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Laplace-P
Laplace-P
(formerly called Europa Lander[1]) is a proposed orbiter and lander by the Russian Federal Space Agency
Russian Federal Space Agency
designed to study the Jovian moon system and explore Ganymede with a lander. Russia has expressed an interest in flying their lander with the Jupiter Icy Moon Explorer
Jupiter Icy Moon Explorer
(JUICE) in 2022, but as yet the current Laplace-P
Laplace-P
concept is for a separate orbiter and lander to be launched by two separate rockets in 2023, if the mission is launched.[1][3]

Contents

1 History 2 Concept 3 See also 4 References

History[edit] The Europa Lander would have been launched in 2020s as part of the Europa Jupiter System Mission
Europa Jupiter System Mission
proposed in 2007 by the ESA, that would have studied the Jovian moon system as well as the planet Jupiter. The orbiter would have done several flybys of other Jovian moons before being placed in orbit around Europa.[4] The lander would have researched the ocean underneath the ice sheet of Europa.[5] However, to avoid the damaging effects of Jupiter's radiation belts, the destination of the lander was switched in 2011 from Europa to Ganymede.[1] Ganymede is the largest moon in the Solar System and has an internal ocean that may contain more water than all of Earth's oceans together.[6][7][8] The orbiter would perform 13 flybys of Ganymede, and 4 flybys of Callisto and carry up to 50 kg (110 lb) of scientific instruments, while the Europa lander would have carried up to 70 kg (150 lb) of scientific instruments.[9][10] Concept[edit]

Artist's cut-away representation of the internal structure of Ganymede. Layers drawn to scale.

Laplace-P
Laplace-P
would be a dual mission featuring an orbiter and a lander launched by two separate rockets toward Jupiter. One spacecraft would orbit the moon Ganymede, while the lander would perform a soft landing on its surface.[1][11] The "P" in Laplace-P
Laplace-P
stands for "posadka" (landing). The planned trajectory is to use the VEEGA (Venus-Earth-Earth Gravity Assist) route.[12] Both spacecraft would be carrying about 50 kg (110 lb) of scientific instruments each.[1] The lander would be powered by an RTG, while the orbiter would be equipped either with an RTG or with solar panels.[1] If the lander flies with JUICE, then the Russian orbiter would be omitted due to JUICE filling its role. The radiation conditions on the Ganymede surface are fairly benign. On the other hand, the Ganymedean gravitational parameter (GM = 9887.8 km3/s2) makes the landing on it from the orbit more difficult than in the case of Europa.[12] See also[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ganymede (moon).

Moons of Jupiter Europa Lander (NASA)

References[edit]

^ a b c d e f g h "Russia funds a proposal to land on Jupiter's moon Ganymede". Russianspaceweb. Archived from the original on July 30, 2015. Retrieved August 11, 2016.  ^ "РФ планирует доставить свои исследовательские аппараты к Юпитеру к 2032 году" (in Russian). TASS. 5 July 2016. Retrieved 2017-01-08.  ^ Clark, Stephen (June 19, 2013). "Russia may land probe on Jupiter's moon Ganymede with Europe's JUICE Mission". SPACE.com. Retrieved August 25, 2015.  ^ L. Zelenyi; et al. (2009). "Europa Lander: Mission Concept and Science Goals" (PDF). 4. European Planetary Science Congress. EPSC2009-615-1.  ^ K.P. Hand (February 9–13, 2009). "Report on the Europa Lander Workshop" (PDF).  ^ Staff (March 12, 2015). "NASA's Hubble Observations Suggest Underground Ocean on Jupiter's Largest Moon". NASA News. Retrieved 2015-03-15.  ^ " Jupiter
Jupiter
moon Ganymede could have ocean with more water than Earth – NASA". Russia Today (RT). 13 March 2015. Retrieved 2015-03-13.  ^ Clavin, Whitney (1 May 2014). "Ganymede May Harbor 'Club Sandwich' of Oceans and Ice". NASA. Jet Propulsion Laboratory. Retrieved 2014-05-01.  ^ International Workshop "Europa lander: science goals and experiments". 9–13 February 2009. ^ International Workshop “Europa lander: science goals and experiments” (9–13 February 2009) [announcement] ^ Golubev, Yu. F.; Grushevskii, A. V.; Koryanov, V. V.; Tuchin, A. G. (May 2014). "Gravity assist maneuvers of a spacecraft in Jupiter system". Journal of Computer and Systems Sciences International. 53 (3): 445–463. doi:10.1134/S1064230714030083. ISSN 1555-6530. Retrieved 2015-08-08.  ^ a b Grushevskii, A. V.; Golubev, Yu.F.; Koryanov, V.V.; Tuchin, A. G. "TO THE ADAPTIVE MULTIBODY GRAVITY ASSIST TOURS DESIGN IN JOVIAN SYSTEM FOR THE GANYMEDE LANDING" (PDF). Retrieved 2016-03-09. 

