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Lambourn
Lambourn
/ˈlæmbɔːrn/ is a large village and civil parish in West Berkshire. It lies just north of the M4 Motorway
M4 Motorway
between Swindon
Swindon
and Newbury, and borders Wiltshire
Wiltshire
to the west and Oxfordshire
Oxfordshire
to the north. After Newmarket it is the largest centre of racehorse training in England, and is home to a rehabilitation centre for injured jockeys, an equine hospital, and several leading jockeys and trainers. To the north of the village are the prehistoric Seven Barrows
Seven Barrows
and the nearby Long Barrow, and in 2004 the Lambourn
Lambourn
Hoard was found close to the village.

Contents

1 Geography 2 Transport

2.1 Road 2.2 Rail

3 Lambourn
Lambourn
Downs 4 Government 5 Economy 6 Horse racing 7 History

7.1 Seven Barrows 7.2 Lambourn
Lambourn
Church (minster) and almshouses 7.3 The Anarchy 7.4 Queen Elizabeth I 7.5 English Civil War 7.6 The Luddites and Captain Swing 7.7 World War II plane crash 7.8 1953 Lorry Crash 7.9 1971 lurcher show 7.10 1991 motorway crash

8 Literature

8.1 Fiction 8.2 Non-fiction 8.3 DVD

9 Notable residents 10 Local institutions 11 Sport and leisure 12 Nearest places 13 Demography 14 Notes and references 15 External links

Geography[edit]

Footpath to Lambourn

River Lambourn

Lambourn
Lambourn
covers most of the upper valley of the River Lambourn, a bourne in the chalk upland area of the Berkshire
Berkshire
Downs. It is 13 miles (21 km) northwest of Newbury, 11 miles (18 km) southeast of Swindon, 7 miles (11 km) southwest of Wantage,7 miles (11 km) north of Hungerford
Hungerford
and 71 miles (114 km) west of London
London
(via B4000 and M4). It is the westernmost place with more than 1000 residents in Berkshire
Berkshire
and borders northeastern Wiltshire
Wiltshire
and southwestern Oxfordshire. Since the 1974 boundary changes, Lambourn has been the westernmost parish in Berkshire. Membury Service Station (previously RAF Membury), Membury transmitting station
Membury transmitting station
and the northeastern quarter of Membury iron age fort are in the southwest corner of the parish. Transport[edit] Road[edit] Lambourn
Lambourn
lies on the crossroads of the B4000 from Newbury to Highworth and the B4001 from Chilton Foliat
Chilton Foliat
to Childrey. The B4000 used to follow the River Lambourn
River Lambourn
up the Newbury Road until the construction of the M4 motorway
M4 motorway
in the early 1970s.[2] When the motorway was built, the B4000 was diverted along Ermin Street
Ermin Street
as the old road could not be widened for HGVs in the narrow streets of Great Shefford, Eastbury and Lambourn. The B4001 was also diverted onto Ermin Street
Ermin Street
because of the M4, and the B4000 and B4001 merge until they arrive in Lambourn
Lambourn
at the bottom of Hungerford
Hungerford
Hill. The M4 passes through the southern part of the parish between Junction 14 (7 miles (11 km) southeast of the village) and Junction 15 (8 miles (13 km) to the west). Rail[edit] In 1898 the Lambourn Valley Railway was built connecting Lambourn
Lambourn
to Newbury. Its ownership merged with the Great Western Railway
Great Western Railway
in 1905 and continued in operation until it was closed in 1960. The nearest station is now at Hungerford
Hungerford
on the Reading to Taunton line. Lambourn
Lambourn
Downs[edit]

Lambourn
Lambourn
and Lynch Wood from Hungerford
Hungerford
Hill

Lambourn
Lambourn
under snow in February 2009

They heard of the Great Barrows, and the green mounds, and the stone-rings upon the hills and in the hollows among the hills. Sheep were bleating in flocks. Green walls and white walls rose. There were fortresses on the heights. Kings of little kingdoms fought together, and the young Sun shone like fire on the red metal of their new and greedy swords. There was victory and defeat; and towers fell, fortresses were burned, and flames went up into the sky. Gold was piled on the biers of dead kings and queens; and mounds covered them, and the stone doors were shut; and the grass grew over all. Sheep walked for a while biting the grass, but soon the hills were empty again. — J. R. R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings

The Lambourn
Lambourn
Downs (an area of the Berkshire
Berkshire
Downs) are part of the North Wessex Downs
North Wessex Downs
Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty
Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty
and cover an area of 231 square miles (600 km2),[3] from the Ridgeway in the north to the River Kennet
River Kennet
in the south. Originally they were entirely in Berkshire, but northern third of the downs were transferred to Oxfordshire
Oxfordshire
when the county border was reorganised in 1974. Due to the poor, chalky soil, the downs could not be used for growing crops until the advent of modern fertilisers. Consequently, the high ground was only used for breeding sheep – hence the name of Lambourn
Lambourn
– and horses. The Oxford
Oxford
Don and author J. R. R. Tolkien
J. R. R. Tolkien
lived nearby and travelled to the downs with his family and friends. He was impressed by the downs with their sarsen stones, barrows and hill forts and painted pictures of Lambourn
Lambourn
in 1912.[4] Within Lambourn
Lambourn
parish are the following downs and chalk hills: Bockhampton Down, Cleeve Hill, Coppington Down, Coppington Hill, Crow Down, Eastbury Down, Ewe Hill, Farncombe Down, Fognam Down, Haycroft Hill, Hungerford
Hungerford
Hill, Kingsdown, Lodge Down, Mandown, Near Down, Parkfarm Down, Pit Down, Post Down, Row Down, Stancombe Down, Thorn Hill, Warren Down and Wellbottom Down. Government[edit] The civil parish of Lambourn
Lambourn
has a population of about 4,200. Besides Lambourn
Lambourn
itself, it comprises the villages of Upper Lambourn, Eastbury, Woodlands St Mary
Woodlands St Mary
and Lambourn
Lambourn
Woodlands, together with the hamlets of Mile End, Sheepdrove and Bockhampton and a considerable area of rural downland. The civil parish is split into four wards for electoral purposes: Upper Lambourn, Eastbury and Woodlands St Mary/ Lambourn Woodlands
Lambourn Woodlands
elect two councillors; and nine are elected from Lambourn
Lambourn
itself.[5][6] The parish shares boundaries with the Berkshire
Berkshire
parishes of East Garston
East Garston
and Hungerford, with the Wiltshire parishes of Chilton Foliat, Ramsbury
Ramsbury
and Baydon, and with the Oxfordshire
Oxfordshire
parishes of Ashbury, Compton Beauchamp, Woolstone, Uffington, Kingston Lisle, Sparsholt, Childrey
Childrey
and Letcombe Bassett.[7] The parish is part of the unitary authority of West Berkshire, and lies within Newbury parliamentary constituency. Economy[edit] Lambourn
Lambourn
and the surrounding downland is best known today as a major horse racing centre, mainly National Hunt. Many villagers' work is related to horse racing, but there are an increasing number of commuters who use the M4, including many airline pilots based at Heathrow. The United Kingdom's last cravat makers was based in Lambourn
Lambourn
until they closed in 2006. Lambourn
Lambourn
Racehorse Transport Ltd was founded in the village in 1930 and transports many of the local horses, especially since the closure of the Lambourn Valley Railway in 1964. A digital photo archive has been published.[8][9] It is owned by Merrick Francis (the son of Dick Francis) and is the largest horse transport business in Europe.[10][11] Horse racing[edit]

Lambourn
Lambourn
is a unique town as almost everyone is involved in horse racing – from top trainers such as Mick Channon and Henrietta Knight through to the saddlers and stable lads and lasses. — Clare Balding[12]

Jockeys riding thoroughbreds to the gallops in Lambourn

Valley of the Racehorse

Mandown Gallops

Racehorse Paddock on Farmland at Kingwood Stud

Gallops, Wellbottom Down

The racing connection began in the 18th century, when the Earl of Craven held racing meetings on Weathercock Hill near Ashdown House. There were regular race meetings on the Lambourn
Lambourn
Downs and private race meetings can be held on Mandown between Upper Lambourn
Upper Lambourn
and Seven Barrows. In the 1840s some owners moved their racehorses to Lambourn as the ground at Newmarket was too firm and caused many horses to break down.[13] The first trainers were Edwin Parr, Joseph Saxon, John Prince, Luke Snowden (one of the few trainers to be buried at St Michaels graveyard) and John Drinkald, who went insane when his horse was disqualified after winning a race in which he stood to win £28,000.[14][15] The first stables were at the Red Lion Inn on the crossroads opposite the church, which has since been converted into flats, and at Lambourn Stables, now called Kingswood House Stables. The well drained, spongy grass, open downs and long flats made Lambourn
Lambourn
ideal for training racehorses and it became a fashionable training centre. Lord Rothschild has his stables at Russley Park in Wiltshire
Wiltshire
and like Lord Craven his horses practised on the gallops at Lambourn.[15][16] However, it was not until the Lambourn Valley Railway was built in 1898 that Lambourn
Lambourn
grew into its present size. Until then horses could only attend local meets, or had to walk the 10–15 miles to the railway at Newbury. Horses could now be transported to Newbury and from there to meetings all over the country and many new stables were opened in the area. Over 1,500 horses are now stabled in and around Lambourn
Lambourn
– second only to Newmarket – there are many major stables, varied turf and all-weather gallops in and around the village. It even has the luxury of two fully licensed equine swimming pools and the Ridgeway Veterinary Group Valley Equine Hospital. As a result, it has been dubbed the "Valley of the Racehorse", and this is displayed on the road signs leading into the village.[17] In 2006 the Jockey
Jockey
Club Estates Ltd bought 500 acres (2.0 km2) of land in the valley, its first investment outside Newmarket, including Mandown and many other gallops and training grounds[18] The Oaksey House rehabilitation centre for injured jockeys was built in Lambourn in 2008, named after Lord Oaksey, the President of the Injured Jockeys Fund.[19] In 2013, Mehmet Kurt, the owner of the Kingwood Stud in Lambourn, received permission to build a 1.5 km (0.93 mi) long horse training monorail, the first in the country.[20] Some Lambourn
Lambourn
Derby winners

