Lampung is a province of Indonesia. It is located on the southern tip
of the island of
Sumatra and borders the provinces of
Sumatra which lie to the north.
Lampung is the original home of
Lampung people, who speak their own language and have their own
script. Its capital is Bandar Lampung.
The province had a population of 7,596,115 at the 2010 census; the
latest official estimate (as of January 2014) is 7,972,246.
Three-quarters of the current population of
Lampung is descended from
migrants from Java, Madura, and Bali. These migrants came on their
initiative, in search of more land than was available on the more
densely populated islands, and as part of the national government's
transmigration program, for which
Lampung was one of the earliest and
most significant transmigration destinations.
Lampung is commonly known for its geological instability in terms of
earthquakes and volcanoes. On 10 May 2005, an earthquake measuring 6.4
on the Richter scale struck the province. The historical volcano blast
Krakatau which occurred in 1883, had disastrous consequences.
Badan Pusat Statistik
Badan Pusat Statistik 2010
3 Administrative divisions
9 See also
11 Further reading
12 External links
In the 7th century, word spread in China about a region located in the
far south (Namphang) about a kingdom called "Tolang Pohwang". "To"
meaning 'people' in Lampungese while "Lang Pohwang" the then-popular
name for the region in what is now Lampung. There is strong evidence
Lampung was part of the kingdom of Srivijaya, with its regional
Jambi and controlling most parts of Southeast Asia
including Lampung, continuing up until the 11th century. The
Srivijayans came to
Lampung to seek gold and amber; two things the
province was known for far and wide in the past.
This fact is undergirded by unearthed evidentiary relics, with the
discovery of Palas Pasemah inscriptions and the Batu Bedil
inscriptions in the Tenggamus region tracing back to Srivijayan times
and civilization. Other, smaller kingdoms like Tulang Bawang (name
still extant as a regency in the province) and Skala Brak also existed
during 7 to 8 centuries CE. The former was centered around the Tulang
Bawang River, hence the name. The entry of the
Banten Sultanate in
Lampung at the 16th century marked the beginning of the spread of
Islam in the region. Since the past,
Lampung is known for pepper which
at that time were much in demand. At that time the Dutch began
pressing for control of the region.
The control of pepper production exercised by the
Banten Sultanate has
Lampung as one of the greatest and most prosperous harbor in the
archipelago. Similarly pepper plants that also attract foreign
immigrants from Europe as trading companies of the Dutch East India
Company. The trading company in the late 17th century to build a
processing plant in Menggala. But the efforts finally Dutch managed to
control 1856. The colonial government for the first time introduced
the transmigration program to residents on the island of Java, which
involved the migration of people from
Java to Lampung. The
transmigration program was quite well received and many residents of
the island of
Java origin who moved to the transmigration sites
located in the eastern region of Lampung. The transmigration program
is then increased again at the time of independence in the 1960s and
1970s. A native of the island of
Java have brought along their culture
Lampung like gamelan and wayang. People on the island of
Bali then also came to
Lampung to follow this transmigration program.
The presence of migrants from other regions in
Lampung has made this
region as an area with diverse cultures (multi-cultural). Ethnic
diversity that there would be a tourist attraction especially in
various districts scattered potential of nature tourism, cultural
tourism. The existence of art studios and culture as a preserver of
art and culture.
The area was part of the
Banten Sultanate until it was annexed by the
Dutch in 1752 and then became known as Residentie Lampoengse
Districten. It was part of the Dutch East Indies.
Lampung Province has an area of 35,376.50 km2
(13,658.94 sq mi) and lies between the latitudes of
105°45'-103°48 'E and 3°45'-6°45'S. The province borders the Sunda
Strait to the southeast and the
Java Sea to the east. There are
islands located within
Lampung Province, which are mostly located in
the Bay of Lampung, among them Daro, Legundi, Tegal, Sebuku, Ketagian,
Sebesi, Poahawang, Krakatoa, Putus, and Tabuan. There is also Pisang
Island at the entrance to the regency of West Lampung.
Lampung's natural terrain varies depending on region. Along the coast
in the west and the south is an area of rolling hills connected to the
Bukit Barisan range, running throughout
Sumatra from north to south.
