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LAS VEGAS (/lɑːs ˈveɪɡəs/ , Spanish for "The Meadows"), officially the CITY OF LAS VEGAS and often known simply as VEGAS, is the 28th-most populated city in the United States
United States
, the most populated city in the state of Nevada
Nevada
, and the county seat of Clark County . The city anchors the Las Vegas Valley metropolitan area and is the largest city within the greater Mojave Desert . Las Vegas
Las Vegas
is an internationally renowned major resort city , known primarily for its gambling, shopping, fine dining, entertainment, and nightlife. The Las Vegas Valley as a whole serves as the leading financial, commercial, and cultural center for Nevada.

The city bills itself as The Entertainment Capital of the World , and is famous for its mega casino–hotels and associated activities. It is a top three destination in the United States
United States
for business conventions and a global leader in the hospitality industry , claiming more AAA Five Diamond hotels than any other city in the world. Today, Las Vegas
Las Vegas
annually ranks as one of the world's most visited tourist destinations. The city's tolerance for numerous forms of adult entertainment earned it the title of Sin City
City
, and has made Las Vegas a popular setting for literature, films, television programs, and music videos.

Las Vegas
Las Vegas
was settled in 1905 and officially incorporated in 1911. At the close of the 20th century, it was the most populated American city founded within that century (a similar distinction earned by Chicago in the 1800s). Population growth has accelerated since the 1960s, and between 1990 and 2000 the population nearly doubled, increasing by 85.2%. Rapid growth has continued into the 21st century, and according to a 2013 estimate, the population is 603,488 with a regional population of 2,027,828.

"Las Vegas" is often used to describe areas beyond official city limits—especially the areas on and near the Las Vegas Strip
Las Vegas Strip
, which is actually located within the unincorporated communities of Paradise , Winchester , and Enterprise .

CONTENTS

* 1 History

* 2 Geography

* 2.1 Climate * 2.2 Nearby communities

* 3 Demographics

* 4 Economy

* 4.1 Tourism

* 4.1.1 Downtown casinos * 4.1.2 Las Vegas Strip
Las Vegas Strip

* 4.2 Development

* 5 Culture * 6 Sports * 7 Parks and recreation

* 8 Government

* 8.1 City
City
council

* 9 Education

* 9.1 Primary and secondary schools * 9.2 Colleges and universities

* 10 Transportation * 11 Notable people * 12 See also * 13 Notes * 14 References * 15 Further reading * 16 External links

HISTORY

Main articles: History of Las Vegas and Timeline of Las Vegas Southern Paiutes at Moapa wearing traditional Paiute
Paiute
basket hats with Paiute
Paiute
cradleboard and rabbit robe Golden Nugget and Pioneer Club along Fremont Street in 1952 Fremont Street in the late 1960s This view of downtown Las Vegas
Las Vegas
shows a mushroom cloud in the background. Scenes such as this were typical during the 1950s. From 1951 to 1962 the government conducted 100 atmospheric tests at the nearby Nevada
Nevada
Test Site .

Perhaps the earliest visitors to the Las Vegas
Las Vegas
area were nomadic Paleo-Indians, who traveled there 10,000 years ago, leaving behind petroglyphs. Anasazi and Paiute
Paiute
tribes followed at least 2,000 years ago.

A young Mexican scout named Rafael Rivera is credited as the first non-Native American to encounter the valley, in 1829. Trader Antonio Armijo led a 60-man party along the Spanish Trail to Los Angeles, California in 1829. The area was named Las Vegas, which is Spanish for "the meadows," as it featured abundant wild grasses, as well as desert spring waters for westward travelers. The year 1844 marked the arrival of John C. Frémont , whose writings helped lure pioneers to the area. Downtown Las Vegas' Fremont Street is named after him.

Eleven years later members of the LDS Church chose Las Vegas
Las Vegas
as the site to build a fort halfway between Salt Lake City
City
and Los Angeles, where they would travel to gather supplies. The fort was abandoned several years afterward. The remainder of this Old Mormon Fort can still be seen at the intersection of Las Vegas Boulevard
Las Vegas Boulevard
and Washington Avenue.

Las Vegas
Las Vegas
was founded as a city in 1905, when 110 acres (45 ha) of land adjacent to the Union Pacific Railroad
Union Pacific Railroad
tracks were auctioned in what would become the downtown area. In 1911, Las Vegas
Las Vegas
was incorporated as a city.

1931 was a pivotal year for Las Vegas. At that time, Nevada
Nevada
legalized casino gambling and reduced residency requirements for divorce to six weeks. This year also witnessed the beginning of construction on nearby Hoover Dam . The influx of construction workers and their families helped Las Vegas
Las Vegas
avoid economic calamity during the Great Depression. The construction work was completed in 1935.

In 1941, the Las Vegas
Las Vegas
Army Air Corps Gunnery School was established. Currently known as Nellis Air Force Base, it is home to the aerobatic team called the Thunderbirds.

Following World War II, lavishly decorated hotels, gambling casinos, and big-name entertainment became synonymous with Las Vegas.

In the 1950s the Moulin Rouge opened and became the first racially integrated casino-hotel in Las Vegas.

