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Langholm
Langholm
/ˈlæŋəm/, also known colloquially as the "Muckle Toun", is a burgh in Dumfries and Galloway
Dumfries and Galloway
in southern Scotland. Langholm lies between four hills in the valley of the River Esk in the Southern Uplands. It is eight miles north of the Anglo-Scottish border
Anglo-Scottish border
and 73 miles south of Edinburgh. It is the traditional seat of Clan Armstrong with its most famous descendant being Neil Armstrong, the first man to walk on the Moon. In 1972 he accepted in person being bestowed the first Freeman and Honorary Burgess of the burgh of Langholm. On accepting the distinction he said, "The most difficult place to be recognised is in one's home town. And I consider this now my home town."[1]

Contents

1 Location and geography 2 History 3 Notable visitors and residents

3.1 Neil Armstrong 3.2 Others

4 Transport

4.1 Bus 4.2 Rail

5 Local media

5.1 Newspaper 5.2 Radio

6 Population 7 Education 8 Sport 9 Arts & leisure 10 Industry 11 General 12 References 13 External links

Location and geography[edit]

Whita hill with obelisk commemorating Sir John Malcolm

Langholm
Langholm
sits eight miles north of the Anglo-Scottish border
Anglo-Scottish border
on the A7 road running between Edinburgh
Edinburgh
in east central Scotland
Scotland
and Carlisle in north-west England. Edinburgh
Edinburgh
is 73 miles north and Carlisle 19 miles south.[2] Langholm
Langholm
is immediately surrounded by four hills in the River Esk valley within Scotland's wider Southern Uplands. The highest of the four hills is 300m Whita hill on which stands an obelisk (locally known as 'The Monument'). The Monument commemorates the life and achievements of Sir John Malcolm
Sir John Malcolm
(1769‑1833), former soldier, statesman, and historian. The other three hills are Warblaw (in Langholm
Langholm
it is pronounced Warbla), Meikleholmhill (a knowe of which is known as 'Tinpin') and the Castle Hill. History[edit]

The Clan Armstrong
Clan Armstrong
Trust Centre

Langholm
Langholm
is the traditional seat of Clan Armstrong, which is currently represented globally by the official Clan Armstrong
Clan Armstrong
Trust. Home of the Clan Armstrong
Clan Armstrong
line is Gilnockie Tower
Gilnockie Tower
4.5 mi (7.2 km) south of Langholm
Langholm
and 2.3 km (1.4 mi) north of Canonbie. The Episcopalian church on Castle Holm went into disuse before conversion into the Clan Armstrong
Clan Armstrong
museum. The town was an important centre for the Border Reivers. The town later grew around the textile industry. Notable visitors and residents[edit] Neil Armstrong[edit] In 1972, astronaut Neil Armstrong, was welcomed and made the first freeman and Burgess of the burgh.[3] The depute town clerk at the time later said, “The town council had made the approach because this is Armstrong country and we thought it would be appropriate. It turned out that he was coming to Edinburgh
Edinburgh
to deliver the Mountbatten lecture so he could accept and come to Langholm.”[4] The ceremony took place at Langholm's largest building of the time, the parish church. With his manner of modest dignity he stated: [4][1]

"The most difficult place to be recognised is in one's home town. And I consider this now my home town."

He also commented:

“My pleasure is not only that this is the land of Johnnie Armstrong, rather that my pleasure is in knowing that this is my home town and in the genuine feeling that I have among these hills among these people.” [5][6]

He then walked for lunch at Buccleuch Hall. His visit is captured in online video.[7][8][9][10] In coverage by the international press the Chicago Tribune's front-page story included a map of the British Isles marking only London
London
and Langholm. Armstrong universally known for his humility[11] is remembered as having no interest on his visit of boasting of his achievements. Instead he was absorbed in finding out more of his Armstrong heritage and making a connection with the area.[4] Others[edit]

"Here comes Langholm, birthplace of Hugh Macdiarmid."

