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Lauren Bacall
Lauren Bacall
(/ˌlɔːrən bəˈkɔːl/, born Betty Joan Perske; September 16, 1924 – August 12, 2014) was an American actress known for her distinctive voice and sultry looks. She was named the 20th greatest female star of classic Hollywood
Hollywood
cinema by the American Film Institute, and received an Academy Honorary Award from the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences in 2009, "in recognition of her central place in the Golden Age of motion pictures."[2] Bacall began her career as a model,[3] before making her debut as a leading lady with Humphrey Bogart
Humphrey Bogart
in the film To Have and Have Not
To Have and Have Not
in 1944. She continued in the film noir genre with appearances with Bogart in The Big Sleep (1946), Dark Passage (1947), and Key Largo (1948), and starred in the romantic comedies How to Marry a Millionaire (1953) with Marilyn Monroe
Marilyn Monroe
and Betty Grable, as well as Designing Woman
Designing Woman
(1957) with Gregory Peck. She co-starred with John Wayne in his final film, The Shootist
The Shootist
(1976), by Wayne's personal request. Bacall also worked on Broadway in musicals, earning Tony Awards for Applause (1970) and Woman of the Year (1981). Her performance in The Mirror Has Two Faces
The Mirror Has Two Faces
(1996) earned her a Golden Globe Award and an Academy Award
Academy Award
nomination. Bacall died in New York City after a stroke, a month before her 90th birthday.

Contents

1 Early life 2 Early career and modeling 3 Hollywood

3.1 1950s 3.2 1960s and 1970s

4 Later career 5 Personal life

5.1 Relationships and family 5.2 Political views

6 Death 7 Filmography 8 Radio appearances 9 Books 10 Awards and nominations 11 In popular culture

11.1 Film 11.2 Animation 11.3 Music 11.4 Books 11.5 Marshall Islands
Marshall Islands
namesake

12 See also 13 Notes 14 References 15 External links

Early life[edit] Bacall was born Betty Joan Perske on September 16, 1924, in The Bronx, New York,[4][5] the only child of Natalie (née Weinstein; 1901–1977), a secretary who later legally changed her surname to Bacall, and William Perske (1889–1982), who worked in sales.[6] Both her parents were Jewish. According to Bacall, her mother emigrated from Iași, the Kingdom of Romania
Kingdom of Romania
through Ellis Island, and her father was born in New Jersey to parents who were born in Valozhyn, a significant center of Jewish
Jewish
life in present-day Belarus, then in the Russian Empire.[7] Soon after her birth, Bacall's family moved to Brooklyn's Ocean Parkway.[7][8] She was educated with the financial support of her wealthy uncles at a private boarding school founded by philanthropist Eugene Heitler Lehman, named The Highland Manor Boarding School for Girls,[9] in Tarrytown, New York, and at Julia Richman High School
Julia Richman High School
in Manhattan.[10] Her parents divorced when she was five; she later took the Romanian form of her mother's last name, Bacall.[11] She no longer saw her father and formed a very close bond with her mother, who remarried Lee Goldberg and came to live in California after Bacall became a movie star.[12][13] Through her father, she was a relative of Shimon Peres
Shimon Peres
(born Szymon Perski), the eighth Prime Minister of Israel
Prime Minister of Israel
and ninth President of Israel.[14][15][16] Peres has stated, "In 1952 or 1953 I came to New York... Lauren Bacall
Lauren Bacall
called me, said that she wanted to meet, and we did. We sat and talked about where our families came from, and discovered that we were from the same family... but I'm not exactly sure what our relation is... It was she who later said that she was my cousin, I didn't say that".[14] Early career and modeling[edit]

Bacall on the March 1943 cover of Harper's Bazaar

In 1941, Bacall took lessons at the American Academy of Dramatic Arts in New York, where she was classmates with Kirk Douglas,[17] while working as a theatre usher at the St. James Theatre
Theatre
and fashion model.[4] She made her acting debut on Broadway in 1942, at age 17, as a walk-on in Johnny 2 X 4. By then, she lived with her mother at 75 Bank Street, and in 1942 she was crowned Miss Greenwich Village.[18] As a teenage fashion model she appeared on the cover of Harper's Bazaar, as well as in magazines such as Vogue.[13] She was noted for her "cat-like grace, tawny blonde hair and blue-green eyes".[19]

Bacall in her first movie, To Have and Have Not
To Have and Have Not
with Humphrey Bogart, 1944

Though Diana Vreeland
Diana Vreeland
is often credited with discovering Bacall for Harper's Bazaar, it was in fact Nicolas de Gunzburg
Nicolas de Gunzburg
who introduced the 18-year-old to Vreeland. He had first met Bacall at Tony's, a club in the East 50s. De Gunzburg suggested that Bacall stop by his Bazaar office the next day. He then turned over his find to Vreeland, who arranged for Louise Dahl-Wolfe to shoot Bacall in Kodachrome for the March 1943 cover.[20] The Harper's Bazaar
Harper's Bazaar
cover caught the attention of Hollywood
Hollywood
producer and director Howard Hawks' wife Slim,[21] who urged Hawks to have Bacall take a screen test for To Have and Have Not. Hawks asked his secretary to find out more about her, but the secretary misunderstood and sent Bacall a ticket to come to Hollywood
Hollywood
for the audition.[22] Hollywood[edit] After meeting Bacall in Hollywood, Hawks immediately signed her to a seven-year contract with a weekly salary of $100, and personally began to manage her career. He changed her first name to Lauren, and she chose "Bacall" (a variant of her mother's maiden name) as her screen surname. Slim Hawks also took Bacall under her wing,[23] dressing Bacall stylishly and guiding her in matters of elegance, manners and taste. At Hawks' suggestion, Bacall was also trained to make her voice lower and deeper instead of her normal high-pitched, nasal voice. Hawks had her, under the tutelage of a voice coach, lower the pitch of her voice.[24] As part of her training, she was required to shout verses of Shakespeare
Shakespeare
for hours every day.[23][25] Her height, at 5 feet 8½ inches (1.74 m),[1] unusual among young actresses in the 1940s and 1950s, also helped her stand out. Her voice was characterized as a "smoky, sexual growl" by most critics,[1] and a "throaty purr".[24]

Bacall and Bogart in Dark Passage

During her screen tests for To Have and Have Not
To Have and Have Not
(1944), Bacall was so nervous that, to minimize her quivering, she pressed her chin against her chest, faced the camera and tilted her eyes upward.[26] This effect, which came to be known as "The Look", became another Bacall trademark along with her sultry voice.[27] Bacall's character in the film used Slim Hawks' nickname "Slim", and Bogart used Howard Hawks' nickname "Steve". The on-set chemistry between the two was immediate according to Bacall.[7] She and Bogart (who was married at the time to Mayo Methot) began a romantic relationship several weeks into shooting.[21] Bacall's role in the script was originally much smaller, but during filming her part was revised multiple times to extend it into the lead part that it became in the released film.[28] Once released, To Have and Have Not catapulted Bacall into instant stardom, and her performance became the cornerstone of her star image, the impact of which extended into popular culture at large, even influencing fashion,[29] as well as filmmakers and other actors.[28]

Bacall lounges on top of the piano while Vice President Harry S. Truman plays for servicemen at the National Press Club Canteen in Washington, D.C.
Washington, D.C.
(February 10, 1945)

Warner Bros.
Warner Bros.
launched an extensive marketing campaign to promote the picture and to establish Bacall as a movie star. As part of the public relations push, Bacall made a visit to the National Press Club in Washington, D.C., on February 10, 1945. It was there that Bacall's press agent, chief of publicity at Warner Bros.
Warner Bros.
Charlie Enfield, asked the 20-year-old Bacall to sit on the piano while U.S. Vice President Harry S. Truman
Harry S. Truman
played.[30][31] After To Have and Have Not, Bacall was seen opposite Charles Boyer
Charles Boyer
in Confidential Agent
Confidential Agent
(1945), which was poorly received by critics. By her own estimation, it could have caused considerable damage to her career, had her performance as the mysterious, acid-tongued Vivian Rutledge in Hawks's film noir The Big Sleep (1946), co-starring Bogart, not provided a quick career resurgence.[32] The Big Sleep laid the foundation for her status as an icon of film noir. She would be strongly associated with the genre for the rest of her career,[33][34][35] and would often be cast as variations of the independent and sultry femme fatale character of Vivian she played in the movie. As described by film scholar Joe McElhaney, "Vivian displays an almost total command of movement and gesture. She never crawls."[36] Bacall was cast with Bogart in two more films. In Dark Passage (1947), another film noir, she played an enigmatic San Francisco artist. "Miss Bacall – generates quite a lot of pressure as a sharp-eyed, knows-what-she-wants girl", wrote Bosley Crowther of The New York Times of her performance.[37] And, in 1948, she was in John Huston's melodramatic suspense film Key Largo with Bogart and Edward G. Robinson. In the film, according to film critic Jessica Kiang, "Bacall brings an edge of ambivalence and independence to the role that makes her character much more interesting than was written."[38] 1950s[edit]

With Kirk Douglas
Kirk Douglas
in Young Man with a Horn (1950)

Bacall turned down scripts she did not find interesting, and thereby earned a reputation for being difficult. Despite this, she further solidified her star status in the 1950s by appearing as the leading lady in a string of films that won favorable reviews. Bacall was cast opposite Gary Cooper
Gary Cooper
in Bright Leaf
Bright Leaf
(1950). In the same year, she played a two-faced femme fatale in Young Man with a Horn (1950), a jazz musical co-starring Kirk Douglas, Doris Day, and Hoagy Carmichael. During 1951–1952, Bacall co-starred with Bogart in the syndicated action-adventure radio series Bold Venture.[39] In 1953, she starred in the CinemaScope
CinemaScope
comedy How to Marry a Millionaire, a runaway hit among critics and at the box office.[40] Directed by Jean Negulesco
Jean Negulesco
and co-starring Marilyn Monroe
Marilyn Monroe
and Betty Grable, Bacall got positive notices for her turn as the witty gold-digger, Schatze Page.[41] "First honors in spreading mirth go to Miss Bacall", wrote Alton Cook in the New York World-Telegram
New York World-Telegram
& Sun. "The most intelligent and predatory of the trio, she takes complete control of every scene with her acid delivery of viciously witty lines."[42] After the success of How to Marry a Millionaire, she was offered, but declined, with Bogart's support, the coveted invitation from Grauman's Chinese Theatre
Theatre
to press her hand- and footprints in the theatre's cemented forecourt. But she felt at the time that "anyone with a picture opening could be represented there, standards had been so lowered." She didn't feel she had yet achieved the status of a major star, and was thereby unworthy of the honor:[43] "I want to feel I've earned my place with the best my business has produced."[7]:236

