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LAT JOR NGONE LATIR JOP (Wolof : Lat Joor Ngoone Latiir Joop; French : Lat Dior Ngoné Latyr Diop; 1842–1886), son of Sahewer Sohna Mbay (Sakhéwère Sokhna Mbaye) and the Linguère royal Ngone Latir Fal (Ngoné Latyr Fall), was a nineteenth-century damel (king) of Cayor
Cayor
, a Wolof state that is today in south central Sénégal .

CONTENTS

* 1 Conversion * 2 Conquests * 3 Facing the French * 4 The Legend of Lat Jor * 5 Ancestry Chart of Lat Jor * 6 See also

* 7 Bibliography

* 7.1 Fiction

* 8 References

CONVERSION

He converted to Islam around 1861, and made common cause with other Wolof and Fulani
Fulani
states to resist French colonialism. Instrumental in his conversion was the Almamy of Rip , Maba Diakhou Bâ . An ally of the Toucouleur empire
Toucouleur empire
's El Hadj Umar Tall , Maba convinced Lat-Dior both to convert, and to aid non-Wolof Islamic states of the region against their common foes.

CONQUESTS

Main article: The Battle of Fandane-Thiouthioune

Lat Jor led his troops beside Maba in the battle of Rip on 30 November 1865, at the battle of Pathé Badiane in 1864 and Ngol Ngol in 1865. With Lat Jor, Maba took part in the conquests of the states of Baol and Djolof . They however couldn't conquer the Serer kingdom of Sine and were defeated at The Battle of Fandane-Thiouthioune (18 July 1867) by Maad a Sinig Kumba Ndoffene Famak Joof (King of Sine).

FACING THE FRENCH

At Kaolack in 1865, they combined forces with soldiers from Waalo , Ndiambour and Ndiander to face the French fortifications of governor Émile Pinet-Laprade but were repulsed.

After the French conquered Waalo , (re-appointed) governor Louis Faidherbe invaded Cayor
Cayor
in 1865 in order to stop the Damel's opposition to the construction of the Dakar
Dakar
to Saint-Louis railway . Dior is reported to have told the later French Governor Servatius:

"As long as I live, be assured, I shall oppose, with all my might the construction of this railway. "

But the French defeated Lat Jor's forces at the battle of Dekheule on 26 October 1868, after Faidherbe's retirement. Lat Jor struck a deal for limited autonomy and re-installment in 1871. In response to further French expansion, Cayor
Cayor
rose up again with Dior at their head, only to be defeated and be annexed again in 1879.

The Cayor
Cayor
kingdom was extinguished in its entirety October 6, 1886.

THE LEGEND OF LAT JOR

Faidherbe is reputed to have said of Jor's troops: "Ceux-là, on les tue on ne les déshonore pas." ("They can be killed but not dishonored"). This has been adapted as the motto of the Senegalese Army: "On nous tue, on ne nous déshonore pas".

In Dakar
Dakar
there is a giant statue of Maalaw, the legendary horse of Lat Jor, near the great mosque.

ANCESTRY CHART OF LAT JOR

Sahewer Fatma Cub (Bar-Get)

Medun Sohna Nyan (Bar-Get)

Sohna Nyan (?)

Sahewer Sohna Mbay Jop (Bar-Get)

Sohna Mbay (?)

LAT JOR NGONE LATIR (Damel-Teigne)

Lat-Degen Fari (Teigne)

Ma-Iseu Tend Jor Samba Fal (Damel-Teigne)

Jor Mahureja

Ngone Latir Fal ( Linguère )

Jam Jeumb

Absa Mbunum

Aisa Jop

SEE ALSO

* Cayor
Cayor
* Jolof Empire * History of Senegal

BIBLIOGRAPHY

* Marie Casanova, Lat Dior : le dernier souverain du Cayor, ABC : Nouvelles éditions africaines, 1976 * Amadou Cissé Dia, Les Derniers jours de Lat Dior suivi de La mort du Damel, Présence Africaine , 1965 * Denys Ferrando-Durfort, Lat Dior : le résistant, Paris, Chiron, 1989, 45 p. ISBN 2-7027-0403-4 * Vincent Monteil, « Lat-Dior, damel du Kayor (1842-1886) et l'islamisation des Wolofs », in Esquisses sénégalaises (Wâlo, Kayor, Dyolof, Mourides, un visionnaire), Dakar, IFAN , 1966, 244 p. * Mamadou Seyni M'bengue, Le procès de Lat Dior, D.A.E.C., 1970

FICTION

* Thierno Bâ, Lat-Dior – Le chemin de l'honneur, drame historique en huit tableaux, Dakar, Impr. Diop, 1970, 100 p.

REFERENCES

* 1. Curry, Ginette. In Search of Maba: A 19th Century Epic from Senegambia, West Africa. Phoenix Press International, Maryland, USA, 2011..

* ^ Alioune Sarr
Alioune Sarr
, Histoire du Sine-Saloum . Introduction, bibliographie et Notes par Charles Becker, BIFAN, Tome 46, Serie B, n° 3-4, 1986–1987. pp 37-39 * ^ Diouf, Niokhobaye. "Chronique du royaume du Sine." Suivie de notes sur les traditions orales et les sources écrites concernant le royaume du Sine par Charles Becker et Victor Martin. (1972). Bulletin de l'Ifan, Tome 34, Série B, n° 4, (1972). (pp 727-729, pp 16-18) * ^ BBC. The Story of Africa: Railways.

AUTHORITY CONTROL

* WorldCat Identities * VIAF : 18169523 * LCCN : n50059506 * ISNI : 0000 0000 2434 6795 * GND : 124908799 * SUDOC : 028592948 * BNF : cb120397601 (data)

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