Thomas Telford
Thomas Telford
was born nearby and worked in Langholm
Langholm
as an apprentice early in his career. Christopher Murray Grieve (known as Hugh Macdiarmid) was born in Langholm. The Scottish poet was a leading light in the Scottish Renaissance of the 20th century. Unusually for a communist, he was a committed Scottish nationalist
Scottish nationalist
and wrote both in English and in literary Scots. The town is home to a monument in his honour made of COR-TEN(r) steel which takes the form of a large open book depicting images from his writings. The first female corporate member of the Institution of Civil Engineers, Dorothy Donaldson Buchanan, was born and raised in Langholm, daughter of Rev. James Donaldson Buchanan, the longtime minister in Langholm
Langholm
Parish. David Thomas Richardson, a linguist and officer of the Bengal Army
Bengal Army
was born in Langholm. Transport[edit] Bus[edit] The 95/X95 cross-border bus service runs through Langholm. The service largely follows the route of the A7 road between Edinburgh
Edinburgh
to the north and Carlisle to the south for its duration. Rail[edit] Langholm railway station opened in April 1864, but closed 100 years later. The last regular passenger train was on 13 June 1964, although a special ran in March 1967 - complete with restaurant car; the freight service continued until September 1967. The nearest operational railway stations are at Carlisle in England and Lockerbie
Lockerbie
in Scotland. Local media[edit] Newspaper[edit] The local newspaper is the Eskdale & Liddesdale Advertiser based on Langholm
Langholm
High Street. The Advertiser is owned by the CN Group Ltd.[12] The paper covers news from Langholm
Langholm
and its surrounding areas (notably Canonbie
Canonbie
& Newcastleton) and is commonly referred to locally as 'The Squeak'. Established in 1848, the newspaper was the first penny newspaper in Scotland. Radio[edit] Outside of the nationwide services it is possible to receive transmissions by:-

BBC Radio Cumbria BBC Radio Scotland Radio Borders WestSound

Population[edit] The population in 2001 was 2,311. Education[edit] Langholm Academy
Langholm Academy
is a combined primary and secondary school. Sport[edit] In 1858 Langholm
Langholm
Cricket Club was founded. The club play their matches on the picturesque Castleholm Ground. They currently play their matches in the Border League, finishing mid table for the 2009 season. The 2010 season started against Gala at home on 24 April. In 1871, Langholm RFC was founded, being the oldest Rugby club in the Borders. Langholm RFC play in Scottish National League Division 1 and in the Border League. Langholm
Langholm
also has a minor football team, Langholm
Langholm
Legion, who also play on the Castleholm The town also has a karate club, Langholm
Langholm
Shotokan Karate Club, which is part of the JKS Scotland. Arts & leisure[edit] As well as the Scottish Episcopal Church
Scottish Episcopal Church
now used as the Clan Armstrong museum, The Roman Catholic
Roman Catholic
church of St Francis of Assisi closed in 2010[13] and is now a fine art gallery.[14] The town is home to a music and arts festival, a food festival and the Langholm
Langholm
walks. Each year many visitors come for the annual Common Riding, which takes place on the last Friday of July. Langholm
Langholm
has both a pipe band and a brass band (known as the Town Band - or colloquially as The Toon Ban'). The Town Band is allegedly the oldest surviving brass band in Scotland. The town is also home to the Eskdale and Liddesdale Archaeological Society. There is also an active Archive Group with a steadily increasing collection of information, much now on-line.[15] Industry[edit] Industry for a long time was based on textiles with at one time 22 mills in the town. There has been much consolidation and closure since that peak. The High Street retail brand The Edinburgh
Edinburgh
Woollen Mill is based in Langholm. General[edit] The ' Langholm
Langholm
Project' or ' Langholm
Langholm
Study' is a reference to the Joint Raptor Study, a scientific study undertaken in the 1990s on Langholm Moor into the effects of raptors on red grouse populations. This was a large-scale project involving a range of organisations including Game Conservancy Trust, CEH (or ITE as they were then known) and Buccleuch estates. The project was followed by a two-year study on the effects of supplementary feeding of harriers, which ended in 1999. The findings of the study and the effect on the moor have been the subject of much debate. In 2007 the Scottish Government
Scottish Government
announced a further 10-year project with the following aims:

aim to establish a commercially viable driven grouse moor. Within the time frame of the project, it is the intention to sell driven grouse days producing an annual income in excess of £100,000. aim to restore an important site for nature conservation to favourable condition seek to demonstrate whether the needs of an economically viable grouse moor can be met alongside the conservation needs of protected raptors, especially the hen harrier.

