Law of Vietnam is based on communist legal theory and French civil law. In 1981 major reforms were made to the judicial and legal system.

New laws introduced since:

  • Penal Code 1912



  • September 2, 1945 President Ho announced Independence Declaration
  • November 9, 1946 the first constitution was adopted by the National Assembly
  • Includes 7 chapters, 70 articles

1954: Geneva Agreement has been signed thanks to Dien Bien Phu victory.

1959: Constitution of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam, adopted on January 1, 1960. It consisted of X chapters, 112 articles

1975: The reunification of North and South Vietnam

1980: Constitution of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, adopted on December 19, 1980

Includes XII chapters, 147 articles. The consequence of the policy of economic liberalization “Doi Moi” started in 1986.

April 15, 1992: Constitution of the socialist Republic of the Vietnam includes XII chapters, 147 articles

Law System of Socialist Republic of Vietnam

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