Ground warfare or land warfare is the process of military operations eventuating in combat
that takes place predominantly on the battlespace
land surface of the planet
Land warfare is categorized by the use of large numbers of combat personnel employing a diverse set of combat skills, methods and a wide variety of weapon systems and equipment, conducted in diverse terrain
s and weather
environments. Land warfare, by the virtue of being conducted in defence
of urban and rural population areas, dominates the study of war
, and is a focus for most national defence policy
planning and financial considerations.
Land warfare in history
has undergone several distinct transitions in conduct from large concentration of largely untrained and irregularly armed populace used in frontal assault
s to current employment of combined arms
concepts with highly trained regular troops using a wide variety of organisational, weapon and information systems, and employing a variety of strategic, operational
and tactical doctrines.
Although the land combat in the past was conducted by the Combat Arms
of the armed forces
, since the Second World War
it has largely involved three distinct types of combat units: Infantry
. These arms, since the Age of Sail
, have used amphibious warfare
concepts and methods to project power from the sea
s and ocean
s, and since the wide introduction of military transport aircraft
s have used airborne forces
and vertical envelopment
to the variety of doctrines
used to prosecute warfare on land.
Land forces include personnel
, weapons platform
, and support elements operating on land to accomplish assigned missions and tasks.
Infantry are soldiers
who fight primarily on foot with small arms
in organized military unit
s, though they may be transported to the battlefield by horse
s, cargo planes, or other means.
s provide the means to mobilize heavy firepower to engage opposing forces including other combat vehicles. Combat vehicles are usually equipped for driving in rugged terrain
. They are usually protected against other common threats with armor
and other countermeasure
Examples of combat vehicles include: Main battle tank
s, infantry fighting vehicle
s, and self-propelled artillery
Historically, artillery (from French artillerie) refers to any engine used for the discharge of projectiles during war. The term also describes ground-based troops with the primary function of manning such weapons. Sometimes known as "The King of Battle" or "the GOD of war" as called by Stalin. The word is derived from the Old French verb attilier, meaning "to equip".
This term includes coastal artillery which traditionally defended coastal areas against seaborne attack and controlled the passage of ships using their ability to deny access through the threat of coastal fire. It also includes land-based field artillery. With the advent of powered flight at the start of the 20th Century, artillery also included ground-based anti-aircraft batteries.
is an approach to war
fare which seeks to integrate different arms of a military
to achieve mutually complementary effects, such as, self-propelled artillery
, mechanized infantry
and so forth.
By landscape and climate
* Christopher Tuck. ''Understanding Land Warfare''. London–NY: Routledge, 2014.
Category:Warfare by type