The LAMIAN WAR, or the HELLENIC WAR (323–322 BC) was fought by a
coalition of Greek cities including
In 323 BC,
Alexander the Great died leaving the empire to be governed
by his generals for his unborn son, Alexander IV .
The success of the Greeks on land was offset by the defeats of the
Athenian fleet at the
Amorgos by the Macedonian navy.
The Macedonians, now with control of the sea were able to transfer
* 1 Prelude * 2 Revolt * 3 Battles * 4 Outcome * 5 Notes * 6 Citations
* 7 Sources
* 7.1 Ancient sources * 7.2 Modern sources
In 324 BC,
Alexander the Great had the Exiles Decree proclaimed in
The death of Alexander in 323 BC left
Macedon in the midst of a
succession crisis, with no universally accepted successor to the
throne. While awaiting the birth of the child of Alexander , a regency
Perdiccas was formed for the yet unborn child and the
mentally deficient brother of Alexander, Philip III . News of his
death was considered by the Athenians as an opportunity to shatter the
Macedonian hegemony over Greece. After vigorous debate in the ecclesia
, it was determined – despite the opposition of prominent
individuals such as
Phocion – that
Making use of the 5,000 talents that had been seized from
the treasurer of Alexander who had fled to Athens, the Athenians sent
Taenarum with the aim of engaging
Leosthenes was given the order by the ecclesia to make
it appear that he was engaging the mercenaries on his own behalf, so
as to give
The total Greek force at the outset of the war appears to have been 25,000 strong and was composed of up to 10,000 Athenians, 12,000 Aetolians and various contingents of mercenary forces.
Antipater , commander of the Macedonian forces in Europe, meanwhile
scrambled to assemble Macedonian troops, most of which were engaged in
The Thessalians originally sided with Antipater, but were quickly persuaded to join the Athenians as allies. This sudden shift in strength led to some early confederate successes against Antipater, and he was constrained to seek refuge in the fortified city of Lamia. The Athenians and her allies, despite their early successes, were bogged down in their siege of Lamia. The well-walled town proved impregnable to the Athenians, and their commander Leosthenes was mortally wounded during a sallying forth from the city by the Macedonians who sought to harass their ditch-digging besiegers. His death prompted the Athenians to retreat.
That year Hypereides pronounced the funeral oration over the dead
including his friend Leosthenes.
Antiphilus was appointed as his
replacement. Soon after the Athenian retreat from the walls of Lamia,
Macedonian reinforcements—20,000 infantry and 1,500
The Athenian and allied forces were finally defeated in 322 at the
Battle of Crannon in central
Antipater made peace treaties with the rebellious cities separately
and on generous terms. The Athenians were made to dissolve their
government and establish a plutocratic system in its stead, whereby
only those possessing 2,000 drachmas or more could remain citizens.
This was done in the belief that the poorer elements of the society
had compelled the war in the first place. Hypereides was condemned to
death, fled, and was probably captured and killed in
* ^ For questions surrounding the nomenclature in antiquity see Ashton (1984); Walsh (2011).
* ^ Westlake, H. D. The Aftermath of the Lamian War. "Classical Review 63" (1949) 87 * ^ Diodorus Siculus. XVIII.12. Penelope- U Chicago * ^ Diodorus Siculus.XVIII.12-13. Penelope- U Chicago * ^ Not to be confused with Antiphilus the famous painter, active in the same period. * ^ Diodorus Siculus.XVIII.13-15. Penelope- U Chicago * ^ Diodorus Siculus.XVIII.16-17. Penelope- U Chicago * ^ Diodorus Siculus.XVIII.17-18. Penelope- U Chicago * ^ (Oxford Classical Dictionary (1970).pp 535. Dobson. J. ;background:none transparent;border:none;-moz-box-shadow:none;-webkit-box-shadow:none;box-shadow:none;">v
* t * e
Ancient Greek wars
* Wars of the Theban hegemony
* Lamian War
* Wars of the
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