Steve Donoghue
Steve Donoghue
on Pommern in 1914, trained by Charles Peck at Sefton Lodge Harry Wragg on Felstead in 1928, trained by "Ossie" Bell at Delamere Stables Pat Eddery
Pat Eddery
on Grundy in 1975, trained by Peter Walwyn at Seven Barrows House Martin Dwyer on Sir Percy
Sir Percy
in 2006, trained by Marcus Tregoning at Kingwood House Stables

Some Lambourn
Lambourn
Grand National
Grand National
winners

Pat Buckley on Ayala in 1963, trained by Keith Piggott at South Bank Willie Robinson on Team Spirit in 1964, trained by Fulke Walwyn at Saxon House Tommy Smith on Jay Trump in 1965, trained by Fred Winter at Uplands Stables Tim Norman on Anglo in 1966, trained by Fred Winter at Uplands Stables Ben de Haan on Corbiere in 1983, trained by Jenny Pitman at Weathercock House Marcus Armytage on Mr Frisk, in 1990, trained by Kim Bailey at Old Manor Stables Carl Llewellyn on Party Politics in 1992, trained by Nick Gaselee at Saxon Cottage Stables John White on Esha Ness, in the void 1993 Grand National, trained by Jenny Pitman at Weathercock House Jason Titley on Royal Athlete in 1995, trained by Jenny Pitman at Weathercock House

Notable Stables[21]

Kingwood House Stables Seven Barrows
Seven Barrows
House

History[edit] The most common explanation for the name of Lambourn
Lambourn
refers to the lambs which were once dipped in the local river.[22] Many spellings have been used over the centuries, such as Lamburnan (880 AD), Lamburna (1086 AD), Lamborne (1644 AD) and Lambourne. It was also called Chipping Lambourn
Lambourn
because of its popular market. The spelling was fixed as 'Lambourn' in the early 20th century, but even today, towards Soley, three successive signposts at nearby junctions alternate the spelling of Lambourn
Lambourn
and Lambourne. The village of Bockhampton was also known as Lower Lambourn. In 2004 a metal detecting rally found a hoard of three gold bracelets and two armlets at Crow Down near Lambourn. They have been dated to 1200 BC and are the only prehistoric gold objects to have been found in Berkshire. The hoard was declared a treasure under English Law in 2005 and is currently on display at the West Berkshire
Berkshire
Museum, Newbury.[23][24] In Roman times, the area was extensively farmed, as shown by an archaeological research project based on Maddle Farm. Ermin Street, the major Roman road
Roman road
between Calleva Atrebatum
Calleva Atrebatum
(Silchester) and Glevum (Gloucester), also known as the "Upper or Baydon
Baydon
Road" passes through Lambourn Woodlands
Lambourn Woodlands
as part of the B4000. Seven Barrows[edit] Lambourn
Lambourn
is famous for its 'Seven Barrows', just above Upper Lambourn. There are actually over thirty Bronze Age
Bronze Age
burial mounds forming a large prehistoric cemetery. On a line west of Seven Barrows
Seven Barrows
is the Long Barrow, which dates from c. 4000 BC making it 2,000 years older than the other barrows. Unfortunately it has been half destroyed by deep ploughing and only the mound in the woods and a few sarsen stones remain.[25] Lambourn
Lambourn
Church (minster) and almshouses[edit]

St Michael and All Angels

Detail on the south side of the church at the exact spot as in a sketch made by J.R.R.Tolkien in August 1912[26]

...the Downs themselves shelter Lambourn's massive Norman w nave.[27]

