Land Rover Freelander was a compact sport utility vehicle (SUV)
which was produced by the British manufacturer Land Rover, in both
two-wheel and four-wheel drive versions, from 1997 to 2014. The second
generation, launched in 2007, was marketed as the LR2 in North America
and as the Freelander 2 in Europe.
It uses a monocoque (unibody) structure, in common with almost all
other crossovers in its class, but unlike traditional SUVs built with
body-on-frame designs. The Freelander was replaced by the Discovery
Sport in 2015.
1 First generation (L314; 1997–2006)
1.1 Model variations
2 Freelander 2 (L359; 2006–2014)
2.1 Freelander 2 TD4_e
2.2 Freelander 2 eD4
3 Worldwide sales
5 External links
First generation (L314; 1997–2006)
First generation (L314)
Facelift Freelander Sport 3-door
October 1997–Late 2006
Solihull, United Kingdom
Body and chassis
1.8 L K-Series I4
2.5 L Rover KV6 V6
BMW M47 TD I4
2.0 L L-Series TD I4
101.0 in (2,565 mm)
2001–2003 5-door: 175.0 in (4,445 mm)
2004–2006 5-door: 174.1 in (4,422 mm)
3-door: 175.1 in (4,448 mm)
2001–2003: 71.1 in (1,806 mm)
2004–2006: 71.2 in (1,808 mm)
2001–2003 5-door: 68.9 in (1,750 mm)
2004–2006 5-door: 69.0 in (1,753 mm)
3-door: 67.2 in (1,707 mm)
Land Rover Freelander 3-door (United Kingdom)
Land Rover Freelander (Australia)
Market research by the
Rover Group in the late 1980s suggested that
Land Rover could enter the compact SUV market segment. In the early
Rover Group had a restricted product development budget and
looked for a partner to develop the project, which was codenamed CB40
(after Canley Building 40, where the concept was initially developed).
Honda declined and chose to develop its own CR-V
model that was launched in 1997.
Rover decided to go it alone with the CB40, using existing parts and
components, as it had done with the MGF roadster. The floorpan was
based on that of the Austin Maestro, and minor components such as
interior door handles were Maestro items. When
BMW took over Rover
Group in 1994, the CB40 project received the capital it needed to
proceed. In December 2007, Autocar reported that early development
designs and sketches of the Freelander featured Hyundai badging,
suggesting that a tie up between both manufacturers was being
proposed. The design of the Freelander was by Gerry McGovern, who went
on become the head of design at
Land Rover in 2007.
Land Rover initially intended to subcontract the manufacture of the
Valmet in Finland, however
BMW terminated this agreement
upon acquiring the Rover Group, and instead funded production
facilities at Solihull, finally making use of the old Rover SD1
assembly hall which had been mothballed in the early 1980s, when Rover
car production was moved to Cowley.
The Freelander was launched in October 1997. It became Europe's
best-selling four-wheel drive model until 2002.
The last Freelanders in
North America were sold as 2005 models.
Land Rover Freelander SE 4-door (US)
Land Rover Freelander 2-door (US)
There were a variety of models, based around five-door estate and
three-door softback (semi-convertible), hardback, and commercial
(van-like) versions. In 2004,
Land Rover introduced an improved and
upgraded version of the Mark I; changes included a new interior and
major external revisions, including a new face and rear.
The three-door model was available in E, S, ES, Sport and Sport
Premium trim and the five-door model in available in E, S, ES, HSE,
Sport and Sport Premium trim.
Engine choices include:
1.8-litre I4 Rover K-Series petrol (1997–2006), badged as '1.8i',
'Xi' or 'XEi' (Not sold in North America)
2.0-litre I4 Rover L-series diesel (1997–2000), badged as 'Di',
'XDi' or 'XEDi'
BMW M47 diesel (2001–2006), badged as 'Td4'
2.5-litre V6 Rover KV6
Engine petrol (2001–2006), badged as 'V6'
Manual gearboxes dominated the early models, but automatic
Tiptronic-style gearboxes (Jatco JF506E) became increasingly popular
and were standard on the V6. The Automatic
Tiptronic gearbox was also
available as an option on the Td4.