With Marilyn Monroe
Marilyn Monroe
(left) and Betty Grable
Betty Grable
in How to Marry a Millionaire (1953)

At the time, Bacall was still under contract to 20th Century Fox.[42] Following How to Marry a Millionaire, she appeared in yet another CinemaScope
CinemaScope
comedy directed by Jean Negulesco, Woman's World (1954), which failed to match its predecessor's success at the box office.[44][45] In 1955 a television version of Bogart's breakthrough film, The Petrified Forest, was performed as a live installment of Producers' Showcase, a weekly dramatic anthology, featuring Bogart as Duke Mantee, Henry Fonda
Henry Fonda
as Alan, and Bacall as Gabrielle, the part originally played in the 1936 movie by Bette Davis. Bogart had originally played the part on Broadway with the subsequent movie's star Leslie Howard, who had secured a film career for Bogart by insisting that Warner Bros.
Warner Bros.
cast him in the movie instead of Edward G. Robinson; Bogart and Bacall named their daughter "Leslie Howard Bogart" in gratitude. In the late 1990s, Bacall donated the only known kinescope of the 1955 performance to The Museum Of Television & Radio (now the Paley Center for Media), where it remains archived for viewing in New York City and Los Angeles.[46] In 1955, Bacall starred in two feature films, The Cobweb and Blood Alley. Directed by Vincente Minnelli, The Cobweb takes place at a mental institution in which Bacall's character works as a therapist. It was her second collaboration with Charles Boyer
Charles Boyer
and also starred Richard Widmark
Richard Widmark
and Lillian Gish. "In the only two really sympathetic roles, Mr. Widmark is excellent and Miss Bacall shrewdly underplays", wrote The New York Times.[47]

In Written on the Wind, 1956

Many film scholars consider Written on the Wind, directed by Douglas Sirk in 1956, to be a landmark work in the melodrama genre.[48] Appearing with Rock Hudson, Dorothy Malone
Dorothy Malone
and Robert Stack, Bacall played a career woman whose life is unexpectedly turned around by a family of oil magnates. Bacall wrote in her autobiography that she did not think much of the role, but reviews were favorable. Wrote Variety, "Bacall registers strongly as a sensible girl swept into the madness of the oil family".[49] While struggling at home with Bogart's battle with esophageal cancer, Bacall starred with Gregory Peck
Gregory Peck
in Designing Woman
Designing Woman
to solid reviews.[50] The musical comedy was her second feature with director Vincente Minnelli
Vincente Minnelli
and was released in New York on May 16, 1957, four months after Bogart's death on January 14.[7] Bacall appeared in two more films in the 1950s: the Jean Negulesco-directed melodrama The Gift of Love (1958), which co-starred Robert Stack; and the adventure film North West Frontier (1959), which was a box office hit.[51] 1960s and 1970s[edit] Bacall's movie career waned in the 1960s, and she was seen in only a handful of films. She starred on Broadway in Goodbye, Charlie in 1959, and went on to have a successful on-stage career in Cactus Flower (1965), Applause (1970), and Woman of the Year (1981). She won Tony Awards for her performances in the latter two.[52] Applause was a musical version of the film All About Eve, in which Bette Davis
Bette Davis
had starred as stage diva Margo Channing. According to Bacall's autobiography, she and a girlfriend won an opportunity in 1940 to meet her idol Bette Davis
Bette Davis
at Davis' hotel.[7] Years later, Davis visited Bacall backstage to congratulate her on her performance in Applause. Davis told Bacall, "You're the only one who could have played the part."[53] The few films Bacall made during this period were all-star vehicles such as Sex and the Single Girl (1964) with Henry Fonda, Tony Curtis, and Natalie Wood; Harper (1966) with Paul Newman, Shelley Winters, Julie Harris, Robert Wagner, and Janet Leigh; and Murder on the Orient Express (1974), with Ingrid Bergman, Albert Finney, Vanessa Redgrave, Martin Balsam, and Sean Connery. In 1964 she appeared in two episodes of Craig Stevens's Mr. Broadway: first in "Take a Walk Through a Cemetery", with then husband, Jason Robards, Jr., and later as Barbara Lake in the episode "Something to Sing About", co-starring future co-star Balsam.[54] For her work in the Chicago theatre, Bacall won the Sarah Siddons Award in 1972, and again in 1984. In 1976 she co-starred with John Wayne
John Wayne
in his last picture, The Shootist. The two became friends, despite significant political differences between them.[7] They had also worked together in Blood Alley (1955).[55] Later career[edit] During the 1980s, Bacall appeared in the poorly received star vehicle The Fan (1981). She received favorable reception, Vincent Canby writing her character of Sally Ross as "the most fully drawn, the most engaging and the sexiest character that Miss Bacall has played on the screen since her early great days with Humphrey Bogart
Humphrey Bogart
and Howard Hawks 35 years ago"[56] and Variety observing, " Lauren Bacall
Lauren Bacall
makes the film [from a novel by Bob Randall] work with a solid performance as a stage star pursued by a psychotic fan whose adoration turns to hatred. To be sure, the part doesn’t test the broadest range of Bacall’s abilities, but she and director Edward Bianchi achieve the essential element: they make the audience care what happens to her."[57] Bacall also was featured in Robert Altman's Health (1980) and Michael Winner's Appointment with Death
Appointment with Death
(1988). In 1990, she had a small role in Misery, which starred Kathy Bates
Kathy Bates
and James Caan. In 1997, Bacall was nominated for a Best Supporting Actress Academy Award for her role in The Mirror Has Two Faces
The Mirror Has Two Faces
(1996), her first nomination after a career span of more than fifty years.[58] Bacall had already won a Golden Globe
Golden Globe
and was widely expected to win the Oscar, but lost in an upset to Juliette Binoche
Juliette Binoche
for The English Patient.[59] Bacall received the Kennedy Center Honors
Kennedy Center Honors
in 1997,[60] and in 1999, she was voted one of the 25 most significant female movie stars in history by the American Film Institute. Her movie career saw something of a renaissance, and she attracted respectful notices for her performances in high-profile projects such as Dogville
Dogville
(2003) and Birth (2004), both with Nicole Kidman, and in Howl's Moving Castle (2004), as the Witch of the Waste. She was a leading actor in Paul Schrader's The Walker
The Walker
(2007).[61]

Bacall at a press conference for The Walker
The Walker
in February 2007

In 1999, Bacall starred on Broadway in a revival of Noël Coward's Waiting in the Wings.[62] Her commercial ventures in the 2000s included being a spokesperson for the Tuesday Morning
Tuesday Morning
discount chain (commercials showed her in a limousine waiting for the store to open at the beginning of one of their sales events), and producing a jewelry line with the Weinman Brothers company. She had been a celebrity spokesperson for High Point coffee and Fancy Feast cat food. In March 2006, Bacall was seen at the 78th Annual Academy Awards
Academy Awards
introducing a film montage dedicated to film noir. She made a cameo appearance as herself on The Sopranos, in the April 2006 episode, "Luxury Lounge", during which she was mugged by Chris Moltisanti (played by Michael Imperioli).[63] In September 2006, Bacall was awarded the first Katharine Hepburn Medal, which recognizes "women whose lives, work and contributions embody the intelligence, drive and independence of the four-time-Oscar-winning actress", by Bryn Mawr College's Katharine Houghton Hepburn Center.[64] She gave an address at the memorial service of Arthur M. Schlesinger, Jr.
Arthur M. Schlesinger, Jr.
at the Reform Club
Reform Club
in London
London
in June 2007.[65] She finished her role in The Forger in 2009.[66] Bacall was selected by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences to receive an Honorary Academy Award. The award was presented at the inaugural Governors Awards on November 14, 2009.[67] In July 2013, Bacall expressed interest in taking the starring role in the film Trouble Is My Business.[68] In November, she joined the English dub voice cast for StudioCanal's animated film Ernest & Celestine.[69] Her final role was in 2014: a guest vocal appearance in the twelfth season Family Guy
Family Guy
episode "Mom's the Word".[70] Personal life[edit] Relationships and family[edit]

Best man Louis Bromfield
Louis Bromfield
(center) at the wedding of Humphrey Bogart and Lauren Bacall
Lauren Bacall
at Malabar Farm (May 21, 1945)

On May 21, 1945, Bacall married actor Humphrey Bogart, 25 years her senior. Their wedding and honeymoon took place at Malabar Farm, Lucas, Ohio, the country home of Pulitzer Prize-winning author Louis Bromfield, a close friend of Bogart.[71] The wedding was held in the Big House.[72] They remained married until Bogart's death from esophageal cancer in 1957. Pressed by interviewer Michael Parkinson to talk about her marriage to Bogart, and asked about her notable reluctance to do so, she replied that "being a widow is not a profession".[73] During the filming of The African Queen (1951), Bacall and Bogart became friends with Katharine Hepburn
Katharine Hepburn
and Spencer Tracy. She began to mix in non-acting circles, becoming friends with the historian Arthur Schlesinger, Jr. and the journalist Alistair Cooke. In 1952, she gave campaign speeches for Democratic Presidential contender Adlai Stevenson. Along with other Hollywood
Hollywood
figures, Bacall was a staunch opponent of McCarthyism.[74][75] Shortly after Bogart's death in 1957, Bacall had a relationship with singer and actor Frank Sinatra. During an interview with Turner Classic Movies's Robert Osborne, Bacall stated that she had ended the romance, but, in her autobiography, she wrote that Sinatra ended the relationship abruptly after becoming angry that the story of his marriage proposal to Bacall had reached the press. When Bacall was out with her friend Irving Paul Lazar, they encountered the gossip columnist Louella Parsons, to whom Lazar revealed the details of the proposal.[76] Bacall later met actor Jason Robards. Their marriage was originally scheduled to take place in Vienna, Austria, on June 16, 1961;[77] however, the plans were shelved after Austrian authorities refused to grant the pair a marriage license.[78] They were refused a marriage also in Las Vegas, Nevada.[79] On July 4, 1961, the couple drove all the way to Ensenada, Mexico, where they wed.[79][80] The couple divorced in 1969. According to Bacall's autobiography, she divorced Robards mainly because of his alcoholism.[81][82]

