HOME
The Info List - Landolphia


--- Advertisement ---



Landolphia
Landolphia
is a genus of flowering plants in the family Apocynaceae first described as a genus in 1806. They take the form of vines that scramble over host trees. Landolphia
Landolphia
is native to tropical Africa.[1]

Contents

1 Characteristics 2 Uses 3 References 4 External links

Characteristics[edit] There are about fifty species of Landolphia
Landolphia
in continental Africa
Africa
and about fourteen more species in Madagascar. They are typically found in forest habitats in tropical West and Central Africa, scrambling over trees, but a few species are large shrubs. They have simple, glossy green leaves in opposite pairs, jasmine-like flowers with tubes and parts in fives, and hard-shelled, fleshy fruits with several seeds embedded in the pulp. After fruiting, the flower stem develops into a twisting tendril which branches near its tip.[2][3] Uses[edit] Members of this genus exude latex when the bark is damaged. The vines have traditionally been used to supply rubber but that function has increasingly been taken over by the rubber tree, Hevea brasiliensis which can be conveniently grown in plantations. The latex from these vines is still used to a limited extent for rubber production. Many species have large edible fruits which are sweet and juicy and rich in Beta-Carotene. However, commercialisation of the crop is difficult because of the nature of the vines, their need for suitable supports and the lack of knowledge of suitable cultivation techniques.[2]

Species[1]

Landolphia
Landolphia
angustisepala - Gabon, Zaïre Landolphia
Landolphia
axillaris - Gabon Landolphia
Landolphia
breviloba - Gabon, Congo Landolphia
Landolphia
bruneelii - Gabon, Congo, Cameroon, Zaïre Landolphia
Landolphia
buchananii - C + E + S Africa Landolphia
Landolphia
calabarica - W Africa Landolphia
Landolphia
camptoloba - C Africa Landolphia
Landolphia
congolensis - C Africa Landolphia
Landolphia
cuneifolia - S Zaïre, NW Zambia Landolphia
Landolphia
dewevrei - C Africa Landolphia
Landolphia
dulcis - W + C Africa Landolphia
Landolphia
elliptica - Madagascar Landolphia
Landolphia
eminiana - C + E Africa Landolphia
Landolphia
exilis - Madagascar Landolphia
Landolphia
ferrea - Gabon, Congo Landolphia
Landolphia
flavidiflora - Cameroon Landolphia
Landolphia
foretiana - W + C Africa Landolphia
Landolphia
fragrans - Madagascar Landolphia
Landolphia
glabra - C Africa Landolphia
Landolphia
glandulosa - Gabon, Cameroon Landolphia
Landolphia
gossweileri - SE Angola, Zambia Landolphia
Landolphia
gummifera - Madagascar Landolphia
Landolphia
heudelotii - W Africa Landolphia
Landolphia
hirsuta - W Africa Landolphia
Landolphia
hispidula - Madagascar Landolphia
Landolphia
incerta - W + C + S Africa Landolphia
Landolphia
jumellei - C Africa Landolphia kirkii E + C + SE Africa Landolphia
Landolphia
lanceolata - Congo, Zaire, Angola Landolphia
Landolphia
landolphioides - C + E Africa Landolphia
Landolphia
le-testui - C Africa Landolphia
Landolphia
lecomtei - C Africa Landolphia
Landolphia
leptantha - Gabon, Cameroon, Nigeria Landolphia
Landolphia
ligustrifolia - Congo, Zaire, Gabon, Cameroon Landolphia
Landolphia
macrantha - Sierra Leone, Guinea Landolphia
Landolphia
mandrianambo - Madagascar Landolphia
Landolphia
mannii - C Africa Landolphia
Landolphia
maxima - Gabon, Cameroon, Nigeria Landolphia
Landolphia
membranacea - W Africa Landolphia
Landolphia
micrantha - W Africa Landolphia
Landolphia
myrtifolia - Madagascar Landolphia
Landolphia
nitens - Madagascar Landolphia
Landolphia
nitidula - Liberia, Ivory Coast Landolphia
Landolphia
noctiflora - Gabon Landolphia
Landolphia
obliquinervia - Madagascar Landolphia owariensis
Landolphia owariensis
- much of tropical Africa Landolphia
Landolphia
parvifolia - C + E + S Africa Landolphia
Landolphia
platyclada - Madagascar Landolphia
Landolphia
pyramidata - Gabon, Central African Republic Landolphia
Landolphia
reticulata - Gabon Landolphia
Landolphia
robustior - C Africa Landolphia
Landolphia
rufescens - Zaïre, Angola, Zambia Landolphia
Landolphia
sphaerocarpa - Madagascar Landolphia
Landolphia
stenogyna - Gabon, Cameroon, Nigeria Landolphia
Landolphia
subrepanda - C Africa Landolphia
Landolphia
tenuis - Madagascar Landolphia
Landolphia
thollonii - Zaïre, Angola, Congo Landolphia
Landolphia
togolana - W Africa Landolphia
Landolphia
trichostigma - Madagascar Landolphia
Landolphia
uniflora - Gabon, Cameroon, Nigeria Landolphia
Landolphia
× utilis - Ivory Coast Landolphia
Landolphia
villosa - C Africa Landolphia
Landolphia
violacea - C Africa Landolphia
Landolphia
watsoniana - Kenya, Tanzania, Mozambique

References[edit]

^ a b c Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families ^ a b Lost Crops of Africa. 3. National Academies Press. 2008. pp. 272–.  ^ Omino, Elizabeth (2002). Flora of Tropical East Africa: Apocynaceae. CRC Press. p. 18. ISBN 978-90-5809-409-4. 

External links[edit]

Dressler, S.; Schmidt, M. & Zizka, G. (2014). "Landolphia". African plants – a Photo Guide. Frankfurt/Main: Forschungsinstitut Senckenberg. 

Taxon identifiers

Wd: Q2715319 APDB: 191936 EoL: 61228 EPPO: 1LADG Fossilworks: 346888 GBIF: 3169739 GRIN: 6504 iNaturalist: 133580 IPNI: 331696-2 ITIS: 500662 NCBI: 141576 PLANTS: LANDO

.