The first generation Freelander was used in the 1998
Camel Trophy and
participated in Land Rover's G4 Challenge. The vehicle represented a
compromise because it did not have a low-range gear selection, nor a
locking differential, as found on larger
Land Rover models. This meant
that in comparison to other Land Rovers, off-road performance was not
as good. In comparison to similar models produced by other
manufacturers in the same period of time like the
Honda CRV or the
Toyota RAV4, however, the first generation Freelander was far more
It had more than sixteen patented features, including the IRD or
Intermediate Reduction Drive, which acted as a front differential and
fixed ratio transfer; the VCU or viscous-coupling, which reacts to the
differing rotational speed of the prop shafts, allowing varying torque
across itself; and the Hill Descent Control system, which was then
implemented in the rest of the
Land Rover range and even in the first
BMW X5. (
BMW was the parent company of
Rover Group at the
time of the introduction of this model).
This first generation also used a Traction Control system and a
special version of ABS produced by Wabco and modified to assist
driving in off-road situations. Lack of the MG Rover K18 and KV6
engines after the end of the MG Rover production led
Land Rover to
discontinue the model on 31 August 2005 in the U.S. and Canada.
Freelander 2 (L359; 2006–2014)
Freelander 2 (L359)
Land Rover LR2 (US)
Land Rover LR2
Land Rover Freelander 2
2006 – December 2014
Halewood Body & Assembly, Halewood, United Kingdom
Aqaba Assembly Plant, Jordan
Body and chassis
Ford EUCD platform
Range Rover Evoque
Ford EcoBoost 243 PS I4
Ford SI6 233 PS I6
Ford Duratorq 150 PS eD4
Ford Duratorq 160 PS TD4
Ford Duratorq 190 PS SD4
Getrag M66EH50 manual
Aisin AWF21 automatic
104.7 in (2,659 mm)
177.2 in (4,501 mm)
75.2 in (1,910 mm)
68.5 in (1,740 mm)
3,902–4,300 lb (1,770–1,950 kg)
The second generation, named the Freelander 2 (codename L359), debuted
at the 2006
British International Motor Show
British International Motor Show retaining the Freelander
name in Europe and marketed as the LR2 in
North America — mirroring
the marketing of the new third generation
Land Rover Discovery as LR3.
A presentation at the
Kensington Roof Gardens
Kensington Roof Gardens was held for journalists
featuring celebrity tennis player Maria Sharapova. Production ended
at the end of 2014.
Land Rover Freelander 2 HSE TD4 (Australia)
Land Rover Freelander 2 (United Kingdom)
The second generation Freelander is based on the
Ford EUCD platform,
which itself is based on the
Ford C1 platform. The
Ford EUCD platform
will be used by more upcoming vehicles from Volvo. The engine range is
all-new for Freelander, featuring transversely-mounted 3.2-litre
straight-six engine of the
Ford SI6 series, which debuted in the new
Volvo S80, as well as the 2.2-litre DW12 common rail turbodiesel
engine, co-developed by
Ford and PSA Peugeot Citroën.
Unlike previous Land Rovers, the second generation Freelander is
manufactured in the
Halewood Body & Assembly facility, near
Liverpool, and was until 2009 manufactured alongside the Jaguar X-Type
Jaguar X-Type and Landrover Freelander both used modified
version of Ford's front wheel drive platform. The new Freelander
features higher ground clearance and off-road capabilities that are
closer to other
Land Rover models.
The second generation has improved quality interior with more safety
features as standard. The Freelander 2 features a modified version
of the Terrain Response off-road driving system as fitted to the
Discovery 3 and the Range Rover. The 4WD system was developed in
conjunction with Haldex and was called Third generation coupling.