Bacall in 1989

Bacall had two children with Bogart and one with Robards. Son Stephen Humphrey Bogart
Humphrey Bogart
(born January 6, 1949) is a news producer, documentary film maker, and author named after Bogart's character in To Have and Have Not.[71] Their daughter Leslie Howard Bogart (born August 23, 1952) is named for actor Leslie Howard. A nurse and yoga instructor, she is married to Erich Schiffmann.[71] In his 1995 memoir, Stephen Bogart wrote, "My mother was a lapsed Jew, and my father was a lapsed Episcopalian," and that he and his sister were raised Episcopalian "because my mother felt that would make life easier for Leslie and me during those post-World War II years".[71] Sam Robards (born December 16, 1961), Bacall's son with Robards, is an actor. Bacall wrote two autobiographies, Lauren Bacall
Lauren Bacall
By Myself (1978) and Now (1994).[83][84] In 2006, the first volume of Lauren Bacall
Lauren Bacall
By Myself was reprinted as By Myself and Then Some with an extra chapter.[85] Political views[edit] Bacall was a staunch liberal Democrat, and proclaimed her political views on numerous occasions.[71] Bacall and Bogart were among about 80 Hollywood
Hollywood
personalities to send a telegram protesting the House Un-American Activities Committee's investigations of Americans suspected of Communism. The telegram said that investigating individuals' political beliefs violated the basic principles of American democracy.[71] In October 1947, Bacall and Bogart traveled to Washington, D.C., along with a number of other Hollywood
Hollywood
stars in a group that called itself the Committee for the First Amendment (CFA), which also included Danny Kaye, John Garfield, Gene Kelly, John Huston, Ira Gershwin
Ira Gershwin
and Jane Wyatt.[71] She appeared alongside Humphrey Bogart
Humphrey Bogart
in a photograph printed at the end of an article he wrote, titled "I'm No Communist", in the May 1948 edition of Photoplay
Photoplay
magazine,[86] written to counteract negative publicity resulting from his appearance before the House Committee. Bogart and Bacall distanced themselves from the Hollywood
Hollywood
Ten and said: "We're about as much in favor of Communism as J. Edgar Hoover."[87][88] Bacall campaigned for Democratic candidate Adlai Stevenson in the 1952 presidential election, accompanying him on motorcades along with Bogart, and flying east to help in the final laps of Stevenson's campaign in New York and Chicago.[71] She also campaigned for Robert Kennedy in his 1964 run for the U.S. Senate.[89] In a 2005-interview with Larry King, Bacall described herself as "anti-Republican... A liberal. The L-word." She added that "being a liberal is the best thing on earth you can be. You are welcoming to everyone when you're a liberal. You do not have a small mind."[90] Death[edit] Lauren Bacall
Lauren Bacall
died on August 12, 2014, at her longtime apartment in The Dakota, the Upper West Side
Upper West Side
building overlooking Central Park
Central Park
in Manhattan. She was 89 years old, five weeks short of her 90th birthday.[71] According to her grandson Jamie Bogart, the actress died after suffering a massive stroke.[3] She was confirmed dead at New York–Presbyterian Hospital.[91][92] She is interred at Forest Lawn Memorial Park in Glendale, California. Bacall had an estimated $26.6 million estate. In her will she left $10,000 to her youngest son, Sam Robards, to take care of her dog, Sophie. Bacall also left money to two of her employees, Ilsa Hernandez and Maria Santos; Hernandez received $15,000 while Santos received $20,000. Bacall left $250,000 each to her youngest grandsons, the sons of Sam Robards for college, and the bulk of her estate was divided among her three children: Leslie Bogart, Stephen Humphrey Bogart, and Sam Robards.[93] She owned artworks by a number of artists, including John James Audubon, Max Ernst, David Hockney, Henry Moore
Henry Moore
and Jim Dine.[94] In a 1996 interview Bacall, reflecting on her life, told the interviewer that she had been lucky: "I had one great marriage, I have three great children and four grandchildren. I am still alive. I still can function. I still can work," adding, "You just learn to cope with whatever you have to cope with. I spent my childhood in New York, riding on subways and buses. And you know what you learn if you're a New Yorker? The world doesn't owe you a damn thing."[71][95] Filmography[edit] Main article: Lauren Bacall
Lauren Bacall
on screen and stage Radio appearances[edit]

Year Program Episode/source

1946 Lux Radio Theatre To Have and Have Not[96]

Books[edit]

Lauren Bacall
Lauren Bacall
by Myself (1978) Now (1994) By Myself and Then Some (2005)

Awards and nominations[edit]

1967 Hasty Pudding Woman of the Year[97] 1970 Tony Award
Tony Award
for Best Actress in a Musical, Applause[98] 1972 Sarah Siddons Award Actress of the Year[99] 1980 National Book Award in the one-year category: Autobiography[100][a] 1981 Tony Award
Tony Award
for Best Actress in a Musical, Woman of the Year[101] 1984 Sarah Siddons Award Actress of the Year[99] 1990 George Eastman Award[102] 1992 Donostia Award (Honorary)[103] 1993 Golden Globe
Golden Globe
Cecil B. DeMille
Cecil B. DeMille
Award[104] 1994 National Board of Review Award for Best Cast, Prêt-à-Porter: Ready to Wear[105] 1996 Honorary César[106] 1997 Berlin International Film Festival, Berlinale Camera[107] 1997 Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Female Actor in a Supporting Role, The Mirror Has Two Faces[108] 1997 Golden Globe Award
Golden Globe Award
for Best Supporting Actress – Motion Picture, The Mirror Has Two Faces[104] 1997 San Diego Film Critics Society Award for Best Supporting Actress, The Mirror Has Two Faces[109] 1997 Kennedy Center Honors[110] 2000 Stockholm International Film Festival
Stockholm International Film Festival
Lifetime Achievement Award[111] 2007 Norwegian International Film Festival Lifetime Achievement Award[112] 2009 Academy Honorary Award in recognition of her central place in the golden age of motion pictures.[2]

Nominations

1977 BAFTA Award for Best Actress in a Leading Role, The Shootist[113] 1980 Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actress in a Drama Series, The Rockford Files[114] 1997 BAFTA Award for Best Actress in a Supporting Role, The Mirror Has Two Faces[113] 1997 Academy Award
Academy Award
for Best Actress in a Supporting Role, The Mirror Has Two Faces[58]

In 1960, Bacall received a star on the Hollywood
Hollywood
Walk of Fame at 1724 Vine Street for her contributions to the motion pictures industry.[115] In 1997, a Golden Palm Star on the Palm Springs, California, Walk of Stars was dedicated to her.[116] In 1998, Bacall was inducted into the American Theater Hall of Fame.[117] In popular culture[edit] Film[edit]

The 1980 television film, Bogie, directed by Vincent Sherman
Vincent Sherman
and based on a book by Joe Hyams, tells the story of Bogart meeting Bacall while making To Have and Have Not
To Have and Have Not
in 1943, and beginning the affair with her that led to the dissolution of Bogart's marriage to Mayo Methot.[118] Bacall is portrayed by Kathryn Harrold in the film, Kevin O'Connor plays Bogart, and Methot is played by Ann Wedgeworth.[119]

Animation[edit]

Bacall and Bogart are parodied in the Warner Brothers Merrie Melodies shorts Bacall to Arms (1946).[120] and Slick Hare
Slick Hare
(1947).

Music[edit]

She is referenced in the song “Rainbow High” from the musical Evita. (“So Lauren Bacall
Lauren Bacall
me”) (1978) Bacall and Bogart are referenced in Bertie Higgins' song "Key Largo" (1981).[121] Bacall is referenced in The Clash's song "Car Jamming" (1982).[121] Bacall and Bogart are referenced in Suzanne Vega's song "Freeze Tag" (1985).[121] She is referenced in "Vogue" the 1990 Madonna song. Bacall was the last to die of the mentioned celebrities.[121] She is the subject of the song, "Just Like Lauren Bacall" (2008), written by Kevin Roth.[121] She is referenced in the song, "You, Jane" (2012) by The Wedding Present. Bacall and Bogart are referenced as "Bacall and Bogie" in Bon Jovi's song "Captain Crash & The Beauty Queen From Mars", at the end of the song, on their 2000 album Crush ( Bon Jovi
Bon Jovi
album).

Books[edit]

Bacall and her Manhattan
Manhattan
apartment are featured in The Dakota Scrapbook (2014), a photo-journalism volume on the history of the Dakota apartment building in New York City, and its famous residents over the years.[122] In the novel Forgive Me, Leonard Peacock, a character named Lauren is often recognized by the protagonist, Leonard, as having a striking resemblance to Lauren Bacall.[123]

Marshall Islands
Marshall Islands
namesake[edit]

The town of Laura—on the island of Majuro
Majuro
in the Marshall Islands—is one of several island towns code-named after famous pinups by WWII U.S. forces.[124]

See also[edit]

Book: Lauren Bacall

Bogart and Bacall Bogart–Bacall syndrome List of actors with Academy Award
Academy Award
nominations List of actors with Hollywood
Hollywood
Walk of Fame motion picture stars

Notes[edit]

^ This was the 1980 award for hardcover Autobiography. From 1980 to 1983 in National Book Award history there were dual hardcover and paperback awards in most categories, and multiple nonfiction subcategories. Most of the paperback award-winners were reprints, including the 1980 Autobiography.