The large, mainly Norman parish church (Church of England) is in the village centre facing the historic market place, with a surrounding wall built of sarsen stones, and is dedicated to St Michael and All Angels. The road pattern shows an original circular enclosure, suggesting pagan Celtic origins. Alfred the Great, born in Wantage, was also closely connected with this ancient landmark which has been a minster since Saxon times (officially known as Lambourn
Lambourn
Minster since as early as 1032) and mentioned it in his will. It was probably King Canute who granted Lambourn
Lambourn
Minster to the Dean of St Paul's. Successors to that office held it until 1836. Inside are monuments to the great and the good of the many manors in the parish, including an excellent brass to John Estbury (1508), who founded the almshouses outside, and fine effigies of Sir Thomas Essex and his wife (1558). The almshouses were established by an Act of Parliament
Act of Parliament
in the reign of King Henry VII and confirmed by his son King Henry VIII after the Dissolution of the Monasteries
Dissolution of the Monasteries
made the original uncertain as it included a now forbidden chantry.[28] There is an arch with mediaeval carvings of hunting scenes. The church was much restored in the 19th century and has a chancel roof designed by G. E. Street. The church also boasts a fine three-manual Henry Willis
Henry Willis
organ. The clock faces were replaced, and the tower stonework repaired, in 2011. The Anarchy[edit] The Empress Matilda
Empress Matilda
bequeathed Lambourn
Lambourn
and Chippenham
Chippenham
to Hugh de Plucket out of the Royal demesne in 1142 for his aid in The Anarchy
The Anarchy
of the civil wars against the usurper Stephen of Blois.[29] However, another Breton adventurer Josce de Dinan
Josce de Dinan
and his knights retreated to Lambourn
Lambourn
after he lost Ludlow Castle
Ludlow Castle
to Gilbert de Lacey and Maltida's son King Henry II gave him Chipping Lambourn
Lambourn
in compensation in 1156.[30] Josce died in 1162 AD and in either case the Plunket family were in possession of the Manor by the beginning of the 14th century.[31] Queen Elizabeth I[edit]

The Ditchley
Ditchley
Portrait, Marcus Gheeraerts the Younger, c.1592

The Ditchley
Ditchley
portrait of Queen Elizabeth I was painted for Sir Henry Lee of Ditchley
Ditchley
to commemorate her visit in 1592. The Queen stands on a map of England
England
with her feet on Oxfordshire
Oxfordshire
and Lambourn
Lambourn
is shown (but not named) on the map below her feet, in the downs of Berceria at the head of the River Lambourn
River Lambourn
which joins the River Kennet
River Kennet
at Newbury. English Civil War[edit] During the Civil War Prince Rupert and his Cavaliers
Cavaliers
rested at Lambourn
Lambourn
on the night of 18 and 19 September 1643, between fighting a skirmish with the Parliamentarian Army at Aldbourne
Aldbourne
Chase on the 18th and the First Battle of Newbury
First Battle of Newbury
on the 20th.[32] Queen Henrietta Maria stayed at Kingswood House on 18 April 1644 en route to Exeter, having said her final farewell to her husband King Charles I a few days before at Oxford.[32][n 1] Kingswood was an Elizabethan manor house which was demolished a long time ago and replaced by the current Kingswood House Stables. On 9 November 1644 King Charles and the Royalist Army relieved Donnington Castle
Donnington Castle
in the face of the Army of the Eastern Association led by the Earl of Manchester and Oliver Cromwell. Thereafter he withdrew to Lambourn
Lambourn
and stayed in "The King's Chamber" at Kingswood House, while the Royalist infantry were quartered in Lambourn
Lambourn
and the cavalry at Wantage. The Parliamentarian Scoutmaster Sir Samuel Luke reported "Monday. 11 November 1644. The last night the King's headquarters were at Wantage
Wantage
and Lamborne ... all the foot that which lay at Lamborne marcht away this morning towards Auborne".[n 2][32] The Luddites and Captain Swing[edit] There were Captain Swing
Captain Swing
anti-machinery riots in Lambourn
Lambourn
in 1832–33. It was said that 'there would be no good times at Lambourn until there was a good fire' and several farm buildings were burned by Luddite
Luddite
agricultural labourers whose wages had been slashed by the introduction of machinery.[33] The Marxist
Marxist