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Ganymede

Geology

Lists

List of geological features on Ganymede List of quadrangles on Ganymede List of craters on Ganymede

Impact craters

Achelous El Gula Khensu Kittu Neith Nergal

Regions

Galileo Regio

Sulci

Uruk Sulcus

Faculae

Memphis Facula

Catenae

Enki Catena

Exploration

Past

Pioneer 10 Pioneer 11 Voyager 1 Voyager 2 Galileo Cassini–Huygens New Horizons

Planned

Jupiter
Jupiter
Icy Moons Explorer

Proposed

Laplace-P

Cancelled

Jupiter
Jupiter
Ganymede Orbiter Jupiter
Jupiter
Icy Moons Orbiter

Other

Ganymede in fiction Life

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Spacecraft missions to Jupiter

Orbiters

Galileo Juno

Descent probes

Galileo Probe

Flybys

Pioneer 10 Pioneer 11 Voyager 1 Voyager 2 Ulysses Cassini–Huygens New Horizons

Planned missions

Jupiter
Jupiter
Icy Moons Explorer (2022) Europa Clipper
Europa Clipper
(2025)

Proposed flybys

Uranus Orbiter

Proposed missions

FIRE (2024) Io Volcano Observer
Io Volcano Observer
(2021) Laplace-P
Laplace-P
(2023) OKEANOS
OKEANOS
(2027) Smara (2030)

Cancelled / Concepts

Argo (proposed) Cassini-Huygens (retirement) Europa Jupiter
Jupiter
System Mission-Laplace

Jupiter
Jupiter
Europa Orbiter Jupiter
Jupiter
Ganymede Orbiter Jupiter
Jupiter
Magnetospheric Orbiter Jupiter
Jupiter
and Trojan Asteroid Explorer

Europa Lander Europa Orbiter Innovative Interstellar Explorer Jovian Europa Orbiter Jupiter
Jupiter
Icy Moons Orbiter Neptune Orbiter New Horizons
New Horizons
2 Pioneer H Tsiolkovsky mission

Program overviews

Pioneer program Voyager program

Related topics

Exploration of Jupiter Atmosphere of Jupiter Magnetosphere of Jupiter Moons of Jupiter

Io

Exploration

Europa

Colonization

Ganymede Callisto

Rings of Jupiter Deep Space Network Missions to the outer planets Colonization of the outer Solar System

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Moons of Jupiter

Listed in approximately increasing distance from Jupiter. Provisional designations in italics.

Inner moons

Metis Adrastea Amalthea Thebe

Galilean moons

Io Europa Ganymede Callisto

Themisto group

Themisto

Himalia group

Leda Himalia Lysithea Elara Dia

Carpo group

Carpo

 

S/2003 J 12

 

S/2011 J 1

Ananke group

Core

Euanthe Iocaste Praxidike Harpalyke Thyone Ananke

Peripheral

Jupiter
Jupiter
LX(?) Jupiter
Jupiter
LII Thelxinoe S/2003 J 16 Mneme Hermippe

Carme group

Herse Kale Aitne Taygete S/2003 J 19(?) Chaldene Erinome Kallichore Kalyke Carme Pasithee Jupiter
Jupiter
LI Eukelade Arche Isonoe S/2003 J 9(?) Jupiter
Jupiter
LVII

Pasiphae group

Euporie Jupiter
Jupiter
LV Helike Orthosie Jupiter
Jupiter
LIV Jupiter
Jupiter
LVIII S/2003 J 10(?) S/2003 J 23(?) Aoede Callirrhoe Eurydome Kore Cyllene Jupiter
Jupiter
LVI Jupiter
Jupiter
LIX S/2003 J 4(?) Pasiphae Hegemone Sinope Sponde Autonoe Megaclite

 

S/2003 J 2

Rings of Jupiter In fiction

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Soviet and Russian space program

