The languages of Portugal are the languages spoken or once spoken in the territory of the country of Portugal.
Portuguese is practically universal in Portugal, but there are some specificities.
Portuguese dialects of Portugal
- Portuguese language (European Portuguese), with the following dialects:
- The Southern and Central dialects - They include the dialect of the capital, Lisbon, which, however, has some peculiarities of its own. Although the dialects of the Atlantic archipelagos of the Azores and Madeira have unique characteristics, as well, they can also be grouped with the southern dialects.
- The Northern dialects - This includes the dialect of Porto, Portugal's second largest city.
- Barranquenho - In the town of Barrancos (in the border between Extremadura, Andalusia and Portugal), a dialect of Portuguese heavily influenced by Extremaduran is spoken, known as Barranquenho.
- Minderico - a sociolect or argot spoken in Minde, practically extinct
- Mirandese language - A dialect of Astur-Leonese spoken in Miranda do Douro in northeastern Portugal, recognized officially as a minority language in 1999.
- Portuguese Sign Language
Other languages have been extensively spoken in the territory of modern Portugal:
Pre-Roman languages of Iberia c. 200 BC.
Roman, Post-Roman and Medieval languages