In 1951, nuclear weapons testing began at the Nevada
Nevada
Test Site , 65 miles (105 km) northwest of Las Vegas. City
City
residents and visitors were able to witness the mushroom clouds and be exposed to the fallout until 1963 when the limited Test Ban Treaty required that nuclear tests be moved underground.

The iconic "Welcome to Las Vegas
Las Vegas
" sign, which was never located in the city, was created in 1959 by Betty Willis.

During the 1960s, corporations and business powerhouses such as Howard Hughes were building and buying hotel-casino properties. Gambling was referred to as "gaming" which transitioned into legitimate business.

In 1989, entrepreneur Steve Wynn changed the face of the Las Vegas gaming industry by opening The Mirage, the Las Vegas
Las Vegas
Strip's first mega-casino resort.

The year 1995 marked the opening of the Fremont Street Experience in Las Vegas' downtown area. This canopied five-block area features 12.5 million LED lights and 550,000 watts of sound from dusk until midnight during shows held on the top of each hour.

Due to the realization of many revitalization efforts, 2012 was dubbed "The Year of Downtown." Hundreds of millions of dollars' worth of projects made their debut at this time. They included The Smith Center for the Performing Arts and DISCOVERY Children's Museum, Mob Museum, Neon Museum, a new City
City
Hall complex and renovations for a new Zappos.com corporate headquarters in the old City
City
Hall building.

GEOGRAPHY

Astronaut photograph of Las Vegas
Las Vegas
at night

Las Vegas
Las Vegas
is situated within Clark County in a basin on the floor of the Mojave Desert and is surrounded by mountain ranges on all sides. Much of the landscape is rocky and arid with desert vegetation and wildlife. It can be subjected to torrential flash floods, although much has been done to mitigate the effects of flash floods through improved drainage systems.

The peaks surrounding Las Vegas
Las Vegas
reach elevations of over 10,000 feet (3,000 m), and act as barriers to the strong flow of moisture from the surrounding area. The elevation is approximately 2,030 ft (620 m) above sea level. According to the United States
United States
Census Bureau , the city has a total area of 135.86 sq mi (351.9 km2), of which 135.81 sq mi (351.7 km2) is land and 0.05 sq mi (0.13 km2) (0.03%) is water.

Nevada
Nevada
is the third most seismically active state in the U.S. (after Alaska and California); it has been estimated by the United States Geological Survey (USGS) that over the next 50 years there is a 10–20% chance of a M6.0 or greater earthquake occurring within 50 km of Las Vegas.

Within the city there are many lawns, trees and other greenery. Due to water resource issues, there has been a movement to encourage xeriscapes . Another part of conservation efforts is scheduled watering days for residential landscaping. A U.S. Environmental Protection Agency grant in 2008 funded a program that analyzed and forecast growth and environmental impacts through the year 2019.

CLIMATE

Desert scene at the Red Rock Canyon National Conservation Area in the Las Vegas
Las Vegas
area Spring flowers at the Red Rock Canyon National Conservation Area in the Las Vegas
Las Vegas
area

Las Vegas
Las Vegas
has a subtropical hot desert climate (Köppen climate classification : BWh), typical of the Mojave Desert in which it lies. This climate is typified by long, very hot summers; warm transitional seasons; and short, mild to chilly winters. There is abundant sunshine throughout the year, with an average of 310 sunny days and bright sunshine occurring during 86% of all daylight hours. Rainfall is scarce, with an average of 4.2 in (110 mm) dispersed between roughly 26 to 27 total rainy days per year. Las Vegas
Las Vegas
is among the sunniest, driest, and least humid locations in all of North America, with exceptionally low dew points and humidity that sometimes remains below 10%.

The summer months of June through September are very hot, though moderated by extremely low humidity. July is the hottest month with an average daytime high of 104.2 °F (40.1 °C). On average, 134 days per year reach or exceed 90 °F (32 °C), of which 74 days reach 100 °F (38 °C) and 7 days reach 110 °F (43 °C). During the peak intensity of summer, overnight lows frequently remain above 80 °F (27 °C) and occasionally above 85 °F (29 °C). While most summer days are consistently hot, dry, and cloudless, the North American Monsoon sporadically interrupts this pattern and brings more cloud cover, thunderstorms, lightning, increased humidity, and brief spells of heavy rain to the area. The window of opportunity for the monsoon to affect Las Vegas
Las Vegas
usually falls between July and August, although this is inconsistent and varies considerably in its impact from year to year.

Las Vegas
Las Vegas
winters are short and generally very mild, with chilly (but rarely cold) daytime temperatures. Like all seasons, sunshine during the winter is abundant. December is both the coolest and cloudiest month of the year, with an average daytime high of 56.6 °F (13.7 °C) and sunshine occurring during 78% of its daylight hours. Winter evenings are defined by clear skies and swift drops in temperature after sunset, with overnight lows sinking to 39 °F (3.9 °C) or lower during the majority of nights in December and January. Owing to its elevation that ranges from 2,000 feet to 3,000 feet, Las Vegas experiences markedly cooler winters than other areas of the Mojave Desert and the adjacent Sonoran Desert that are closer to sea level. Consequently, the city records freezing temperatures an average of 16 nights per winter. However, it is exceptionally rare for temperatures to ever fall to or below 25 °F (−4 °C), or for temperatures to remain below 45 °F (7 °C) for an entire day. Most of the annual precipitation falls during the winter months, but even the wettest month (February) averages only four days of measurable rain. The mountains immediately surrounding the Las Vegas Valley accumulate snow every winter, but significant or sustained accumulation of any kind within the city itself is rare. The most recent major event occurred on December 16, 2008, when Las Vegas
Las Vegas
received 3.6 inches (9.1 cm).

CLIMATE DATA FOR MCCARRAN INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT (PARADISE, NEVADA), 1981–2010 NORMALS, EXTREMES 1937–PRESENT

MONTH JAN FEB MAR APR MAY JUN JUL AUG SEP OCT NOV DEC YEAR

RECORD HIGH °F (°C) 77 (25) 87 (31) 92 (33) 99 (37) 109 (43) 117 (47) 117 (47) 116 (47) 113 (45) 103 (39) 87 (31) 78 (26) 117 (47)

MEAN MAXIMUM °F (°C) 68.2 (20.1) 74.5 (23.6) 83.4 (28.6) 93.0 (33.9) 101.4 (38.6) 109.4 (43) 112.4 (44.7) 109.7 (43.2) 104.6 (40.3) 93.7 (34.3) 79.7 (26.5) 66.9 (19.4) 112.9 (44.9)

AVERAGE HIGH °F (°C) 58.0 (14.4) 62.5 (16.9) 70.3 (21.3) 78.3 (25.7) 88.9 (31.6) 98.7 (37.1) 104.2 (40.1) 102.0 (38.9) 94.0 (34.4) 80.6 (27) 66.3 (19.1) 56.6 (13.7) 80.1 (26.7)

DAILY MEAN °F (°C) 48.7 (9.3) 52.9 (11.6) 59.9 (15.5) 67.2 (19.6) 77.3 (25.2) 86.7 (30.4) 92.5 (33.6) 90.6 (32.6) 82.6 (28.1) 69.5 (20.8) 56.4 (13.6) 47.7 (8.7) 69.4 (20.8)

AVERAGE LOW °F (°C) 39.4 (4.1) 43.4 (6.3) 49.4 (9.7) 56.1 (13.4) 65.8 (18.8) 74.6 (23.7) 80.9 (27.2) 79.3 (26.3) 71.1 (21.7) 58.5 (14.7) 46.5 (8.1) 38.7 (3.7) 58.7 (14.8)

MEAN MINIMUM °F (°C) 28.0 (−2.2) 30.6 (−0.8) 36.6 (2.6) 43.5 (6.4) 51.7 (10.9) 59.8 (15.4) 70.4 (21.3) 69.1 (20.6) 58.4 (14.7) 45.8 (7.7) 32.8 (0.4) 26.8 (−2.9) 24.7 (−4.1)

RECORD LOW °F (°C) 8 (−13) 16 (−9) 19 (−7) 31 (−1) 38 (3) 48 (9) 56 (13) 54 (12) 43 (6) 26 (−3) 15 (−9) 11 (−12) 8 (−13)

AVERAGE PRECIPITATION INCHES (MM) 0.54 (13.7) 0.76 (19.3) 0.44 (11.2) 0.15 (3.8) 0.12 (3) 0.07 (1.8) 0.40 (10.2) 0.33 (8.4) 0.25 (6.4) 0.27 (6.9) 0.36 (9.1) 0.50 (12.7) 4.19 (106.4)

AVERAGE PRECIPITATION DAYS (≥ 0.01 IN) 3.1 4.0 2.9 1.6 1.2 0.6 2.5 2.6 1.6 1.7 1.7 3.0 26.5

AVERAGE RELATIVE HUMIDITY (%) 45.1 39.6 33.1 25.0 21.3 16.5 21.1 25.6 25.0 28.8 37.2 45.0 30.3

MEAN MONTHLY SUNSHINE HOURS 245.2 246.7 314.6 346.1 388.1 401.7 390.9 368.5 337.1 304.4 246.0 236.0 3,825.3

PERCENT POSSIBLE SUNSHINE 79 81 85 88 89 92 88 88 91 87 80 78 86

Source: NOAA (relative humidity and sun 1961–1990)

NEARBY COMMUNITIES

The entrance to the community of Summerlin . Affluent neighborhoods are located throughout the Las Vegas Valley . Above is the entrance to MacDonald Highlands .

* Henderson, Nevada
Nevada
, incorporated * North Las Vegas, Nevada
Nevada
, incorporated * Summerlin, Nevada
Nevada
, unincorporated * Paradise, Nevada
Nevada
, unincorporated * Enterprise, Nevada
Nevada
, unincorporated * Sunrise Manor, Nevada
Nevada
, unincorporated * Spring Valley, Nevada
Nevada
, unincorporated * Boulder City, Nevada
Nevada
, incorporated

DEMOGRAPHICS

HISTORICAL POPULATION

CENSUS POP.

1900 25

1910 800

3,100.0%

1920 2,304

188.0%

1930 5,165

124.2%

1940 8,422

63.1%

1950 24,624

192.4%

1960 64,405

161.6%

1970 125,787

95.3%

1980 164,674

30.9%

1990 258,295

56.9%

2000 478,434

85.2%

2010 583,756

22.0%

EST. 2016 632,912

8.4%

source:

DEMOGRAPHIC PROFILE 2010 2000 1990 1970

White 62.1% 69.9% 78.4% 87.6%

—Non-Hispanic 47.9% 58.0% 72.1% 83.1%

Black or African American
African American
11.1% 10.4% 11.4% 11.2%

Hispanic or Latino (of any race) 31.5% 23.6% 12.5% 4.6%

Asian 6.1% 4.8% 3.6% 0.7%

Map of racial distribution in Las Vegas, 2010 U.S. Census. Each dot is 25 people: WHITE, BLACK, ASIAN HISPANIC, or OTHER (yellow)

According to the 2010 Census , the racial composition of Las Vegas was as follows:

* White : 62.1% ( Non-Hispanic Whites : 47.9%; Hispanic Whites : 14.2%) * Black or African American
African American
: 11.1% * Asian : 6.1% (3.3% Filipino, 0.7% Chinese, 0.5% Korean, 0.4% Japanese, 0.4% Indian, 0.2% Vietnamese, 0.2% Thai) * Two or more races : 4.9% * Native American: 0.7% * Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander : 0.6%

Source:

The city's most populous ethnic group, non-Hispanic Whites, have proportionally declined from 72.1% of the population in 1990 to 47.9% in 2010, even as total numbers of all ethnicities have increased with the population. Hispanics or Latinos of any race make up 31.5% of the population. Of those 24.0% are of Mexican, 1.4% of Salvadoran, 0.9% of Puerto Rican, 0.9% of Cuban, 0.6% of Guatemalan, 0.2% of Peruvian, 0.2% of Colombian, 0.2% of Honduran and 0.2% of Nicaraguan descent.

Hawaiians and Las Vegans sometimes refer to Las Vegas
Las Vegas
as the "ninth island of Hawaii
Hawaii
" because so many Hawaiians have moved to the city.

As of the census of 2010, there were 583,756 people, 211,689 households, and 117,538 families residing in the city. The population density was 4,222.5/sq mi (1,630.3/km2). There are 190,724 housing units at an average density of 1,683.3/sq mi (649.9/km2). Downtown Las Vegas with Red Rock Canyon in the background.

As of 2006, there were 176,750 households, out of which 31.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.3% were married couples living together, 12.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.5% were non-families. 25.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.66 and the average family size was 3.20.

In the city, the population was spread out with 25.9% under the age of 18, 8.8% from 18 to 24, 32.0% from 25 to 44, 21.7% from 45 to 64, and 11.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 103.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 102.5 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $53,000 and the median income for a family was $58,465. Males had a median income of $35,511 versus $27,554 for females. The per capita income for the city was $22,060. About 6.6% of families and 8.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.4% of those under age 18 and 6.3% of those age 65 or over.

According to a 2004 study, Las Vegas
Las Vegas
has one of the highest divorce rates. The city's high divorce rate is not wholly due to Las Vegans themselves getting divorced. Since divorce is easier in Nevada
Nevada
than most other states, many people come from across the country for the easier process. Similarly, Nevada
Nevada
marriages are notoriously easy to get. Las Vegas
Las Vegas
has one of the highest marriage rates of U.S. cities, with many licenses issued to people from outside the area (see Las Vegas weddings ).

ECONOMY

The primary drivers of the Las Vegas
Las Vegas
economy are tourism, gaming and conventions, which in turn feed the retail and restaurant industries. Welcome to Fabulous Las Vegas Sign
Welcome to Fabulous Las Vegas Sign
, welcoming tourists to the city

TOURISM

World Market Center
World Market Center
Building A Golden Nugget Las Vegas The Las Vegas Strip
Las Vegas Strip
, primarily located in Paradise . A view of the Las Vegas Valley looking south from the Stratosphere Tower

The major attractions in Las Vegas
Las Vegas
are the casinos and the hotels, although in recent years other new attractions have begun to emerge.

Most casinos in the downtown area are located on the Fremont Street Experience, The Stratosphere being one of the exceptions. Fremont East , adjacent to the Fremont Street Experience, was granted variances to allow bars to be closer together, similar to the Gaslamp Quarter of San Diego, the goal being to attract a different demographic than the Strip attracts.

Downtown Casinos

Main article: Downtown ( Nevada
Nevada
gaming area)

The Golden Gate Hotel it opened in 1906 as the Hotel Nevada.

The year 1931 marked the opening of the Northern Club (now the La Bayou ). The most notable of the early casinos may have been Binion\'s Horseshoe (now Binion\'s Gambling Hall and Hotel ) while it was run by Benny Binion .

Boyd Gaming
Boyd Gaming
has a major presence downtown operating the California Hotel & Casino , Fremont Hotel & Casino and the Main Street Casino . Other casinos operations include the Four Queens Hotel & Casino, Las Vegas Club (currently undergoing renovation) and Mermaid's Casino, which are also located downtown along the Fremont Street Experience.

Downtown casinos that have undergone major renovations and revitalization in recent years include the Golden Nugget Hotel & Casino, The D Las Vegas
Las Vegas
Hotel Casino (formerly Fitzgerald's), Downtown Grand (formerly Lady Luck), El Cortez Hotel & Casino and The Plaza Hotel "> The Smith Center for the Performing Arts "> Symphony Park in Downtown Las Vegas .

The city is home to several museums, including the Neon Museum (the location for many of the historical signs from Las Vegas' mid-20th century heyday), The Mob Museum, the Las Vegas
Las Vegas
Natural History Museum , the DISCOVERY Children's Museum, the Nevada
Nevada
State Museum
Museum
and the Old Las Vegas
Las Vegas
Mormon State Historic Park.

The city is home to an extensive Downtown Arts District , which hosts numerous galleries and events including the annual Las Vegas
Las Vegas
Film Festival. "First Friday" is a monthly celebration that includes arts, music, special presentations and food in a section of the city's downtown region called 18b, The Las Vegas
Las Vegas
Arts District. The festival extends into the Fremont East Entertainment District as well.

The Thursday prior to First Friday is known in the arts district as "Preview Thursday." This evening event highlights new gallery exhibitions throughout the district.

The Las Vegas Academy of International Studies, Performing and Visual Arts is a Grammy
Grammy
award-winning magnet school located in downtown Las Vegas .

The Smith Center for the Performing Arts is situated downtown in Symphony Park. The world-class performing arts center hosts Broadway shows and other major touring attractions, as well as orchestral, opera, ballet, choir, jazz, and dance performances.

Las Vegas
Las Vegas
is also known as the Gambling Capital of the World, as the city currently has the largest strip of land-based casinos in the world.

SPORTS

Main article: Sports in the Las Vegas metropolitan area Cashman Field , home of the Las Vegas 51s T-Mobile Arena , future home of the Vegas Golden Knights NHL team

Las Vegas
Las Vegas
will have two major professional teams in the near future. The Vegas Golden Knights of the National Hockey League are an expansion team that will begin play in the 2017–18 NHL season out of T-Mobile Arena in nearby Paradise . They will be the first major professional team in Las Vegas
Las Vegas
and the entire state of Nevada. The Oakland Raiders of the National Football League will relocate to Las Vegas at least by the 2020 NFL season after a vote between the team owners approving the franchises' relocation to the city.

In response to the original rumors of the eventual NHL expansion team in Las Vegas, ESPN writer Scott Burnside noted several obstacles that would be faced by the city if it were to become a professional sports market, including the presence of legal sports betting, scheduling conflicts with the large amount of residents who work nighttime and overnight shifts, and that the casinos would be unlikely to give away tickets to such events as a promotion, as they run contrary to a goal of encouraging patrons to remain in their facilities.

The National Basketball Association might grant an expansion team to Las Vegas
Las Vegas
in the future, but they do not know when it will occur. Las Vegas was the site of the 2007 NBA All-Star Game but it was held at the nearby UNLV Thomas and Mack Center in nearby Paradise.

The only minor league sports team that plays in the city of Las Vegas is the Las Vegas 51s of the Pacific Coast League , the AAA farm club of the New York Mets
New York Mets
.

PARKS AND RECREATION

Las Vegas
Las Vegas
has 68 parks. The city owns the land for, but does not operate, four golf courses: Angel Park Golf Club, Desert Pines Golf Club, Durango Hills Golf Club, and the Las Vegas
Las Vegas
Municipal Golf Course. It is also responsible for 123 playgrounds, 23 softball fields, 10 football fields, 44 soccer fields, 10 dog parks, six community centers, four senior centers, 109 skates parks, six swimming pools, and more.

GOVERNMENT

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Las Vegas
Las Vegas
City
City
Hall in downtown Las Vegas
Las Vegas

The city of Las Vegas
Las Vegas
government operates as a council–manager government . The Mayor
Mayor
sits as a Council member-at-large and presides over all of the City
City
Council meetings. In the event that the Mayor cannot preside over a City
City
Council meeting, the Mayor
Mayor
Pro-Tem is the presiding officer of the meeting until such time as the Mayor
Mayor
returns to his/her seat. The City
City
Manager is responsible for the administration and the day-to-day operations of all municipal services and city departments. The City
City
Manager maintains intergovernmental relationships with federal, state, county and other local governments.

Much of the Las Vegas
Las Vegas
metropolitan area is split into neighboring incorporated cities or unincorporated communities. Approximately 700,000 people live in unincorporated areas governed by Clark County , and another 465,000 live in incorporated cities such as North Las Vegas , Henderson and Boulder City
City
. Las Vegas
Las Vegas
and Clark County share a police department, the Las Vegas Metropolitan Police Department , which was formed after a 1973 merger of the Las Vegas
Las Vegas
Police Department and the Clark County Sheriff\'s Department . North Las Vegas, Henderson, Boulder City
City
and some colleges have their own police departments.

A Paiute
Paiute
Indian reservation occupies about 1 acre (0.40 ha) in the downtown area.

Las Vegas, home to the Lloyd D. George Federal District Courthouse and the Regional Justice Center, draws numerous companies providing bail, marriage, divorce, tax, incorporation and other legal services.

CITY COUNCIL

NAME POSITION Term ends REFERENCES NOTES

Carolyn Goodman Mayor 2015

Replaced her husband, Oscar Goodman , who was term-limited

Lois Tarkanian 1st Ward Council member 2015

Steve Seroka 2nd Ward Council member 2017

Bob Coffin 3rd Ward Council member 2015

Stavros Anthony 4th Ward Council member 2017

Ricki Barlow 5th Ward Council member 2015

Michele Fiore 6th Ward Council member 2017

EDUCATION

Main article: Las Vegas Valley § Education

PRIMARY AND SECONDARY SCHOOLS

Main article: Clark County School District

Primary and secondary public education is provided by the Clark County School District , which is the fifth most populous school district in the nation. Students totaled 314,653 in grades K-12 for school year 2013–2014.

COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES

The College of Southern Nevada
Nevada
(the third largest community college in the United States
United States
by enrollment) is the main higher education facility in the city. Other institutions include the University of Nevada
Nevada
School of Medicine , with a campus in the city, and the for-profit private school Le Cordon Bleu College of Culinary Arts . Educational opportunities exist around the city; among them are the University of Nevada, Las Vegas and Nevada
Nevada
State College run by the Nevada
Nevada
System of Higher Education , Desert Research Institute , The International Academy of Design "> Regional Transportation Commission (RTC) provides public transportation McCarran International Airport provides private and public aviation services to the city Inside Terminal 3 at McCarran International Airport, Paradise, Nevada
Nevada

RTC Transit is a public transportation system providing bus service throughout Las Vegas, Henderson, North Las Vegas
Las Vegas
and other areas of the valley. Inter-city bus service to and from Las Vegas
Las Vegas
is provided by Greyhound , BoltBus , Orange Belt Stages , Tufesa , and several smaller carriers. Amtrak
Amtrak
trains have not served Las Vegas
Las Vegas
since the service via the Desert Wind was discontinued in 1997. Though no Amtrak trains have served Las Vegas
Las Vegas
since the Desert Wind was cancelled in 1997, Amtrak
Amtrak
California operates Thruway Motorcoach dedicated service between the city and its passenger rail stations in Bakersfield, California , as well as Los Angeles Union Station via Barstow .

A bus rapid-transit link in Las Vegas
Las Vegas
called the Strip -webkit-column-width: 25em; column-width: 25em;">

* Ann Road * Craig Road (SR 573 ) * Cheyenne Avenue (SR 574 ) * Smoke Ranch Road * Washington Avenue (SR 578 ) * Summerlin Parkway * Bonanza Road (SR 579 ) * Charleston Boulevard (SR 159 ) * Sahara Avenue (SR 589 )

North–south roads, west to east

* Fort Apache Road * Durango Drive * Buffalo Drive * Rainbow Boulevard (SR 595 ) * Jones Boulevard (SR 596 ) * Decatur Boulevard * Valley View Boulevard * Rancho Drive * Maryland Parkway * Eastern Avenue (SR 607 ) * Pecos Road * Lamb Boulevard (SR 610 ) * Nellis Boulevard (SR 612 )

McCarran International Airport handles international and domestic flights into the Las Vegas
Las Vegas
Valley. The airport also serves private aircraft and freight/cargo flights. Most general aviation traffic uses the smaller North Las Vegas Airport and Henderson Executive Airport .

The Union Pacific Railroad
Union Pacific Railroad
is the only Class I railroad providing rail freight service to the city. Until 1997, the Amtrak
Amtrak
Desert Wind train service ran through Las Vegas
Las Vegas
using the Union Pacific Railroad tracks.

NOTABLE PEOPLE

Main article: List of people from Las Vegas

SEE ALSO

* Nevada
Nevada
portal * United States
United States
portal

* List of films set in Las Vegas * List of films shot in Las Vegas * List of Las Vegas casinos that never opened * List of mayors of Las Vegas * List of television shows set in Las Vegas * Radio stations in Las Vegas
Las Vegas
* Television stations in Las Vegas
Las Vegas

NOTES

* ^ Mean monthly maxima and minima (i.e. the highest and lowest temperature readings during an entire month or year) calculated based on data at said location from 1981 to 2010.

REFERENCES

* ^ _Merriam Webster\'s Geographical Dictionary_ (3rd ed.). Merriam-Webster. 1997. p. 633. ISBN 9780877795469 . * ^ "Words and Their Stories: Nicknames for New Orleans and Las Vegas". _VOA News_. March 13, 2010. Retrieved January 29, 2012. * ^ Lovitt, Rob (December 15, 2009). "Will the real Las Vegas please stand up?". _MSNBC_. Retrieved February 4, 2012. * ^ _A_ _B_ "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Las Vegas
Las Vegas
city, Nevada". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved March 9, 2012. * ^ _A_ _B_ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. * ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011. * ^ Jones, Charisse (August 21, 2013). "Top convention destinations: Orlando, Chicago, Las Vegas". _USA Today_. * ^ Nancy Trejos, USA TODAY (January 17, 2014). "AAA chooses Five Diamond hotels, restaurants for 2014". Usatoday.com. Retrieved January 10, 2015. * ^ "Top 5 Cities to Get Hired in Hospitality". Hcareers.com. Retrieved January 10, 2015. * ^ "Overseas Visitation Estimates for U.S. States, Cities, and Census Regions: 2013" (PDF). _International Visitation in the United States_. US Office of Travel and Tourism Industries, US Department of Commerce. May 2014. Retrieved December 14, 2014. * ^ "World\'s Most-Visited Tourist Attractions". _Travel + Leisure_. Retrieved January 10, 2015. * ^ _A_ _B_ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Las Vegas
Las Vegas
city, Nevada; count revision of 01-07-2013". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved March 9, 2012. * ^ Joe Schoenmann (February 3, 2010). "Vegas not alone in wanting in on .vegas". _ Las Vegas Sun _. * ^ "County Turns 100 July 1, Dubbed \'Centennial Day\'" (Press release). Clark County, Nevada . June 23, 2009. Retrieved February 5, 2010. * ^ Simon, Steven; Bouville, Andre (2006). "Fallout from Nuclear Weapons Tests and Cancer Risks". _American Scientist_. American Scientist.org. Retrieved 27 March 2016. Exposures 50 years ago still have health implications today that will continue into the future. * ^ Lake, Richard (December 17, 2008). "Road Warrior Q&A: Foliage removed for widening". Retrieved October 3, 2013. * ^ "Las Vegas, how did Las Vegas
Las Vegas
get its name, groundwater depletion, Victor Miguel Ponce". Lasvegas.sdsu.edu. Retrieved September 13, 2014. * ^ "History of Las Vegas". Lvol.com. Retrieved September 13, 2014.

* ^ Barbara Land, Myrick Land, "A short history of Las Vegas", University of Nevada
Nevada
Press, 2004, p. 4. * ^ "Clark County, NV – FAQs/History". Retrieved December 4, 2008. * ^ "HOW DID LAS VEGAS GET ITS NAME?". HOW DID LAS VEGAS GET ITS NAME?. Retrieved July 27, 2013. * ^ _A_ _B_ "History". City
City
of Las Vegas. Archived from the original on July 1, 2014. Retrieved December 2, 2016. * ^ Simon, Steven; Bouville, Andre (2006). "Cesium 137 deposition density resulting from the cumulative effect of the Nevada
Nevada
tests". _American Scientist_. American Scientist.org. Retrieved 27 March 2016. Deposition...generally decreases with distance from the test site in the direction of the prevailing wind across North America, although isolated locations received significant deposition as a result of rainfall. * ^ Simon, Steven; Bouville, Andre (2006). "Wind shear (variations in wind speed and direction with altitude) causes fallout to spread over large areas.". _American Scientist_. American Scientist.org. Retrieved 27 March 2016. Trajectories of the fallout debris clouds across the U.S. are shown for four altitudes. Each dot indicates six hours. * ^ "A Neon Come-Hither, Still Able to Flirt". _The New York Times _. Retrieved 10 January 2015. * ^ Downtown Las Vegas Visitors Guide, 2014 * ^ "Geography of Las Vegas, Nevada". geography.about.com. Retrieved February 25, 2014. * ^ "Flood control a success – Las Vegas
Las Vegas
Review-Journal". _Las Vegas Review-Journal_. Retrieved September 13, 2014. * ^ "Loss-Estimation Modeling of Earthquake Scenarios for Each County in Nevada
Nevada
Using HAZUS-MH" (PDF). _ Nevada
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Bureau of Mines and Geology_. Nevada
Nevada
Bureau of Mines and Geology/University of Nevada, Reno. 23 February 2006. Retrieved 27 March 2016. "Probability of an earthquake of magnitude 6.0 or greater occurring within 50 km in 50 years (from USGS probabilistic seismic hazard analysis) 10–20% chance for Las Vegas
Las Vegas
area, magnitude 6" (p.65) * ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ _D_ "NowData – NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration . Retrieved 2016-06-20. * ^ Source: National Weather Service Forecast Office, November 2012 * ^ "Cities With Low Humidity in the USA". Retrieved December 2, 2016. * ^ "KLAS-TV on many broadcasts along with other stations broadcasts". Lasvegasnow.com. November 13, 2007. Retrieved July 13, 2009. * ^ "Station Name: NV LAS VEGAS MCCARRAN AP" . National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 2013-03-20. * ^ "WMO Climate Normals for LAS VEGAS/MCCARRAN, NV 1961–1990" . National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 2014-03-11.

* ^ Moffatt, Riley. _Population History of Western U.S. Cities & Towns, 1850–1990_. Lanham : Scarecrow, 1996, 159. * ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places of 50,000 or More, Ranked by July 1, 2013 Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014 (PEPANNRSIP)". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved October 16, 2014. * ^ _A_ _B_ " Las Vegas
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(city), Nevada". _State & County QuickFacts_. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved April 20, 2012. * ^ "Race and Hispanic or Latino: 2000". United States
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Nevada
– Race and Hispanic Origin for Selected Cities and Other Places: Earliest Census to 1990". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on August 6, 2012. Retrieved April 20, 2012. * ^ _A_ _B_ From 15% sample * ^ "Data Access and Dissemination Systems (DADS)". Factfinder2.census.gov. Archived from the original on May 20, 2011. Retrieved September 13, 2014. * ^ "Las Vegas, Nevada
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2010 Census Profile". census.gov. Retrieved April 21, 2011. * ^ "Las Vegas: Bright Lights, Big City, Small Town". State of the Reunion. Archived from the original on June 2, 2013. Retrieved July 5, 2013. * ^ "American FactFinder". United States
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Census Bureau . Retrieved January 31, 2008. * ^ American FactFinder, United States
United States
Census Bureau. "Census". Factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved July 13, 2009. * ^ "Most Stressful US City". City
City
Mayors. January 10, 2004. Retrieved July 13, 2009. * ^ Blakeslee, Sandra (December 16, 1997). "Health: Suicide Rate Higher in 3 Gambling Cities, Study Says". _New York Times_. Retrieved July 13, 2009. * ^ Rinella, Heidi Knapp (July 27, 2000). "New book raises questions about Silver State". _ Las Vegas Review-Journal _. * ^ " Fremont Street Experience Brings Downtown Las Vegas Into Next Century". Fremont Street Experience . Retrieved December 8, 2008. * ^ 2013 Fiscal Year In Review, city of Las Vegas
Las Vegas
Economic and Urban Development Projects, "A New Downtown Emerges." * ^ "LVRDA". Lvrda.org. Retrieved January 10, 2015. * ^ "Symphony Park, Las Vegas". Las Vegas
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Economic and Urban Development Agency. Retrieved April 8, 2016. * ^ "Premium Outlets: Las Vegas". Premiumoutlets.com. Retrieved September 13, 2014. * ^ "Downtown Project – Revitalizing Downtown Las Vegas". Downtownproject.com. Retrieved September 13, 2014. * ^ * ^ "Despite E-Books, Independent Bookstore Gambling on Downtown Las Vegas". Webcitation.org. Archived from the original on May 30, 2015. Retrieved 2015-05-30. CS1 maint: Unfit url (link ) * ^ "18b Las Vegas
Las Vegas
Art District – 18b". 18b.org. Archived from the original on September 26, 2014. Retrieved September 13, 2014. * ^ "First Friday Main Menu – First Friday Las Vegas
Las Vegas
Network". Firstfridaylasvegas.com. Retrieved September 13, 2014. * ^ * ^ https://www.vegasmobilecasino.co.uk/las-vegas-gambling-capital-of-the-world/ * ^ Heitner, Darren (22 June 2016). "The NHL Leads the Way in Bringing Pro Sports to Las Vegas". _Inc.com_. Retrieved 30 June 2016. * ^ "NFL owners vote 31–1 to approve Raiders move to Las Vegas". ESPN.com. March 27, 2017. Retrieved March 27, 2017. * ^ Burnside, Scott (August 27, 2014). "Expansion a tricky game for NHL". _ESPN.com_. ESPN Internet Ventures . Retrieved August 31, 2014. * ^ http://bleacherreport.com/articles/1913127-would-nba-ever-set-up-shop-in-las-vegas * ^ " City
City
of Las Vegas
Las Vegas
– Find Parks and Facilities". Lasvegasnevada.gov. Archived from the original on January 9, 2015. Retrieved 10 January 2015. * ^ _A_ _B_ "2011 Municipal Primary Election April 5, 2011". _Clark County, Nevada
Nevada
_. April 5, 2011. Retrieved June 14, 2011. * ^ _A_ _B_ "2011 Municipal Primary Election April 5, 2011". _Clark County, Nevada
Nevada
_. April 5, 2011. Retrieved June 14, 2011. * ^ _A_ _B_ "2017 Municipal General Election" (PDF). Retrieved 14 July 2017. * ^ Source: city of Las Vegas
Las Vegas
Planning Department, MAY 2014. * ^ AIBRA – Nevada * ^ "California-Train and Thruway service" (PDF). Retrieved June 18, 2013. * ^ Green, Steve (August 17, 2011). "Lawsuit prompts RTC to drop \'ACE\' name from bus lines". _ Las Vegas
Las Vegas
Sun_. Retrieved March 1, 2011. * ^ Most arterial roads are shown, as indicated on the Nevada Department of Transportation 's Roadway functional classification: Las Vegas urbanized area map. Retrieved November 12, 2011.

FURTHER READING

* Brigham, Jay. "Reno, Las Vegas, and the Strip: A Tale of Three Cities." _Western Historical Quarterly_ 46.4 (2015): 529–530. * Chung, Su Kim (2012). _ Las Vegas
Las Vegas
Then and Now_, Holt: Thunder Bay Press, ISBN 978-1-60710-582-4 * Moehring, Eugene P. _Resort City
City
in the Sunbelt: Las Vegas, 1930–2000_ (2000). * Moehring, Eugene, "The Urban Impact: Towns and Cities in Nevada's History," _ Nevada
Nevada
Historical Society Quarterly_ 57 (2014): 177–200. * Rowley, Rex J. _Everyday Las Vegas: Local Life in a Tourist Town_ (2013) * Stierli, Martino (2013). _ Las Vegas
Las Vegas
in the Rearview Mirror: The City
City
in Theory, Photography, and Film_, Los Angeles: Getty Publications, ISBN 978-1-60606-137-4 * Venturi, Robert (1972). _ Learning from Las Vegas : The Forgotten Symbolism of Architectural Form_, Cambridge: MIT Press, ISBN 978-0-26272-006-9

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