References[edit]

^ a b c Sharkey, Betsy. "Lauren Bacall's voice resonated with women". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved August 14, 2014.  ^ a b "82nd Academy Awards
Academy Awards
Memorable Moments". Oscars. 2009. Retrieved December 27, 2017.  ^ a b Ford, Dana (August 12, 2014). "Famed actress Lauren Bacall
Lauren Bacall
dies at 89". CNN. Retrieved August 13, 2014.  ^ a b " Lauren Bacall
Lauren Bacall
Fast Facts". CNN
CNN
Library. August 12, 2014. Retrieved August 13, 2014.  ^ Tyrnauer, Matt (March 10, 2011). "To Have and Have Not". Vanity Fair. Retrieved October 15, 2011.  ^ Lauren Bacall
Lauren Bacall
profile, Film Reference.com; retrieved July 9, 2014. ^ a b c d e f g Bacall, Lauren. By Myself and Then Some, HarperCollins, New York, 2005. ISBN 0-06-075535-0 ^ Fahim, Kareem (October 10, 2008). "A Tree-Lined Boulevard That's a Park and a Living Room". The New York Times. Retrieved September 2, 2014- referencing "By Myself and Then Some."  ^ Pike, Helen-Chantal (February 12, 2007). West Long Branch Revisited. Images of America. Arcadia Publishing Co. ISBN 978-0738549033.  ^ "Sultry, sophisticated and sassy, screen siren Bacall dies at 89". Irish Independent. August 14, 2014.  ^ Meyers, Jeffrey (April 18, 1997). Bogart: A Life in Hollywood. Houghton Mifflin. p. 164. ISBN 978-0-395-77399-4.  ^ Cantrell, Susan (July 19, 2009). " Lauren Bacall
Lauren Bacall
on Life, Acting, and Bogie". Carmel. Retrieved January 2, 2015.  ^ a b Wickware, Francis Sill (May 7, 1945). "Profile of Lauren Bacall". LIFE. 18: 100–106. ISSN 0024-3019.  ^ a b Anderman, Nirit (August 13, 2014). " Shimon Peres
Shimon Peres
remembers 'very strong, very beautiful' relative Lauren Bacall". Haaretz. Tel Aviv.  ^ Lazaroff, Tovah (November 10, 2005). "Peres: Not such a bad record after all". The Jerusalem Post. Retrieved May 13, 2009.  ^ Weiner, Eric (June 13, 2007). " Shimon Peres
Shimon Peres
Wears Hats of Peacemaker, Schemer". NPR. Retrieved May 13, 2009.  ^ Thomas, Tony (1991). The Films of Kirk Douglas. New York: Citadel Press. p. 18. ISBN 978-0806512174.  ^ " Lauren Bacall
Lauren Bacall
Biography & Filmography". Matinee Classics. 2010. Archived from the original on 2014-07-19. Retrieved September 3, 2014.  ^ "Lauren Bacall". LIFE. 24 (3): 43. January 19, 1948.  ^ Collins, Amy Fine (September 2014). "A Taste for Living". Vanity Fair. Retrieved August 24, 2014.  ^ a b Thomson, David (September 11, 2004). "Lauren Bacall: The souring of a Hollywood
Hollywood
legend". The Independent. Retrieved January 2, 2015.  ^ Bogdanovich, Peter (March 11, 1997). Who the Devil Made It. Knopf. p. 327. ISBN 978-0679447061. Retrieved January 2, 2015.  ^ a b Sperber, Ann M.; Lax, Eric (April 1997). Bogart. New York: Morrow. p. 246. ISBN 978-0688075392. Retrieved January 2, 2015. (Subscription required (help)).  ^ a b Brody, Richard (August 13, 2014). "The Shadows of Lauren Bacall". The New Yorker. Retrieved January 2, 2015.  ^ Hourican, Emily (August 17, 2014). "Lauren Bacall: A Panther in Her Overall Family Tree". Irish Independent. Retrieved August 20, 2014.  ^ Cope, Rebecca (August 13, 2014). "Lauren Bacall's Life in Pictures". Harpers Bazaar. Retrieved August 20, 2014.  ^ " Lauren Bacall
Lauren Bacall
Biography". Biography.com. A&E Television Networks, LLC. 2014. Retrieved August 12, 2014.  ^ a b Dargis, Manohla (August 13, 2014). "That Voice, and the Woman Attached". The New York Times. Retrieved September 1, 2014.  ^ "Style in film: Lauren Bacall
Lauren Bacall
in 'To Have and Have Not'". Classiq.me. June 5, 2013. Retrieved September 2, 2014.  ^ Peretti, Burton (September 17, 2012). The Leading Man: Hollywood
Hollywood
and the Presidential Image. Rutgers University Press. p. 88. ISBN 978-0-8135-5405-1.  ^ " Lauren Bacall
Lauren Bacall
sits atop a piano while Vice President Harry S. Truman plays at the National Press Club Canteen". Harry S. Truman Presidential Library and Museum. February 10, 1945. Retrieved January 2, 2015.  ^ Bacall, Lauren (March 1, 2005). By Myself and Then Some. Headline Book
Book
Publishing. p. 166. ISBN 978-0060755355.  ^ "Lauren Bacall: Sultry film-noir legend who taught Humphrey Bogart how to whistle and starred with Monroe and Grable". The Independent. August 13, 2014. Retrieved September 30, 2017.  ^ Duncan, Amy (August 13, 2014). " Lauren Bacall
Lauren Bacall
dead: Legendary Hollywood
Hollywood
film noir actress dies aged 89". Metro. Retrieved September 30, 2017.  ^ "Beauty and brawn: Lauren Bacall's noir feminine legacy". The Coversation. August 13, 2014. Retrieved September 2, 2014.  ^ "Lauren Bacall: The Walk". The Cine-Files.com. Spring 2014. Retrieved September 2, 2014.  ^ Crowther, Bosley (September 6, 1947). "Dark Passage". The New York Times. Retrieved September 30, 2017.  ^ "The Essentials: Lauren Bacall's 6 Best Performances". Indiewire. 2014. Retrieved September 1, 2014.  ^ Dunning, John (May 7, 1998). On the Air: The Encyclopedia of Old-Time Radio. Oxford University Press. pp. 109–110. ISBN 978-0-19-507678-3. Retrieved May 19, 2015.  ^ Vogel, Michelle (April 24, 2014). Marilyn Monroe: Her Films, Her Life. McFarland. p. 96. ISBN 978-0-7864-7086-0.  ^ Movie Reviews: "How to Marry a Millionaire", Rotten Tomatoes.com; retrieved August 13, 2014. ^ a b Quirk, Laurence J. (1986). Lauren Bacall: Her Films and Career. Citadel Press. p. 22. ISBN 0-8065-0935-X.  ^ Endres, Stacey. Hollywood's Chinese Theatre: The Hand and Footprints of the Stars, Pomegranate Press (1992) e-book ^ Aubrey Solomon, Twentieth Century Fox: A Corporate and Financial History, Scarecrow Press, 1989 p225 ^ 'The Top Box-Office Hits of 1954', Variety Weekly, January 5, 1955 ^ "Broadcast Museum Seeks TV's Self-History". The New York Times. January 25, 1987. Retrieved August 12, 2014.  ^ "Review: The Cobweb". The New York Times. August 6, 1955. Retrieved September 2, 2014.  ^ "Filmsite Movie Review: Written on the Wind
Written on the Wind
(1956)". Film Site. Retrieved August 13, 2014.  ^ "Review: Written on the Wind". Variety. December 31, 1955. Retrieved September 1, 2014.  ^ Designing Woman
Designing Woman
profile, Rotten Tomatoes.com; accessed August 14, 2014. ^ Four British Films in 'Top 6': Boulting Comedy Heads Box Office List, The Guardian
The Guardian
(1959–2003), London, December 11, 1959: p. 4. ^ Lauren Bacall
Lauren Bacall
at the Internet Broadway Database ^ Chandler, Charlotte (December 9, 2008). The Girl Who Walked Home Alone: Bette Davis
Bette Davis
A Personal Biography. Simon and Schuster. p. 216. ISBN 978-1-84739-698-3.  ^ "Next Saturday". The Beaver County Times. Google News Archive. December 12, 1964. Retrieved August 22, 2014.  ^ Natale, Richard (August 12, 2014). "Lauren Bacall, Star of Hollywood's Golden Age, Dies at 89". Variety. Retrieved August 14, 2014.  ^ Canby, Vincent (May 22, 1981). "FILM: 'FAN,' A LAUREN BACALL THRILLER". The New York Times.  ^ "The Fan". Variety. December 31, 1981.  ^ a b "69th Academy Award
Academy Award
Winners". Oscars. 1996. Archived from the original on August 13, 2014. Retrieved August 13, 2014.  ^ Soares, Andre. " Lauren Bacall
Lauren Bacall
vs. Juliette Binoche: The 1997 Academy Awards". Alt Film Guide. Retrieved October 19, 2015.  ^ Lyman, Rick (December 8, 1997). "A Wind of Gratitude Blows Through the Performing Arts". New York Times. Retrieved August 12, 2014.  ^ Bernstein, Adam (August 12, 2014). "Lauren Bacall, sultry star of film and Broadway, dies at 89". Portland Press Herald. Retrieved August 14, 2014.  ^ "Waiting in the Wings Play". Playbill. Retrieved September 5, 2015.  ^ Kois, Dan (August 12, 2014). " Lauren Bacall
Lauren Bacall
was game for anything, even getting punched out on 'The Sopranos'". Slate. Retrieved October 19, 2015.  ^ "Welcome to the Katharine Houghton Hepburn Center". Bryn Mawr College. February 7, 2013. Retrieved August 13, 2014.  ^ Jenkins, Simon (June 28, 2007). "Our trigger-happy rulers should have been sent on a crash course in history". The Guardian. Retrieved August 12, 2014.  ^ McNary, Dave (February 1, 2009). "Hutcherson rounds out 'Carmel' cast". Variety. Retrieved July 9, 2014.  ^ "Bacall, Calley, Corman and Willis to Receive Academy's Governors Awards", Academy of Motion Pictures Arts and Sciences (press release), September 10, 2009. ^ "Trouble Is My Business" Archived November 9, 2012, at the Wayback Machine., juntoboxfilms.com, July 2013. ^ Keslassy, Elsa (November 8, 2013). "Ernest & Celestine: Toon Taps Lauren Bacall, Paul Giamatti, William H. Macy (exclusive)". Variety. Retrieved July 9, 2014.  ^ "Breaking News – Tony Award
Tony Award
Winner Lauren Bacall
Lauren Bacall
Dies at 89". Broadway World. August 12, 2014. Archived from the original on August 14, 2014. Retrieved August 13, 2014.  ^ a b c d e f g h i j " Lauren Bacall
Lauren Bacall
Dies at 89; in a Bygone Hollywood, She Purred Every Word". The New York Times. August 12, 2014. Retrieved August 13, 2014.  ^ " Malabar Farm State Park
Malabar Farm State Park
Photo". 2014. Retrieved October 19, 2015.  ^ Lauren Bacall
Lauren Bacall
interview on Parkinson. YouTube, August 13, 2014. ^ Levy, Patricia (2006). From Television to the Berlin Wall. Raintree. p. 27. ISBN 9781410917874. Retrieved August 13, 2014.  ^ Kuhn, Annette; Radstone, Susannah (1990). The Women's Companion to International Film. University of California Press. p. 34. ISBN 9780520088795. Retrieved August 13, 2014.  ^ Bacall, Lauren (August 18, 2014). "My volcanic affair with Sinatra: Red-hot passion one moment. Cutting her dead the next". The Daily Mail. Retrieved October 19, 2015.  ^ "Lauren Bacall, Jason Robards
Jason Robards
to wed". The Evening Independent. Google News Archive. June 15, 1961. Retrieved August 22, 2014.  ^ " Vienna
Vienna
foils wedding plans of Lauren Bacall, Robards". The Tuscaloosa News. Google News Archive. Associated Press. June 16, 1951. Retrieved August 22, 2014.  ^ a b "Lauren Bacall, Jason Robards
Jason Robards
wed in Mexico". The Deseret News. Google News Archive. United Press International. July 5, 1961. Retrieved August 22, 2014.  ^ Hickey, Neil (August 19, 1961). "Her Kind of Boy". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Google News Archive. Retrieved August 22, 2014.  ^ Bacall, Lauren (October 31, 2006). By Myself and Then Some (Harper paperback ed.). New York: HarperCollins. p. 377. ISBN 0061127914.  ^ Stephenson, Alison (August 13, 2014). " Lauren Bacall
Lauren Bacall
dead at 89". News Corp Australia. Retrieved September 30, 2017.  ^ Bacall, Lauren (October 12, 1985). Lauren Bacall: By Myself. Ballantine Books. ISBN 0345333217.  ^ Bacall, Lauren (November 29, 1995). Now (1st ed.). New York: Ballantine Books. ISBN 0345402324.  ^ Bacall, Lauren (October 31, 2006). By Myself and Then Some (Harper paperback ed.). New York: HarperCollins. ISBN 0061127914.  ^ Bogart, Humphrey (March 1948). "I'm No Communist". Photoplay. Google Docs. Retrieved August 13, 2014. I'm no communist  ^ Gordon, Lois G.; Gordon, Alan (1987). American Chronicle: Six Decades in American Life, 1920–1980. Atheneum. p. 267. ISBN 9780689118999. Retrieved August 13, 2014.  ^ Kengor, Dr. Paul (August 15, 2014). "Bogie and Bacall and Hollywood's Communists". American Spectator. Human Events. Retrieved August 25, 2014.  ^ Tomasky, Michael (August 13, 2014). " Lauren Bacall
Lauren Bacall
was deeply liberal and deeply anti-communist". The Daily Beast. Retrieved October 19, 2015.  ^ "Interview with Lauren Bacall". Larry King
Larry King
Live. May 6, 2005. CNN. Retrieved August 13, 2014.  ^ Barnes, Mike; Byrge, Duane (August 12, 2014). "Lauren Bacall, Hollywood's Icon of Cool, Dies at 89". Yahoo! Movies. Retrieved August 13, 2014.  ^ "Legendary Actress Lauren Bacall
Lauren Bacall
Dies at 89". New York Telegraph. August 13, 2014. Retrieved August 13, 2014.  ^ " Lauren Bacall
Lauren Bacall
leaves $10,000 for her beloved dog in will". Fox News. Retrieved August 25, 2014.  ^ Vogel, Carol (October 9, 2014). "What Bacall Loved". The New York Times.  ^ "BBC – The Late Show – Face to Face: Lauren Bacall", Interview with Jeremy Isaacs, BBC, March 20, 1995 ^ "Bacall & Bogart Lux Theatre
Theatre
Stars". Harrisburg Telegraph. October 12, 1946. p. 17. Retrieved October 1, 2015 – via Newspapers.com.  ^ "Men and Women of the Year". Hasty Pudding Theatricals. Retrieved September 16, 2017.  ^ "1970 – 24th ANNUAL TONY AWARDS®". IBM Corp., Tony Award Productions. April 19, 1970. Retrieved August 13, 2014.  ^ a b "The Sarah Siddons Society Awardees". Sarah Siddons Society. Retrieved February 27, 2014.  ^ "National Book
Book
Awards – 1980", nationalbook.org; retrieved March 16, 2012. ^ "1981 – 35th ANNUAL TONY AWARDS®". IBM Corp., Tony Award Productions. June 7, 1981. Retrieved August 13, 2014.  ^ " Lauren Bacall
Lauren Bacall
Receives George Eastman Award". The New York Times. November 10, 1990. Retrieved October 25, 2010.  ^ "Donostia Awards". San Sebastián International Film Festival. Retrieved September 16, 2017.  ^ a b " Lauren Bacall
Lauren Bacall
1 Nomination 1 Win 1 Special
Special
Award". Golden Globe Awards; Hollywood
Hollywood
Foreign Press Association. Retrieved August 13, 2014.  ^ "Best Ensemble Cast Archives – National Board of Review". National Board of Review. Retrieved February 1, 2015.  ^ "Palmares 1996 - 21st Cesar Award Ceremony". Académie des Arts et Techniques du Cinéma. Retrieved September 16, 2016.  ^ "Berlinale: 1997 Prize Winners". Internationale Filmfestspiele Berlin. Retrieved January 14, 2012.  ^ "The 3rd Annual Screen Actors Guild Awards". SAG-AFTRA. Retrieved August 13, 2014.  ^ Going Global in Palm Springs. San Diego Magazine. 54. January 2002. p. 100. (Subscription required (help)).  ^ "Past Kennedy Center Honorees". John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts. Retrieved September 16, 2017.  ^ "Past Winners". Stockholm International Film Festival. Retrieved September 16, 2017.  ^ "US actress Lauren Bacall
Lauren Bacall
receives the Norwegian International ..." Getty Images. August 17, 2007. Retrieved September 16, 2017.  ^ a b " Lauren Bacall
Lauren Bacall
Search Results". BAFTAs. Retrieved August 13, 2014.  ^ "33rd Primetime Emmys Nominees and Winners – Outstanding Lead Actress in a Drama Series". Emmys.com. Academy of Television Arts & Sciences. Retrieved July 9, 2017.  ^ " Hollywood
Hollywood
Walk of Fame – Lauren Bacall". walkoffame.com. Hollywood
Hollywood
Chamber of Commerce. February 8, 1960. Retrieved May 9, 2017.  ^ "LISTED BY DATE DEDICATED" (PDF). Palm Spring Walk of Stars. Archived from the original (PDF) on October 13, 2012. Retrieved August 13, 2014. Palm Springs Walk of Stars: Lauren Bacall
Lauren Bacall
star, 135 E. Tahquitz Canyon Way  ^ "Notes for Lauren Bacall". Turner Classic Movies. Retrieved August 13, 2014.  ^ Kristen (September 9, 2012). "Bogie". Journeys in Classic Film. Retrieved October 19, 2015.  ^ Goudas, John N. (February 29, 1980). " Kathryn Harrold cast as Bacall in 'Bogie'". The Boca Raton News. Google News Archive. Retrieved August 22, 2014.  ^ " Bacall to Arms (1946)". Retrieved August 31, 2015.  ^ a b c d e Stutz, Colin (August 12, 2014). " Lauren Bacall
Lauren Bacall
Dies: Her Top 5 Pop Song References". Billboard. Retrieved August 13, 2014.  ^ The Cardinals (April 1, 2014). The Dakota
The Dakota
Scrapbook: Volume 1. Exterior (1st ed.). Callipygian Ventures. ISBN 978-0970081513. Retrieved September 30, 2017. (Subscription required (help)).  ^ Matthew Quick (August 13, 2013). Forgive Me, Leonard Peacock (1st ed.). Little, Brown Books for Young Readers. ISBN 0316221325. Retrieved November 16, 2017.  ^ "Marshall Islands". Encyclopedia.com. Retrieved December 31, 2015. The inhabited islands along the southern side of Majuro
Majuro
Atoll have been joined over time by landfill and a bridge to form a 30-mile road from Rita, on the extreme eastern end, to Laura, at the western end. Both villages were so code-named by U.S. forces in World War II after favorite pinups Rita Hayworth and Lauren Bacall. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Lauren Bacall.

