HOME
The Info List - Landgravine Amalie Of Hesse-Darmstadt


--- Advertisement ---



Princess Amalie of Hesse-Darmstadt
Princess Amalie of Hesse-Darmstadt
(20 June 1754 – 21 June 1832) was a Hereditary Princess of Baden by marriage to Charles Louis, Hereditary Prince of Baden. She was the daughter of Ludwig IX, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt and Henriette Karoline of Palatine-Zweibrücken.

Contents

1 Life

1.1 Hereditary Princess of Baden 1.2 Later years

2 Issue 3 Ancestry 4 References 5 External links

Life[edit] Amalie was born in Prenzlau
Prenzlau
and was brought to St Petersburg with her mother in 1772 to visit the Russian court as one of the candidates for a marriage with the Tsarevich Paul Petrovich; Paul, however, decided upon her sister Wilhelmine. Hereditary Princess of Baden[edit] Amalie married her first cousin, Charles Louis, Hereditary Prince of Baden on 15 July 1775. He was the son of Margrave Charles Frederick (who in 1806, after his father's death, became the 1st Grand Duke of Baden) and Karoline Luise of Hesse-Darmstadt, the daughter of Ludwig VIII of Hesse-Darmstadt. During her marriage, Amalie complained about her father-in-law's coldness and the childish behaviour of her husband. Amalie also missed the Prussian and Russian courts. She served ceremoniously as the first lady of the court from the death of her mother-in-law in 1783 until the marriage of her son in 1806. In 1801, she visited her daughter Empress Luise in Russia with her family, and thereafter her second daughter, the Swedish Queen Friederike, in Sweden in September 1801. During Amalie's stay in Sweden, she was described as witty, intelligent and correct, and fully dominated her spouse.[1] They visited Drottningholm Palace
Drottningholm Palace
and Gripsholm and Amalie befriended Hedwig Elizabeth Charlotte of Holstein-Gottorp, which was disliked by the King, and reprimanded her daughter about her stiff and unfriendly manners in public.[2] Her spouse died due to an accident before their departure, and she remained in Sweden with her family until May 1802. Shortly before her departure, she was inducted in the Yellow Rose lodge of Karl Adolf Boheman,[3] by him referred to as a branch of the Freemasons. Later years[edit] During her visits in Russia and Sweden she made attempts to reconcile her sons-in-law, the Russian and Swedish monarchs with each other.[4] In 1803, she received the royal Swedish family as guests in Baden, during which it was said that she had the chance to gain influence over her son-in-law, as she was lovable and amusing, had a lively interest in politics and the same views as him.[5] It was said of Amalie that: "The Landgravine of Baden could in power hunger and will force measure up to that of Catherine II".[6] As an opponent of Napoleon Bonaparte, she had tried to prevent the wedding of her son to Stéphanie de Beauharnais, and after their wedding in 1806, she retired to her widow estate at Schloss Bruchsal
Bruchsal
in the Kraichgau. In 1807, Amalie sent her daughter, Queen Frederica of Sweden, a letter from her second daughter, the Empress of Russia, in an attempt to convince Frederica to use her influence to persuade her spouse to make peace between Sweden and Napoleon, which did not succeed.[7][8] In 1809, she received her daughter Frederica and her family upon the deposition of her son-in-law from the Swedish throne. In 1811, she tried to persuade Gustav Adolf not to divorce Frederica, but when it proved necessary, she arranged for her daughter's economic independence and the custody of her grandchildren.[9] In 1815, her grandson Gustav of Sweden was referred to as "Prince of Sweden" in an announcement from the Baden court, which caused protests from Jean Baptiste Bernadotte, who believed it to have been instigated by Amalie, as she had a reputation for plotting, in an attempt to secure a throne for her grandson.[10] During the Congress of Vienna in 1815, Amalie's influence upon her son-in-law Tsar Alexander I contributed to the fact that Baden was allowed to remain a Grand Duchy without loss of territory. She died in Bruchsal, aged 78, having outlived her husband and six of their eight children. Issue[edit]