historian Eric Hobsbawn wrote 'A threshing machine was broken at Lambourn; and from there the movement spread south to Eastbury and East Garston, where money was collected and several machines were destroyed'.[34] The labourers demanded 40 shillings for their loss of earnings and an increase in wages from 8 shillings to 12 shillings a week. They threatened to burn down farm buildings if they were not paid and ten machines were destroyed in the Lambourn
Lambourn
Valley from Fawley to Boxford and the movement spread northwards to the Vale of the White Horse
Vale of the White Horse
and the Thames Valley. World War II plane crash[edit] On 8 September 1944 a stricken B-24 Liberator
B-24 Liberator
flown by 2nd Lt Lawrence Berkoff DFC of the 856th Bombardment Squadron, 492d Bombardment Group (the Carpetbaggers), Eighth Air Force, USAAF was returning from an aborted mission. Berkoff maintained control of the plane so that his crew could parachute to safety over Baydon, but saw that if he bailed out the plane would crash into Lambourn. He therefore remained at the controls to divert the aircraft and was killed when it crash-landed in a field on Folly Road at 10:45 pm, missing the village by a few hundred yards. Berkoff was awarded a posthumous Distinguished Flying Cross and a plaque in his honour was unveiled by his great nephew Todd Berkoff at Lambourn
Lambourn
Memorial Hall on 26 June 2003.[35] 1953 Lorry Crash[edit] On Tuesday 13 April 1953 an articulated lorry carrying 3,600 gallons of aviation fuel suffered brake failure as it came down Hungerford Hill (now the B4000). Despite the best efforts of the driver, it hit several buildings before overturning on Oxford
Oxford
Street. The lorry exploded, destroying the tobacconist's, confectioner's, watchmaker's, jeweller's and antique dealer's shops, but only the driver was killed. The burning fuel set fire to three houses, two thatched cottages and several flats, and 37 people were made homeless. It also flowed down the street and into the River Lambourn
River Lambourn
and set fire to property up to 50 yards way until the Newbury, Hungerford, Wantage, Swindon
Swindon
and Faringdon
Faringdon
Fire Brigades helped the local Lambourn
Lambourn
Fire Brigade
Fire Brigade
quell the fire.[36] 1971 lurcher show[edit] The first dog show for lurchers was held at Lambourn
Lambourn
in 1971, which included dog racing and coursing.[37] 1991 motorway crash[edit] At 14:15 hours on Wednesday 13 March 1991 there was a major crash on the M4 Motorway
M4 Motorway
in the southernmost part of Lambourn
Lambourn
between the Membury Service Station and Junction 14 on the eastbound carriageway. A van driver fell asleep at the wheel and stopped alongside the central crash barrier on the right hand (overtaking) lane. This obstruction was seen by the car behind him, which managed to change lanes and avoid contact. However, the cars behind were travelling at high speed (an average of 70 miles per hour (110 km/h)) in patchy fog and many were only one or two car lengths behind the vehicle in front. As a result, they had no time to avoid the van, crashed and spun out of control into the other lanes. Others took evasive action by driving onto the hard shoulder and up the sides of the cutting. These were followed by articulated lorries, one of which jack-knifed sideways across all three lanes of the motorway. One driver—Mr Alan Bateman—managed to free himself from his car and ran back down the central reservation to warn others, but was ignored and was even hooted by some drivers as they continued towards the crash.[38] The crash included 51 vehicles and lasted 19 seconds, car fuel was ignited along with the combustible material being carried in one of the vans and the eastbound motorway was closed for four days as the melted wreckage was cut away and the tarmac replaced. Ten people were killed and twenty-five were injured, and there were three minor crashes caused by distracted drivers on the other side of the motorway. In Parliament Sir Michael McNair-Wilson MP asked why the Thames Valley and Wiltshire
Wiltshire
Police Forces had not turned on the motorway warning lights to warn drivers of the fog, but the Secretary of State for Transport, Christopher Chope, stated that these were only used for hazards not readily apparent to drivers and not adverse weather conditions.[39] The crash led to warning lights being used to warn drivers of fog on British motorways. Literature[edit] Lambourn
Lambourn
is mentioned in the poetry of Hilaire Belloc
Hilaire Belloc
and G. K. Chesterton. Georgian poet John Freeman wrote Lambourn
Lambourn
Town and 20th century poet Sir John Betjeman
John Betjeman
wrote Upper Lambourne. Fiction[edit]