Wikiquote has quotations related to: Lauren Bacall

Lauren Bacall
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on IMDb Lauren Bacall
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at the Internet Broadway Database
Internet Broadway Database
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at the TCM Movie Database Lauren Bacall
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at aenigma Lauren Bacall
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at AllMovie Works by or about Lauren Bacall
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in libraries ( WorldCat
WorldCat
catalog)

Awards for Lauren Bacall

v t e

Academy Honorary Award

1928–1950

Warner Bros.
Warner Bros.
/ Charlie Chaplin
Charlie Chaplin
(1928) Walt Disney
Walt Disney
(1932) Shirley Temple
Shirley Temple
(1934) D. W. Griffith
D. W. Griffith
(1935) The March of Time
The March of Time
/ W. Howard Greene and Harold Rosson (1936) Edgar Bergen
Edgar Bergen
/ W. Howard Greene / Museum of Modern Art
Museum of Modern Art
Film Library / Mack Sennett
Mack Sennett
(1937) J. Arthur Ball / Walt Disney
Walt Disney
/ Deanna Durbin
Deanna Durbin
and Mickey Rooney
Mickey Rooney
/ Gordon Jennings, Jan Domela, Devereaux Jennings, Irmin Roberts, Art Smith, Farciot Edouart, Loyal Griggs, Loren L. Ryder, Harry D. Mills, Louis Mesenkop, Walter Oberst / Oliver T. Marsh and Allen Davey / Harry Warner
Harry Warner
(1938) Douglas Fairbanks
Douglas Fairbanks
/ Judy Garland
Judy Garland
/ William Cameron Menzies / Motion Picture Relief Fund (Jean Hersholt, Ralph Morgan, Ralph Block, Conrad Nagel)/ Technicolor Company (1939) Bob Hope
Bob Hope
/ Nathan Levinson (1940) Walt Disney, William Garity, John N. A. Hawkins, and the RCA Manufacturing Company / Leopold Stokowski
Leopold Stokowski
and his associates / Rey Scott / British Ministry of Information (1941) Charles Boyer
Charles Boyer
/ Noël Coward
Noël Coward
/ Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer
Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer
(1942) George Pal
George Pal
(1943) Bob Hope
Bob Hope
/ Margaret O'Brien
Margaret O'Brien
(1944) Republic Studio, Daniel J. Bloomberg, and the Republic Studio Sound Department / Walter Wanger
Walter Wanger
/ The House I Live In / Peggy Ann Garner (1945) Harold Russell
Harold Russell
/ Laurence Olivier
Laurence Olivier
/ Ernst Lubitsch
Ernst Lubitsch
/ Claude Jarman Jr. (1946) James Baskett
James Baskett
/ Thomas Armat, William Nicholas Selig, Albert E. Smith, and George Kirke Spoor
George Kirke Spoor
/ Bill and Coo / Shoeshine (1947) Walter Wanger
Walter Wanger
/ Monsieur Vincent
Monsieur Vincent
/ Sid Grauman
Sid Grauman
/ Adolph Zukor
Adolph Zukor
(1948) Jean Hersholt
Jean Hersholt
/ Fred Astaire
Fred Astaire
/ Cecil B. DeMille
Cecil B. DeMille
/ The Bicycle Thief (1949) Louis B. Mayer
Louis B. Mayer
/ George Murphy
George Murphy
/ The Walls of Malapaga (1950)