Princess Katharine Amalie Christiane Luise (13 July 1776 – 26 October 1823) Princess Friederike Caroline Wilhelmine (13 July 1776 – 13 November 1841), married on 9 March 1797 the then Duke Maximilian of Zweibrücken as his second wife (and became grandmother of Empress Elisabeth of Austria). In 1799 her husband became Elector Palatine and Elector of Bavaria, and in 1804 King of Bavaria
King of Bavaria
(her titles accordingly being Duchess, then Electress, then Queen). Princess Louise Marie Auguste (24 January 1779 – 16 May 1826), married on 9 October 1793 Tsar Alexander I of Russia. Princess Frederica Dorothea Wilhelmine (12 March 1781 – 25 September 1826), married on 31 October 1797 King Gustav IV Adolf of Sweden. They divorced in 1812. Frederica Marie Elisabeth Wilhelmine (7 September 1782 – 29 April 1808), married on 1 November 1802 Friedrich Wilhelm, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel. Prince Karl Friedrich (13 September 1784 – 1 March 1785), died in infancy. Prince Karl, the future 2nd Grand Duke of Baden (8 June 1786 in Karlsruhe
Karlsruhe
– 8 December 1818 in Rastatt) Princess Wilhelmine Luise (10 September 1788 – 27 January 1836) married on 19 June 1804 her first cousin Grand Duke Ludwig II of Hesse.

Ancestry[edit]

Ancestors of Princess Amalie of Hesse-Darmstadt

16. Louis VI, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt

8. Ernest Louis, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt

17. Elisabeth Dorothea of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg

4. Louis VIII, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt

18. Albrecht II, Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach

9. Dorothea Charlotte of Brandenburg-Ansbach

19. Sophie Margaret of Oettingen-Oettingen

2. Louis IX, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt

20. Johann Reinhard II of Hanau-Lichtenberg

10. Johann Reinhard III of Hanau-Lichtenberg

21. Countess Palatine Anna Magdalena of Birkenfeld-Bischweiler

5. Countess Charlotte of Hanau-Lichtenberg

22. Johann Friedrich, Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach

11. Dorothea Friederike of Brandenburg-Ansbach

23. Johanne Elisabeth of Baden-Durlach

1. Amalie of Hesse-Darmstadt

24. Christian I, Count Palatine of Birkenfeld

12. Christian II of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld

25. Countess Palatine Magdalene Catherine of Zweibrücken

6. Christian III, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken

26. Johann Jakob, Count of Rappoltstein

13. Katharina Agathe of Rappoltstein

27. Anna Klaudie of Salm

3. Countess Palatine Caroline of Zweibrücken

28. Gustav Adolph, Count of Nassau-Saarbrücken

14. Louis Crato, Count of Nassau-Saarbrücken

29. Eleonore Klare of Hohenlohe

7. Caroline of Nassau-Saarbrücken

30. Henry Frederick, Count of Hohenlohe-Langenburg

15. Philippine Henriette of Hohenlohe-Langenburg

31. Juliana Dorothea of Castell-Remlingen

References[edit]

