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The Info List - Lancashire (UK Parliament Constituency)



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LANCASHIRE was a county constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of England
Parliament of England
from 1290, then of the Parliament of Great Britain from 1707 to 1800, and of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1801 to 1832. It was represented by two Members of Parliament , traditionally known as Knights of the Shire until 1832.

The ancient county of Lancashire
Lancashire
covered a much larger area than the modern county of Lancashire. The county town of Lancaster was in the north of the county. The county boundary was further north beyond Carnforth and followed approximately the same boundary as the modern county. The old county of Lancashire
Lancashire
also included land on the opposite side of Morecambe Bay. Barrow and Furness and the area between Lake Windermere and the River Duddon, and the area west of the River Winster were considered parts of Lancashire. Most of the modern district of Ribble Valley was at this time part of Yorkshire. In the south the county extended to the River Mersey and Liverpool and followed the Mersey and the River Tame to Ashton-under-Lyne. Most of the southern area of the ancient county now forms the modern metropolitan counties of Merseyside and Greater Manchester.

The people of the ancient county of Lancashire
Lancashire
had been represented in Parliament since at least the 13th Century. It was this period that saw the practice of returning two knights from the shire counties to Parliaments summoned by writ to meet. These were generally regarded as the first assemblies of representatives. At that time Westminster, within the county of Middlesex, had yet to become the permanent home of Parliament. It was the King who decided when and where a Parliament should assemble, and although Westminster was the usual venue, sometimes special circumstances in this period meant Parliaments were summoned to other cities. Early returns have not survived, but the first named representatives of Lancashire, Mattheus de Redman and Johannes de Ewyas are shown in the returns to the Parliament of England summoned to meet at Westminster on 27 November 1295 in the reign of Edward I.

In this early period of Parliamentary history not all Parliaments summoned just shire Knights. Some also required the presence of two representatives of each city and borough. In the 1295 Parliament the two county Members for Lancashire
Lancashire
were joined by two Members from each of the four boroughs of Lancaster, Liverpool, Preston and Wigan.

Preston occasionally sent Members to subsequent Parliaments but it was not until the sixteenth century that all four boroughs regularly returned Members to Parliament. At this time Clitheroe and Newton-le-Willows also gained the status of Parliamentary boroughs with each returning two Members. Manchester was granted a town charter in 1301 but had no municipal authority and did not achieve the status of a Parliamentary borough. This was despite the parish of Manchester having a population larger than Liverpool parish by over 100,000 by 1831. Manchester appears in the returns once in the Parliament 1656. This was the second Protectorate Parliament that followed Oliver Cromwell’s Instrument of Government that declared Cromwell Lord Protector. The Instrument was an attempt to redistribute seats on a more equitable basis and towns such as Leeds and Manchester gained representation as a result, but this ended following the Restoration.

Lancashire
Lancashire
had a total of fourteen Members in the unreformed House of Commons, and this remained the pattern

The constituency was split into two two-member divisions, for Parliamentary purposes, in 1832. The county was then represented by the North Lancashire
Lancashire
and South Lancashire
Lancashire
constituencies : the latter representing the hundreds of Salford and West Derby , and the former the hundreds of Amounderness
Amounderness
, Blackburn , Leyland and Lonsdale .

CONTENTS

* 1 Boundaries

* 2 Members of Parliament

* 2.1 1290–1653 * 2.2 1653–1659 * 2.3 1660–1832

* 3 Elections * 4 See also * 5 References

BOUNDARIES

The constituency comprised the whole historic county of Lancashire
Lancashire
, except for the Parliamentary boroughs of Clitheroe , Lancaster , Liverpool , Newton , Preston and Wigan .

MEMBERS OF PARLIAMENT

This list is incomplete ; you can help by expanding it .

