page supplement featuring a selection of articles from The New York Times translated into French. In 2010, Lefigaro.fr created a section called Le Figaro
Le Figaro
in English,[18] which provides the global English-speaking community with daily original or translated content from Le Figaro’s website. The section ended in 2012.[19] Logo[edit]

Logo during the 1820s

Logo since the 1920s

Editorial stance and controversies[edit] Le Figaro
Le Figaro
has traditionally held a conservative editorial stance, becoming the voice of the French upper and middle classes.[6] The newspaper's ownership by Serge Dassault
Serge Dassault
has been a source of controversy in terms of conflict-of-interest, as Dassault also owns a major military supplier and has served in political positions from the Union for a Popular Movement
Union for a Popular Movement
party. His son Olivier Dassault
Olivier Dassault
is a member of the French National Assembly.[20] Dassault has remarked in an interview in 2004 on the public radio station France Inter
France Inter
that "newspapers must promulgate healthy ideas" and that "left-wing ideas are not healthy ideas."[21] In February 2012, a general assembly of the newspaper's journalists adopted a motion accusing the paper's managing editor, Étienne Mougeotte, of having made Le Figaro
Le Figaro
into the "bulletin" of the governing party, the Union for a Popular Movement, of the government and of President Nicolas Sarkozy. They requested more pluralism and "honesty" and accused the paper of one-sided political reporting. Mougeotte had previously said that Le Figaro
Le Figaro
would do nothing to embarrass the government and the right.[22][23][24] Mougeotte publicly replied: "Our editorial line pleases our readers as it is, it works. I don't see why I should change it. [...] We are a right-wing newspaper and we express it clearly, by the way. Our readers know it, our journalists too. There's nothing new to that!"[1] Circulation history[edit] In the period of 1995–96, the paper had a circulation of 391,533 copies, behind Le Parisien's 451,159 copies.[5]

Year 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

Circulation 366,690 360,909 366,529 369,108 369,706 365,083 337,118 332,818 338,618 330,482 323,991 325,509 329,367 330,952

See also[edit]

Journalism portal Paris

Libération Madame Figaro


^ a b ""Le Figaro" : Mougeotte répond aux critiques de ses journalistes", Le Nouvel Observateur, 10 February 2012 ^ a b Raymond Kuh,The Media in France. Routledge, London and New York, 1995. Retrieved 4 September 2016. ^ " Le Figaro
Le Figaro
media kit 2015 v3" (PDF). September 2015. Retrieved 5 February 2016.  ^ a b " Le Figaro
Le Figaro
- French newspaper".  ^ a b Media Policy: Convergence, Concentration & Commerce. SAGE Publications. 24 September 1998. p. 10. ISBN 978-1-4462-6524-6. Retrieved 3 February 2014.  ^ a b "The press in France". 11 November 2006 – via news.bbc.co.uk.  ^ a b c "The press in France". BBC. 11 November 2006. Retrieved 22 November 2014.  ^ "Media Landscape Media Claims" (PDF). European Social Survey. May 2014. Archived from the original (PDF) on 16 August 2014. Retrieved 12 January 2015.  ^ Millingen, J.G. (2004). The History of Dueling Including Narratives of the Most Remarkable Encounters.  ^ "Historical development of the media in France" (PDF). McGraw-Hill Education. Retrieved 24 February 2015.  ^ Alan Grubb, The Politics of Pessimism: Albert de Broglie and Conservative Politics in the Early Third Republic ^ Sarah Sissmann and Christophe Barbier, "Une épouse outragée" Archived 3 July 2006 at the Wayback Machine., L'Express, 30 August 2004. Retrieved 27 January 2007. ^ Janet Flanner (3 May 1930),"Perfume and Politics", The New Yorker. Republished 7 May 2005. Retrieved 27 January 2007. ^ "Deposit Your Gold for France. Gold Fights for Victory". World Digital Library. 1915. Retrieved 26 October 2013.  ^ "The impact of blasphemy laws on human Rights" (Policy Brief). Freedom House. Retrieved 29 September 2013.  ^ "Tunisia, Egypt
ban newspaper editions on controversy over pope's comments". CPJ. New York. 27 September 2006. Retrieved 29 September 2013.  ^ "Le Figaro". Euro Topics. Retrieved 25 February 2015.  ^ "Mon Figaro - Cercle - Le Figaro
Le Figaro
in English - articles". Le Figaro. Retrieved 5 July 2012.  ^ "Mon Figaro - This Week's Top Stories from France". Le Figaro. 26 April 2012. Retrieved 5 July 2012.  ^ "Dassault se sépare d'Yves de Chaisemartin", Le Figaro, 1 October 2004. Retrieved 27 January 2007. ^ "M. Dassault veut une presse aux « idées saines »", Le Monde, 12 December 2004. Retrieved 27 January 2007. ^ ""Le Figaro" n'est pas "le bulletin d'un parti"", Le Monde, 9 February 2012 ^ "La question du jour. "Le Figaro" est-il un journal d'opinion ou un "bulletin" de l'UMP?", Le Nouvel Observateur, 10 February 2012 ^ "Présidentielle : les journalistes du Figaro réclament un journal plus « honnête »", Rue89, 9 February 2012

Further reading[edit]

Merrill, John C. and Harold A. Fisher. The world's great dailies: profiles of fifty newspapers (1980) pp 124–29

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Le Figaro.

Le Figaro
Le Figaro
website (in French) Le Figaro
Le Figaro
digital archives from 1826 to 1942 in Gallica, the digital library of the BnF

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WorldCat Identities VIAF: 183854137 ISNI: 0000 0004 0634 7128 GND: 4113556-8 SUDOC: 184103258 BNF: