HOME
The Info List - Las Posadas



--- Advertisement ---


(i)

LAS POSADAS is a novenario (nine days of religious observance) celebrated chiefly in Mexico
Mexico
and by Mexican-Americans in the United States , beginning December 16 and ending December 24. Las Pasadas is celebrated by Mexicans and Spaniards.

CONTENTS

* 1 Etymology * 2 History * 3 Re-enactment * 4 Regional variations * 5 Similar celebrations * 6 See also * 7 References

ETYMOLOGY

_Las Posadas_ is Spanish for _lodging _, or _accommodation_, which in this case refers to the inn in the story of the nativity of Jesus
Jesus
. It uses the plural form as the celebration lasts for a nine-day interval (called the _novena _) during the Christmas
Christmas
season. The novena represents the nine-month pregnancy of Mary , the mother of Jesus celebrated by Christian traditions.

HISTORY

The ritual has been a tradition in Mexico
Mexico
for 400 years. Many Mexican holidays include dramatizations of original events, a tradition which has its roots in the ritual of Bible plays used to teach religious doctrine to a largely illiterate population in Europe as early as the 10th and 11th centuries. These plays lost favor with the Church as they became popularized with the addition of folk music and other non-religious elements, and were eventually banned; only to be re-introduced in the sixteenth century by two Spanish saints as the Christmas
Christmas
Pageant, a new kind of religious ceremony to accompany the Christmas
Christmas
holiday.

In Mexico, the Aztec
Aztec
winter solstice festival had traditionally been observed from December 7 to December 26. According to the Aztec calendar, their most important deity, the sun god _Huitzilopochtli,_ was born during the month of December (_panquetzaliztli)_. The parallel in time between this native celebration and the birth of the Christ lent itself to an almost seamless merging of the two holidays. Seeing the opportunity to proselytize, Spanish missionaries brought the custom of the re-invented religious pageant to Mexico, where they used it to teach the story of Jesus' birth to Mexico's people. In 1586, Friar Diego de Soria obtained a papal bull from Pope Sixtus V, stating that a Christmas
Christmas
Mass (_misa de Aguinaldo_), be observed as novenas on the nine days preceding Christmas
Christmas
Day throughout Mexico.

While its roots are in Catholicism , even Protestant
Protestant
Latinos follow the tradition. It may have been started in the 15th century by Friar Pedro de Gante . It may have been started by early friars who combined Spanish Catholicism with the December Aztec
Aztec
celebration of the birth of Huitzilopochtli
Huitzilopochtli
. The Las Posadas
Las Posadas
text and ritual are also strongly identified throughout the Rio Grande with converso settlers. For more information see Song From a Withered Limb in the journal HaLapid, Autumn/Winter 2015. also found here: https://cryptojewisheducation.com/2016/09/05/song-from-a-withered-limb-las-posadas-and-the-converso-crisis-of-the-16th-century/

RE-ENACTMENT

Two people dress up as Mary and Joseph. Certain houses are designated to be an "inn " (thus the name "Posada"). The head of the procession will have a candle inside a paper lampshade. At each house, the resident responds by singing a song and Mary and Joseph are finally recognized and allowed to enter. Once the "innkeepers" let them in, the group of guests come into the home and kneel around the Nativity scene to pray (typically, the Rosary
Rosary
). Latin American countries have continued to celebrate this holiday to this day, with very few changes to the tradition. In some places, the final location may be a church instead of a home. The people asking for posada travel to 1 house each night for 8 nights.

Individuals may actually play the various parts of Mary (María) and Joseph with the expectant mother riding a real donkey (burro ), with attendants such as angels and shepherds acquired along the way, or the pilgrims may carry images of the holy personages instead. Children may carry poinsettias . The procession will be followed by musicians, with the entire procession singing posadas such as pedir posada . At the end of each night's journey, there will be Christmas
Christmas
carols (_villancicos _), children will break open star-shaped piñatas to obtain candy and fruit hidden inside, and there will be a feast. Piñatas are traditionally made out of clay. It is expected to meet all the invitees in a previous procession.

REGIONAL VARIATIONS

In Puerto Vallarta , Jalisco
Jalisco
the Vallarta Botanical Gardens hosts a Las Posadas
Las Posadas
celebration on December 20. During workshops in the daytime, participants make their own nativity scenes with local natural materials including Spanish moss . In the evening, carolers proceed to nativities that are placed among important plants including poinsettias and native Mexican pines. A bonfire and more singing rounds out the celebrations...

In Wisconsin
Wisconsin
, the procession may occur within a home, rather than outside, because of the weather.

One event in Portland, Oregon
Portland, Oregon
finishes with Santa Claus
Santa Claus
and Christmas gifts donated for needy children.

In New York , worshippers may drink Atole , a corn-sugar drink traditional during Christmas.

A large procession occurs along the San Antonio River Walk and has been held since 1966. It is held across large landmarks in San Antonio, Texas , including the Arneson River Theater , Museo Alameda , and the Spanish Governor\'s Palace , ending at the Cathedral of San Fernando .

