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Lancia
Lancia
(Italian pronunciation: [ˈlantʃa]) is an Italian automobile manufacturer founded in 1906 by Vincenzo Lancia
Vincenzo Lancia
as Lancia & C.. It became part of the Fiat
Fiat
Group in 1969; the current company, Lancia
Lancia
Automobiles S.p.A., was established in 2007. The company has a strong rally heritage and is noted for using letters of the Greek alphabet
Greek alphabet
for its model names. Lancia
Lancia
vehicles are no longer sold outside Italy, and comprise only the Ypsilon supermini range, as Fiat
Fiat
CEO Sergio Marchionne foreshadowed in January 2014.[1]

Contents

1 History

1.1 Foundation and early years 1.2 1969 to present 1.3 Logo 1.4 Lancia
Lancia
family

2 Automotive

2.1 Current models

2.1.1 Lancia
Lancia
Ypsilon

2.2 Past car models 2.3 Concept cars 2.4 Special
Special
cars

3 Export markets

3.1 United States 3.2 United Kingdom 3.3 Japan

4 Lancia
Lancia
in motorsport

4.1 Formula One 4.2 Rallying 4.3 Sports car
Sports car
racing

4.3.1 Titles

5 Commercial vehicles

5.1 Light commercial vehicles 5.2 Heavy commercial vehicles 5.3 Buses

5.3.1 Trolleybuses

5.4 Military vehicles 5.5 Other

6 Engines 7 Media and sponsorship 8 See also 9 References 10 External links

History[edit]

Lancia Beta
Lancia Beta
Torpedo (1909)

Lancia
Lancia
production 1998–2015[2]

Year Cars

1990 300,087

1991 265,172

1992 223,127

1993 163,636

1994 163,535

1995 162,416

1996 159,251

1997 176,211

1998 175,215

1999 161,019

2000 170,348

2001 134,812

2002 110,529

2003 108,989

2004 118,201

2005 115,543

2006 122,956

2007 118,036

2008 113,307

2009 113,810

2010 97,757

2011 100,007

2012 98,733

2013 71,223

2014 69,835

2015 61,652

2016 67,059

This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (June 2008)

Foundation and early years[edit] Lancia
Lancia
& C. Fabbrica Automobili was founded on 29 November 1906 in Turin
Turin
by Fiat
Fiat
racing drivers, Vincenzo Lancia
Vincenzo Lancia
(1881-1937) and his friend, Claudio Fogolin (1872-1945). The first car manufactured by Lancia
Lancia
was the "Tipo 51" or "12 HP" (later called "Alfa"), which remained in production from 1907 to 1908. It had a small four-cylinder engine with a power output of 28 hp.[3] In 1910 Lancia
Lancia
components were exported to the United States
United States
where they were assembled and sold as SGVs by the SGV Company.[4] In 1915, Lancia
Lancia
also manufactured its first truck, the Jota that continued as a dedicated series. In 1937, Vincenzo died of a heart attack and both his wife, Adele Miglietti Lancia, and his son, Gianni Lancia, took over control of the company. They persuaded Vittorio Jano
Vittorio Jano
to join as an engineer. Jano had already made a name for himself by designing various Alfa Romeo
Alfa Romeo
models, including some of its most successful race cars ever such as the 6C, P2 and P3.

Lancia
Lancia
Borgo San Paolo - plant

Lancia
Lancia
is renowned in the automotive world for introducing cars with numerous innovations. These include the Theta of 1913, which was the first European production car to feature a complete electrical system as standard equipment.[5] Lancia's first car adopting a monocoque chassis – the Lambda produced from 1922 to 1931 - featured 'Sliding Pillar' independent front suspension that incorporated the spring and hydraulic damper into a single unit (a feature that would be employed in subsequent Lancia's, up to the Appia that was replaced in 1963). 1948 saw the first 5 speed gearbox to be fitted to a production car (Series 3 Ardea). Lancia
Lancia
premiered the first full-production V6 engine, in the 1950 Aurelia,[6] after earlier industry-leading experiments with V8 and V12 engine
V12 engine
configurations. It was also the first manufacturer to produce a V4 engine. Other innovations involved the use of independent suspension in production cars (in an era where live axles were common practice for both the front and rear axles of a car) and rear transaxles, which were first fitted to the Aurelia and Flaminia range. This drive for innovation, constant quest for excellence, fixation of quality, complex construction processes and antiqued production machinery meant that all cars essentially had to be hand-made. With little commonality between the various models, the cost of production continued to increase extensively, while demand did not eventually affecting Lancia's viability.[citation needed] Gianni Lancia, a graduate engineer, was president of Lancia
Lancia
from 1947 to 1955. In 1956 the Pesenti family took over control of Lancia
Lancia
with Carlo Pesenti (1907–1984) in charge. 1969 to present[edit]

