HOME
The Info List - Layard's Palm Squirrel





Funambulus
Funambulus
layardi Robinson, 1917 Sciurus layardi Blyth, 1849 Tamoides layardi Phillips, 1935 subsp. layardi Tamoides layardi Phillips, 1935 subsp. signatus

Layard's palm squirrel
Layard's palm squirrel
or flame-striped jungle squirrel (Funambulus layardi) is a species of rodents in the family Sciuridae
Sciuridae
endemic to Sri Lanka. The validity of the subspecies F. l. dravidianus based on a single specimen from the southern tip of India
India
has been questioned,[3] and is probably a juvenile F. sublineatus.[1] Known as මූකලන් ලේනා (mukalan lena) in Sinhala.

Contents

1 Distribution 2 Description 3 Habitat & Ecology 4 Diet 5 Reproduction 6 Conservation 7 References

Distribution[edit] Endemic
Endemic
to island of Sri Lanka, this little beautiful creature can be seen in central highlands only. Few observations are known out of central hills, such as from Trincomalee
Trincomalee
and Matara districts, but it remains unresolved. It can be seen in Knuckles mountain range
Knuckles mountain range
and other high altitude ranges in western basin of the central hills. Description[edit] Its head and body length is 12–17 cm, with a 14-cm tail. In color, it is blackish brown with three stripes on its dorsum; the central stripe is broadest and longest with an orange hue in F. signatus, yellow in F. layardi. Its underparts are reddish orange in color, and its snout is small.[4] Tail bushy and blackish brown with some red in it. Some individuals also possess some grizzling appearance on it. Fur is soft, short and dense.[5] Habitat & Ecology[edit] Its natural habitat is subtropical and tropical moist lowland forests or subtropical and tropical moist montane forests. It is threatened by habitat loss. It is a diurnal species as other squirrels of the genus and forage in full daytime. They are found on canopy level in forests, where they spend little time on ground. With night falls, they start to become noisy. The main predators of this little creature are snakes, raptor birds, civets and small cats. Mongooses are fairly can be predotors when they land onto ground floor. Diet[edit] Unlike other squirrels, they are slightly omnivores that eat fruits, young shoots, nuts and also insects when herbivore diets scarce. Reproduction[edit] They live as a pair until death, so pair-bonding is high. About 3 offspring are produced per time within a nest made by grass, leaves and fiber plant parts in forest canopy. Breeding season is change with the rainy seasons.[5] Conservation[edit] They are protected under the law and strictly prohibited of catching and hunting. But logging, and habitat destruction are the major threats for their lives. The population is declining in each year. References[edit]

^ a b de A. Goonatilake, W. I. L. D. P. T. S.; Nameer, P. O. & Molur, S. (2008). " Funambulus
Funambulus
layardi". IUCN Red List
IUCN Red List
of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 6 January 2009.  ^ Thorington, R.W., Jr.; Hoffmann, R.S. (2005). "Family Sciuridae". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal
Mammal
Species of the World: a taxonomic and geographic reference (3rd ed.). The Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 754–818. ISBN 0-8018-8221-4. OCLC 26158608.  ^ Srinivasulu C; S Chakraborty & MS Pradhan (2004). "Checklist of Sciurids (Mammalia: Rodentia: Sciuridae) of South Asia" (PDF). Zoos' Print Journal. 19 (2): 1351–1360. doi:10.11609/jott.zpj.19.2.1351-60.  ^ http://www.arkive.org/layards-palm-squirrel/funambulus-layardi/image-G125809.html ^ a b Yapa, A.; Ratnavira, G. (2013). Mammals of Sri Lanka. Colombo: Field Ornithology Group of Sri Lanka. p. 1012. ISBN 978-955-8576-32-8. 

v t e

Extant species of family Sciuridae
Sciuridae
(subfamily Callosciurinae)

Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Chordata Class: Mammalia Order: Rodentia Suborder: Sciuromorpha

Callosciurus

Ear-spot squirrel
Ear-spot squirrel
( Callosciurus
Callosciurus
adamsi) Kloss's squirrel
Kloss's squirrel
( Callosciurus
Callosciurus
albescens) Kinabalu squirrel
Kinabalu squirrel
( Callosciurus
Callosciurus
baluensis) Grey-bellied squirrel
Grey-bellied squirrel
( Callosciurus
Callosciurus
caniceps) Pallas's squirrel
Pallas's squirrel
( Callosciurus
Callosciurus
erythraeus) Finlayson's squirrel
Finlayson's squirrel
( Callosciurus
Callosciurus
finlaysonii) Inornate squirrel
Inornate squirrel
( Callosciurus
Callosciurus
inornatus) Mentawai squirrel ( Callosciurus
Callosciurus
melanogaster) Black-striped squirrel
Black-striped squirrel
( Callosciurus
Callosciurus
nigrovittatus) Plantain squirrel
Plantain squirrel
( Callosciurus
Callosciurus
notatus) Borneo black-banded squirrel
Borneo black-banded squirrel
( Callosciurus
Callosciurus
orestes) Phayre's squirrel
Phayre's squirrel
( Callosciurus
Callosciurus
phayrei) Prevost's squirrel
Prevost's squirrel
( Callosciurus
Callosciurus
prevostii) Irrawaddy squirrel ( Callosciurus
Callosciurus
pygerythrus) Anderson's squirrel
Anderson's squirrel
( Callosciurus
Callosciurus
quinquestriatus)

Dremomys (Red-cheeked squirrels)

