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Lampeter
Lampeter
(Welsh: Llanbedr Pont Steffan or, more informally, Llambed) is a town in Ceredigion, South West Wales, lying at the confluence of the River Teifi
River Teifi
and the Afon Dulas. It is the third largest urban area in Ceredigion
Ceredigion
after Aberystwyth
Aberystwyth
and Cardigan.

Contents

1 Demography 2 History 3 University 4 Sport 5 Culture 6 Transport 7 Twinned towns 8 References 9 External links

Demography[edit] At the 2001 National Census, the population was 2894,[2] increasing to 2,970 at the 2011 Census. Lampeter
Lampeter
is therefore the smallest university town in the United Kingdom. The university adds approximately 1,000 people. History[edit] The Norman castle of Pont Steffan (Stephen's Bridge in English) occupying a strategic position beside the River Teifi
River Teifi
was destroyed in 1187 after it had been conquered by Owain Gwynedd. The remains of the castle later became the foundations for C. R. Cockerell's college building and still form part of the university campus. Cardiganshire was one of the royal counties established by Edward I after the defeat of Llywelyn ap Gruffudd
Llywelyn ap Gruffudd
(Llywelyn Ein Llyw Olaf) at Cilmeri
Cilmeri
in 1282, when Lampeter
Lampeter
fell under direct Royal Control. This, however, had little effect on the town and the Welsh language
Welsh language
and culture continued to thrive. The first Borough Charter
Charter
was granted in 1284 to Rhys ap Meredydd who was given the right to hold a weekly market. As many as eight fairs were also held each year under successive charters.[3] One of these was the Dalis Horse Fair. The town was ruled by a local aristocracy who lived in elegant mansions, including Brynhywel, Maesyfelin and the Lloyd baronets of Peterwell. As magistrates, they handed out the severest of penalties to offenders. The fairs and markets had become rowdy occasions characterised by violence and drunkenness and the stocks and whipping post in front of the town hall were frequently put to use in the 18th century.[3] The town developed the crafts, services and industries to cater for the needs of the rural area. There were several woollen mills, one of which in the mid-18th century was already producing the complex double-woven tapestry cloth later to become associated with the Welsh woollen industry. There were also blacksmiths, a leather tannery, carpenters, saddlers, bootmakers and hatters. The town was one of the main centres on the Welsh Drovers' road
Drovers' road
for the dispatch of cattle and sheep on foot to the markets of south east England. The large number of inns point to the town's importance as a rural centre and have names such as the Nag's Head, the Drovers and the Three Horseshoes.[4] Lampeter's war memorial was unveiled in September 1921. It was sculpted by Sir William Goscombe John. University[edit] Main article: University of Wales
Wales
Trinity Saint David The University of Wales
Wales
Trinity Saint David formerly St.David's College, St. David's University College of the University of Wales, then University of Wales, Lampeter, now UWTSD, was founded in 1822 by Bishop Burgess of St David's Cathedral to provide training for those wishing to join the Anglican priesthood, or lead a principled lay life following a classical education in a Welsh degree granting college. In 1852 it was granted a charter to award the BD degree and in 1865 another charter enabled it to confer BA degrees in liberal arts.[4] Its central building, based on an Oxbridge
Oxbridge
quadrangle was designed by Charles Robert Cockerell. Lampeter
Lampeter
was a constituent part of the University of Wales
Wales
from the early 1970s until 2008, when the original charter was used to reform higher education in West Wales
Wales
with the integration of Trinity College Carmarthen, further education colleges in Cardigan and LLanelli, and the technical college known as Swansea Metropolitan into the University of Wales
Wales
Trinity St. David's. The university's rugby team was Wales' first, having been formed in 1850 by Rowland Williams after he brought the game from Cambridge. Sport[edit] Lampeter
Lampeter
has a strong sporting community, which also serves to smaller settlements nearby, such as Cwmann