1951–1975

Gene Kelly
Gene Kelly
/ Rashomon
Rashomon
(1951) Merian C. Cooper
Merian C. Cooper
/ Bob Hope
Bob Hope
/ Harold Lloyd
Harold Lloyd
/ George Mitchell / Joseph M. Schenck / Forbidden Games
Forbidden Games
(1952) 20th Century-Fox Film Corporation / Bell & Howell Company / Joseph Breen / Pete Smith (1953) Bausch & Lomb Optical Company / Danny Kaye
Danny Kaye
/ Kemp Niver / Greta Garbo / Jon Whiteley
Jon Whiteley
/ Vincent Winter / Gate of Hell (1954) Samurai I: Musashi Miyamoto (1955) Eddie Cantor
Eddie Cantor
(1956) Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers
Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers
/ Gilbert M. "Broncho Billy" Anderson / Charles Brackett / B. B. Kahane (1957) Maurice Chevalier
Maurice Chevalier
(1958) Buster Keaton
Buster Keaton
/ Lee de Forest
Lee de Forest
(1959) Gary Cooper
Gary Cooper
/ Stan Laurel
Stan Laurel
/ Hayley Mills
Hayley Mills
(1960) William L. Hendricks / Fred L. Metzler / Jerome Robbins
Jerome Robbins
(1961) William J. Tuttle
William J. Tuttle
(1964) Bob Hope
Bob Hope
(1965) Yakima Canutt
Yakima Canutt
/ Y. Frank Freeman
Y. Frank Freeman
(1966) Arthur Freed (1967) John Chambers / Onna White (1968) Cary Grant
Cary Grant
(1969) Lillian Gish
Lillian Gish
/ Orson Welles
Orson Welles
(1970) Charlie Chaplin
Charlie Chaplin
(1971) Charles S. Boren / Edward G. Robinson
Edward G. Robinson
(1972) Henri Langlois
Henri Langlois
/ Groucho Marx
Groucho Marx
(1973) Howard Hawks
Howard Hawks
/ Jean Renoir
Jean Renoir
(1974) Mary Pickford
Mary Pickford
(1975)

1976–2000

Margaret Booth (1977) Walter Lantz
Walter Lantz
/ Laurence Olivier
Laurence Olivier
/ King Vidor
King Vidor
/ Museum of Modern Art Department of Film (1978) Hal Elias / Alec Guinness
Alec Guinness
(1979) Henry Fonda
Henry Fonda
(1980) Barbara Stanwyck
Barbara Stanwyck
(1981) Mickey Rooney
Mickey Rooney
(1982) Hal Roach
Hal Roach
(1983) James Stewart
James Stewart
/ National Endowment for the Arts
National Endowment for the Arts
(1984) Paul Newman
Paul Newman
/ Alex North (1985) Ralph Bellamy
Ralph Bellamy
(1986) Eastman Kodak
Kodak
Company / National Film Board of Canada
National Film Board of Canada
(1988) Akira Kurosawa
Akira Kurosawa
(1989) Sophia Loren
Sophia Loren
/ Myrna Loy
Myrna Loy
(1990) Satyajit Ray
Satyajit Ray
(1991) Federico Fellini
Federico Fellini
(1992) Deborah Kerr
Deborah Kerr
(1993) Michelangelo Antonioni
Michelangelo Antonioni
(1994) Kirk Douglas
Kirk Douglas
/ Chuck Jones
Chuck Jones
(1995) Michael Kidd
Michael Kidd
(1996) Stanley Donen
Stanley Donen
(1997) Elia Kazan
Elia Kazan
(1998) Andrzej Wajda
Andrzej Wajda
(1999) Jack Cardiff
Jack Cardiff
/ Ernest Lehman (2000)

2001–present

Sidney Poitier
Sidney Poitier
/ Robert Redford
Robert Redford
(2001) Peter O'Toole
Peter O'Toole
(2002) Blake Edwards
Blake Edwards
(2003) Sidney Lumet
Sidney Lumet
(2004) Robert Altman
Robert Altman
(2005) Ennio Morricone
Ennio Morricone
(2006) Robert F. Boyle (2007) Lauren Bacall
Lauren Bacall
/ Roger Corman
Roger Corman
/ Gordon Willis
Gordon Willis
(2009) Kevin Brownlow / Jean-Luc Godard
Jean-Luc Godard
/ Eli Wallach
Eli Wallach
(2010) James Earl Jones
James Earl Jones
/ Dick Smith (2011) D. A. Pennebaker
D. A. Pennebaker
/ Hal Needham
Hal Needham
/ George Stevens Jr.
George Stevens Jr.
(2012) Angela Lansbury
Angela Lansbury
/ Steve Martin
Steve Martin
/ Piero Tosi (2013) Jean-Claude Carrière
Jean-Claude Carrière
/ Hayao Miyazaki
Hayao Miyazaki
/ Maureen O'Hara
Maureen O'Hara
(2014) Spike Lee
Spike Lee
/ Gena Rowlands
Gena Rowlands
(2015) Jackie Chan
Jackie Chan
/ Lynn Stalmaster / Anne V. Coates / Frederick Wiseman (2016) Charles Burnett / Owen Roizman / Donald Sutherland
Donald Sutherland
/ Agnès Varda (2017)

v t e

Cecil B. DeMille
Cecil B. DeMille
Award

Cecil B. DeMille
Cecil B. DeMille
(1952) Walt Disney
Walt Disney
(1953) Darryl F. Zanuck
Darryl F. Zanuck
(1954) Jean Hersholt
Jean Hersholt
(1955) Jack L. Warner
Jack L. Warner
(1956) Mervyn LeRoy
Mervyn LeRoy
(1957) Buddy Adler (1958) Maurice Chevalier
Maurice Chevalier
(1959) Bing Crosby
Bing Crosby
(1960) Fred Astaire
Fred Astaire
(1961) Judy Garland
Judy Garland
(1962) Bob Hope
Bob Hope
(1963) Joseph E. Levine
Joseph E. Levine
(1964) James Stewart
James Stewart
(1965) John Wayne
John Wayne
(1966) Charlton Heston
Charlton Heston
(1967) Kirk Douglas
Kirk Douglas
(1968) Gregory Peck
Gregory Peck
(1969) Joan Crawford
Joan Crawford
(1970) Frank Sinatra
Frank Sinatra
(1971) Alfred Hitchcock
Alfred Hitchcock
(1972) Samuel Goldwyn
Samuel Goldwyn
(1973) Bette Davis
Bette Davis
(1974) Hal B. Wallis
Hal B. Wallis
(1975) Walter Mirisch (1977) Red Skelton
Red Skelton
(1978) Lucille Ball
Lucille Ball
(1979) Henry Fonda
Henry Fonda
(1980) Gene Kelly
Gene Kelly
(1981) Sidney Poitier
Sidney Poitier
(1982) Laurence Olivier
Laurence Olivier
(1983) Paul Newman
Paul Newman
(1984) Elizabeth Taylor
Elizabeth Taylor
(1985) Barbara Stanwyck
Barbara Stanwyck
(1986) Anthony Quinn
Anthony Quinn
(1987) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(1988) Doris Day
Doris Day
(1989) Audrey Hepburn
Audrey Hepburn
(1990) Jack Lemmon
Jack Lemmon
(1991) Robert Mitchum
Robert Mitchum
(1992) Lauren Bacall
Lauren Bacall
(1993) Robert Redford
Robert Redford
(1994) Sophia Loren
Sophia Loren
(1995) Sean Connery
Sean Connery
(1996) Dustin Hoffman
Dustin Hoffman
(1997) Shirley MacLaine
Shirley MacLaine
(1998) Jack Nicholson
Jack Nicholson
(1999) Barbra Streisand
Barbra Streisand
(2000) Al Pacino
Al Pacino
(2001) Harrison Ford
Harrison Ford
(2002) Gene Hackman
Gene Hackman
(2003) Michael Douglas
Michael Douglas
(2004) Robin Williams
Robin Williams
(2005) Anthony Hopkins
Anthony Hopkins
(2006) Warren Beatty
Warren Beatty
(2007) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(2009) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(2010) Robert De Niro
Robert De Niro
(2011) Morgan Freeman
Morgan Freeman
(2012) Jodie Foster
Jodie Foster
(2013) Woody Allen
Woody Allen
(2014) George Clooney
George Clooney
(2015) Denzel Washington
Denzel Washington
(2016) Meryl Streep
Meryl Streep
(2017) Oprah Winfrey
Oprah Winfrey
(2018)

