LATINISATION (also spelled LATINIZATION : see spelling differences )
is the practice of rendering a non-
This was often done in the classical era for much the same reason as
English-speaking cultures produce English versions of some foreign
names. In the case of personal names in the post-Roman era this may be
done to emulate
In a scientific context, the main purpose of Latinisation may be to produce a name which is internationally consistent.
Latinisation may be carried out by:
* transforming the name into
* 1 Personal names * 2 Scientific names * 3 Place names * 4 Historical background * 5 References
Frontispiece of a 1743 legal text by Barnabé Brisson shows his name Latinised in the genitive Barnabae Brissonii ("of Barnabas Brissonius"). Barnabas is itself a Greek version of an Aramaic name.
Humanist names, assumed by Renaissance humanists , were very largely
Latinised names, though in some cases (e.g.
Melanchthon ) they invoked
In English, place names often appear in Latinised form. This is a result of many early text books mentioning the places being written in Latin. Because of this, the English language often uses Latinised forms of foreign place names instead of anglicised forms or the original names.
Examples of Latinised names for countries or regions are:
During the age of the
During the medieval period , after the Empire collapsed in Western
Europe, the main bastion of scholarship was the Roman Catholic Church
, for which
During modern times Europe has largely abandoned
* ^ A B "Latinize - definition of Latinize in English Oxford Dictionaries". Oxforddictionaries.com. * ^ "Group Identity Formation in the German Renaissance Humanists: The Function of Latin". Institute for Renaissance Intellectual History and Renaissance Philosophy, University of Munich . Retrieved 2013-03-21. * ^ " Declension of Greek Substantives in Latin". Retrieved 2015-07-14.
* Nicolson, Dan H. (August 1974). "Orthography of Names and Epithets: Latinization of Personal Names". Taxon. International Association for Plant Taxonomy (IAPT). 23 (4): 549–561. JSTOR 1218779 . doi :10.2307/1218779 .