Cwmann
and Llanybydder. Many sports are played in the town, with rugby union being the most popular. This is largely because Lampeter
Lampeter
fielded the first rugby union team in Wales. The sport is believed to have arrived in the late 1840s, meaning the town has a very long tie and history with the sport. The town is represented by Lampeter
Lampeter
Town
Town
Rugby from under 7s to under 16s and youth at junior levels, and at senior levels by both the 1st XV and by a 2nd XV, named Lampeter
Lampeter
Saints. The popularity of the game can be seen when playing, especially during 1st XV or youth games, with large crowds gathering on Saturday afternoons. Many other sports are played in the town, including association football, with the town being represented by a football team, their pitch being directly next to the main pitch of Lampeter
Lampeter
Rugby club. The football team has junior teams as well as a 1st and 2nd team. The town is served by a leisure centre, which has a gym, a main hall and modern Tennis
Tennis
facilities. The town has a swimming pool and also a bowling green. Culture[edit] Lampeter's local Eisteddfod, Eisteddfod Rhys Thomas James Pantyfedwen, is held annually over the August bank holiday.[5] It is particularly noteworthy for its competition for singers under the age of 30, colloquially known as Llais Llwyfan Llambed ('the voice of Lampeter's stage').[6] It was also from Lampeter, in 1968, that William Julian Cayo-Evans first marched his paramilitary nationalist 'Free Wales
Wales
Army'. Lampeter
Lampeter
and its surroundings are home to a theatre (Theatr Felin-fach at Felinfach), a museum and a number of locally owned shops rather than national chain stores. Dylan Thomas' links with Lampeter
Lampeter
and nearby Talsarn, where he lived, have been documented.[7] During the Second World War, he and Caitlin lived at Plas Gelli, a secluded mansion just outside Talsarn. The Dylan Thomas Trail
Dylan Thomas Trail
links Talsarn and Lampeter
Lampeter
with the other places in Ceredigion
Ceredigion
associated with the poet, such as Aberaeron
Aberaeron
and New Quay. Transport[edit] See also: Lampeter
Lampeter
railway station Transport in Lampeter
Lampeter
was greatly improved with the opening of the railway in 1866 which linked the town to both Carmarthen
Carmarthen
and Aberystwyth, as well as the seaside resort of Aberaeron
Aberaeron
(although this branch was only opened in 1911). After the nationalisation of the railways, the passenger service to Aberaeron
Aberaeron
ceased in 1951. Passenger trains on the main line to Carmarthen
Carmarthen
and Aberystwyth
Aberystwyth
continued until December 1964, when the track was badly damaged by flooding south of Aberystwyth
Aberystwyth
and through trains were suspended. A service between Carmarthen
Carmarthen
and Tregaron
Tregaron
continued until February 1965 but this was the era of the "Beeching Axe" and it took little political persuasion to decide that the cost of repairs would be unjustified and all remaining passenger services were withdrawn. Milk trains continued to the processing factories at Pont Llanio until 1970 and Felinfach until 1973. The line was eventually lifted in 1975. However, the section of the old line between Bronwydd Arms and Danycoed Halt
Danycoed Halt
still exists and is used by the Gwili Railway, a steam railway preservation society which operates a regular timetable during summer months. Local residents have been campaigning for the return of the railway to Lampeter
Lampeter
but much of the trackbed to Carmarthen
Carmarthen
has been given over to other developments over several decades[citation needed]; bridges etc. have been dismantled and the cost would be prohibitive[citation needed] given the relatively small populations the line would serve.[citation needed] Regular bus services operate through the town, connecting Lampeter
Lampeter
to the larger towns of Aberystwyth, Carmarthen
Carmarthen
and Swansea. Two buses a day continue beyond Swansea
Swansea
providing a through service to Cardiff. The local bus services are a lifeline to many people of the town, especially students of the town's university. Twinned towns[edit] Lampeter
Lampeter
is twinned with:

Saint-Germain-sur-Moine, France[8]

References[edit]

^ "town and electoral division population 2011". Retrieved 11 May 2015.  ^ Office for National Statistics : Census 2001 : Parish Headcounts : Ceredigion ^ a b Jenkins, J. Geraint. Ceredigion: Interpreting an Ancient County. Gwasg Careg Gwalch (2005) pg. 27. ^ a b Jenkins, J. Geraint. Ceredigion: Interpreting an Ancient County. Gwasg Careg Gwalch (2005) pg. 29. ^ "Eisteddfod Rhys Thomas James Panyfedwen". Lampeter
Lampeter
Town Council.  ^ Evans, Janet. "Llais Llwyfan Llambed". bbc.co.uk/cymru.  ^ D. N. Thomas, Dylan Thomas: a Farm, Two Mansions and a Bungalow, Seren, 2000. ^ Lampeter
Lampeter
and St Germain Sur Moine, 2001, French seal of approval for town, Cambrian News, 15 February 2001

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Lampeter.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Lampeter.

Town
Town
website Tourist information Aerial photograph of Lampeter[permanent dead link] Photos of Lampeter
Lampeter
and the surrounding area

v t e

Ceredigion

Principal settlements

Aberaeron Aberystwyth Cardigan Lampeter Llandysul New Quay Tregaron

Communities

Aberaeron Aberporth Aberystwyth Beulah Blaenrheidol Borth Cardigan Ceulanamaesmawr Ciliau Aeron Dyffryn Arth Faenor Y Ferwig Geneu'r Glyn Henfynyw Lampeter Llanarth Llanbadarn Fawr Llanddewi Brefi Llandyfriog Llandysiliogogo Llandysul Llanfair Clydogau Llanfarian Llanfihangel Ystrad Llangeitho Llangoedmor Llangrannog Llangwyryfon Llangybi Llangynfelyn Llanilar Llanllwchaiarn Llanrhystyd Llansantffraid Llanwenog Llanwnnen Lledrod Melindwr Nantcwnlle New Quay Penbryn Pontarfynach Tirymynach Trawsgoed Trefeurig Tregaron Troedyraur Ysbyty Ystwyth Ysgubor-y-coed Ystrad Fflur Ystrad Meurig

Towns and villages

Aberarth Aberbanc Aberffrwd Aberlerry Abermagwr Aber-meurig Aberporth Alltyblacca Betws Ifan Beulah Blaencelyn Borth Bow Street Bryngwyn Caemorgan Caerwedros Capel Bangor Capel Dewi Ciliau Aeron Comins Coch Cribyn Cwmann Cwmystwyth Cwrtnewydd Devil's Bridge Dôl-y-bont Eisteddfa Gurig Eglwys Fach Elerch Ffostrasol Furnace Glandyfi Gorsgoch Gwbert Llanarth Llanbadarn Fawr Llanddewi Brefi Llandre
Llandre
(Llanfihangel Genau'r Glyn) Llandyfriog Llandygwydd Llanerchaeron Llanfarian Llanfihangel-y-Creuddyn Llanfihangel Ystrad Llangeitho Llangoedmor Llangrannog Llangybi Llangynfelyn Llanilar Llanon Llanrhystud Llansantffraid Llanwenog Llanwnnen Llechryd Lledrod Lovesgrove Melindwr Mwnt Oakford Penbryn Pennant Penparc Penparcau Penrhyn-coch Penuwch Peny-y-garn Ponterwyd Pontrhydfendigaid Pontrhydygroes Pont-Siân Rhydowen Rhydypennau Salem Silian Taigwynion Talgarreg Talsarn Tal-y-bont Trefeurig Tregaron Tresaith Tre-Taliesin Tre'r Ddôl Troed y Rhiw Troedyraur Upper Borth Waunfawr Y Faenor Y Ferwig Ynyslas Ysbyty Ystwyth Ystrad Aeron Ystrad Meurig Ystumtuen

Universities and colleges

Aberystwyth
Aberystwyth
University Coleg Ceredigion University of Wales
Wales
Trinity Saint David

Rivers

Aeron Arth Brenig Clarach Dulas Leri Llyfnant Mynach Rheidol Teifi Wyre Ystwyth

Castles

Aberdyfi Aberystwyth Cardigan Castell Gwallter Dinerth Lampeter
Lampeter
Castle

Islands

Ynys Aberteifi (Cardigan Island) Ynys Lochtyn

Topics

Parliamentary constituencies Places Schools SSSIs Scheduled Monuments Country houses Grade I listed buildings Grade II* listed buildings Lord Lieutenants High Sheriffs Museums

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 130807

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