v t e

Drama Desk Award for Outstanding Actress in a Musical

Imelda de Martin (1964) no award (1965-1968) Dorothy Loudon
Dorothy Loudon
/ Bernadette Peters
Bernadette Peters
(1969) Lauren Bacall
Lauren Bacall
/ Sandy Duncan
Sandy Duncan
/ Ethel Merman
Ethel Merman
(1970) Helen Gallagher
Helen Gallagher
/ Alexis Smith
Alexis Smith
(1971) Jonelle Allen (1972) Glynis Johns
Glynis Johns
/ Michele Lee
Michele Lee
(1973) Ruby Lynn Reyner (1974) Angela Lansbury
Angela Lansbury
(1975) Donna McKechnie
Donna McKechnie
(1976) Clamma Dale (1977) Nell Carter
Nell Carter
(1978) Angela Lansbury
Angela Lansbury
(1979) Patti LuPone
Patti LuPone
(1980) Lena Horne
Lena Horne
(1981) Jennifer Holliday (1982) Natalia Makarova
Natalia Makarova
(1983) Chita Rivera
Chita Rivera
(1984) No award (1985) Bernadette Peters
Bernadette Peters
(1986) Teresa Stratas
Teresa Stratas
(1987) Patti LuPone
Patti LuPone
(1988) Toni DiBuono (1989) Tyne Daly
Tyne Daly
(1990) Lea Salonga
Lea Salonga
(1991) Faith Prince (1992) Chita Rivera
Chita Rivera
(1993) Donna Murphy
Donna Murphy
(1994) Glenn Close
Glenn Close
(1995) Julie Andrews
Julie Andrews
(1996) Bebe Neuwirth
Bebe Neuwirth
(1997) Natasha Richardson
Natasha Richardson
(1998) Carolee Carmello
Carolee Carmello
/ Bernadette Peters
Bernadette Peters
(1999) Heather Headley (2000) Marla Schaffel (2001) Sutton Foster
Sutton Foster
(2002) Marissa Jaret Winokur
Marissa Jaret Winokur
(2003) Donna Murphy
Donna Murphy
(2004) Victoria Clark
Victoria Clark
(2005) Christine Ebersole
Christine Ebersole
(2006) Audra McDonald
Audra McDonald
/ Donna Murphy
Donna Murphy
(2007) Patti LuPone
Patti LuPone
(2008) Allison Janney
Allison Janney
(2009) Catherine Zeta-Jones
Catherine Zeta-Jones
/ Montego Glover
Montego Glover
(2010) Sutton Foster
Sutton Foster
(2011) Audra McDonald
Audra McDonald
(2012) Laura Osnes
Laura Osnes
(2013) Jessie Mueller
Jessie Mueller
(2014) Kristin Chenoweth
Kristin Chenoweth
(2015) Cynthia Erivo (2016) Bette Midler
Bette Midler
(2017)

v t e

Golden Globe Award
Golden Globe Award
for Best Supporting Actress – Motion Picture

Katina Paxinou
Katina Paxinou
(1943) Agnes Moorehead
Agnes Moorehead
(1944) Angela Lansbury
Angela Lansbury
(1945) Anne Baxter
Anne Baxter
(1946) Celeste Holm
Celeste Holm
(1947) Ellen Corby
Ellen Corby
(1948) Mercedes McCambridge
Mercedes McCambridge
(1949) Josephine Hull (1950) Kim Hunter
Kim Hunter
(1951) Katy Jurado
Katy Jurado
(1952) Grace Kelly
Grace Kelly
(1953) Jan Sterling
Jan Sterling
(1954) Marisa Pavan
Marisa Pavan
(1955) Eileen Heckart (1956) Elsa Lanchester
Elsa Lanchester
(1957) Hermione Gingold
Hermione Gingold
(1958) Susan Kohner
Susan Kohner
(1959) Janet Leigh
Janet Leigh
(1960) Rita Moreno
Rita Moreno
(1961) Angela Lansbury
Angela Lansbury
(1962) Margaret Rutherford
Margaret Rutherford
(1963) Agnes Moorehead
Agnes Moorehead
(1964) Ruth Gordon
Ruth Gordon
(1965) Jocelyne LaGarde (1966) Carol Channing
Carol Channing
(1967) Ruth Gordon
Ruth Gordon
(1968) Goldie Hawn
Goldie Hawn
(1969) Karen Black/ Maureen Stapleton
Maureen Stapleton
(1970) Ann-Margret
Ann-Margret
(1971) Shelley Winters
Shelley Winters
(1972) Linda Blair
Linda Blair
(1973) Karen Black
Karen Black
(1974) Brenda Vaccaro
Brenda Vaccaro
(1975) Katharine Ross
Katharine Ross
(1976) Vanessa Redgrave
Vanessa Redgrave
(1977) Dyan Cannon
Dyan Cannon
(1978) Meryl Streep
Meryl Streep
(1979) Mary Steenburgen
Mary Steenburgen
(1980) Joan Hackett
Joan Hackett
(1981) Jessica Lange
Jessica Lange
(1982) Cher
Cher
(1983) Peggy Ashcroft
Peggy Ashcroft
(1984) Meg Tilly
Meg Tilly
(1985) Maggie Smith
Maggie Smith
(1986) Olympia Dukakis
Olympia Dukakis
(1987) Sigourney Weaver
Sigourney Weaver
(1988) Julia Roberts
Julia Roberts
(1989) Whoopi Goldberg
Whoopi Goldberg
(1990) Mercedes Ruehl
Mercedes Ruehl
(1991) Joan Plowright
Joan Plowright
(1992) Winona Ryder
Winona Ryder
(1993) Dianne Wiest
Dianne Wiest
(1994) Mira Sorvino
Mira Sorvino
(1995) Lauren Bacall
Lauren Bacall
(1996) Kim Basinger
Kim Basinger
(1997) Lynn Redgrave
Lynn Redgrave
(1998) Angelina Jolie
Angelina Jolie
(1999) Kate Hudson
Kate Hudson
(2000) Jennifer Connelly
Jennifer Connelly
(2001) Meryl Streep
Meryl Streep
(2002) Renée Zellweger
Renée Zellweger
(2003) Natalie Portman
Natalie Portman
(2004) Rachel Weisz
Rachel Weisz
(2005) Jennifer Hudson
Jennifer Hudson
(2006) Cate Blanchett
Cate Blanchett
(2007) Kate Winslet
Kate Winslet
(2008) Mo'Nique
Mo'Nique
(2009) Melissa Leo
Melissa Leo
(2010) Octavia Spencer
Octavia Spencer
(2011) Anne Hathaway
Anne Hathaway
(2012) Jennifer Lawrence
Jennifer Lawrence
(2013) Patricia Arquette
Patricia Arquette
(2014) Kate Winslet
Kate Winslet
(2015) Viola Davis
Viola Davis
(2016) Allison Janney
Allison Janney
(2017)

v t e

Hasty Pudding Woman of the Year

1951–1975

Gertrude Lawrence
Gertrude Lawrence
(1951) Barbara Bel Geddes
Barbara Bel Geddes
(1952) Mamie Eisenhower
Mamie Eisenhower
(1953) Shirley Booth
Shirley Booth
(1954) Debbie Reynolds
Debbie Reynolds
(1955) Peggy Ann Garner
Peggy Ann Garner
(1956) Carroll Baker
Carroll Baker
(1957) Katharine Hepburn
Katharine Hepburn
(1958) Joanne Woodward
Joanne Woodward
(1959) Carol Lawrence
Carol Lawrence
(1960) Jane Fonda
Jane Fonda
(1961) Piper Laurie
Piper Laurie
(1962) Shirley MacLaine
Shirley MacLaine
(1963) Rosalind Russell
Rosalind Russell
(1964) Lee Remick
Lee Remick
(1965) Ethel Merman
Ethel Merman
(1966) Lauren Bacall
Lauren Bacall
(1967) Angela Lansbury
Angela Lansbury
(1968) Carol Burnett
Carol Burnett
(1969) Dionne Warwick
Dionne Warwick
(1970) Carol Channing
Carol Channing
(1971) Ruby Keeler
Ruby Keeler
(1972) Liza Minnelli
Liza Minnelli
(1973) Faye Dunaway
Faye Dunaway
(1974) Valerie Harper
Valerie Harper
(1975)

1976–2000

Bette Midler
Bette Midler
(1976) Elizabeth Taylor
Elizabeth Taylor
(1977) Beverly Sills
Beverly Sills
(1978) Candice Bergen
Candice Bergen
(1979) Meryl Streep
Meryl Streep
(1980) Mary Tyler Moore
Mary Tyler Moore
(1981) Ella Fitzgerald
Ella Fitzgerald
(1982) Julie Andrews
Julie Andrews
(1983) Joan Rivers
Joan Rivers
(1984) Cher
Cher
(1985) Sally Field
Sally Field
(1986) Bernadette Peters
Bernadette Peters
(1987) Lucille Ball
Lucille Ball
(1988) Kathleen Turner
Kathleen Turner
(1989) Glenn Close
Glenn Close
(1990) Diane Keaton
Diane Keaton
(1991) Jodie Foster
Jodie Foster
(1992) Whoopi Goldberg
Whoopi Goldberg
(1993) Meg Ryan
Meg Ryan
(1994) Michelle Pfeiffer
Michelle Pfeiffer
(1995) Susan Sarandon
Susan Sarandon
(1996) Julia Roberts
Julia Roberts
(1997) Sigourney Weaver
Sigourney Weaver
(1998) Goldie Hawn
Goldie Hawn
(1999) Jamie Lee Curtis
Jamie Lee Curtis
(2000)

2001–present

Drew Barrymore
Drew Barrymore
(2001) Sarah Jessica Parker
Sarah Jessica Parker
(2002) Anjelica Huston
Anjelica Huston
(2003) Sandra Bullock
Sandra Bullock
(2004) Catherine Zeta-Jones
Catherine Zeta-Jones
(2005) Halle Berry
Halle Berry
(2006) Scarlett Johansson
Scarlett Johansson
(2007) Charlize Theron
Charlize Theron
(2008) Renée Zellweger
Renée Zellweger
(2009) Anne Hathaway
Anne Hathaway
(2010) Julianne Moore
Julianne Moore
(2011) Claire Danes
Claire Danes
(2012) Marion Cotillard
Marion Cotillard
(2013) Helen Mirren
Helen Mirren
(2014) Amy Poehler
Amy Poehler
(2015) Kerry Washington
Kerry Washington
(2016) Octavia Spencer
Octavia Spencer
(2017) Mila Kunis
Mila Kunis
(2018)

