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Synonyms[1]

Aphaca Mill. Konxikas Raf. Orobus L.

Lathyrus
Lathyrus
/ˈlæθɪrəs/[2] (commonly known as peavines or vetchlings[1]) is a genus in the legume family Fabaceae
Fabaceae
and contains approximately 160 species. They are native to temperate areas, with a breakdown of 52 species in Europe, 30 species in North America, 78 in Asia, 24 in tropical East Africa, and 24 in temperate South America.[3] There are annual and perennial species which may be climbing or bushy. This genus has numerous sections, including Orobus, which was once a separate genus.[4]

Contents

1 Uses 2 Diversity 3 Jewish law 4 Ecology 5 Notes 6 External links

Uses[edit] Many species are cultivated as garden plants. The genus includes the garden sweet pea ( Lathyrus
Lathyrus
odoratus) and the perennial everlasting pea ( Lathyrus
Lathyrus
latifolius). Flowers on these cultivated species may be rose, red, maroon, pink, white, yellow, purple or blue, and some are bicolored. They are also grown for their fragrance. Cultivated species are susceptible to fungal infections including downy and powdery mildew. Other species are grown for food, including the Indian pea (L. sativus) and the red pea (L. cicera), and less commonly Cyprus-vetch (L. ochrus) and Spanish vetchling (L. clymenum). The tuberous pea (L. tuberosus) is grown as a root vegetable for its starchy edible tuber. The seeds of some Lathyrus
Lathyrus
species contain the toxic amino acid oxalyldiaminopropionic acid and if eaten in large quantities can cause lathyrism, a serious disease.[5] Diversity[edit]

Harvest of Lathyrus aphaca
Lathyrus aphaca
crop

Lathyrus
Lathyrus
aureus

Lathyrus
Lathyrus
clymenum

Lathyrus
Lathyrus
davidii

Lathyrus latifolius
Lathyrus latifolius
'Pink Pearl'

Lathyrus nevadensis
Lathyrus nevadensis
ssp. nevadensis

Species include:[6]

Lathyrus
Lathyrus
alpestris Lathyrus angulatus
Lathyrus angulatus
– angled pea Lathyrus
Lathyrus
annuus – red fodder pea Lathyrus aphaca
Lathyrus aphaca
– yellow pea Lathyrus
Lathyrus
aureus – golden pea Lathyrus
Lathyrus
basalticus Lathyrus
Lathyrus
bauhinii Lathyrus
Lathyrus
belinensis Lathyrus biflorus – twoflower pea Lathyrus bijugatus
Lathyrus bijugatus
– drypark pea Lathyrus
Lathyrus
blepharicarpus – Ciliate vetchling Lathyrus
Lathyrus
boissieri Lathyrus
Lathyrus
brachycalyx – Bonneville pea Lathyrus
Lathyrus
cassius Lathyrus
Lathyrus
chloranthus Lathyrus cicera
Lathyrus cicera
– red pea Lathyrus
Lathyrus
ciliolatus Lathyrus
Lathyrus
cirrhosus Lathyrus clymenum
Lathyrus clymenum
– Spanish vetchling Lathyrus
Lathyrus
crassipes – arvejilla Lathyrus
Lathyrus
cyaneus Lathyrus
Lathyrus
davidii Lathyrus
Lathyrus
decaphyllus – prairie vetchling Lathyrus delnorticus – Del Norte pea Lathyrus
Lathyrus
digitatus Lathyrus
Lathyrus
eucosmus – semmly vetchling, bush vetchling Lathyrus
Lathyrus
filiformis Lathyrus
Lathyrus
gloeospermus Lathyrus
Lathyrus
gorgoni Lathyrus
Lathyrus
graminifolius – grassleaf pea Lathyrus grandiflorus
Lathyrus grandiflorus
– twoflower everlasting pea Lathyrus
Lathyrus
grimesii – Grimes' pea Lathyrus
Lathyrus
heterophyllus – Norfolk everlasting pea Lathyrus hirsutus
Lathyrus hirsutus
– hairy vetchling Lathyrus
Lathyrus
hitchcockianus – Bullfrog Mountain pea Lathyrus
Lathyrus
holochlorus – thinleaf pea Lathyrus
Lathyrus
hygrophilus Lathyrus
Lathyrus
inconspicuus Lathyrus
Lathyrus
incurvus Lathyrus japonicus
Lathyrus japonicus
– sea pea, beach pea Lathyrus jepsonii – delta tule pea Lathyrus
Lathyrus
laetivirens – aspen pea Lathyrus
Lathyrus
laevigatus Lathyrus lanszwertii
Lathyrus lanszwertii
– Nevada pea Lathyrus latifolius
Lathyrus latifolius
– everlasting pea, perennial pea Lathyrus
Lathyrus
laxiflorus Lathyrus libani – Lebanon vetchling Lathyrus linifolius
Lathyrus linifolius
– bitter vetch, heath pea Lathyrus littoralis
Lathyrus littoralis
– silky beach pea Lathyrus
Lathyrus
macropus Lathyrus
Lathyrus
magellanicus Lathyrus
Lathyrus
nervosus – Lord Anson's blue pea Lathyrus nevadensis
Lathyrus nevadensis
– Sierra pea Lathyrus niger
Lathyrus niger
– black pea Lathyrus nissolia
Lathyrus nissolia
– grass vetchling Lathyrus
Lathyrus
nudicaulis Lathyrus
Lathyrus
ochroleucus – cream pea Lathyrus
Lathyrus
ochrus – Cyprus-vetch Lathyrus
Lathyrus
odoratus – sweet pea Lathyrus palustris
Lathyrus palustris
– marsh pea Lathyrus
Lathyrus
pauciflorus – fewflower pea Lathyrus polyphyllus
Lathyrus polyphyllus
– leafy pea Lathyrus pratensis
Lathyrus pratensis
– meadow vetchling Lathyrus
Lathyrus
pseudocicera Lathyrus
Lathyrus
pubescens Lathyrus
Lathyrus
pusillus – tiny pea, singletary vetchling Lathyrus
Lathyrus
quinquenervius Lathyrus rigidus – stiff pea Lathyrus
Lathyrus
roseus Lathyrus sativus
Lathyrus sativus
– Indian pea, white pea, chickling vetch Lathyrus sphaericus
Lathyrus sphaericus
– grass pea Lathyrus splendens
Lathyrus splendens
– pride of California Lathyrus sulphureus – snub pea Lathyrus sylvestris
Lathyrus sylvestris
– flat pea Lathyrus
Lathyrus
szowitsii Lathyrus tingitanus
Lathyrus tingitanus
– Tangier pea Lathyrus torreyi
Lathyrus torreyi
– Torrey's peavine Lathyrus tuberosus
Lathyrus tuberosus
– tuberous pea Lathyrus
Lathyrus
vaniotii – Korean mountain vetchling[7] Lathyrus
Lathyrus
venetus Lathyrus
Lathyrus
venosus – veiny pea, bushy vetchling Lathyrus vernus
Lathyrus vernus
– spring pea Lathyrus vestitus
Lathyrus vestitus
– Pacific pea Lathyrus
Lathyrus
vinealis Lathyrus
Lathyrus
whitei