1290–1653

PARLIAMENT FIRST MEMBER SECOND MEMBER

1294 Mathew de Redman

1295 Mathew de ?Sechnan John de ?Evyas

1297 Henry de Keighley Henry de Boteler

1298 Henry de Keighley John Denyas

1300 Gilbert de Singleton Egbert de Haydock

1301 Henry de Keighley Thomas Travers

1302 William de Clifton Gilbert de Singleton

1305 William de Clifton William Banastre

1307 (Jan) Gilbert de Singleton John Travers

1307 (Oct) Mathew de Redman William le Gentil

1311 William le Gentil Thomas de Betham

1312 Henry de Trafford Sir Richard le Molyneux

1313 (Mar) William de Bradshaigh Edmund de Daere

1313 (Jul) Ralph de Bickerstaff William de Slene

1313 (Sep) Henry de ?Vegherby Thomas de Thornton

1314 Thomas Banastre William de Slene

1316 (Jan) William de Bradshaigh Adam de Hoghton

1316 (Jun) John de Lancaster William de Walton

1316 (Jul) Sir Roger de Pilkington Sir John de Pilkington

1318 (Oct) Edmund de Neville John de Hornby

1319 William de Walton William de Slene

1320 Gilbert de Haydock Thomas de Thornton

1321 John de Hornby Gilbert de Haydock

1322 Richard de Hoghton John de Lancaster

1324 (Jan) Edmund de Nevill Gilbert de Haydock repl. by Thomas de Lathom

1324 (Oct) William de Slene Nicholas de Norreys

1325 William de Bradshaigh John de Hornby

1326 Edmund de Neville Richard de Hoghton

1327 (Sep) Michael de Haverington William Lawrence

1328 (Feb) William de Bradshaigh Edmund de Neville

1328 (Apr) Thomas de Thornton John de Hornby

1328 (Jul) William Lawrence Thomas de Thornton

1328 (Oct) Nicholas de Norreys Henry de Haydock

1329 (Feb) Nicholas de Norreys Henry de Haydock

1329/30 (Mar) William de Saperton Henry de Haydock

1330 William de Bradshaigh John de Lancaster

1331 William de Bradshaigh Oliver de Stansmeld

1332 Robert de Dalton Adam de Banastre

1332 (Sep) John de Hornby, jnr Robert de Dalton

1332/3 (Jan) Edmund de Neville John de Hornby, jnr

1333/4 (Feb) Edmund de Nevill Robert de Dalton

1334 Robert de Radcliffe Henry de Haydock

1335 (May) Robert de Sherburne Edmund de Neville

1336 (Mar) John de Sherburne Henry de Haydock

1336 (Sep) John de Hornby, jnr Henry de Haydock

1336/7 (Mar) Robert de Ireland Sir Henry de Haydock

1337 (Sep) Richard de Hoghton Edmund de Neville

1337/8 (Feb) Robert de Billisthorpe Robert de Radcliffe

1338 (Jul) John de Hornby John de Clyderhow

1339 Robert de Clyderhowe Henry de Bickerstaff

1339 (Oct) Nicholas de Hulme Robert de Prescot

1339/40 (Jan) John de Radcliffe Robert de Radcliffe

1340 (Mar) John de Dalton Robert de Dalton

1343 (Apr) John de Haverington John Ungoun

1344 Nicholas le Boteler William de Radcliffe

1346 John de Clyderhow Adam de Bradkirk

1347/8 (Jan) Adam de Hoghton John Cockayne

1348 (Apr) Robert de Plesington Robert de Prescot

1351 Otho de Halsall William de Radcliffe

1351/2 (Jan) ?