In the center of the province is mostly lowland. Close to the coast in
the east, along the shores of the
Java Sea, further north, is the
The mountains that are situated in
Lampung by height include:
Mount Pesagi (2,262 m [7,421 ft]) in Liwa, West Lampung
Mount Seminung (1,881 m [6,171 ft]) in Sukau, West
Mount Tebak (2,115 m [6,939 ft]) in Sumberjaya, West
Mount Rindingan (1,506 m [4,941 ft]) on the island
Mount Pesawaran (1,662 m [5,453 ft]) in Kedondong,
Mount Betung (1,240 m [4,070 ft]) in Teluk Betung,
Mount Rajabasa (1,261 m [4,137 ft]) at the Trump, South
Mount Tanggamus (2,156 m [7,073 ft]) in Kotaagung,
Krakatau in the Sunda Strait, South Lampung
Mount Sekincau Liwa, West Lampung
Mount Ratai in Padang Cermin, Pesawaran
The rivers that flow in
Lampung by length and catchment area (CA) are:
Way Sekampung, length 265 km (165 mi), CA 4,795.52 km2
(1,851.56 sq mi)
Way Semaka, length of 90 km (56 mi), CA 985 km2
(380 sq mi)
Way Seputih, length 190 km (120 mi), CA 7,149.26 km2
(2,760.34 sq mi)
Way Jepara, 50 km (31 mi), CA 1,285 km2
(496 sq mi)
Way Tulangbawang, length 136 km (85 mi), CA 1,285 km2
(496 sq mi)
Way Mesuji, length 220 km (140 mi), CA 2,053 km2
(793 sq mi)
Way Sekampung, flowing in the district Tanggamus, Pringsewu, Pesawaran
and South Lampung. Many tributaries, but no longer than 100 km
(62 mi). There is only one long river 51 km (32 mi) to
CA 106.97 km2 (41.30 sq mi) is in the Trump Way
Way Putih flows in Central
Lampung regency with tributaries that are
longer than 50 km (31 mi) are:
Way Terusan, 175 km (109 mi) long, CA 1,500 km2
(580 sq mi)
Way Pengubuan, length 165 km (103 mi), CA 1,143.78 km2
(441.62 sq mi)
Way Pegadungan, a length of 80 km (50 mi), CA 975 km2
(376 sq mi)
Way Raman, length 55 km (34 mi), CA 200 km2
(77 sq mi)
Way Tulangbawang flows in the district Tulangbawang with creeks more
than 50 km (31 mi) in length, of which:
Way Kanan, length 51 km (32 mi), CA 1,197 km2
(462 sq mi)
Way Rarem, length 53.50 km (33.24 mi), CA 870 km2
(340 sq mi)
Way Umpu, a length of 100 km (62 mi), CA 1,179 km2
(455 sq mi)
Way Tahmy, a length of 60 km (37 mi), CA 550 km2
(210 sq mi)
Way Besay also supplies a length of 113 km (70 mi), CA
879 km2 (339 sq mi)
Way Giham, a length of 80 km (50 mi), CA 506.25 km2
(195.46 sq mi)
Way Mesuji flowing on the border of the provinces of
Lampung and South
Sumatra to the north has a tributary named Crocodile River, along the
70 km (43 mi) by CA 347.5 km2 (134.2 sq mi).
Great forests in the lowlands can be said to have been exhausted
appropriated for development of agriculture, to the migrants who are
constantly entering this area. Timber forest products are exported
abroad. The forests are still there, where the land can be said not
many open lies mostly in the west, in the area of Bukit Barisan
Some cities in the provinces of
Lampung height of 50 m over sea level
is: Tandjungkarang (96 m [315 ft]), Kedaton
(100 m [330 ft]), Metro (53 m [174 ft]),
Gisting (480 m [1,570 ft]), State Sakti
(100 m [330 ft]), Pringsewu
(50 m [160 ft]), Pekalongan
(50 m [160 ft]), Batang (65 m [213 ft]),
Punggur (50 m [160 ft]), Padang Queen
(56 m [184 ft]), Wonosobo
(50 m [160 ft]), Kedondong
(80 m [260 ft]), Sidomulyo
(75 m [246 ft]), Kasui (200 m [660 ft]),
Sri Menanti (320 m [1,050 ft] and Liwa
(850 m [2,790 ft].