Fiat
Fiat
launched a take-over bid in October 1969 which was accepted by Lancia
Lancia
as the company was losing significant sums of money, with losses in 1969 being GB£20m.[7] This was not the end of the distinctive Lancia
Lancia
marque, and new models in the 1970s such as the Stratos, Gamma and Beta served to prove that Fiat
Fiat
wished to preserve the image of the brand it had acquired. During the 1970s and 1980s, Lancia
Lancia
had great success in rallying, winning many World Rally Championships. During the 1980s, the company cooperated with Saab Automobile, with the Lancia Delta
Lancia Delta
being sold as the Saab 600
Saab 600
in Sweden. The 1985 Lancia Thema also shared a platform with the Saab 9000, Fiat
Fiat
Croma and the Alfa Romeo
Alfa Romeo
164. During the 1990s, all models were closely related to other Fiat
Fiat
models. Starting from 1 February 2007, Fiat's automotive operations were reorganised.[8] Fiat
Fiat
Auto became Fiat
Fiat
Group Automobiles S.p.A., Fiat S.p.A.'s branch handling mainstream automotive production. Simultaneously the current company, Lancia
Lancia
Automobiles S.p.A., was created from the pre-existing brand, and controlled 100% by FGA.[8] In 2011, Lancia
Lancia
moved in a new direction and added new models manufactured by Chrysler
Chrysler
and sold under the Lancia
Lancia
badge in many European markets. Conversely, Lancia
Lancia
built models began to be sold in right-hand drive markets under the Chrysler
Chrysler
badge. In 2015 Lancia's parent company Fiat
Fiat
Group Automobiles S.p.A. became FCA Italy
Italy
S.p.A., reflecting the earlier incorporation of Fiat
Fiat
S.p.A. into Fiat
Fiat
Chrysler Automobiles. Logo[edit]

1907 Lancia
Lancia
radiator script

1929–1957 Lancia
Lancia
logo

1974–2000 Lancia
Lancia
logo

1907

From 1907 to 1910 Lancia
Lancia
cars didn't bear a true badge, but rather a brass plaque identifying the manufacturer ( Lancia
Lancia
& C.) and chassis code; although some models did have a brass Lancia
Lancia
script on the grille.[9]

1911

The original Lancia
Lancia
logo was designed by Count Carlo Biscaretti di Ruffia. In 1910 Vincenzo Lancia
Vincenzo Lancia
asked Biscaretti di Ruffia to design a badge for the company; the Count submitted six watercolour proposal sketches. Vincenzo Lancia
Vincenzo Lancia
chose a round one, composed by a blue lance and flag bearing a Lancia
Lancia
script ("Lancia" means "lance" in Italian) in gold, over a four-spoke steering wheel, with a hand throttle detail on the right spoke.[9] The first car to bear the Lancia
Lancia
logo was the Gamma 20 HP in 1911.[9]

1929

In 1929 the logo acquired its final layout: the previous round badge was superimposed on a blue shield in the shape of a Reuleaux triangle (as found in one of Biscaretti di Ruffia's six original proposals).[9] Though first applied on the 1929 Dikappa, this badge was only used consintently starting with the 1936 Aprilia.[9]

1957

Beginning with the 1957 Flaminia, Lancia
Lancia
cars switched from the traditional vertical split grille to an horizontal, full-width one. The logo was therefore moved inside the grille opening, and changed to a more stylized chromed metal open-work design; shield and steering wheel became chrome frames, the only remaining enameled surface being the blue field of the flag. This new metal logo was used on most models with some exceptions, namely Zagato-bodied Lancia
Lancia
Fulvias and Flavias, the Lancia 2000
Lancia 2000
Berlina (which reprised the traditional upright grille and the round enameled badge) and the Stratos HF (whose ornaments lacked the triangular shield).

1974

In 1974 the badge was redesigned on Gianni Agnelli's request;[9] it went back to a modernised silver, white and blue version of the 1929 design. Flag and lance were unified in a single shape and dispensed with the earlier minute detailing, the Lancia
Lancia
letters became all of the same size, and the steering wheel became also outlined in blue and lost the hand throttle detail. This logo debuted on the 1979 Lancia Delta,[9] and made its way on the other models as they adopted the split grille introduced by the Delta. Though lightly revised in 2000 with the addition of a chrome shield surround, the 1974 logo was used through four decades, up to 2006.

2007

The current logo, designed by Robilant Associati, was presented at the 2007 Geneva Motor Show—a couple of months after the creation of Lancia
Lancia
Automobiles.[9] While the traditional chrome-framed blue shield has been retained and made three-dimensional, for the first time since 1911 lance and flag are absent; the steering wheel has been stylized into a chromed circle, from which two spikes converge towards the modern Lancia
Lancia
logotype in the centre. Lancia
Lancia
family[edit]