SIMILAR CELEBRATIONS

In the Philippines
Philippines
, which shares Spanish culture due to being a former Spanish possession , the Posadas tradition is illustrated by the Panunulúyan pageant. Sometimes it is performed right before the Misa de Gallo (Midnight Mass), or on each of the nine nights. The main difference with the original is that actors portray Mary and Joseph instead of statues, and they sing the lines requesting for accommodation. The lines of the "innkeepers" are also sung, but sometimes they respond without singing. Another difference is that the lyrics are not in Spanish but in one of the local languages , such as Tagalog .

In Nicaragua
Nicaragua
the older generations grew up celebrating posadas but somehow they became extinct in big cities by the 60's. However, there is a major holiday in Nicaragua
Nicaragua
called La Gritería (The Shoutings), on December 7 in honor of La Purísima Virgen (The Purest Virgin). The Purisima originated in Leon in the 1600s with Franciscan monks but the celebration spread quickly throughout the country. By the 1800s it became a national holiday and today it has become a tradition wherever Nicaraguans have emigrated to such as Costa Rica, Honduras, Miami, Houston, Los Angeles, San Francisco, etc. The Purisima starts at noon on December 7 with major fireworks throughout the country. Then at about 6:00pm more fireworks announce the time when adults and children go out around their neighborhoods or towns with burlap sacks in hand visiting different, beautifully crafted altars while caroling the Virgin Mary. In exchange for singing people receive sweets, refreshments, fruit, toys, etc. The celebration goes on well into the night. Finally at midnight the most outstanding fireworks in the shape of Mary, stars, angels, etc. begin, lasting for half an hour.

Cuba
Cuba
also has something similar, called Parrandas (though Parrandas has more of a Carnaval in atmosphere). The tradition began in the 19th century when Father Francisco Vigil de Quiñones, the priest of the Grand Cathedral of Remedios, in order to get the people to come to midnight masses the week before Christmas
Christmas
had the idea to put together groups of children and provide them with jars, plates and spoons so they could run around the village making noise and singing verses. The idea persisted over the years and with time it gain complexity ending in the street party that has remained till these days.

In Colombia
Colombia
, Venezuela
Venezuela
, and Ecuador
Ecuador
, families and friends get together from the 16th to the 24th of December to pray the novena of aguinaldos .

SEE ALSO

* List of festivals in Mexico
Mexico
* Christmas
Christmas
in Mexico
Mexico
* Simbang Gabi

REFERENCES

* ^ "Southwestern Christmas
Christmas
- Luminarias and Farolitos". Santafedecor.com. Archived from the original on April 26, 2012. Retrieved 2015-12-14. * ^ "No Room in the Inn: Remembering Migrants on the U.S./Mexico Border". Peace.mennolink.org. 2010-07-04. Retrieved 2012-11-03. * ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ Erickson, Doug (2010-12-23). "Latinos here celebrate Christmas
Christmas
tradition Las Posadas, ‘festival of acceptance’". _ Wisconsin
Wisconsin
State Journal _. Retrieved 24 December 2010. * ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ _D_ _E_ Aldama, Arturo J.; Candelaria, Cordelia; García, Peter (2004). _Encyclopedia of Latino popular culture_. Westport, Conn: Greenwood Press. ISBN 0-313-33211-8 . * ^ https://mymissiontastesofsf.wordpress.com/2014/12/16/las-posadas-contraband-fruit-and-warm-mexican-christmas-punch-wrecipe/ * ^ Guerrero-Huston, Thelma (2010-12-22). "\'Las Posadas\' event celebrates the Christmas
Christmas
story". _ Statesman Journal
Statesman Journal
_. Retrieved 24 December 2010. * ^ Heller, Reid (Autumn–Winter 2015). "Song From a Withered Limb". _HaLapid_. XXXIII/XXXIV. * ^ Pemberton, Tricia (2010-12-15). "St. Mary\'s students observe Las Posadas
Las Posadas
tradition". _ The Oklahoman _. Retrieved 24 December 2010. * ^ Candia, Pablo (2010-12-20). "Las Posadas: Passing on a Hispanic tradition in Dodge City". _ Dodge City Daily Globe _. Retrieved 24 December 2010. * ^ Langlois, Ed (2010-12-23). "Event mixes Christmas
Christmas
tradition and charity". _ Catholic Sentinel _. Portland, Oregon. * ^ McCaughan, Pat (2010-12-17). " Las Posadas
Las Posadas
observances adapt, recall Latin American celebration of the nativity". _Episcopal News Service_. Retrieved 24 December 2010. * ^ Fisher, Lewis F. (1996). _Saving San Antonio: the precarious preservation of a heritage_. Lubbock, Tex: Texas Tech University Press. ISBN 0-89672-372-0 . * ^ Hoyt, Catherine A.; Simons, Helen (1996). _A guide to hispanic Texas_. Austin: University of Texas Press. ISBN 0-292-77709-4 . * ^ Eakin, Tyra (2010-12-20). "San Antonio\'s River Walk offers winter wonderland". _ Victoria Advocate _. Retrieved 24 December 2010.