Lampung Province is subdivided into twelve regencies (kabupaten) and
two autonomous cities (kota), listed below with their areas and their
populations at the 2010 Census and at the most recent (January 2014)
estimates. A thirteenth regency –
West Pesisir Regency
West Pesisir Regency – was
formed on 25 October 2012 from part of West
Lampung Regency, but no
separate statistics are yet available.
Bandar Lampung City
Tulang Bawang Regency
Way Kanan Regency
West Pesisir Regency
West Tulang Bawang Regency
(Tulang Bawang Barat)
* – The area and population for
West Pesisir Regency
West Pesisir Regency are included in
the figures for West
Lampung Residency given above.
Some of the major crop in the country includes robusta coffee beans,
cocoa beans, coconuts and cloves. This has resulted in a thriving
agricultural sector with companies like
Nestlé procuring coffee beans
from the region. This agriculture has included illegal growing in
Bukit Barisan Selatan National Park. In addition, nata de coco is
also manufactured in the region by domestic companies like Wong Coco.
A couple from
Lampung in traditional outfit during the colonial
Up until the 1920s,
Lampung had a rich and varied weaving tradition.
Lampung weaving used a supplementary weft technique which enabled
coloured silk or cotton threads to be superimposed on a plainer cotton
background. The most prominent
Lampung textile was the Palepai,
ownership of which was restricted to the
Lampung aristocracy of the
Kalianda Bay area. There were two types of smaller cloths, known as
tatibin and tampan, which could be owned and used by all levels of
Weaving technologies were spread throughout
Lampung. High quality weavings were produced by the Paminggir, Krui,
Abung and Pesisir peoples. Production was particularly prolific among
the people of the Kalianda Bay area in the south and the Krui
aristocracy in the north.
Lampung textiles, Palepai, tatebin and tampan were called 'ship
cloths' because ships are a common motif. The ship motif represents
the transition from one realm of life to the next, for instances from
boyhood to manhood or from being single to married and also represents
the final transition to the afterlife.
Lampung textiles were used as part of religious
ceremonies such as weddings and circumcisions. For instance, the
Palepai cloths were used as long ceremonial wall-hangings behind the
bridal party in aristocratic marriages. The smaller, more humble
tampan cloths were exchanged between families at the time of weddings.
Production of many fine cloths blossomed in the late nineteenth
Lampung grew rich on pepper production, but the devastating
Krakatoa in 1883 destroyed many weaving villages in the
Kalianda area. By the 1920s the increasing importance of
the collapse of the pepper trade brought production to a halt Today
Lampung textiles are highly prized by collectors.
Although tourism is not
Lampung Province's main income, the
administration will attempt to boost tourism by organising a tourism
event, Flamboyant Tanjung Setia, to draw tourists to Tanjung Setia
Beach which has natural panoramic view and challenging waves for
surfing. Another tourist attraction is the Way Kambas National Park,
which is popular with local tourists. In 2010, there were 400,000
tourists who visited
Lampung Province, including 10,000 foreign
tourists who mainly came from Australia and New Zealand.
Way Kambas National Park
Way Kambas National Park is a national park and elephant sanctuary
located in Lampung, precisely in the district of Labuhan Ratu, East
Lampung, Indonesia. In addition to Way Kambas, another elephant school
(Elephant Training Centre) can also be found in Minas, Riau. The
number of Sumatran elephants (Elephas maximus sumatranus) living in
the region is decreasing.
Way Kambas National Park
Way Kambas National Park was established in
1985 as the first elephant school in
Indonesia and is expected to
become a center for elephant conservation in taming, training,
breeding and conservation. Until now, this PKG has trained about 300
elephants that have been deployed to other parts of the country.
In recent years, the province has been largely popular for snorkelling
and diving. Many domestic tourists as well as international ones from
various diving communities had been visiting the different spots the
province offers, such as Pantai Ringgung, Pulau Tegal, Pulau Pahawang,
Pulau Kelagian, Pulau Balak, Pulau Mahitam, and Tanjung Putus.
Lampung is a multi-ethnic province with 3 major ethnic groups, namely
Javanese, Lampungese and Sundanese, where Lampungese are the native
ethnicity in the province. The pluralistic society of
various languages, including Indonesian, Javanese, Sundanese,
Balinese, Minangkabau and Lampung.