Vittorio Jano
Vittorio Jano
and Gianni Lancia

Cavalier Giuseppe Lancia
Lancia
(1860 (Cuneo) - 1919 (Bordighera)) was an Italian businessman and father of Vincenzo Lancia. When he was sixteen he started a business with food in Italy. Later, for a few years, he made relationships with South America
South America
and he created a food industry in Argentina. His efforts and innovations made his company a great success. His company was one of the first food companies in the country and showed new methods in this sector. When he made a fortune he returned to Italy. By his education Giuseppe is a translator. In 1875, he married Marianna Orazzi. In 1876, their first son Giovanni was born. In 1879 their daughter Margherita was born. Unfortunately, she died in 1894. In 1881 their third child Vincenzo Lancia
Vincenzo Lancia
was born. Their second daughter, Anna Maria (later Anna-Maria-Giacobinni), was born in 1884. The Lancia
Lancia
family at that time was important for Turin. The members of the family liked to go on opera and theatre. In their free time. the Lancias spend their time at a villa near Turin. Vincenzo Lancia
Vincenzo Lancia
was born on 24 of August 1881 in Fobello
Fobello
near Turin. His father wanted Vincenzo to be a lawyer, but didn't have much interest in the humanities. He met the Battista brothers as well as Giovanni Ceirano and became interested in science and technology, especially automobiles. He saw his first cars in Turin
Turin
and Milan. One of his friends Carlo Bishareti di Ruffia had a Benz and that was the first important automobile in his life. When FIAT
FIAT
was founded in 1899 Vincenzo was very active in the company and later became one of the most famous test drivers of Italian automobile brands. In 1922, Vincenzo married his secretary - Adele Miglietti. Vincenzo and Adele had three children Gianni, Eleonora and Maria. He died on February 15, 1937. Gianni Lancia
Gianni Lancia
was born on 24 November 1924 in Turin. He finished his education with his sisters at the Technical University of Pisa. From the time he was a little boy Gianni loved sports, but his greatest passion was motor racing. This led him to become a driver for the Lancia
Lancia
team. Gianni became the boss of Lancia
Lancia
in 1950. Unfortunately, he invested a lot of money in expensive prototypes and other unprofitable ventures that led him to sell a big part of the company to Carlo Pesenti in 1957. After that he started a business in the food industry. For a few years he lived in Brazil. He had two sons, Mariele and Vincenzo from his first marriage and had one son (Lorenzo Lancia) from his marriage to Jacqueline Sassard . Automotive[edit] Current models[edit] Lancia
Lancia
Ypsilon[edit] Main article: Lancia
Lancia
Ypsilon

2013 Lancia
Lancia
Ypsilon

The Ypsilon is a premium 5-door supermini car produced since 2011. It is based on an updated Fiat
Fiat
500 platform. Available for sale in various European markets, for the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
and Ireland
Ireland
it was only sold as the Chrysler
Chrysler
Ypsilon.[10] Past car models[edit] Lancia
Lancia
has a long tradition of passenger, fast touring, sports and racing cars. They have tended to emphasize quality, appearance and sophisticated design, somewhat at the expense of power and competitive pricing. Among the most beautiful, desirable and unusual models are various Lancia
Lancia
Zagato
Zagato
models. The Lancia Aurelia
Lancia Aurelia
introduced the front engine rear transmission configuration later used by Ferrari, Alfa Romeo, Porsche, GM, and Maserati, as well as the V6 engine, which is now common. It also had inboard rear brakes, an important way of reducing un-sprung weight. The Lancia Stratos
Lancia Stratos
was a successful rally car during the 1970s and helped the company to improve its sporting credentials. The Lancia Thema
Lancia Thema
executive car was a re-branded second generation Chrysler
Chrysler
300 unveiled in 2011 to replace the Thesis. It re–used the name of the Italian made 1984–94 Thema saloon. Previously available in various European markets, for the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
and Ireland
Ireland
it was only sold as the Chrysler
Chrysler
300C. It has since been discontinued in 2015. The Lancia
Lancia
Voyager was a large MPV unveiled in 2011, which was based on the Chrysler
Chrysler
Town & Country. It was marketed in various European markets, for the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
and Ireland
Ireland
it was only sold as the Chrysler
Chrysler
Grand Voyager. It has since been discontinued in 2015. Concept cars[edit] See also: List of Lancia
Lancia
concept cars