Jewish law[edit] Lathyrus
Lathyrus
can be mixed with bitter peas without violating the Jewish law of Klayim.[8] Ecology[edit] Lathyrus
Lathyrus
species are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera
Lepidoptera
species, including the Grey Chi
Grey Chi
(Antitype chi) and the Latticed Heath
Latticed Heath
(Chiasmia clathrata), both recorded on meadow vetchling ( Lathyrus
Lathyrus
pratensis), and Chionodes braunella. Notes[edit]

^ a b c "genus Lathyrus". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN) online database. Retrieved 10 March 2017.  ^ Sunset Western Garden Book, 1995:606–607 ^ Asmussen, C. B; A. Liston. (March 1998). "Chloroplast DNA characters, phylogeny, and classification of Lathyrus
Lathyrus
(Fabaceae)". American Journal of Botany. Botanical Society of America. 85 (3): 387–401. doi:10.2307/2446332. JSTOR 2446332.  ^ Fred, Edwin Broun; Baldwin, Ira Lawrence; McCoy, Elizabeth (1932). Root Nodule Bacteria and Leguminous Plants. UW-Madison Libraries Parallel Press. p. 142. ISBN 1-893311-28-7.  ^ Barrow, M. V.; et al. (1974). "Lathyrism: A Review". The Quarterly Review of Biology. 49 (2): 101–128. doi:10.1086/408017. JSTOR 2820941. PMID 4601279.  ^ GRIN Species Records of Lathyrus. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). ^ English Names for Korean Native Plants (PDF). Pocheon: Korea National Arboretum. 2015. p. 511. ISBN 978-89-97450-98-5. Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 May 2017. Retrieved 22 December 2016 – via Korea Forest Service.  ^ Mishnayot Kilayim 1:1

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Lathyrus.

Wikispecies
Wikispecies
has information related to Lathyrus

Calflora Database: Lathyrus
Lathyrus
species index Jepson Flora Project: Key to Lathyrus

Taxon identifiers

Wd: Q157209 APDB: 191980 EoL: 27793 EPPO: 1LTHG FloraBase: 21583 FoC: 117720 GBIF: 2962244 GRIN: 6554 IPNI: 22746-1 ITIS: 25834 NCBI: 3853 PLANTS: LATHY Tropicos: 40002489 VASCAN:

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