This more recent study is officially titled The Langholm
Langholm
Moor Demonstration Project, but like its predecessor it is generally known as 'the Langholm
Langholm
Project'. The current project is a joint venture between Buccleuch Estates, Scottish Natural Heritage, Game & Wildlife Conservation Trust, RSPB
RSPB
and Natural England. References[edit]

^ a b "NEIL ARMSTRONG IN LANGHOLM" National Library of Scotland ^ Langholm
Langholm
Online ^ "Neil Armstrong's Scots roots celebrated as Moon
Moon
landing hero makes his final journey" ^ a b c ]https://www.scotsmagazine.com/articles/neil-armstrong-langholm/ "Mission To… Langholm?" The Scots Magazine 15 June 2015] ^ http://www.dgstandard.co.uk/dumfries-news/local-news-dumfries/local-news-annandale-eskdale/2009/07/24/armstrong-lands-home-at-langholm-51311-24224663/ ^ "Armstrong's Lantern: Spaceflight Scottish Connections" Scottish Tartans Museum ^ BBC 31 Aug 2012 " Neil Armstrong
Neil Armstrong
remembered by Scottish town Langholm" ^ BBC Scotland, Watch and listen 1970s ^ Neil Armstrong
Neil Armstrong
in Langholm, Tyne Tees ^ "Recalling Moon
Moon
man's 'muckle' leap" BBC, 20 July 2009 ^ "Neil Armstrong: 'We have lost a humble giant, but his legacy is forever'" NASA 27 August 2012 ^ Eskdale and Liddlesdale Advertiser ^ [1] ^ [2] ^ Langholm
Langholm
Archive Group. Retrieved 21 May 2010.

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Langholm.

Langholm
Langholm
Online Video of Langholm
Langholm
from the Air The Langholm
Langholm
Walks and Walking Festival Search the local paper archive The Buccleuch Centre The Eskdale & Liddesdale Advertiser 2007 Press release regarding new Raptor and Grouse project The Langholm
Langholm
Page Langholm
Langholm
Cricket Club The Langholm
Langholm
Project Centre Stage Youth Theatre

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Civil parishes in Dumfries
Dumfries
and Galloway

Dumfriesshire

Annan Applegarth Caerlaverock Canonbie Closeburn Cummertrees Dalton Dornock Dryfesdale Dumfries Dunscore Durisdeer Eskdalemuir Ewes Glencairn Gretna Half Morton Hoddom Holywood Hutton and Corrie Johnstone Keir Kirkconnel Kirkmahoe Kirkmichael Kirkpatrick-Fleming Kirkpatrick-Juxta Langholm Lochmaben Middlebie Moffat Morton Mouswald Penpont Ruthwell Sanquhar St Mungo Tinwald Torthorwald Tundergarth Tynron Wamphray Westerkirk

Kirkcudbrightshire

Anwoth Balmaclellan Balmaghie Borgue Buittle Carsphairn Colvend and Southwick Crossmichael Dalry Girthon Kells Kelton Kirkbean Kirkcudbright Kirkgunzeon Kirkmabreck Kirkpatrick Durham Kirkpatrick Irongray Lochrutton Minnigaff New Abbey Parton Rerrick Terregles Tongland Troqueer Twynholm Urr

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Inch Glasserton Kirkcolm Kirkcowan Kirkinner Kirkmaiden Leswalt Mochrum New Luce Old Luce Penninghame Portpatrick Sorbie Stoneykirk Stranraer Whithorn Wigtown

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