Colin Dexter, The Daughters of Cain
The Daughters of Cain
(1994), one of the suspects is Ashley Davies, a racehorse owner who has his horses at Seven Barrows in Upper Lambourn. Dick Francis, Break In (1985) and Bolt (1986); Steeplechase
Steeplechase
jockey Christmas "Kit" Fielding is based at Lambourn. Dick Francis, To the Hilt (1996); the painter Alexander Kinloch marries Emily at St Michaels Church. The crime writer also used fictional place names in other books.[40] Jasper Fforde, Lost in a Good Book (2002); The second of the Thursday Next novels mentions that aliens landing in Lambourn
Lambourn
is an urban myth. Dick Francis
Dick Francis
and Felix Francis, Silks (2008); the lawyer and amateur jockey Geoffrey Mason investigates a murder in Lambourn. Ben Osborne, The Hyperion Legacy (2008) and The Rule of Lazari (2009); the jockey Danny Rawlings is based at Millhouse Stables in Lambourn. Patrick Robinson, To The Death (2008); the terrorist General Ravi Rashood drives to Lambourn
Lambourn
for target practice in preparation for assassinating the President of the United States.

Non-fiction[edit]

Vic Cox, Vic: Lambeth
Lambeth
to Lambourn
Lambourn
(2001) – the memoirs of Lambeth boy whose family came from Lambourn
Lambourn
and returned there once the London bombing began, Vic served overseas during WWII and returned to Lambourn
Lambourn
at the end of the war and remained there until his death in 2003. Jennifer Davies, Tales of the Old Horsemen (2006) John Footman, History of the Parish Church of Saint Michael and All Angels, Chipping Lambourn
Lambourn
(2009) Dick Francis. A Jockey's Life: The Biography of Lester Piggott
Lester Piggott
(1986) Bryony Fuller, Fulke Walwyn: A Pictorial Tribute (1990) Alan Lee, Lambourn
Lambourn
– A Village of Racing (1982) Vic Mitchell, Kevin Smith and Kevin Robertson, Branch Lines to Lambourn
Lambourn
(2001) Robin Oakley, Valley of the Racehorse: A Year in the Life of Lambourn (2000) Page, William; Ditchfield, P.H., eds. (1907). Victoria County History: A History of the County of Berkshire, Volume 2. Archibald Constable & Co. p. 95.  Lambourn
Lambourn
Page, William; Ditchfield, P.H., eds. (1924). Victoria County History: A History of the County of Berkshire, Volume 4. pp. 251–266.  Pevsner, Nikolaus (1966). The Buildings of England: Berkshire. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books. pp. 163–166.  Lester Piggott, Lester: The Autobiography of Lester Piggott
Lester Piggott
(1995) Jenny Pitman, Jenny Pitman, The Autobiography (1999) Martin Randall Connop Price, Lambourn Valley Railway (1964); idem. With plates (Locomotion papers. no. 32.) (1966) Bridget Rennison, A Short Guide to the Parish Church of Saint Michael and All Angels Lambourn
Lambourn
(1971) Kevin Robertson and Roger Simmonds, Illustrated History of the Lambourn
Lambourn
Branch (1984) T. K. Robertson, A. S. Robertson and D. A. Gray, Water Supply Papers of the Institute of Geological Sciences: Research Report No. 5: Borehole Logging Investigations in the Chalk of the Lambourn
Lambourn
and Winterbourne Valleys' of Berkshire
Berkshire
(1971) Rogers, Joseph (2016). A Spectrum Of Settlements pp. 21 – 26 Julie Shuttleworth, Social and economic change in Lambourn
Lambourn
Hundred, 1522–1663 (1998) R. Smith, The Seven Barrows
Seven Barrows
at Lambourn
Lambourn
(1921) Stephen Sugden, A Dick Francis
Dick Francis
Companion: Characters, Horses, Plots, Settings and Themes (2008) Peter Walwyn, Handy All the Way: A Trainer's Life (2000)

DVD[edit]

Inspector Morse
Inspector Morse
(1996), In The Daughters of Cain
The Daughters of Cain
Lewis is sent to interview the suspect Ashley Davies at Seven Barrows, which was filmed on Mandown. Race Country by Clare Balding, which reveals the everyday life of 'The Valley of the Racehorse' and the day-to-day running of some of the country's top stables.

Notable residents[edit]

Anthony Peter "Tony" McCoy

Frederick Bates, batsman for Hampshire County Cricket Club
Hampshire County Cricket Club
in the 1920s Noel Chance, racehorse trainer Charles John "Charley" Chenery, 19th century footballer and cricketer Richard Stanley "Dick" Francis CBE, jockey and best-selling author[n 3][40] John Francome MBE, jockey, horseracing presenter and best-selling author Sir Christopher Charles "Chris" Gent, former CEO and chairman of Vodafone plc Nicky Henderson, jockey and racehorse trainer William Richard "Dick" Hern CVO, jockey and trainer of the Derby winners Troy (1979), Henbit (1980) and Nashwan
Nashwan
(1989) Barry Hills, ex-jockey and racehorse trainer Sir George Clement Martin
George Clement Martin
Mus. Doc., MVO, composer and organist of St Paul's Cathedral Anthony Peter "Tony" McCoy OBE, jockey and winner of the 2010 Grand National on Don't Push It Patrick Macnee, actor, who lived in College House with his father Major Daniel "Shrimp" Macnee, a jockey and racehorse trainer Lester Piggott, jockey and racehorse trainer who rode the first of his record nine Derby winners Never Say Die (1954) while living with his father Keith Piggott in Lambourn Cozy Powell, rock drummer who died in car crash when driving home to Lambourn. Jenny Pitman OBE, author and trainer of the Grand National
Grand National
winners Corbiere (1983) and Royal Athlete (1995) Thomas Richard Quinn, jockey Joshua Sylvester, poet who influenced John Milton Fulke Thomas Tyndall Walwyn CVO, racehorse trainer and winning jockey of the 1936 Grand National
Grand National
on Reynoldstown Peter Tyndall Walwyn, cousin of Fulke Walwyn and trainer of the 1975 Derby winner Grundy Frederick Thomas Winter, winner of the Grand National
Grand National
on Sundew (1957) and Kilmore (1962) as a jockey and with Jay Trump (1965) and Anglo (1966) as a trainer

Local institutions[edit]

Parish Church of St. Michael and All Angels (Church of England) Sacred Heart Roman Catholic Church Lambourn
Lambourn
Methodist Chapel Eastbury's Almshouses
Almshouses
(1501) Hardrett's Almshouses
Almshouses
(1625) Lambourn
Lambourn
Valley Housing Trust is a registered charity, which raises money to provide homes for both retired and working stable staff.

