Laurence Gower
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Laurence Cecil Bartlett Gower (29 December 1913 – 25 December 1997) known as 'Jim' and universally credited as "LCB Gower" in his writings, was a lawyer and academic who was
Vice Chancellor A chancellor is a leader of a college or university, usually either the executive or ceremonial head of the university or of a university campus within a university system A university system is a set of multiple affiliated universities and coll ...
of the
University of Southampton , mottoeng = The Heights Yield to Endeavour , type = Public research university A research university is a university A university ( la, universitas, 'a whole') is an educational institution, institution of higher education, higher (or T ...
from 1971–79.S M Cretney: ''Gower, Laurence Cecil Bartlett (Jim) (1913–1997)'', Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004; online edn, May 2008, accessed 27 Aug 2013
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Early life

He was born in
Forest Gate Forest Gate is a suburban town in East London East London is a popularly and informally defined part of London London is the Capital city, capital and List of urban areas in the United Kingdom, largest city of England and the Uni ...
, London (then part of
Essex Essex () is a county A county is a geographical region of a country used for administrative or other purposesChambers Dictionary The ''Chambers Dictionary'' (''TCD'') was first published by William Chambers (publisher), William and Ro ...

Essex
) and educated at Lindisfarne College. He then attended
University College, London University College London, which Trade name, operates as UCL, is a major public university , public research university located in London, United Kingdom. UCL is a Member institutions of the University of London, member institution of the Federa ...
graduating
LLB Bachelor of Laws ( la, Legum Baccalaureus; LL.B.) is an undergraduate law degree in the United Kingdom and most common law jurisdictionsexcept the United States. It historically served this purpose in North America as well but was phased out in f ...
with first class honours in 1933 and
LLM A Master of Laws (M.L. or LL.M.; Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language A classical language is a language A language is a structured system of communication Communication (from Latin ''communicare'', meaning "to shar ...

LLM
in 1934. He qualified as a solicitor in 1937.


War service

He served in the army throughout
World War II World War II or the Second World War, often abbreviated as WWII or WW2, was a global war A world war is "a war War is an intense armed conflict between states State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literatur ...
initially in the
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(RA) as a
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Private
where he served under
Sir Mortimer Wheeler Sir Robert Eric Mortimer Wheeler (10 September 1890 – 22 July 1976) was a British archaeologist and officer in the British Army The British Army is the principal Army, land warfare force of the United Kingdom, a part of the British ...
. He ended service as a
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in the
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(RAOC). He was involved in the planning at
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Wilton House
of the
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in France.


Academic career

After leaving the army, he commenced academic work as a lecturer in law at University College, London. He was also Sir Ernest Cassel Professor of Commercial Law at
London School of Economics , mottoeng = To understand the causes of things , established = 1895 , type = Public In public relations Public relations (PR) is the practice of managing and disseminating information from an individual or an organization ...
,
University of London The University of London (UoL; abbreviated as Lond or more rarely Londin in post-nominals Post-nominal letters, also called post-nominal initials, post-nominal titles, designatory letters or simply post-nominals, are letters placed after a p ...
from 1948 to 1952 and visiting professor at
Harvard Law School Harvard Law School (HLS) is the law school A law school (also known as a law centre or college of law) is an institution specializing in legal education Legal education is the education of individuals in the principles, practices, and ...
from 1954 to 1955. He became professor and dean of the Faculty of Law,
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University of Lagos
from 1962 to 1965 and subsequently vice-chancellor, University of Southampton from 1971 to 1979. During his time at Southampton, there was increasing financial stringency and increasing student numbers. However, the new Medical School expanded and there was provision of special residential facilities for disabled students. All first year students were able to live in university accommodation. At the same time, he served on
Harold Wilson James Harold Wilson, Baron Wilson of Rievaulx, (11 March 1916 – 24 May 1995) was a British politician who was Prime Minister of the United Kingdom The prime minister of the United Kingdom is the head of government The hea ...

Harold Wilson
's Royal Commission on the Press. After retirement he was asked by the Department of Trade to provide advice to the Government on financial services resulting in the
Financial Services Act 1986 The Financial Services Act 1986 (1986 c.60) was an Acts of Parliament in the United Kingdom, Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom passed by the government of Margaret Thatcher to regulate the financial services industry. The Act used a mix ...
. He is best known for his work in the
UK company law The United Kingdom company law regulates corporations A corporation is an organization—usually a group of people or a company A company, abbreviated as co., is a legal entity In law, a legal person is any person A person (p ...
, where he authored the leading treatise, now taken over by
PL Davies Paul Lyndon Davies Queen's Counsel, QC, British Academy, FBA (born 24 September 1944) is Allen & Overy Professor of Corporate law, Corporate Law Emeritus at the University of Oxford, Emeritus Fellow of Jesus College, Oxford and Emeritus Professor ...
,


Personal life

On 7 September 1939, he married Helen Margaret Shepperson (Peggy) Birch (1910/11–1999), a secondary school teacher, and they had two sons and a daughter. He died in
Camden Camden may refer to: People * Camden (surname), a surname of English origin * Camden Joy (born 1964), American writer * Camden Toy (born 1957), American actor Places Australia * Camden, New South Wales * Camden, Rosehill, a heritage-listed ...
, London.


Publications

* ''The Principles of Modern Company Law'' (1954), pub. Sweet & Maxwell, 6th revised edition (24 July 1997), . *69(8) Harvard Law Review 1369
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See also

*
List of University of Southampton people This is a list of University of Southampton people, including famous officers, staff (past and present) and student alumni from the University of Southampton or historical institutions from which the current university derives. Officers Chancellor ...
* Gower Report *
UK company law The United Kingdom company law regulates corporations A corporation is an organization—usually a group of people or a company A company, abbreviated as co., is a legal entity In law, a legal person is any person A person (p ...


References

{{DEFAULTSORT:Gower, Laurence Cecil Bartlett 1913 births 1997 deaths People educated at Lindisfarne College Alumni of University College London Vice-Chancellors of the University of Southampton English solicitors English legal scholars University of Lagos faculty British expatriates in Nigeria Academics of the London School of Economics Lawyers from London British expatriate academics in the United States Harvard Law School faculty British Army personnel of World War II Members of the Order of the British Empire 20th-century British lawyers Fellows of the British Academy 20th-century English lawyers Royal Artillery soldiers Royal Army Ordnance Corps officers