The Lancia
Lancia
Kayak

Lancia
Lancia
has shown several concept cars to the public including the Flaminia Loratmo (1958), Stratos Zero (1970), the Megagamma by Italdesign Giugiaro
Italdesign Giugiaro
and Sibilo by Bertone in 1978, Hit (1988) by Pininfarina, the Bertone designed Kayak (1995), the Dialogos (1998) and Nea in 2000.[11] More recently the company has shown the Granturismo Stilnovo and Fulvia.[12] concepts in 2003. Special
Special
cars[edit] In the end of 1957 Lancia
Lancia
made their first limousine for the President of Italy, the model Lancia
Lancia
Florida. In 1989 Lancia
Lancia
made a limousine version of the model Thema. In 1999 Lancia
Lancia
made a limousine version of the Kappa and in 2004 Geneva Motor Show, Stola showed a limousine version of the Lancia Thesis. Export markets[edit] In January 2014, in an interview with La Repubblica, Fiat
Fiat
CEO Sergio Marchionne foreshadowed that Lancia
Lancia
would become an Italy–only brand, and focus only on the Ypsilon supermini range.[1] United States[edit] While some models had been imported on a small scale during the 1950s to the 1960s, Lancias were officially sold in the United States
United States
from 1975. Sales were comparatively slow, and the range was withdrawn at the same time as Fiat
Fiat
in 1982. In 2009, following Fiat's acquisition of a stake in United States-based Chrysler
Chrysler
and part of Chrysler's restructuring plans, it was stated that Fiat
Fiat
plans for the Chrysler
Chrysler
brand and Lancia
Lancia
to co–develop products, with some vehicles being shared. Olivier Francois, Lancia's CEO, took over as CEO of the Chrysler
Chrysler
division in October 2009. Fiat
Fiat
has also announced that, depending on the market, some Chrysler
Chrysler
cars would be sold as Lancias and vice versa. Francois' plans to re establish the Chrysler
Chrysler
brand as an upscale brand were somewhat muddied by the discontinuance of the Plymouth brand.[13] At the 2010 Detroit Auto Show, a Chrysler
Chrysler
badged Lancia Delta
Lancia Delta
was on display,[14] but this did not result in sales in the United States, with proposals to instead modify an Alfa Romeo
Alfa Romeo
for sale by 2013.[15] United Kingdom[edit] Lancia's reputation was significantly undermined in 1980, when defective Lancia Beta
Lancia Beta
models, suffering from significant suspension sub-frame corrosion problems, were purchased back from owners by the company in a highly publicised campaign. These cars were subsequently crushed.[16] The brand never recovered from the damage inflicted during the Beta recall and, combined with a range of related factors (including poor residual values, which made their range uncompetitive), decided to withdraw from the right hand drive market in February 1994.[17] The last model be sold in the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
was the Delta, boosted by its rallying reputation, withdrawn from sale in 1995. After 1995, there were continuous rumours suggesting Lancia's return to the United Kingdom. In November 2005, What Car?
What Car?
reported rumours over the alleged return, to rival "affordable" premium makes, such as Saab and Volvo.[18] In September 2006, What Car?
What Car?
reported that Lancia were officially returning to the United Kingdom.[19] The relaunch date was set for August 2008. In April 2008, Car
Car
reported that Lancia
Lancia
had postponed the relaunch.[20] In June 2009, Autocar reported that the relaunch of Lancia
Lancia
was now “very unlikely”.[21] These were credible since Lancia
Lancia
models, by that time, shared common parts with Fiat
Fiat
and Alfa Romeo
Alfa Romeo
models that were imported, sold and maintained by an existing dealership network. The cost to reestablish the brand were therefore minimal. In December 2008, however, Fiat cancelled relaunch plans, due to financial concerns coinciding with the global financial crisis, and the recession.[22] In 2011, Lancia Ypsilon
Lancia Ypsilon
and Delta models were eventually re introduced to the United Kingdom, but were re branded as Chrysler. In January 2014, the Delta model was dropped from this line up. In March 2015, Fiat
Fiat
Group announced that the Chrysler
Chrysler
brand would be discontinued in the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
in 2017, citing a desire to focus largely on the Jeep
Jeep
brand instead.[23] Japan[edit] A small number of Lancia
Lancia
models were previously sold in Japan, such as Fulvia, Stratos and Delta. More recently, some models have been sold under the Chrysler
Chrysler
brand, such as the Ypsilon. Lancia
Lancia
in motorsport[edit] Formula One[edit] See also: Lancia
Lancia
Grand Prix results

A Lancia
Lancia
D50A Formula One
Formula One
car

After Vincenzo Lancia's son Gianni became director of the firm, it started to take part more frequently in motorsport, eventually deciding to build a Grand Prix car. Vittorio Jano
Vittorio Jano
was the new designer for Lancia
Lancia
and his Lancia D50
Lancia D50
was entered into the 1954 Spanish Grand Prix, where Alberto Ascari
Alberto Ascari
took the pole position and drove the fastest lap. In the 1955 Monaco Grand Prix
1955 Monaco Grand Prix
Ascari crashed into the harbour after missing a chicane. One week later Ascari was killed in an accident driving a Ferrari
Ferrari
sports car at Monza. With Ascari's death and Lancia's financial problems the company withdrew from Grand Prix racing.[24] Altogether Lancia
Lancia
took two victories and ten podiums in Formula One.[25] Remnants of the Lancia
Lancia
team were transferred to Scuderia Ferrari,[26] where Juan Manuel Fangio
Juan Manuel Fangio
won the 1956 championship with a Lancia- Ferrari
Ferrari
car. Rallying[edit] See also: Lancia
Lancia
in rallying

A Lancia Delta
Lancia Delta
S4 Group B
Group B
rally car

Lancia
Lancia
has been very successful in motorsport over the years, and mostly in the arena of rallying. Prior to the forming of the World Rally Championship, Lancia
Lancia
took the final International Championship for Manufacturers title with the Fulvia in 1972. In the WRC, they remain the most statistically successful marque (despite having withdrawn at the end of the 1993 season), winning constructors' titles with the Stratos (1974, 1975 and 1976), the 037 (1983) and the Delta (six consecutive wins from 1987 to 1992). The Delta is also the most successful individual model designation ever to compete in rallying. All this gave Lancia
Lancia
a total of 11 Championships over the years. Juha Kankkunen
Juha Kankkunen
and Miki Biasion
Miki Biasion
both won two drivers' titles with the Delta. Among other drivers to take several World Rally Championship wins with Lancia
Lancia
were Markku Alén, Didier Auriol, Sandro Munari, Bernard Darniche, Walter Röhrl, Björn Waldegård
Björn Waldegård
and Henri Toivonen. The history of the brand in rallying is also tainted with tragedy, with deaths of Italian driver Attilio Bettega
Attilio Bettega
at the 1985 Tour de Corse in a Lancia 037
Lancia 037
and then Finnish championship favourite Toivonen in a Lancia Delta
Lancia Delta
S4 at the same rally exactly a year later. These deaths would eventually lead to the end of Group B
Group B
rallying. Sports car
Sports car
racing[edit] In 1953, Lancia
Lancia
introduced the D24 sports racer, which was an evolution of D23 model, but rebodied as a spider by Pininfarina. Its most significant victories were: the 1953 Carrera Panamericana, the 1954 Mille Miglia
1954 Mille Miglia
and the 1954 Targa Florio.