1352 (Aug) John de Haverington One knight only summoned

1353 William Cables One knight only summoned

1354 (Apr) William Cables Richard Nowell

1355 Robert de Hornby Roger de Farington

1357 (Apr) John de Haverington Robert de Singleton

1357/8 (Feb) Robert de Farington Robert de Hornby

1360 William de Hesketh Roger de Farington

1360/1 (Jan) William de Radcliffe Richard de Towneley

1362 (Oct) Edmund Lawrence Matthew de Rixton of Rixton Hall

Result set aside as unlawful

1363 (Oct) Adam de Hoghton Roger de Pilkington

1364/5 (Jan) Sir Adam de Houghton Sir Roger de Pilkington

1366 (May) Sir John le Boteler William de Radcliffe

1368 Sir Roger de Pilkington Roger de Ratcliffe

1369 (Jun) Sir John de Dalton John de Ipres

1370/1 (Feb) John de Ipres Richard de Towneley

1371 (Jun) John de Ipres One knight only summoned

1372 (Nov) Sir Nicholas Haryngton Sir John le Boteler

1373 (Nov) William de Atherton John de Holcroft

1376 (Apr) Sir John le Boteler Roger de Brockholes

1376/7 (Jan) Sir John le Boteler Roger de Pilkington

1377 (Oct) Sir John le Boteler Sir Nicholas Haryngton

1378 Ralph de Ypres Sir John le Boteler

1379 Sir Nicholas Haryngton Robert Urswyk

1380 (Jan) Sir John le Boteler Thomas Southworth

1380 (Nov) Sir John le Boteler Thomas Southworth

1381 (Sep) Sir William de Atherton Robert Urswyk

1382 (May) Sir Roger de Pilkington Robert de Clifton

1382 (Oct) Sir John de Assheton Robert Urswyck

1382/3 (Feb) Sir Richard de Hoghton Robert Clifton

1383 (Oct) John de Holcroft Sir Walter de Urswyk

1384 (Apr) Sir Roger Pilkington Thomas Gerard

1384 (Nov) Robert Urswyk William de Tunstall

1385 Robert Urswyk Thomas de Radcliffe

1386 (Oct) Sir Nicholas Haryngton Robert Worsley

1388 (Feb) Sir John le Boteler Sir Thomas Gerard

1388 (Sep) Sir John Assheton Sir John Croft

1390 (Jan) Sir John Assheton Sir Ralph de Ypres

1390 (Nov) Sir Robert Urswyk Sir John Croft

1391 Sir Robert Urswyk Robert Worsley

1393 Sir Robert Urswyk Sir Ralph de Ypres

1394 Sir Robert Urswyk Sir Thomas Gerard

1395 Sir Robert Urswyk Thomas Radcliffe

1397 (Jan) Sir Robert Urswyk Richard Molyneux

1397 (Sep) Sir John le Boteler Sir Ralph Radcliffe

1399 Sir Robert Urswyk Sir Henry Hoghton

1401 Sir Robert Urswyk Sir Nicholas Atherton

1402 Sir Richard Houghton Sir Nicholas Haryngton

1404 (Jan) Robert Laurence Sir Ralph Radcliffe

1404 (Oct) Sir James Haryngton Sir Ralph Stavely

1406 Robert Laurence Sir William Boteler

1407 Sir Henry Hoghton Sir Ralph Stavely

1410

1411 John de Ashton John Booth

1413 (Feb)

1413 (May) John de Ashton John Stanley

1414 (Apr) Ralph Radcliffe Nicholas Blundell

1414 (Nov) Robert Laurence John Stanley

1415

1416 (Mar) John de Ashton John Morley

1416 (Oct)

1417

1419 Nicholas le Boteler John Laurence

1420 Richard Shirburne John Booth

1421 (May) Sir Thomas Radcliffe Thomas Urswick

1421 (Dec) Richard Shirburne Sir John Byron

1422 (Nov) Thomas Urswick John Gerard

1423 (Oct) Sir Thomas de Radcliffe Ralph de Radcliffe

1425 (Apr) Ralph Fitz Nicholas Richard de Radcliffe

1425/6 (Feb) Sir John Boteler Nicholas Boteler

1427 (Oct) Ralph de Radcliffe Thomas Stanley

1429 (Sep) Sir John Byron Sir Robert Lawrence

1430/1 (Jan) John de Morley William Gernet

1432 (May) Sir William de Assheton Thomas de Harrington

1433 (Jul) Sir Thomas Stanley Sir Thomas Radcliffe

1435 (Oct) Henry de Halsall Thomas Lawrence

1436/7 (Jan) Thomas de Harrington Henry de Halsall

1439 (Nov) Thomas Stanley Thomas de Harrington

1442 (Jan) Thomas Stanley Thomas de Harrington

1447 Thomas Stanley Thomas de Harrington

1448 Thomas Stanley Thomas de Harrington

1450 Thomas Stanley Thomas de Harrington

1455 Thomas Stanley Alexander Radcliffe

1459 Sir Richard Harrington Henry Halsall

1460 Sir Richard Harrington Henry Halsall

1463 (Apr) ?