* v * t * e

Christmas
Christmas

* Christmas
Christmas
Eve * Children\'s Day * Boxing Day * Nochebuena
Nochebuena
* Saint Nicholas Day * St. Stephen\'s Day * Sol Invictus * Yule

In Christianity

* Biblical Magi
Biblical Magi

* Adoration of the Magi
Adoration of the Magi

* Adoration of the Shepherds
Adoration of the Shepherds
* Advent
Advent
* Angel Gabriel
Gabriel
* Annunciation
Annunciation
* Annunciation
Annunciation
to the shepherds * Baptism of the Lord * Bethlehem
Bethlehem
* Christingle * Christmastide
Christmastide
* Epiphany * Herod the Great
Herod the Great
* Jesus
Jesus
* Joseph * Mary

* Massacre of the Innocents

* flight into Egypt

* Nativity Fast

* Nativity of Jesus

* in art * in later culture

* Nativity scene * Saint Nicholas
Saint Nicholas
* Star of Bethlehem
Bethlehem
* Twelfth Night

IN FOLKLORE

* Badalisc * La Befana
Befana
* Belsnickel
Belsnickel
* Caganer * Christkind * Ded Moroz * Elves * Father Christmas
Christmas
* Grýla * Jack Frost
Jack Frost
* Joulupukki * Knecht Ruprecht * Korvatunturi
Korvatunturi
* Krampus
Krampus
* Mikulás * Miner\'s figure * Mrs. Claus * Nisse/Tomte * North Pole
North Pole
* Old Man Winter * Olentzero
Olentzero
* Père Fouettard * Père Noël * Rudolph the Red-Nosed Reindeer
Rudolph the Red-Nosed Reindeer
* Saint Lucy
Saint Lucy
* Santa\'s reindeer * Santa\'s workshop * Sinterklaas
Sinterklaas
* Tió de Nadal * Vertep * Yule Cat * Yule Lads * Zwarte Piet

GIFT-BRINGERS

* Saint Nicholas
Saint Nicholas
* Santa Claus
Santa Claus
* List of Christmas
Christmas
gift-bringers by country

TRADITIONS

* Advent
Advent
calendar * Advent
Advent
candle * Advent
Advent
wreath * Boar\'s Head Feast * Candle arches * Cards * Carols by Candlelight * Cavalcade of Magi * Crackers * Decorations * Events and celebrations * Feast of the Seven Fishes * Flying Santa * Hampers * Las Posadas * Letters * Lights * Markets * Meals and feasts * Moravian star
Moravian star
* Nine Lessons and Carols * NORAD Tracks Santa

* Nutcrackers

* dolls

* Ornaments

* Parades

* list

* Piñatas * Pyramids * _ Räuchermann _ * Seals * Secret Santa * _ Spanbaum _ * Stamps * Stockings * Tree * Twelve Days * Wassailing * Windows * Yule Goat * Yule log

BY COUNTRY

* Australia and New Zealand * Denmark * Germany * Hawaii * Hungary * Iceland * Indonesia * Ireland * Mexico
Mexico
* Norway * Philippines
Philippines
* Poland * Romania * Russia * Scotland * Serbia * Sweden * Ukraine

MUSIC

* Carols

* list

* Hit singles UK * Hit singles US

OTHER MEDIA

* Films

* Poetry

* " Old Santeclaus with Much Delight " * " A Visit from St. Nicholas "

* Television

* specials * _ Yule Log _

In modern society

* Advent
Advent
Conspiracy * Black Friday (partying) * Black Friday (shopping) * Cyber Monday * Bronner\'s Christmas
Christmas
Wonderland * Christmas
Christmas
club * Christmas
Christmas
creep * Christmas
Christmas
Day (Trading) Act 2004 * Christmas
Christmas
Lectures * Christmas
Christmas
Mountains * Christmas
Christmas
truce * Controversies * Cyber Monday * Economics * El Gordo * Holiday season * In July * In August * Leon Day * NBA games * NFL games * Puritan New England * American Civil War * Post-War United States
United States
* Running of the Santas * SantaCon * Santa\'s Candy Castle * Super Saturday * Virginia O\'Hanlon * White Christmas
Christmas
* Winter festivals * WWE Tribute to the Troops
WWE Tribute to the Troops
* Xmas
Xmas

Food and drink

* Dinner

* Joulupöytä * Julebord * Kūčios * Réveillon * Twelve-dish supper * Smörgåsbord * Wigilia
Wigilia

* Sweets

* bûche de Noël * Cake * Candy cane
Candy cane
* Cookies * Fruitcake
Fruitcake
* Gingerbread
Gingerbread
* Kourabiedes * Melomakarono * Mince pie * Pavlova * Pecan pie
Pecan pie
* Pumpkin pie * Pudding * Rosca de reyes * Szaloncukor * Turrón

* Soup

* Menudo

* Sauce

* Cranberry sauce
Cranberry sauce

* Beverages

* Apple cider * Champurrado * Eggnog

* Mulled wine
Mulled wine

* Smoking Bishop

* Ponche crema

* Dumpling

* Hallaca * Tamale

* Meat

* Ham * Roast goose
Roast goose
* Romeritos * Turkey * Stuffing

* Category
Category
* Commons * Portal