^ Charlottas, Hedvig Elisabeth (1936) [1800–1806]. af Klercker, Cecilia, ed. Hedvig Elisabeth Charlottas dagbok [The diary of Hedvig Elizabeth Charlotte] (in Swedish). VII 1800–1806. Translated by Cecilia af Klercker. Stockholm: P.A. Norstedt & Söners förlag. p. 140. OCLC 14111333.  (search for all versions on WorldCat) ^ Charlottas, Hedvig Elisabeth (1936) [1800–1806]. af Klercker, Cecilia, ed. Hedvig Elisabeth Charlottas dagbok [The diary of Hedvig Elizabeth Charlotte] (in Swedish). VII 1800–1806. Translated by Cecilia af Klercker. Stockholm: P.A. Norstedt & Söners förlag. p. 145. OCLC 14111333.  (search for all versions on WorldCat) ^ Charlottas, Hedvig Elisabeth (1936) [1800–1806]. af Klercker, Cecilia, ed. Hedvig Elisabeth Charlottas dagbok [The diary of Hedvig Elizabeth Charlotte] (in Swedish). VII 1800–1806. Translated by Cecilia af Klercker. Stockholm: P.A. Norstedt & Söners förlag. p. 504. OCLC 14111333.  (search for all versions on WorldCat) ^ Charlottas, Hedvig Elisabeth (1936) [1800–1806]. af Klercker, Cecilia, ed. Hedvig Elisabeth Charlottas dagbok [The diary of Hedvig Elizabeth Charlotte] (in Swedish). VII 1800–1806. Translated by Cecilia af Klercker. Stockholm: P.A. Norstedt & Söners förlag. p. 181. OCLC 14111333.  (search for all versions on WorldCat) ^ Charlottas, Hedvig Elisabeth (1936) [1800–1806]. af Klercker, Cecilia, ed. Hedvig Elisabeth Charlottas dagbok [The diary of Hedvig Elizabeth Charlotte] (in Swedish). VII 1800–1806. Translated by Cecilia af Klercker. Stockholm: P.A. Norstedt & Söners förlag. p. 275. OCLC 14111333.  (search for all versions on WorldCat) ^ Charlottas, Hedvig Elisabeth (1936) [1800–1806]. af Klercker, Cecilia, ed. Hedvig Elisabeth Charlottas dagbok [The diary of Hedvig Elizabeth Charlotte] (in Swedish). VII 1800–1806. Translated by Cecilia af Klercker. Stockholm: P.A. Norstedt & Söners förlag. p. 275. OCLC 14111333.  (search for all versions on WorldCat) ^ Charlottas, Hedvig Elisabeth (1939) [1807–1811]. af Klercker, Cecilia, ed. Hedvig Elisabeth Charlottas dagbok [The diary of Hedvig Elizabeth Charlotte] (in Swedish). VIII 1807–1811. Translated by Cecilia af Klercker. Stockholm: P.A. Norstedt & Söners förlag. p. 108. OCLC 14111333.  (search for all versions on WorldCat) ^ Charlottas, Hedvig Elisabeth (1939) [1807–1811]. af Klercker, Cecilia, ed. Hedvig Elisabeth Charlottas dagbok [The diary of Hedvig Elizabeth Charlotte] (in Swedish). VIII 1807–1811. Translated by Cecilia af Klercker. Stockholm: P.A. Norstedt & Söners förlag. p. 502. OCLC 14111333.  (search for all versions on WorldCat) ^ Charlottas, Hedvig Elisabeth (1939) [1807–1811]. af Klercker, Cecilia, ed. Hedvig Elisabeth Charlottas dagbok [The diary of Hedvig Elizabeth Charlotte] (in Swedish). VIII 1807–1811. Translated by Cecilia af Klercker. Stockholm: P.A. Norstedt & Söners förlag. pp. 758, 763. OCLC 14111333.  (search for all versions on WorldCat) ^ Charlottas, Hedvig Elisabeth (1942) [1812–1817]. af Klercker, Cecilia, ed. Hedvig Elisabeth Charlottas dagbok [The diary of Hedvig Elizabeth Charlotte] (in Swedish). IX 1812–1817. Translated by Cecilia af Klercker. Stockholm: P.A. Norstedt & Söners förlag. p. 419. OCLC 14111333.  (search for all versions on WorldCat)

External links[edit]

Media related to Landgravine Amalie of Hesse-Darmstadt at Wikimedia Commons

v t e

Princesses of Baden by marriage

Generations indicate marriage to the princely descendants of Charles Frederick, the first Grand Duke of Baden

1st generation

Princess Amalie of Hesse-Darmstadt Duchess Luise of Nassau-Usingen Duchess Elisabeth Alexandrine of Württemberg

2nd generation

Stéphanie de Beauharnais Princess Maria Maximilianovna of Leuchtenberg

3rd generation

Princess Hilda of Nassau Princess Marie Louise of Hanover

4th generation

Princess Theodora of Greece and Denmark*

5th generation

Archduchess Valerie of Austria*

6th generation

Stephanie Anne Kaul*

*Titular princess/margravine of Baden due to the German Revolution of 1918–19

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 285450543 ISNI: 0000 0000 9654 1725 GND: 119440679 SUDOC: 135885442 BNF:

.