Vehicles from the 2009 model year are fitted with a modified design of
the active on-demand coupling, known as Haldex's Fourth generation.
The new Freelander was first marketed in the U.S. in 2007 as the LR2.
The 2008 version is called the LR2 HSE. The limited run HST had added
side trim, front valance, and 19-inch wheels. A
Ford 3.2-litre inline
six-cylinder engine producing 230 hp (170 kW) is standard,
with a six-speed automatic transmission and all-wheel drive. In the
United Kingdom, the standard engine is the
Ford 2.2-litre diesel. The
TD4 version of the engine produces 150 hp (110 kW) and
160 hp (120 kW), while the SD4 comes with 190 hp
Interior appointments include an Alpine 440-watt 14-speaker surround
sound audio and a 7-inch touch navigation screen options, while the
newer models can be equipped with an Meridian audio system, which
comes with a surround sound 17-speaker system with Trifield
technology, producing 825 Watts.
The Meridian system is also equipped with subwoofers and Audyssey
MultEQ audio tuning system. Also a 5-inch colour display screen is
standard even at the newer entry-level models. An optional cold
climate package includes heated front windscreen, heated front seats
with two heating levels and heated windscreen washers. The optional
lighting package includes bi-xenon headlights, adaptive
front-lighting, memory for the driver seat, as well as exterior
mirrors and approach and puddle lamps.
Freelander 2 TD4_e
The Freelander TD4_e features stop-start technology to improve fuel
economy and reduce carbon emissions. The system cuts out the engine
when the vehicle is stationary, neutral is selected and the clutch
engaged; the engine restarts when the clutch pedal is depressed.
The system includes a heavy-duty starter motor that also acts as a
generator to recover energy through regenerative braking that is then
stored in capacitors to restart the engine reducing stress on the
vehicle's battery and electrical system. The stop-start system
became available in spring 2009 on Freelander 2 TD4 models.
Freelander 2 eD4
For the 2011 model year, the option of two wheel drive (badged as eD4)
was available. This version also lost Terrain Response and Hill
Descent Control. For the 2014 model year, the Freelander gets a
revised look with a grill and new interior piece.
Total sales are from 2009 only.
^ "Joint Venture, Subsidiary and Associate Companies: Jaguar Land
Rover". Tata Motors. Archived from the original on 6 December 2010.
Retrieved 21 August 2010.
Land Rover LR2 / Freelander 2 debuts in London".
^ Steve Cropley. "2015
Land Rover Discovery Sport - pricing, specs and
^ "New design boss for Land Rover". Car Magazine. 14 August 2006.
Retrieved 14 June 2015.
^ You & Your
Land Rover Freelander - Buying, enjoying,
maintaining, modifying; Haynes Publishing; 2003, page 54
Land Rover Opens Assembly Plant in India, Rolls Out its
First Model". carscoop.blogspot.com. 27 May 2011. Retrieved 11 August
^ "Vehicle Development - Automotive Engineer". ae-plus.com. Archived
from the original on 17 February 2017.
Maria Sharapova reveals the all-new LR2 Archived 28 September 2007
at the Wayback Machine.
^ "DISCOVERY SPORT PRODUCTION BEGINS".
Land Rover Owner International.
21 October 2014. Retrieved 14 June 2015.
^ "What Car First look: new
Land Rover Freelander – Introduction".
Whatcar.com. 20 June 2006. Retrieved 30 September 2010.
^ "European report on Freelander safety". Euroncap.com. Retrieved 30
^ Baker, Erin (12 December 2008). "
Land Rover Freelander TD4_e launch
of the first of its low-emissions initiatives". Telegraph.co.uk.
Retrieved 30 September 2010.
Land Rover Freelander 2 TD4_e (2009–) Car Review Road Test
4car". Channel 4. Archived from the original on 14 May 2009. Retrieved
30 August 2009.
^ "Tata Motors - Investors - JLR Volumes". tatamotors.com.
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