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Senegal
Senegal
is a multilingual country: Ethnologue
Ethnologue
lists 36 languages, Wolof being the most widely spoken language. French, which was inherited from the colonial era, is the official language of Senegal. It is used by the administration and understood by about 15–20% of all males and about 1–2% of all women.[1] Senegal
Senegal
is a member State of the Organisation internationale de la Francophonie. A Senegalese, Abdou Diouf, held the position of its Executive Secretary between 2003 and 2014. Several of the Senegalese languages have the status of "national languages": Balanta-Ganja, Hassaniya Arabic, Jola-Fonyi, Mandinka, Mandjak, Mankanya, Noon (Serer-Noon), Pulaar, Serer, Soninke, and Wolof. In terms of usage, Wolof is the lingua franca and the most widely spoken language in Senegal, as a first or second language (80%).[citation needed] Mande languages spoken include Soninke, and Mandinka. Jola (Diola) is a main language in the Casamance
Casamance
region. The Guinea Creole dialect, based on Portuguese is also spoken in that region. In 2008 Senegal, due to its historical connections to Portuguese colonisation in Casamance, was admitted as Associate Observer in the CPLP
CPLP
(Community of Portuguese Language Countries). Education for the deaf in Senegal
Senegal
uses American Sign Language, introduced by the deaf American missionary Andrew Foster. A local language is Mbour Sign Language. A report for the High Council of Francophonie in Paris stated in 1986 that in Senegal, 60,000 people spoke French as a first language and 700,000 spoke French as a second language. The total population of Senegal
Senegal
at the time was 6.5 million.[2] References[edit]

^ Jacques Leclerc (2010-10-04). "Sénégal". Tlfq.ulaval.ca. Retrieved 2012-03-17.  ^ Meisler, Stanley. "Seduction Still Works : French--a Language in Decline." Los Angeles Times. March 1, 1986. Retrieved on May 18, 2013.

Further reading[edit]

Dumont, Pierre (1982). Le français et les langues africaines au Sénégal. Paris: AACT and Karthala.

External links[edit]

Senegal
Senegal
portal Language portal

Linguistic map of Senegal
Senegal
at Muturzikin.com Local language resources from Peace Corps Senegal Ethnologue
Ethnologue
page on Senegal PanAfrican L10n page on Senegal Linguistic situation in Senegal
Senegal
(In French)

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Languages of Senegal

Official language

French

National languages

Balanta-Ganja Hassaniyya Jola-Fonyi Mandinka Mandjak Mankanya Noon Pulaar Serer Soninke Wolof

Indigenous languages

Bambara Bandial Bapeng Bassari Bayot Bedik Dyula Fula Gusilay Jola-Felupe Karon Kasa Kassonke Kobiana Laalaa Maninka Ndut Palor Safen Wamey Yalunka Zenaga

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Languages of Africa

Sovereign states

Algeria Angola Benin Botswana Burkina Faso Burundi Cameroon Cape Verde (Cabo Verde) Central African Republic Chad Comoros Democratic Republic of the Congo Republic of the Congo Djibouti Egypt Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Ethiopia Gabon The Gambia Ghana Guinea Guinea-Bissau Ivory Coast (Côte d'Ivoire) Kenya Lesotho Liberia Libya Madagascar Malawi Mali Mauritania Mauritius Morocco Mozambique Namibia Niger Nigeria Rwanda São Tomé and Príncipe Senegal Seychelles Sierra Leone Somalia South Africa South Sudan Sudan Swaziland Tanzania Togo Tunisia Uganda Zambia Zimbabwe

States with limited recognition

Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic Somaliland

Dependencies and other territories

Canary Islands / Ceuta / Melilla  (Spain) Madeira (Portugal) Mayotte / Réunion (France) Saint Helena / Ascension Island / Tristan da Cunha (United Kingdom) Western Sahara

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