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Legislative

Alþing (Althing, Parliament)

Umboðsmaður Alþingis (ombudsman)

Landsdómur
Landsdómur
(impeachment court)

Judicial

Supreme Court

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Presidential: 2000 2004 2008 2012 2016

Parliamentary: 2007 2009 2013 2016 2017

2010 referendum (debt repayment)

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of Iceland in Iceland

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Iceland
and the European Union Cod Wars
Cod Wars
(1950s / 1970s)

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The National Court (Icelandic: Landsdómur) is a special high court in Iceland
Iceland
established in 1905 to handle cases where members of the Cabinet are suspected of criminal behavior.[1]

Contents

1 Composition 2 Assembly 3 See also 4 References

Composition[edit] The National Court has 15 members: five Supreme Court justices, a district court president, a professor of constitutional law and eight people chosen by the Parliament every six years.[2] Assembly[edit] The court assembled for the first time in 2011,[3] to prosecute former Prime Minister Geir Haarde
Geir Haarde
for alleged gross misconduct in the events leading up to the 2008–2011 Icelandic financial crisis. On September 28, 2010, the Parliament decided, by 33 votes to 30, to charge Haarde.[4] Originally faced with six charges, he was convicted only on one that was considered to be a minor one. See also[edit]

Labour Court

References[edit]

^ "Islands tidligere statsminister stilles for riksrett". Aftenposten (in Norwegian). Oslo, Norway. NTB. September 28, 2010. Archived from the original on October 1, 2010. Retrieved September 28, 2010.  ^ Helgason, Gudjon; Dodds, Paisley (September 28, 2010). "Iceland Ex-PM Faces Possible Charges in Meltdown". ABC News. AP. Retrieved September 28, 2010.  ^ "Assembly of the High Court in April 2012". Icelandreview.com. April 15, 2012. Retrieved July 28, 2012.  ^ "BREAKING NEWS: Iceland's Former PM Taken to Court". Iceland
Iceland
Review Online. September 28, 2010. Retrieved September 28, 2010. 

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Courts of Iceland

Supreme Court of Iceland
Iceland
(1920)

Appellate courts

Landsréttur (2018)

District courts

Eastern Region Northeastern Region Northwestern Region Reykjanes Reykjavík Southern Region Western Region Westfjords

Special
Special
courts

Labour Court (1938) National Court (1905)

Former courts

High courts

Court of Legislature (930 – c. 965, c. 1262 – 1563) Fifth Court
Fifth Court
(c. 1015 – c. 1262) High Court (1563 – 1800) National High Court
National High Court
(1800 – 1920)

Lower courts

Court of Legislature (1563 – 1800) Quarter Courts (c. 965 – c. 1262)

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