Roscosmos

Launch sites

Baikonur Cosmodrome
Baikonur Cosmodrome
(in Kazakhstan) Dombarovsky Kapustin Yar Plesetsk Cosmodrome Svobodny Cosmodrome
Svobodny Cosmodrome
(defunct) Vostochny Cosmodrome

Launch vehicles

Angara Proton Soyuz

Human spaceflight programs

Previous

Vostok Voskhod Salyut Almaz
Almaz
(incorporated into Salyut program) / TKS Apollo-Soyuz Test Project (joint) Mir Shuttle– Mir
Mir
(joint) Energia
Energia
/ Buran

Cancelled

Zond (7K-L1) (Moon flyby) Soviet manned lunar programs
Soviet manned lunar programs
(Moon landing) Zvezda (moonbase) TMK
TMK
(Mars/Venus flyby) Spiral Zvezda Zarya MAKS Kliper

Active

International Space Station
International Space Station
(joint)

Russian Orbital Segment

Soyuz

In development

Federation

Robotic programs

Previous

DS (1960–1977) Prognoz (1972–1996) Astron (1983) Granat
Granat
(1989) Gamma (1990) Mars 96
Mars 96
(failed) (1996) Resurs-DK No.1
Resurs-DK No.1
(2006) Koronas-Foton
Koronas-Foton
(2009) Fobos-Grunt
Fobos-Grunt
(failed) (2011)

Active

Bion-M Elektro–L ExoMars
ExoMars
(joint) Meteor-M Resurs-P Spektr-R

In development

Luna-Glob

Luna 25 Luna 26 Luna 27 Luna 28

Spektr-RG Spektr-UV

Communications

Luch (satellite) Soviet Deep Space Network

Concepts

Baikal-Angara Laplace-P Mars-Grunt Mercury-P OPSEK Spektr-M Venera-D

Images and artwork

Mission patches

See also: Space industry of Russia Russian Aerospace Defence Forces

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Astrobiology

Disciplines

Astrochemistry Astrophysics Biochemistry Evolutionary biology Exoplanetology Microbiology Paleontology Planetary science

Main topics

Allan Hills 84001 Biomolecule Biosignature Drake equation Earliest known life forms Earth analog Extraterrestrial life Extremophiles Hypothetical types of biochemistry List of microorganisms tested in outer space Molecules detected in outer space Ocean planet Origin of life Panspermia Search for extraterrestrial intelligence
Search for extraterrestrial intelligence
(SETI) Yamato meteorite

Planetary habitability

Habitability of binary star systems Habitability of K-type main-sequence star systems Habitability of natural satellites Habitability of red dwarf systems Circumstellar habitable zone Earth analog List of potentially habitable exoplanets Extraterrestrial liquid water Galactic habitable zone

Space missions

Earth orbit

BIO BIOCORE Biolab Bion BIOPAN Biosatellite program E-MIST ERA EXOSTACK EXPOSE O/OREOS OREOcube Tanpopo VEGGIE

Mars missions

Beagle 2 ExoMars

ExoMars
ExoMars
Trace Gas Orbiter Schiaparelli EDM lander

Fobos-Grunt Mars Science Laboratory

Curiosity

Phoenix Viking

Planned

BioSentinel Dragonfly Europa Clipper ExoMars

ExoMars
ExoMars
rover ExoMars
ExoMars
2020 surface platform

Mars 2020 Mars Global Remote Sensing Orbiter and Small Rover

Proposed

CAESAR Enceladus Explorer Enceladus Life Finder‎ Enceladus Life Signatures and Habitability Europa Lander ExoLance Explorer of Enceladus and Titan Journey to Enceladus and Titan Laplace-P Life Investigation For Enceladus Mars sample return mission Oceanus THEO

Cancelled and undeveloped

Astrobiology
Astrobiology
Field Laboratory Beagle 3 Biological Oxidant and Life Detection Icebreaker Life Living Interplanetary Flight Experiment Mars Astrobiology
Astrobiology
Explorer-Cacher MELOS Northern Light Red Dragon Terrestrial Planet Finder

Institutions and programs

Astrobiology
Astrobiology
Society of Britain Astrobiology
Astrobiology
Science and Technology for Exploring Planets Breakthrough Initiatives

Breakthrough Listen Breakthrough Message Breakthrough Starshot

Carl Sagan Institute NASA Astrobiology
Astrobiology
Institute Nexus for Exoplanet System Science Ocean Worlds Exploration Program

Cate

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