1467 (Jun) Sir James Harrington Sir William Harrington

1472 (Oct) Robert Harrington John Assheton (grandson of MP of 1413)

1477/8 (Jan) Sir George Stanley Sir James Harrington

1482/3 (Jan) ?

1483-1523 Not known

1503 Sir Thomas Butler Sir John Booth

1529 Henry Farington Andrew Barton

1536 ?

1539 ?

1542 ?

1545 Sir Thomas Holcroft
Sir Thomas Holcroft
John Kitchen

1547 Thurstan Tyldesley John Kitchen

1553 (Mar) Sir Richard Houghton sick 1553 and replaced by Sir Robert Worsley Thomas Butler

1553 (Oct) Sir Richard Sherborn John Rigmayden

1554 (Apr) Sir Thomas Stanley Sir Thomas Langton

1554 (Nov) Sir Thomas Stanley Sir John Holcroft

1555 Sir Thomas Stanley Sir William Stanley

1558 Sir Thomas Talbot Sir John Holcroft

1559 (Jan) Sir John Atherton Sir Robert Worsley

1562–1563 Sir Thomas Gerard Sir John Southworth

1571 John Ratcliffe Thomas Butler

1572 John Ratcliffe Edmund Trafford

1584 (Nov) Gilbert Gerard made Master of the Rolls and replaced Jan 1585 by Richard Bold Richard Molyneux

1586 John Atherton Richard Holland

1588 (Oct) Thomas Gerard , sat for Staffs and repl. by ?) Thomas Walmsley

1593 Sir Richard Molyneux Sir Thomas Gerard

1597 (Nov) Sir Thomas Gerard Robert Hesketh

1601 Sir Richard Hoghton Thomas Hesketh

1604 Sir Richard Molyneux Sir Richard Hoghton

1614 Sir Thomas Gerard, 1st Baronet Sir Cuthbert Halsall

1621-1622 Sir John Ratcliffe Sir Gilbert Hoghton

1624 Sir John Ratcliffe Sir Thomas Walmsley

1625 Sir Richard Molyneux, Bt Sir John Ratcliffe

1626 Robert Stanley Sir Gilbert Hoghton

1628-1629 Sir Richard Molyneux Sir Alexander Radcliff

1629–1640 No Parliaments summoned

1640 (Apr) Sir Gilbert Hoghton, 2nd Baronet William Farrington

1640 (Nov) Ralph Assheton Roger Kirkby , disabled August 1642

1645 Ralph Assheton Sir Richard Hoghton, 3rd Baronet

1648 Ralph Assheton Sir Richard Hoghton, 3rd Baronet

1653–1659

PARLIAMENT FIRST MEMBER SECOND MEMBER THIRD MEMBER (1653–1659) FOURTH MEMBER (1654–1659)

1653 William West John Sawry Robert Cunliffe N/A

1654 Richard Holland Gilbert Ireland Richard Standish William Ashurst

1656 Sir Richard Hoghton, 3rd Baronet

1659 Sir George Booth, Bt Alexander Rigby N/A N/A

1660–1832

ELECTION 1ST MEMBER 1ST PARTY 2ND MEMBER 2ND PARTY

1660

Sir Robert Bindlosse, 1st Baronet

Roger Bradshaigh

1661

Hon. Edward Stanley

1665

Thomas Preston

1679 (Feb)

Viscount Brandon

Peter Bold

1679 (Sep)

Sir Charles Hoghton, 4th Baronet

1681

Viscount Brandon

Sir Charles Hoghton, 4th Baronet

1685

James Holt

Roger Bradshaigh

1689

Viscount Brandon

Sir Charles Hoghton, 4th Baronet

1690

Hon. James Stanley

1694

Ralph Assheton

1698

Hon. Fitton Gerard

1701 (Feb)

Richard Bold Tory

1703