Sport and leisure[edit]

Football club Lambourn Sports F.C.
Lambourn Sports F.C.
play at Lambourn
Lambourn
Sports Club[41] Lambourn
Lambourn
Sports Club [n 4]: a members' sports and social club with a large function hall[42] Lambourn
Lambourn
Centre with a gym, sports hall and sauna Sports field with skatepark Bowls club with bowling green Library Pubs, both which serve food Lambourn
Lambourn
Allotment Society Lambourn
Lambourn
Chimers Lambourn
Lambourn
Theatre Group Lambourn
Lambourn
Vintage Machinery Society Lambourn
Lambourn
WI Lambourn
Lambourn
Air Rifle Club Lambourn
Lambourn
Carnival with events including a horse show, and a procession of floats through the village Shefford Young Farmers Club[43] Lambourn
Lambourn
has a nature reserve on its borders called Watts Bank.[44]

Nearest places[edit]

Nearest Places (by Civil Parish)

Woolstone Uffington Sparsholt Kingston Lisle Childrey
Childrey
(parts of) Letcombe Bassett
Letcombe Bassett
(part of)

Baydon

Lambourn

Across part of East Garston Fawley

Ramsbury Chilton Foliat East Garston Hungerford
Hungerford
(part of)

Demography[edit]

2011 Census Key Statistics

Output area Population Homes Owned outright Owned with a loan Socially rented Privately rented Other km² identified in 2005 Survey km² Greenspace[n 5] km² gardens km² road[1]

Lambourn
Lambourn
(civil parish) 4103 1783 490 546 390 261 86 59.6 56.9 0.9 0.8

Notes and references[edit]

Notes

^ At page 189. ^ At p189-190 ^ Dick Francis
Dick Francis
lived in a bungalow which he built himself using the money he earned as a jockey. ^ Established in 1946. ^ Comprises cultivated fields, paddock, paths, pasture and woodland.

References

^ a b Key Statistics: Dwellings; Quick Statistics: Population Density; Physical Environment: Land Use Survey 2005 ^ p27, The Reader's Digest Complete Atlas of the British Isles, The Reader's Digest Association, 1965 ^ " Lambourn
Lambourn
Downs". English Heritage. Retrieved 17 September 2012.  ^ "Tolkien Art" Verizon.net blog.[dead link] ^ " Lambourn
Lambourn
– at the heart of the valley of the racehorse". lambourn.info. Retrieved 22 February 2008.  ^ "Council". lambourn.info. Archived from the original on 16 March 2008. Retrieved 22 February 2008.  ^ "Election Maps". Ordnance Survey. Retrieved 27 February 2008.  ^ Google photo archive of Victorian station closed in 1960. ^ " Lambourn
Lambourn
Racehorse Transport LRT UK Ireland Europe horseboxes". Lrtltd.demon.co.uk. Retrieved 17 September 2012.  ^ Armytage, Marcus (1 October 2008). "Dick Francis' son Merrick downsizing from his lucky Lambourn
Lambourn
yard". The Daily Telegraph. London.  ^ " Lambourn
Lambourn
Racehorse Transport Ltd – L R T, Racehorse Transport Service, Berkshire, UK". Directoryoftheturf.com. Retrieved 17 September 2012.  ^ ""Race Country" google image result". Google.co.uk. Retrieved 17 September 2012.  ^ "Training winners". Ridgewayfriends.org.uk. Archived from the original on 27 February 2012. Retrieved 17 September 2012.  ^ p44, David Boyd, A Bibliographical Dictionary of Racehorse Trainers in Berkshire
Berkshire
1850–1939 (1998) ^ a b Eddie Spackman (30 June 2002). "BerksFHS Family Historian Jun 2002 – The sport of Kings (and Queens) by David Boyd". Berksfhs.org.uk. Retrieved 17 September 2012.  ^ "Historic Photos of Racing". Lambourn.info. Archived from the original on 4 March 2012. Retrieved 17 September 2012.  ^ " Lambourn
Lambourn
– Valley of the Racehorse – Official Website". Lambourn.info. Archived from the original on 28 July 2012. Retrieved 17 September 2012.  ^ Gallops and Training Grounds Jockey
Jockey
Club estates. Retrieved 2014-12-3 ^ "Oaksey House". The Injured Jockeys Fund. Retrieved 7 August 2016.  ^ Garvey, John (9 February 2013). "monorail gets green light". Newbury Weekly News. Archived from the original on 2 June 2013. Retrieved 15 May 2013.  ^ "Racehorse Trainers in Hungerford, Berkshire
Berkshire
– Thorougbred Horse Racing, Racehorses, Breeding & Bloodstock". Directoryoftheturf.com. Retrieved 17 September 2012.  ^ p287, A.D. Mills, A Dictionary of British Place-Names, OUP Oxford, 2003 ^ "A History of the World – Object : The Crow Down Hoard". BBC. 1 January 1970. Retrieved 17 September 2012.  ^ "2004 Treasure text" The National Archives. Retrieved 2014-12-3 ^ p65, John North, Stonehenge: A New Interpretation of Prehistoric Man and the Cosmos , The Free Press, 2007 ^ p18, W G Hammond & C Scull, J.R.R. Tolkien Artist & Illustrator, Harper Collins, 1998 ^ Simon Jenkins and Paul Barker, England's Thousand Best Churches, Allen Lane, 1999 ^ p249, david Dean, Law-Making and Society in Late Elizabethan England: The Parliament of England, 1584–1601, Cambridge University Press, 2002 ^ pp123-124, Marjorie Chibnall, The Empress Matilda: Queen Consort, Queen Mother and Lady of the English, Wiley-Blackwell, 1993 ^ pp210-211, J. A. everard, Brittany and the Angevins: Province and Empire 1158–1203, Cambridge University Press, 2000</ ^ p118, Graeme J. White, Restoration and Reform, 1153–1165: Recovery from Civil War in England, Cambridge University Press, 2000 ^ a b c p25, Walter Money FSA, The First and Second Battles of Newbury and the Siege of Donnington Castle
Donnington Castle
During the Civil War, AD 1643-6, The Naval and Military Press, 1881 ^ p245, Adrian Randall, The Moral Economy and Popular Protest: Crowds, Conflict and Authority, Palgrave Macmillan, 1999 ^ pp139-140, Eric Hobsbawm
Eric Hobsbawm
and George Rude, Captain Swing, Phoenix, 2001 ^ " Ramsbury
Ramsbury
at War". Ramsbury
Ramsbury
at War. Retrieved 17 September 2012.  ^ "Tanker Crash April 1953". Lambourn.info. 13 April 1953. Archived from the original on 4 March 2012. Retrieved 17 September 2012.  ^ p75, David Alderton, Hounds of the World, Swan Hill Press, 2000 ^ HTB's one year bible. Archived 9 November 2009 at the Wayback Machine. ^ "Accident (M4) (Hansard, 14 March 1991)". Hansard.millbanksystems.com. 14 March 1991. Retrieved 17 September 2012.  ^ a b "Dick Francis". The Daily Telegraph. London. 14 February 2010.  ^ " Lambourn
Lambourn
Sports FC". Lambourn
Lambourn
Sports FC. Retrieved 2017-04-17.  ^ " Lambourn
Lambourn
Sports Club". lambourn.info. Archived from the original on 28 September 2007. Retrieved 22 February 2008.  ^ "Shefford Young Farmers Club". Shefford Young Farmers Club. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 22 February 2008.  ^ "Watts Bank". Berks, Bucks & Oxon Wildlife Trust. Retrieved 17 April 2017. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Lambourn.

