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LEżAJSK (full name THE FREE ROYAL CITY OF LEżAJSK, Polish : Wolne Królewskie Miasto Leżajsk; Ukrainian : Лежайськ, Lezhais’k; Yiddish : ליזשענסק-Lizhensk‎) is a town in southeastern Poland
Poland
with 14,507 inhabitants. It has been situated in the Subcarpathian Voivodship since 1999 and is the capital of Leżajsk County .

Leżajsk
Leżajsk
is famed for its Bernadine basilica and monastery , built by the architect Antonio Pellacini. The basilica contains a highly regarded pipe organ from the second half of the 17th century and organ recitals take place there. It stands as one of Poland's official national Historic Monuments ( Pomnik historii ), as designated April 20, 2005, and tracked by the National Heritage Board of Poland
Poland
. Leżajsk
Leżajsk
is also home of the Leżajsk
Leżajsk
brewery . The town is crossed by a forest creek ‘Jagoda’.

The Jewish cemetery in Leżajsk
Leżajsk
is a place of pilgrimage for Jews from all over the world, who come to visit the tomb of Elimelech , the great 18th century Hasidic Rebbe. From the early 1500's until the advent of World War II
World War II
and the Holocaust, there was a major Jewish presence in Leżajsk. After the Jewish expulsions from Spain in 1492, many Jews ended up in Leżajsk. According to the census of 1764, the community numbered 909 people, and by the turn of the 20th century, there were 1,700 Jews in the community. When the German Nazis arrived in Leżajsk
Leżajsk
in September 1939, almost all Jews in the town were brought to the Soviet-Occupied zone, where they were later massacred by the Einsatzgruppen
Einsatzgruppen
.

The development of Lezajsk was slow, due to numerous and devastating Tatar and Wallachian raids, which took place in 1498, 1500, 1509, 1519 and 1524. Following these raids, Polish kings granted several privileges to the looted town, and finally, on September 23, 1524 in Lviv
Lviv
, King Sigismund I the Old
Sigismund I the Old
decided to move Lezajsk to a new location, which was easier to defend. The town was moved some 5 kilometers south-west, and its new name was Lezajsk Zygmuntowski. During the reign of Sigismund II Augustus
Sigismund II Augustus
, Lezajsk prospered due to protection of its governor , Krzysztof Szydłowiecki (Odrowaz coat of arms ), who was Crown Chancellor. In 1608, Bernadine monks from nearby Przeworsk were brought to Lezajsk by Bishop of Przemyśl
Przemyśl
, and two years later, first brick church was built. In 1624 Lezajsk was looted and burned by Crimean Tatars
Crimean Tatars
and subsequent Swedish invasion of Poland (1655 - 1660) brought more destruction.

Following the first partition of Poland
Poland
(1772), Lezajsk was annexed by the Habsburg Empire
Habsburg Empire
, and remained in Austrian Galicia until November 1918. In 1809, the town was captured by the Duchy of Warsaw
Duchy of Warsaw
, but soon afterwards, it was retaken by Austrians. In 1896-1900, a rail line connecting Lezajsk with Przeworsk and Rozwadow was completed. The town suffered during World War I
World War I
, as Austro-Hungarian and Russian armies fought here in 1914 and 1915. Lezajsk was occupied by Russians between November 1914 and May 1915.

In the Second Polish Republic
Second Polish Republic
, Lezajsk belonged to Lwow Voivodeship . In July 1929, the town was visited by President Ignacy Moscicki
Ignacy Moscicki
. On September 13, 1939, Lezajsk was captured by the Wehrmacht
Wehrmacht
. During World War II
World War II
, the Home Army
Home Army
was very active in the area, and on May 28, 1943, Germans shot 43 residents of the town. Lezajsk was captured by the Home Army
Home Army
on July 27, 1944.

CONTENTS

* 1 Gallery * 2 Historical Sites * 3 Notable people * 4 References * 5 External links

GALLERY

*

The façade of the basilica *

The famous organ in the basilica *

Leżajsk
Leżajsk
museum *

Basilica
Basilica
and Bernardine Convent *

Historic Orthodox church

HISTORICAL SITES

* The Holy Trinity and All Saints' Parish Church * The Bernardine Order Monastery
Monastery
and Church Complex * The Former Greek Catholic Parish Church under the invocation of Holy Virgin's Rest, currently known as the Succursal Roman Catholic Church * The Jewish Cemetery
Cemetery
at Górna Street, established in the 18th century. In the cemetery is the tomb of Rabbi Elimelech Weissblum . * The Town Hall, 1 Rynek Street * The Arsenal, Furgalskiego Street, the 19th century * The Municipal Public Library. The library was erected before 1914 as a social and culture club of the "Proświta" Ukrainian Association, and has functioned as the library since 1956. * The Former Palace, 4 Furgalskiego Street

NOTABLE PEOPLE

* Rabbi Elimelech Weisblum (1717–1787), one of the Hasidic movement's founding Rebbes. * Count Jan Potocki
Jan Potocki
(1761–1815), capitan, engineer of the Crown Army, ethnologist, Egyptologist, linguist, and author.

REFERENCES

* " Leżajsk
Leżajsk
Official Website". (in Polish ) © 2003 Urząd Miejski w Leżajsku. Retrieved 2008-10-22.

Notes

* ^ Demographic Yearbook of Poland
Poland
2012 * ^ "Jewish Cemeteries in Poland". © 2004-2008, translated by Joanna Kołdras, Andrzej Fister-Stoga. Retrieved 2008-11-01. * ^ "YIVO Leżajsk". www.yivoencyclopedia.org. Retrieved 2017-03-22. * ^ Maurycy Horn, Żydzi na Rusi Czerwonej w XVI i pierwszej połowie XVII w. (Warsaw, 1975);.

EXTERNAL LINKS

* Rabbi Elimelech of Lezajsk *

.