Lampung (2010 census)
Up to now there is no highway in the province of Lampung, but the
Bakauheni-Bandar Lampung-Terbanggi Besar tollway is currently being
built which have begun the construction process since 30 April 2015,
from Bakauheni in South
Lampung to Terbanggi Besar in Central Lampung
along the 139 kilometer which is planned fully operational in
The regional toll roads Bakauheni-Terbanggi Besar is expected to be
completed in four years with funding from the private sector,
government, private and government combined. As for the cost of this
development, is predicted to reach Rp 53 trillion, including land
acquisition and construction of approximately Rp30 trillion.
Lampung has a bus terminal is Terminal Rajabasa which is one of the
biggest and busiest in
Sumatra and Lampung, besides there Talbot
terminal that is in Bandar Lampung. Rajabasa airport s terminal at
close range, intermediate, and far (AKAP) which has bus routes to
Sumatra and Java. Although Terminal Rajabasa has been
renovated, but the eerie impression had not fully disappeared. Some
passengers are still reluctant to enter the terminal area.
In addition to these two terminals, there are plenty of bus terminals
located throughout the capital district in Lampung.
In this province there are the Port of Panjang which is an
import-export harbor and also the Port Srengsem which served the
traffic coal distribution from South
Sumatra to Java. About 92
kilometres (57 mi) south of Bandar Lampung, there is Bakauheni ,
which is a port city in the province of Lampung, precisely at the
southern tip of Sumatra. Located at the southern end of the
Trans-Sumatran Highway, the Bakauheni port connects
Sumatra with the
Port of Merak in
Java via sea transportation.
Radin Inten II Airport
Radin Inten II Airport is currently the only airport in the province.
It serves flights to Jakarta, Medan, Bandung, Palembang, etc.
Lampung Province also has a railway line between
Bandar Lampung -
Palembang is part of a railway network in South
Sumatra operated by PT
Kereta Api (Persero) Divre IV Tanjung Karang which is located in
Bandar Lampung -
Palembang railway line with 40
stations along 387,872 km (241,012 mi) stretches between
Tanjungkarang Station in
Bandar Lampung to Kertapati Station in
List of people from Lampung
^ a b Central Bureau of Statistics: Census 2010 Archived 13 November
2010 at the Wayback Machine., retrieved 17 January 2011 (in
^ Indonesia's Population: Ethnicity and Religion in a Changing
Political Landscape. Institute of Southeast Asian Studies. 2003.
Lampung Arms". Retrieved 24 July 2016.
^ Claire Leow.
Nestlé to scrutinize
Indonesia coffee amid
wildlife-endangerment fears, International Herald Tribune.
^ a b "Ceremonial Hanging (palepai)". Pacific Islands art. Dallas
Museum of Art. Retrieved 2007-09-26.
^ Gittinger, M. Splendid Symbols, Textiles and Tradition in Indonesia.
Textile Museum, Washintom D.C. 1979.Library of Congress No 79-50373
^ Gittinger, Mattiebelle S, SOUTH SUMATRAN SHIP CLOTHS. 1979
^ Sudha Rajagopalan; Navigating Culture: Trade and Transformation in
the Island State. The Permanent Exhibition on Indonesia. Museum
^ "Waspada Online – Pusat Berita dan Informasi
Medan Sumut Aceh".
Waspada.co.id. Retrieved 2016-07-24.
^ "Population by Region and Religion in Indonesia". BPS. 2010.
^ Presiden Jokowi Hari ini Akan Lakukan Groundbreaking Jalan Tol
^ Pemerintah bangun tol Bakauheni Terbanggi Besar di 2015
Elmhirst, R. (2001). Resource Struggles and the Politics of Place in
North Lampung, Indonesia. Singapore Journal of Tropical Geography.
Pain, Marc (ed). (1989). Transmigration and spontaneous migrations in
Indonesia : Propinsi Lampung. Bondy, France: ORSTOM.
Early Indonesian textiles from three island cultures: Sumba, Toraja,
Lampung, an exhibition catalogue from The Metropolitan Museum of Art
Libraries (fully available online as PDF), which contains material on
Regencies and cities of Lampung
Capital: Bandar Lampung
Tulang Bawang Barat
Provinces of Indonesia
East Nusa Tenggara
West Nusa Tenggara
GRP per ca