Bornean mountain ground squirrel
Bornean mountain ground squirrel
(Dremomys everetti) Red-throated squirrel
Red-throated squirrel
(Dremomys gularis) Orange-bellied Himalayan squirrel
Orange-bellied Himalayan squirrel
(Dremomys lokriah) Perny's long-nosed squirrel
Perny's long-nosed squirrel
(Dremomys pernyi) Red-hipped squirrel
Red-hipped squirrel
(Dremomys pyrrhomerus) Asian red-cheeked squirrel
Asian red-cheeked squirrel
(Dremomys rufigenis)

Exilisciurus

Philippine pygmy squirrel
Philippine pygmy squirrel
( Exilisciurus
Exilisciurus
concinnus) Least pygmy squirrel
Least pygmy squirrel
( Exilisciurus
Exilisciurus
exilis) Tufted pygmy squirrel
Tufted pygmy squirrel
( Exilisciurus
Exilisciurus
whiteheadi)

Glyphotes

Sculptor squirrel
Sculptor squirrel
(Glyphotes simus)

Hyosciurus

Montane long-nosed squirrel
Montane long-nosed squirrel
( Hyosciurus heinrichi) Lowland long-nosed squirrel
Lowland long-nosed squirrel
( Hyosciurus ileile)

Lariscus (striped ground squirrels)

Four-striped ground squirrel
Four-striped ground squirrel
( Lariscus hosei) Three-striped ground squirrel
Three-striped ground squirrel
( Lariscus insignis) Niobe ground squirrel
Niobe ground squirrel
( Lariscus niobe) Mentawai three-striped squirrel
Mentawai three-striped squirrel
( Lariscus obscurus)

Menetes

Berdmore's ground squirrel
Berdmore's ground squirrel
(Menetes berdmorei)

Nannosciurus

Black-eared squirrel
Black-eared squirrel
(Nannosciurus melanotis)

Prosciurillus

Secretive dwarf squirrel
Secretive dwarf squirrel
( Prosciurillus
Prosciurillus
abstrusus) Whitish dwarf squirrel
Whitish dwarf squirrel
( Prosciurillus
Prosciurillus
leucomus) Celebes dwarf squirrel
Celebes dwarf squirrel
( Prosciurillus
Prosciurillus
murinus) Sanghir squirrel
Sanghir squirrel
( Prosciurillus
Prosciurillus
rosenbergii) Weber's dwarf squirrel
Weber's dwarf squirrel
( Prosciurillus
Prosciurillus
weberi)

Rhinosciurus

Shrew-faced squirrel
Shrew-faced squirrel
(Rhinosciurus laticaudatus)

Rubrisciurus

Red-bellied squirrel
Red-bellied squirrel
(Rubrisciurus rubriventer)

Sundasciurus

Subgenus Aletesciurus: Davao squirrel
Davao squirrel
( Sundasciurus
Sundasciurus
davensis) Horse-tailed squirrel
Horse-tailed squirrel
( Sundasciurus
Sundasciurus
hippurus) Northern Palawan tree squirrel
Northern Palawan tree squirrel
( Sundasciurus
Sundasciurus
juvencus) Mindanao squirrel
Mindanao squirrel
( Sundasciurus
Sundasciurus
mindanensis) Culion tree squirrel
Culion tree squirrel
( Sundasciurus
Sundasciurus
moellendorffi) Philippine tree squirrel
Philippine tree squirrel
( Sundasciurus
Sundasciurus
philippinensis) Palawan montane squirrel
Palawan montane squirrel
( Sundasciurus
Sundasciurus
rabori) Samar squirrel
Samar squirrel
( Sundasciurus
Sundasciurus
samarensis) Southern Palawan tree squirrel
Southern Palawan tree squirrel
( Sundasciurus
Sundasciurus
steerii)

Subgenus Sundasciurus: Brooke's squirrel
Brooke's squirrel
( Sundasciurus
Sundasciurus
brookei) Fraternal squirrel
Fraternal squirrel
( Sundasciurus
Sundasciurus
fraterculus) Jentink's squirrel
Jentink's squirrel
( Sundasciurus
Sundasciurus
jentinki) Low's squirrel
Low's squirrel
( Sundasciurus
Sundasciurus
lowii) Slender squirrel
Slender squirrel
( Sundasciurus
Sundasciurus
tenuis)

Tamiops (Asiatic striped squirrels)

Himalayan striped squirrel
Himalayan striped squirrel
(Tamiops mcclellandii) Maritime striped squirrel
Maritime striped squirrel
(Tamiops maritimus) Cambodian striped squirrel
Cambodian striped squirrel
(Tamiops rodolphii) Swinhoe's striped squirrel
Swinhoe's striped squirrel
(Tamiops swinhoei)

Funambulus

Subgenus Funambulus: Layard's palm squirrel
Layard's palm squirrel
( Funambulus
Funambulus
layardi) Indian palm squirrel
Indian palm squirrel
( Funambulus
Funambulus
palmarum) Nilgiri palm squirrel
Nilgiri palm squirrel
( Funambulus
Funambulus
sublineatus) Dusky palm squirrel ( Funambulus
Funambulus
obscurus) Jungle palm squirrel
Jungle palm squirrel
( Funambulus
Funambulus
tristriatus)

Subgenus Prasadsciurus: Northern palm squirrel
Northern palm squirrel
( Funambulus
Funambulus
pennantii)

Category

Taxon identifiers

Wd: Q1767215 ARKive: funambulus-layardi EoL: 313055 GBIF: 2437244 ITIS: 632351 IUCN: 8700 MSW: 12400569 NCBI: 693658

This squirrel article is a stub. You can help by expandi

.