A Lancia LC1
Lancia LC1
Group 6 sports car

During Lancia's dominance of rallying, the company also expanded into sports cars in the late 1970s until the mid-1980s. Originally running the Stratos HF in Group 4, as well as a brief interlude with a rare Group 5 version, the car was replaced with the successful Beta Montecarlo Turbo winning the FIA's 1980 World Championship for Makes and 1981 World Endurance Championship for Makes
1981 World Endurance Championship for Makes
and the 1980 Deutsche Rennsport Meisterschaft.

A Lancia LC2
Lancia LC2
sports car

In 1982 the team moved up to Group 6 with the LC1 Spyder, followed by the Group C
Group C
LC2 coupé which featured a Ferrari
Ferrari
powerplant in 1983. The LC2 was a match for the standard-setting Porsche 956
Porsche 956
in terms of raw speed, securing 13 pole positions over its lifetime, however its results were hampered by poor reliability and fuel economy and it only managed to win three European and World Endurance Championship races. The team's inability to compete against the dominant Porsche 956
Porsche 956
and 962 sports cars led it to drop out of sportscar racing at the end of 1986 in order to concentrate on rallying, although private teams continued to enter LC2s with declining results until the early 1990s. Titles[edit]

1979 World Championship for Makes (under 2-litre division) 1980 World Championship for Makes
1980 World Championship for Makes
(overall) 1981 World Endurance Championship for Makes
1981 World Endurance Championship for Makes
(overall) 1980 Deutsche Rennsport Meisterschaft

Commercial vehicles[edit] Lancia
Lancia
produced a wide range of vans, trucks, buses and military vehicles from the beginning, forming Lancia
Lancia
Veicoli Industriali in 1912. Lancia
Lancia
slowly withdrew from the commercial sectors during the late 1960s and production of commercial vehicles ended in the early 1970s, shortly after Fiat's takeover of the company, with some models transferred to Iveco.

Lancia
Lancia
Superjolly

Light commercial vehicles[edit]

1958 Lancia Ardea
Lancia Ardea
Furgoncino (van), Cassone (pick-up) 1950 Lancia
Lancia
Beta 1953 Lancia Appia
Lancia Appia
Furgoncino (van), Camioncino (pick-up) 1959 Lancia
Lancia
Jolly 1963 Lancia
Lancia
Superjolly

Heavy commercial vehicles[edit]

Lancia
Lancia
Triota 1921

Lancia Esadelta C

Lancia Esagamma
Lancia Esagamma
E

Lancia
Lancia
trolleybus in Athens

Lancia
Lancia
3RO military truck

1915 Lancia
Lancia
Jota 1915 Lancia
Lancia
Dijota 1921 Lancia
Lancia
Triota 1921 Lancia
Lancia
Tetrajota 1924 Lancia
Lancia
Pentajota 1926 Lancia
Lancia
Esajota 1927 Lancia
Lancia
Eptajota 1932 Lancia
Lancia
Ro 1935 Lancia
Lancia
Ro-Ro 1938 Lancia
Lancia
3Ro 1943 Lancia
Lancia
Esaro 1941 Lancia
Lancia
E290, electric truck, one built 1947 Lancia
Lancia
6Ro 1947 Lancia
Lancia
Esatau 1957 Lancia Esatau B 1959 Lancia
Lancia
Esadelta 1963 Lancia Esadelta B 1967 Lancia Esadelta C 1969 Lancia
Lancia
Esagamma

Buses[edit]

1919 Lancia
Lancia
Eptaiota 1920 Lancia
Lancia
Trijota (bus) 1922 Lancia
Lancia
Tetraiota 1925 Lancia
Lancia
Pentaiota 1927 Lancia
Lancia
Omicron 1934 Lancia Ro
Lancia Ro
(bus) 1947 Lancia Esatau (bus) 1949 Lancia Esatau (bus) V11 1953 Lancia Esatau (bus) V81 1957 Lancia Esatau (bus) 703 1964 Lancia Esagamma
Lancia Esagamma
(bus) 715/718

Trolleybuses[edit]

1951 Lancia Esatau Pistoiesi 1956 Lancia Esatau Piaggio
Piaggio
Ansaldo 1961 Lancia Esatau V.11 (trolleybus) 1966 Lancia
Lancia
Diafa trolleybus 1967 Lancia
Lancia
Bimax 1968 Lancia
Lancia
Bimax F600 1968 Lancia
Lancia
Pistoiesi 1969 Lancia
Lancia
Menarini Monocar 1969 Lancia Esatau P Casaro

Military vehicles[edit]