Lambourn
Lambourn
– at the heart of the valley of the racehorse

v t e

Settlements in West Berkshire

Towns

Hungerford Newbury Thatcham
Thatcham
(All are civil parishes and have Town Councils)

Civil parishes

Aldermaston Aldworth Ashampstead Basildon Beech Hill Beedon Beenham Boxford Bradfield Brightwalton Brimpton Bucklebury Burghfield Catmore Chaddleworth Chieveley Cold Ash Combe Compton East Garston East Ilsley Enborne Englefield Farnborough Fawley Frilsham Great Shefford Greenham Hampstead Marshall Hampstead Norreys Hermitage Holybrook Inkpen Kintbury Lambourn Leckhampstead Midgham Padworth Pangbourne Peasemore Purley-on-Thames Shaw-cum-Donnington Speen Stanford Dingley Stratfield Mortimer Streatley Sulham Sulhamstead Theale Tidmarsh Tilehurst Ufton Nervet Wasing Welford West Woodhay West Ilsley Winterbourne Wokefield Woolhampton Yattendon

Other villages and hamlets

Aldermaston
Aldermaston
Wharf Ashmore Green Avington Bagnor Beansheaf Farm Beedon
Beedon
Common Benham Hill Bloomfield Hatch Brightwalton
Brightwalton
Green Brimpton
Brimpton
Common Burghfield
Burghfield
Bridge Burnt Hill Calcot Chapel Row Colthrop Crockham Heath Crookham Downend Donnington Eastbury Eddington Elcot Eling Enborne
Enborne
Row Fords Farm Goddard's Green Halfway Heads Hill Hell Corner Hoe Benham Honey Bottom Hungerford
Hungerford
Newtown Hunts Green Hyde End Inkpen
Inkpen
Common Lambourn
Lambourn
Woodlands Little Heath Lower Basildon Lower Denford Lower Padworth Marlston Marsh Benham Midgham
Midgham
Green Mortimer/Mortimer Common Ownham Padworth
Padworth
Common Shaw Shefford Woodlands Snelsmore South Fawley Stockcross Upper Basildon Upper Denford Upper Eddington Upper Lambourn Upper Woolhampton Wash Common Wash Water Weston Wickham Wickham Heath Woodlands St Mary Woodspeen

.