v t e

Honorary César

1976–2000

Ingrid Bergman
Ingrid Bergman
(1976) Diana Ross
Diana Ross
(1976) Henri Langlois
Henri Langlois
(1977) Jacques Tati
Jacques Tati
(1977) Robert Dorfmann (1978) René Goscinny
René Goscinny
(1978) Marcel Carné
Marcel Carné
(1979) Charles Vanel
Charles Vanel
(1979) Walt Disney
Walt Disney
(1979) Pierre Braunberger (1980) Louis de Funès
Louis de Funès
(1980) Kirk Douglas
Kirk Douglas
(1980) Marcel Pagnol
Marcel Pagnol
(1981) Alain Resnais (1981) Georges Dancigers (1982) Alexandre Mnouchkine (1982) Jean Nény (1982) Andrzej Wajda
Andrzej Wajda
(1982) Raimu
Raimu
(1983) René Clément
René Clément
(1984) Georges de Beauregard (1984) Edwige Feuillère
Edwige Feuillère
(1984) Christian-Jaque (1985) Danielle Darrieux
Danielle Darrieux
(1985) Christine Gouze-Rénal (1985) Alain Poiré (1985) Maurice Jarre
Maurice Jarre
(1986) Bette Davis
Bette Davis
(1986) Jean Delannoy
Jean Delannoy
(1986) René Ferracci (1986) Claude Lanzmann
Claude Lanzmann
(1986) Jean-Luc Godard
Jean-Luc Godard
(1987) Serge Silberman (1988) Bernard Blier
Bernard Blier
(1989) Paul Grimault
Paul Grimault
(1989) Gérard Philipe
Gérard Philipe
(1990) Jean-Pierre Aumont
Jean-Pierre Aumont
(1991) Sophia Loren
Sophia Loren
(1991) Michèle Morgan
Michèle Morgan
(1992) Sylvester Stallone
Sylvester Stallone
(1992) Jean Marais
Jean Marais
(1993) Marcello Mastroianni
Marcello Mastroianni
(1993) Gérard Oury
Gérard Oury
(1993) Jean Carmet
Jean Carmet
(1994) Jeanne Moreau
Jeanne Moreau
(1995) Gregory Peck
Gregory Peck
(1995) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1995) Lauren Bacall
Lauren Bacall
(1996) Henri Verneuil
Henri Verneuil
(1996) Charles Aznavour
Charles Aznavour
(1997) Andie MacDowell
Andie MacDowell
(1997) Michael Douglas
Michael Douglas
(1998) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(1998) Jean-Luc Godard
Jean-Luc Godard
(1998) Pedro Almodóvar
Pedro Almodóvar
(1999) Johnny Depp
Johnny Depp
(1999) Jean Rochefort
Jean Rochefort
(1999) Josiane Balasko
Josiane Balasko
(2000) Georges Cravenne
Georges Cravenne
(2000) Jean-Pierre Léaud
Jean-Pierre Léaud
(2000) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(2000)

2001–present

Darry Cowl (2001) Charlotte Rampling
Charlotte Rampling
(2001) Agnès Varda
Agnès Varda
(2001) Anouk Aimée
Anouk Aimée
(2002) Jeremy Irons
Jeremy Irons
(2002) Claude Rich
Claude Rich
(2002) Bernadette Lafont
Bernadette Lafont
(2003) Spike Lee
Spike Lee
(2003) Meryl Streep
Meryl Streep
(2003) Micheline Presle
Micheline Presle
(2004) Jacques Dutronc
Jacques Dutronc
(2005) Will Smith
Will Smith
(2005) Hugh Grant
Hugh Grant
(2006) Pierre Richard
Pierre Richard
(2006) Marlène Jobert
Marlène Jobert
(2007) Jude Law
Jude Law
(2007) Jeanne Moreau
Jeanne Moreau
(2008) Roberto Benigni
Roberto Benigni
(2008) Dustin Hoffman
Dustin Hoffman
(2009) Harrison Ford
Harrison Ford
(2010) Quentin Tarantino
Quentin Tarantino
(2011) Kate Winslet
Kate Winslet
(2012) Kevin Costner
Kevin Costner
(2013) Scarlett Johansson
Scarlett Johansson
(2014) Sean Penn
Sean Penn
(2015) Michael Douglas
Michael Douglas
(2016) George Clooney
George Clooney
(2017) Penélope Cruz
Penélope Cruz
(2018)

v t e

Kennedy Center Honorees (1990s)

1990

Dizzy Gillespie Katharine Hepburn Risë Stevens Jule Styne Billy Wilder

1991

Roy Acuff Betty Comden
Betty Comden
and Adolph Green Fayard and Harold Nicholas Gregory Peck Robert Shaw

1992

Lionel Hampton Paul Newman
Paul Newman
and Joanne Woodward Ginger Rogers Mstislav Rostropovich Paul Taylor

1993

Johnny Carson Arthur Mitchell Sir Georg Solti Stephen Sondheim Marion Williams

1994

Kirk Douglas Aretha Franklin Morton Gould Harold Prince Pete Seeger

1995

Jacques d'Amboise Marilyn Horne B.B. King Sidney Poitier Neil Simon

1996

Edward Albee Benny Carter Johnny Cash Jack Lemmon Maria Tallchief

1997

Lauren Bacall Bob Dylan Charlton Heston Jessye Norman Edward Villella

1998

Bill Cosby Fred Ebb
Fred Ebb
and John Kander Willie Nelson André Previn Shirley Temple
Shirley Temple
Black

1999

Victor Borge Sean Connery Judith Jamison Jason Robards Stevie Wonder

Complete list 1970s 1980s 1990s 2000s 2010s

v t e

Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Female Actor in a Supporting Role

Dianne Wiest
Dianne Wiest
(1994) Kate Winslet
Kate Winslet
(1995) Lauren Bacall
Lauren Bacall
(1996) Kim Basinger
Kim Basinger
/ Gloria Stuart
Gloria Stuart
(1997) Kathy Bates
Kathy Bates
(1998) Angelina Jolie
Angelina Jolie
(1999) Judi Dench
Judi Dench
(2000) Helen Mirren
Helen Mirren
(2001) Catherine Zeta-Jones
Catherine Zeta-Jones
(2002) Renée Zellweger
Renée Zellweger
(2003) Cate Blanchett
Cate Blanchett
(2004) Rachel Weisz
Rachel Weisz
(2005) Jennifer Hudson
Jennifer Hudson
(2006) Ruby Dee
Ruby Dee
(2007) Kate Winslet
Kate Winslet
(2008) Mo'Nique
Mo'Nique
(2009) Melissa Leo
Melissa Leo
(2010) Octavia Spencer
Octavia Spencer
(2011) Anne Hathaway
Anne Hathaway
(2012) Lupita Nyong'o
Lupita Nyong'o
(2013) Patricia Arquette
Patricia Arquette
(2014) Alicia Vikander
Alicia Vikander
(2015) Viola Davis
Viola Davis
(2016) Allison Janney
Allison Janney
(2017)

v t e

Tony Award
Tony Award
for Best Performance by a Leading Actress in a Musical

Grace Hartman (1948) Nanette Fabray
Nanette Fabray
(1949) Mary Martin
Mary Martin
(1950) Ethel Merman
Ethel Merman
(1951) Gertrude Lawrence
Gertrude Lawrence
(1952) Rosalind Russell
Rosalind Russell
(1953) Dolores Gray
Dolores Gray
(1954) Mary Martin
Mary Martin
(1955) Gwen Verdon
Gwen Verdon
(1956) Judy Holliday
Judy Holliday
(1957) Thelma Ritter
Thelma Ritter
/ Gwen Verdon
Gwen Verdon
(1958) Gwen Verdon
Gwen Verdon
(1959) Mary Martin
Mary Martin
(1960) Elizabeth Seal (1961) Anna Maria Alberghetti
Anna Maria Alberghetti
/ Diahann Carroll
Diahann Carroll
(1962) Vivien Leigh
Vivien Leigh
(1963) Carol Channing
Carol Channing
(1964) Liza Minnelli
Liza Minnelli
(1965) Angela Lansbury
Angela Lansbury
(1966) Barbara Harris (1967) Patricia Routledge / Leslie Uggams
Leslie Uggams
(1968) Angela Lansbury
Angela Lansbury
(1969) Lauren Bacall
Lauren Bacall
(1970) Helen Gallagher
Helen Gallagher
(1971) Alexis Smith
Alexis Smith
(1972) Glynis Johns
Glynis Johns
(1973) Virginia Capers (1974) Angela Lansbury
Angela Lansbury
(1975) Donna McKechnie
Donna McKechnie
(1976) Dorothy Loudon
Dorothy Loudon
(1977) Liza Minnelli
Liza Minnelli
(1978) Angela Lansbury
Angela Lansbury
(1979) Patti LuPone
Patti LuPone
(1980) Lauren Bacall
Lauren Bacall
(1981) Jennifer Holliday (1982) Natalia Makarova
Natalia Makarova
(1983) Chita Rivera
Chita Rivera
(1984) No Award (1985) Bernadette Peters
Bernadette Peters
(1986) Maryann Plunkett (1987) Joanna Gleason
Joanna Gleason
(1988) Ruth Brown
Ruth Brown
(1989) Tyne Daly
Tyne Daly
(1990) Lea Salonga
Lea Salonga
(1991) Faith Prince (1992) Chita Rivera
Chita Rivera
(1993) Donna Murphy
Donna Murphy
(1994) Glenn Close
Glenn Close
(1995) Donna Murphy
Donna Murphy
(1996) Bebe Neuwirth
Bebe Neuwirth
(1997) Natasha Richardson
Natasha Richardson
(1998) Bernadette Peters
Bernadette Peters
(1999) Heather Headley (2000) Christine Ebersole
Christine Ebersole
(2001) Sutton Foster
Sutton Foster
(2002) Marissa Jaret Winokur
Marissa Jaret Winokur
(2003) Idina Menzel
Idina Menzel
(2004) Victoria Clark
Victoria Clark
(2005) LaChanze
LaChanze
(2006) Christine Ebersole
Christine Ebersole
(2007) Patti LuPone
Patti LuPone
(2008) Alice Ripley
Alice Ripley
(2009) Catherine Zeta-Jones
Catherine Zeta-Jones
(2010) Sutton Foster
Sutton Foster
(2011) Audra McDonald
Audra McDonald
(2012) Patina Miller
Patina Miller
(2013) Jessie Mueller
Jessie Mueller
(2014) Kelli O'Hara
Kelli O'Hara
(2015) Cynthia Erivo (2016) Bette Midler
Bette Midler
(2017)

Authority control

WorldCat
WorldCat
Identities VIAF: 6818 LCCN: n85136525 ISNI: 0000 0001 1034 4008 GND: 118505475 SELIBR: 176423 SUDOC: 027281019 BNF: cb11889783z (data) BIBSYS: 90850443 MusicBrainz: 483a825d-1657-4037-bd94-2591940d5327 NLA: 35011552 NDL: 00431997 NKC: ola2002150629 ICCU: ITICCUTO0V77071 BNE: XX1165

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