1912 Lancia 1Z (light truck) 1912 Lancia 1ZM
Lancia 1ZM
(armoured car) 1938 Lancia 3Ro
Lancia 3Ro
(truck) 1942 Lancia
Lancia
Esaro (truck) 1942 Lancia
Lancia
Lince (armoured car) 1948 Lancia Esatau 6RoM (truck) 1951 Lancia
Lancia
CL51 (Z 20) (troop transporter) 1954 Lancia
Lancia
TL51 (Z 30) (truck) 1960 Lancia
Lancia
506 (truck) 1975 Lancia
Lancia
ACL 75 (6611 M) (truck) 1990 Lancia
Lancia
ACL 90 (truck, later Iveco) (truck)

Other[edit]

2007 Lancia
Lancia
Bike 2009 Lancia di Lancia
Lancia di Lancia
speedboat

Engines[edit]

Lancia Flavia
Lancia Flavia
Flat four

Lancia
Lancia
Flat-4 engine Lancia
Lancia
V4 engine Lancia
Lancia
V6 engine Lancia
Lancia
V8 engine

The company has previously made a number of industrial engines.[citation needed] Media and sponsorship[edit]

In 2009, the British motoring television show Top Gear suggested that Lancia
Lancia
had more 'great' models than any other car company.[27] The presenters went on to test the Gamma Coupé, Fulvia Coupé, Aprilia, Montecarlo, Beta Coupé, HPE, Stratos, 037, Delta Integrale Evo II and Thema 8.32. They also stated during their review that Lancia
Lancia
made the best looking cars, even though they are unreliable.[citation needed] Lancia
Lancia
sponsored the Venice Film Festival
Venice Film Festival
for five years, ending in 2012, with the Lancia Thema
Lancia Thema
used to transport stars to the festival.[28] Lancia
Lancia
was sponsor of ninth and eleventh World Summit of Nobel Peace Prize
Nobel Peace Prize
Laureates. See also[edit]

Italy
Italy
portal Companies portal Cars portal

List of automobile manufacturers List of Formula One
Formula One
constructors List of Italian companies List of World Rally Championship
World Rally Championship
Constructors' Champions Martini Racing

References[edit]

^ a b "Marchionne: "Ecco il futuro della Fiat"". La Repubblica
La Repubblica
(in Italian). 9 January 2014. Retrieved 27 April 2015.  ^ " Lancia
Lancia
production between 1990–2009". oica.net. Retrieved 14 October 2010.  ^ Vorgers, Marc. " Lancia
Lancia
history". classicargarage.com. Archived from the original on 5 September 2008. Retrieved 1 May 2008.  ^ " Car
Car
here negotiating with leading dealers". The Washington Times. October 25, 1910. p. 13. Retrieved June 12, 2015 – via Newspapers.com.  ^ "Innovation The First Models". lancia.com. Retrieved 9 June 2012.  ^ 1980; page 2 of: www.ritzsite.nl/Lancia/02_LanciaCC.htm, accessdate: 14. June 2016 ^ " Lancia
Lancia
loss was £20m". The Times. 30 April 1970. p. 24.  access-date= requires url= (help) ^ a b " Fiat
Fiat
auto cambia nome - Sarà "Automobiles group"". lastampa.it. 24 January 2007. Retrieved 12 February 2015. [permanent dead link] ^ a b c d e f g h "Un nuovo marchio per le sfide del futuro". lanciapress.com (in Italian). Lancia
Lancia
Automobiles S.p.A. 6 March 2007. Retrieved 26 April 2015.  ^ " Chrysler
Chrysler
UK website". Chrysler.co.uk. Archived from the original on 19 October 2011. Retrieved 21 October 2011.  ^ " Lancia
Lancia
Nea". Car
Car
and Driver. September 2000. Retrieved 23 August 2013.  ^ " Lancia Fulvia
Lancia Fulvia
is coming". Autocar. Retrieved 27 July 2012.  ^ "Lancia, Chrysler
Chrysler
to share products". leftlanenews.com. Retrieved 29 November 2009.  ^ Gall, Jared (January 2010). " Chrysler
Chrysler
Delta Concept - Auto Shows". Car
Car
and Driver. Archived from the original on 15 January 2010. Retrieved 11 January 2010.  ^ "Caught Testing: 2013 Chrysler
Chrysler
100 - Spy Shots". Road & Track. 6 February 2012. Archived from the original on 5 May 2012. Retrieved 27 July 2012.  ^ Hunston, Hugh (10 April 1980). " Lancia
Lancia
buy back rust-hit Betas". The Glasgow Herald. Retrieved 26 August 2013.  ^ English, Andrew (28 Jun 2011). " Chrysler
Chrysler
Ypsilon review". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 26 August 2013.  ^ " Lancia
Lancia
tipped for return to UK". What Car?. 29 November 2005. Retrieved 25 May 2015.  ^ " Lancia
Lancia
to re-enter UK in 2008". What Car?. 5 September 2006. Retrieved 25 May 2015. [permanent dead link] ^ Foxall, James (11 April 2008). " Lancia
Lancia
postpones UK launch". carmagazine.co.uk. Retrieved 25 May 2015.  ^ " Lancia
Lancia
UK launch 'very unlikely'". autocar.co.uk. 29 June 2009. Retrieved 19 April 2017.  ^ " Fiat
Fiat
cancels Lancia's UK return". What Car?. 8 December 2008. Retrieved 27 July 2012.  ^ " Chrysler
Chrysler
brand to be axed in the UK in 2017". What Car?. 17 March 2015. Retrieved 25 May 2015.  ^ " Formula One
Formula One
timeline". atlasf1.autosport.com. Retrieved 27 June 2007.  ^ " Lancia
Lancia
Formula 1 Team". 4mula1.ro. Retrieved 27 June 2007.  ^ " Lancia
Lancia
D50". ddavid.com. Retrieved 27 June 2007.  ^ "Top Gear Loves Lancia
Lancia
part 1". topgear.com. Retrieved 26 November 2010.  ^ " Maserati
Maserati
to take over role of Lancia
Lancia
at Film Festival of Venice". Auto Edizione. 29 July 2013. Retrieved 23 August 2013. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Lancia.

Official website Lancia
Lancia
Italy
Italy
official website Lancia
Lancia
Press—official press site Lancia
Lancia
models production

Articles related to Lancia

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Lancia

Passenger cars

Current models

Ypsilon III

1980–2016

Trevi Prisma Thema I Y10 Dedra Delta II Kappa Zeta Lybra Thesis Phedra Ypsilon I Ypsilon II Musa Delta III Thema II Flavia Voyager

1945–1980

Aurelia Appia Flaminia Flavia Fulvia 2000 Beta Stratos HF Montecarlo Gamma Delta I

1918–1945

Kappa Dikappa Trikappa Lambda Dilambda Artena Astura Augusta Aprilia Ardea

1907–1918

12 HP Alfa 18 HP Dialfa 15/20 HP Beta 20 HP Gamma 20/30 HP Delta 20/30 HP Epsilon 30/50 HP Eta 25-35 HP Theta

Concept cars

Stratos HF Zero Stratos HF Megagamma Sibilo Medusa ECV Dialogos

Buses

Trijota Omicron Ro 140

Trucks

Jota 3Ro Esatau Esadelta Esagamma E290

Vans

Beta Jolly Superjolly

Military vehicles

1Z 1ZM Lince

Motorsport

Lancia
Lancia
Grand Prix results Lancia
Lancia
in rallying Jolly Club Martini Racing

Racing cars

D24 D50 LC1 LC2 Stratos HF Rally 037 Delta S4 Delta Group A

Drivers

Andrea Aghini Markku Alén Alberto Ascari Didier Auriol Miki Biasion Louis Chiron Juha Kankkunen Sandro Munari Walter Röhrl Luigi Villoresi

People

Vincenzo Lancia Gianni Lancia Vittorio Jano Carlo Pesenti

Technologies

Blue&Me Flat-4 engine V4 engine V6 engine

Other

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di Lancia

Vincenzo Lancia Fiat Category

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Lancia
Lancia
car timeline, 1906–1930s — next »

Type 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s

6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

V4

Augusta

Ardea

Lambda Artena Aprilia

I4

15 HP Zeta

12 HP Alfa 15/20 HP Beta 20 HP Gamma 20/30 HP Delta

25/35 HP Theta Kappa

20/30 HP Epsilon

Dikappa

30/50 HP Eta

I6

18 HP Dialfa

V8

Astura

Trikappa

Dilambda

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« previous — Lancia
Lancia
car timeline, 1940s–1970s — next »

Type 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

Small family car Ardea Appia

Delta I

Large family car Aprilia

Fulvia Beta

Executive car Artena

Flavia I 2000

Gamma

Luxury car

Aurelia Flaminia

Coupé

Appia Coupé/GTE/Sport

Fulvia Coupé/Sport

Beta Coupé

Flavia Coupé/Sport 2000 Coupé

Gamma Coupé

Aurelia B20 Flaminia Coupé/Sport/GT

Convertible

Appia Convertibile

Beta Spider

Aurelia B24 Flaminia Convertibile Flavia Convertibile

Sports car

Beta Montecarlo

Stratos HF

Rally car

Fulvia HF Stratos HF

Racing car

D20 D23 D24 D25 D50

Montecarlo Turbo

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« previous — Lancia
Lancia
car timeline, 1980s–present

Type 1980s 1990s 2000s 2010s

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

Supermini A112 Y10 Y Ypsilon I Ypsilon II

Small family car Delta I Delta II

Delta III

Compact executive car Beta

Prisma Dedra Lybra

Beta Trevi

Executive car Gamma Thema I Kappa Thesis

Thema II

Coupé Beta Coupé

Gamma Coupé

Kappa Coupé

Cabriolet

Flavia II

Mini MPV

Musa

Large MPV

Zeta Phedra Voyager

Sports car Montecarlo

Delta HF 4WD/integrale

Rally 037 Delta S4

Rally car

Rally 037 Delta S4 Delta HF Group A

Racing car Montecarlo Turbo LC1 LC2

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Fiat
Fiat
Chrysler
Chrysler
Automobiles

Marques

Current

Abarth Alfa Romeo Chrysler Dodge FIAT Fiat
Fiat
Professional Jeep Lancia Maserati Ram

Defunct

AMC Autobianchi Barreiros Ceirano Commer DeSoto Eagle Fargo Hillman Humber Imperial Innocenti Karrier Pegaso Plymouth SCAT Seddon Atkinson Singer Simca S.P.A. (Società Piemontese Automobili) SRT Sunbeam Valiant Zastava Automobiles

Subsidiaries

FCA Italy

Subsidiaries

Abarth
Abarth
& C. Alfa Romeo
Alfa Romeo
Automobiles Fiat
Fiat
Automobiles Fiat
Fiat
Professional Lancia
Lancia
Automobiles

FCA Argentina FCA Auto Poland FCA Brasil

Current JV

FCA Srbija
FCA Srbija
(67%) FCA India Automobiles (50%) GAC FCA (50%) Sevel
Sevel
(50%) Tofaş
Tofaş
(37.8%)

Defunct JV

Nanjing Fiat
Fiat
Automobile

FCA US

see own template for a list of marques, divisions and joint ventures

Comau Fiat
Fiat
Powertrain Technologies (VM Motori) Italiana Editrice (77%)

La Stampa Il Secolo XIX

Magneti Marelli Maserati Teksid (84.8%)

Facilities

List of assembly sites Lingotto
Lingotto
(former) Nardò Ring
Nardò Ring
(former)

People

Giovanni Agnelli Gianni Agnelli Andrea Agnelli John Elkann Sergio Marchionne

Related

Fiat
Fiat
S.p.A. CNH Industrial

Iveco

EXOR Fiat
Fiat
Aviazione Fiat
Fiat
Ferroviaria Fiat
Fiat
Industrial Ferrari

Category Commons

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Formula One
Formula One
constructors

2018 season

Ferrari Force India Haas McLaren Mercedes Red Bull Renault Sauber Toro Rosso Williams

Former

AFM AGS Alfa Romeo Alta Amon Andrea Moda Apollon Arrows Arzani-Volpini Aston-Butterworth Aston Martin ATS (Italy) ATS (Germany) BAR Behra-Porsche Bellasi Benetton BMW Boro Brabham Brawn BRM BRP Bugatti Caterham Cisitalia Coloni Connaught Connew Cooper Cosworth Dallara De Tomaso Delahaye Derrington-Francis Eagle Eifelland Emeryson EMW ENB Ensign ERA EuroBrun Ferguson FIRST Fittipaldi Fondmetal Footwork Forti Frazer Nash Fry Gilby Gordini Hesketh Hill Honda HRT HWM Jaguar JBW Jordan Kauhsen Klenk Kojima Kurtis Kraft Lancia Larrousse LDS LEC Leyton House Life Ligier Lola Lola (Haas) Lotus (1958–1994) Lotus (2010–2011) Lotus (2012–2015) Lyncar Maki March Martini Marussia Maserati Matra MBM McGuire Merzario Midland Milano Minardi Modena MRT Onyx OSCA Osella Pacific Parnelli Penske Porsche Prost RAM Realpha Rebaque Reynard Rial Scarab Scirocco Shadow Shannon Simtek Spirit Spyker Stebro Stewart Super Aguri Surtees Talbot-Lago Tec-Mec Tecno Theodore Token Toleman Toyota Trojan Tyrrell Vanwall Veritas Virgin Williams (FWRC) Wolf Zakspeed

Although World Championship races held in 1952 and 1953 were run to Formula Two regulations, constructors who only participated during this period are included herein to maintain Championship continuity. Constructors whose only participation in the World Championship was in the Indianapolis 500
Indianapolis 500
races between 1950 and 1960 are not listed.

v t e

Automotive industry
Automotive industry
in Italy

Automotive industry Transport in Italy Economy of Italy

Active manufacturers

Passenger cars and LCVs

Alkè De Tomaso DR Ducati Ferrari FCA Italy

Abarth Alfa Romeo FIAT Fiat
Fiat
Professional Lancia

IIA - Industria Italiana Autobus Martin Maserati Menarini Bus Fornasari Lamborghini OTO Melara Pagani Piaggio

Commercial vehicles

Bremach CNH Industrial
CNH Industrial
Italy

Iveco

Astra Iveco
Iveco
Bus

Quadricycles

Casalini Giottiline Grecav Italcar

Racing cars

Dallara Manifattura Automobili Torino Osella Picchio Racing Cars Wolf Racing Cars

Defunct manufacturers

Passenger cars and LCVs

ATS Bianchi Bizzarrini BredaMenarinibus Ceirano Chiribiri Cisitalia Cizeta De Tomaso Diatto Fiat
Fiat
S.p.A.

Autobianchi Innocenti

Inbus Isotta Fraschini Itala Iso O.S.C.A. S.C.A.T. Siata

Commercial vehicles

OM S.P.A.

Racing cars

Stanguellini Bandini

Design, engineering, and coachbuilding

B Engineering Carrozzeria Barbi Carrozzeria Boneschi Carrozzeria Castagna Carrozzeria Ghia Carrozzeria Touring Superleggera Fioravanti Giannini Automobili Gruppo Bertone I.DE.A Institute Italdesign Giugiaro Carrozzeria Maggiora Pininfarina Studiotorino Zagato

Components

Alcantara Borrani Bremach Brembo
Brembo
Group

AP Breco Marchesini Sabelt

Colotti Trasmissioni Dell'Orto Fiat
Fiat
Powertrain Technologies

VM Motori

Fondmetal Graziano ICP Isotta Fraschini Landi Renzo Magneti Marelli Martin MOMO OZ Group Pirelli Poltrona Frau SCAM Sparco SPICA

Related topics

Autostrade Bologna Motor Show Turin
Turin
Auto Show

.